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so much of the fable of the Iliad. It resume them. It is not Greece whom he is, indeed, this astonishing power of in- ferves, it is Patroclus to whole manes he vention which creates the enthusiasın sacrifices the fons of Troy. For Patrowith which Homer is always read, which clus he mourns, even while he drags gives life, animation, and action, to every round the walls of the city the body of thing he describes. His councils, his lector who has llain him. He mingles battles, his episodes, and his fictions, tears of sympathifing forrow at the misfucceed each other with a rapidity which fortunes of the aged Priam, with impreallows no pause for the imagination, or cations and threats against the surviving judgment of the reader. He is hurried warriors of Ilium. It is from this mixfrom one event to another by the irre- ture of fenfibility and rage, of ferocity bftible current of his verfc, filowing like and tenderness, that we are presented the course of the river which he de- with the most poetical character that ever fcribes,
was invented. That of Helen is drawn Οι δας τσαν, ασέι τε πυρί χθών πάσα έμοι 1ο:
with exquisite art. Though she is the In his exhibition of charutters
; there cause of all these calaınities, the never is the same variety and wouderful discri- is even fometimes introduced with a fort
excites either disgust or abhorrence; the miuation. They are lively, fpirited, and of dignity. Her confufon ard comalmost dramatic. lle has admirably fup- punction when in the presence of Priam, plied the defects of history by the power or within light of Menelaus; the evident of his own faucy. The common idea of struggle in her mind between griet, felfAchilles, who forms the principal figure, condemnation, and a ftill lingering fondhas been, we think, unjustly taken rather from the well-known line of Ho- render her more an object of pity than
ness for the man who has seduced her,
of hatred. But the poet knows how to Impiger, iracundus, inexorabilis, acer, discriminate between vice and virtue : than from an attentive confideration of and the frailty and crimes of Helen are the manner in which he is pourtrayed in beautifully contrasted by the chafter loves the poem. He is passionate, often furi- and tender forrows of Andromache. ous, and untractable; but he as often Paris is, as he ought to be, a mixture of submits to the dictates of reason and gallantry and effeminacy; Diomed is justice. In all his disputes with Aga- bold, but prudent; Ajax is arrogant and memnon, he has jutice on his fide. brutal; Hector, active, vigilant, and huWhen wronged in his love, he peaceably manc; Agamemnon is actuated by am, Currenders Briseis, though he disdains to bition, and a thirst for empire; Menecontinue under the command of the ty- laus, his milder virtues ; Nistor is a fage, rant who has forced her from him. lle talkative, old man; Idomeneus is a plain is open and fincere ; he profesies love for blunt foldier; and Sarpedon is gallant his country, and reverence for the gods. and generous. In our next we fall Ilis friendihip for Patroclus is drawn in point
out to the reader fome of the peamiable colours. Indeed, every thing in culiar beauties of the Iliad, with respect the poem tends to aggrandize Achilles, to its machinery, its imagery, and its who is undoubtedly its hero. When the sentiments. Greeks fly before Hector, our attention is immediately turned to the son of Peleus, who, tranquil in his tent, pities To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. the fate of so many brave men facrificed SIR, joices to see that pride humbled. Greece I live virolat Magazine, there is a nois represented as a suppliant at his feet, tion to publith a work on Lord Stanhope's vet he reinains awhile inexorable. But Temperament, which he has thought be gives way to the tears of his friend, proper to preface with a smeer at fome and permits Patroclus to fight under his remarks on the fame work, inserted in own anpour. With what tenderness be your Magazines for October and Novemrecommends to him to stop when he shall ber lait, figned C. and XYZ. feste repulfed the Trojans, and to be- Leaving the author of the first of these ware of Hedor! How profound is his to take what notice he pleases of his prief at the loss of a friend so dear, the thare of the reflection, I must beg leave companion of his infancy! Revenge to obferve that the Doctor has greatly made him throw alide his arms—it is re- misrepresented my remarks, in the first vence alone that can indnce him to place, by stating that I have found out MOXTALY Mac. No. 154.
that his Lordship's fyftem is not a new ons propofed, by three ingenious correspone discovery. Now, in no part of my ob- dents : a question of law, relative to the servations will be find any such assertion; nuisance of a bee-bive; a question of being fo far of a contrary opinion, that humanity, relative to the ikinning of I believe the idea of bi-equal thirds never live eels; and a question of pathology, entered into the imagination of any relative to the inconveniences and dire other person besides that of his Lordship. orders commonly arising from the attacks I bave indeed exprefled myself thus, of " that troublesome little animal the (vide Mag. Nov. p. 350): «that Lord flea.” It is to the last of thefe I fall Stanhope undertakes to thew that there confine my present observations. are five wolves, as if it were a new dif- Your correspondent begins with fupcovery.” But this refers to no part of posing, that the futferings he endures are his new fytiem of temperament, but only common to men; or, to ule his own eleto the evils he willies to remedy, which gant expreflion, that he is, in this re(as I just afterwards observed) “must spećt, “ like other folks.” He need not, have been always obvious to every tuner, however, have urged this upon supposalthough only one of them has been tion only; it is a clear and ettablited found so offensive to the ear as to be stig- fuct. If we consult the histories of Eumatised with so reproachful a term as rope, Asia, Africa, or America, we thail that of the wolf."
find, that there powerful marauders have And this brings me to the next farcasın established themselves in every quarter. of the Doctor's, namely, that “ I have In some parts they are more endemial, found out that the term wolf is a stigma and at some feasons more vigorous and of reproach;" as if I had mentioned as virulent, than in others; especially in a new discovery a thing that must be ob- the countries about the equator, or bevious to every body, or that the words tween the tropics. Dr. Smollet hath injust above-mentioned would bcar any formed us, that in the euchanting clisuch interpretation.
mate of Italy their numbers are incalAs to the last paffage be has referred culable, and that their efects are afoto, " that glee-fingers may sink a femi- nithing in happily preventing the inliatone without the least degree of altera- bitants froin falling into somnolencies or tion in the temperament, &c.” I am at lethargies. But we do not find, that a loss to conceive for what purpote he the most northern climates are destitute has quoted it, as I have no idea that he of their occafional vilitations. can mean to question the truth of that The particular queries proposed by reinark; and though I afferted it by way your correspondent, relative to this inof argument, I by no means stated it as lect, are “What will prevent, or deany thing newly found out, as the Doctor froy its effect?" and “ What will cure seems to infinuate.
after it has wounded :” Upon the whole, as I profess myself to As to the first, it does not appear to be open to conviction, I shall very rea- be ftriatly logical, taken as a whole, anul dily, when influenced by Dr. Calicott's connected with the second: for to ask argumcuts in his intended publication, what will destroy its effect? is the faine give up my present opinion, and become thing as to ask what will cure after it à convert to his Lordthip's system. I has wounded? or, in the language of am indeed glad to find that the Doctor the schools, the questions are tynonimon, is hinself going to write upon the subs and the one merges into the other. The ject, as from the fpecimens he has given firit query, therefore, should have been of his erudition in liis Mutical Grainmar, only this, " What will preveut the atand former numerous publications, í tack of the flea ?" or the ill consequences have no doubt of his treating it in an arising from his actual seizure? ingenious aud scientific manner. But Now, Sir, in answer to this, you will surely, for his own fake, he might have not do ine the injustice to imagine that announced his work without retecting I mean to propose any advertised or leupon the remarks of others, or at least cret noftrum to lighten the pockets of without inifreprelenting them. XYZ. your correspondents. I am a mortal ene
my to quackery; and tincerely hope, that To the Editor of the Monthly lugazine. in the new bill, which you have informed SIR,
us fume eminent physicians are about to N your Magazine for November, p. prefent to parliament, for the regulation
be introduced to abolish this infernal revive, even after apparent death, from traffic, not grudually, as perhaps was various causes ; either by the genial necefiary in the slave-trade, but imme- warmth of the sun-beams, or froin the diately, vi et armis.
vis inertia, the infcrutable energies of But, to the point:-the question of the celestial Archæus, which pervade prevention. “ Principiis objie” is an every organised aniinal, from the body of important maxin : guard against first bc- the fublime Newton to that of the inviginnings. What is to be done when fible mite. So that to this infect, more fleus are in the vicinity, to prevent their than to any other, may be justly applied attacks? A variety of means might here the memorable motto of the Humane be employed, with perfect fafety, and Society, “ Lateat fcintillula forfan." with all 'imaginable fuccess; such as But, it will be laid, all this is digrefanointing the body with tar, or brimstone fion. Sir, in digreffing, I only follow the ointment ; fumigating the room with al- example of many modern authors, feAafrtida, brimstone, tobacco, &c. nators, lawyers, and divines, who often
It is acknowleged that, notwithstand- grievoutly wander from the point, and ing this, we may have fome occasional introduce lubjects which have little or noviitors. What is to be done in this thing to do with the topic upon which cafe? In general, endeavours are made they profess to difcant. to seize the enerny. This, it inuft be Having treated of the first quere to owned, is often difficult. The flea is of the best of my ability, I thall be very the genus of insects called falient. In brief in considering the second: What this view, his exploits are wonderful. will cure, after it has wounded? Naturalifts inform us, that he is an ab- Sir, I inutt here again obferve, that solute unique. No infect or animal can the term wounded is misapplied. The take such astonishing leaps, in propor- flea attacks by puncture, and not by lation to its lize. He is also much aliilted ceration, which is an essential characin this respect by the acuteness of his teristic in the definition of a wound; or vifion. Whether, like the spider, he has of a wonde, as every fine lady and petita hemisphere of eyes, or a cylinder, in maitre now pronounces it. common with some other insects, the fact
, Now, as to the cure of fleu-bites, I is certain, that he evades our grasp long thall only propose a thort piece of adbefore we come in contact with him. He vice; which, if more attended to by farther is defended by his elasticity. It phylicians of the body natural, and of is well known that he has a coat of mail, the body politic, would probably prewhich, like the hide of the rhinoceros, vent or cure many disorders in both-Let may be cannon or pistol-proof. Hence them alone. the common sentiment, or
proverb, which But, that my lucubrations may not we acquire with the first rudiments of prove altogether useless to yoar readers, our education: "A, B, C; crack a Ithall conclude with the relation of a lauke, and kill a flea." "The letters are true story, very fuitable upon the prefeut frozn the ancient cabula; and can only occasion. be underliood by one of the fociety of Some years ago, at an annual fair in free-masons, upon opening, by the light Staffordihire, an itinerant empiric was of a lamp, the nineteenth feciou of the accustomed to fell a powder for the fpefourth tome of Murtinus Scriblerus; cific purpose of “ killing fleas," which provided he hare in the room at the he dilpoled of to great advantage. I tane an owl and a black cat, a golden lament, that I have none of this powder rmg in one ear, and four leaves of red by me, for the examination of fome of faze, a drachm of camphor, and a our modern chemists, who would quickly branch of furnitory, fufpended at the analyze it, pro bono publico. No doubt other. But the concluding part of the it contained fomething fingularly delecfentence, which is a comment upon the table to the taste of the animal, as ratformer, is fuflicient, and is plainly this : catchers entice their prey by the odorthat the pellis, or fkin, of the more nau- ferous seepts of musk and rhodium yet fous inted, together with its body, is I am confident any other powder will do affo vascular and tender a fubliance, as well, if applied in the fame mamer. dat it will readily yield to the preliure « How am I to use the powder ?" said a
le nail, whereas, you must employ countryman, at one of the fairs abovesure (cientific areans to destroy his firji- nentioned * Friend," quoth the doctoajin, who has been ofteu knowa to tor, you must catch the fles by the
nape of the neck, when he will imme- leading characters of a most interesting diately gape, and then put a little of the portion of ancient history. It is not powder into his mouth.” Probatum eft. enough to be intimate with those illuftriYours, &c.
ANTE-PULEX. ous personages as they are introduced to Dec. 11, 1806.
us by Herodotus, Thucydides, or Xeno
phon. Our ininds naturally pant for To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. the classical writers of the present day to
something beyond; and it is reserved for SIR,
describe them to us as at feasts that never S I have not seen the following ad- were given, and in conversations that
were never held. It inust, nevertheless, noticed in any of the Journals, you may have struck many of your readers, as perhaps think them worthy of a place in well as myself, that, though much is peryour valuable Magazine. They are ex- formed, much still is wanting. The cortracted from the Compte Rendu des Tra- respondents in the Athenian Letters are vaux de l'Institut National pour l'An 12 all in ftiff buckram, and hold their pens et 13, par M. Cuvier.
as formally as if they were school-boys “ M. Ventenat, charged by her Ma- under their writing-master's inspection. jesty the Empress to cominunicate to the On the contrary, what is required to keep public all the new fpecies of plants in up the real spirit of such a corresponthe garden of Malmaison, has confecrat- dence, is the most perfect ease and faed by her august nare the Josephinia, miliarity of style and expreflion. A originally froin New South Wales. The Greek or Roman newspaper would, it elevation of its stalk, and the beauty of strikes me, be an excellent device. its flowers, justify the application of the With what delight should we dwell on pame, from the great resemblance they such sentences as the following: “Tabear to the divine original.”
Mhionable arrivals at Baiæ. Q. Cæcilius “ M. de Beauvois has had the happi- Metellus, and family; L. Hortenlus, the ness to be permitted to dedicate to the Prætor; Q. Fabius Maximus; Octavia, Emperor Napoleon a tree from the fa- sister to the Emperor and wife of Mark vage country of Owara in Africa, which, Anthony, with her beautiful ward Semfrom the splendour, the greatness, and pronia; Julia, the Emperor's daughter; the fingularity of its flower, well deserve the celebrated poet, Ovidius Naso; Alto bear so great a name. It presents the bius Tibullus, knight, from a tour in figure of a double crown; and as it is Transalpine Gaul; P. Lentulus; C. Cornearly a year fince M. de Beauvois pre- nelius Gracchus, from his quæstorship in fented it to his Majesty, it may jutily be Pontus." deemed a prophetie confecration."
“ Yesterday was married, by special Sone of your readers perhaps, Sir, license, at the house of L. Lucullus, by would not have been much displeased the right reverend the principal Flamen with M. Cuvier, had he transported the of Jupiter, M. Metellus Scipio Africadivine Josepbine herself to Botany Bay, nus to Lollia Paulina, a lady pofie fied and sent the Great Emperor to cut trees of every accomplishment neceffary to in the savage wilus of Owara.
make the wedded state supremely hapYour's,
“ To be let or sold, that delightful villa
with the gardens at Tusculum, comTo the Editor of the Monthly Maguzine. Inanding a most extenlive prospect, with SIR,
a peep of the sea from the attic liory, WHERE are few scholars who have late the property of M. Tullius Cicero,"
not read with delight that truly &c. &c. classical and elegant work, the “ Atheni- A choice collection of really fumiliar an Letters," and yet tower who are un- letters would also afford a delicious and acquainted the Abbé Barthelemy's annus- truly rational entertainment to the rejng“ Travels of Anachartis the Younger." tired classical scholar: I mean such lete Were I called upon to decide on the re- ters as Mr. F., at the present day, might spective merits of these performances, I write to Sir George G. or Captain S. to mould give the palın unquestionably to Lord D.; cfpecially if inter mixed with the first, and for this reason: it is the ancient cards of invitation and cetemost successful of the two in the great mony. The delirableness of such an acobject at which both aiin, that of ruak- guisition certainly tirock a gentleman of ing us familiarly acquainted with the high literary reputation, lately deceased,
(to whom I have the honour of being painted Jezebel, and no better philosoexecutor), among whufe papers I found pher in her hcart than Pericles's mistress, a few loole jeur d'tjirit of the nature Alyalia. above described, wlaclı, I have every I jupped once at Antony's box on the reason to fuppofe, be intended to have Appian road, expecting to meet a felect increased to an anple collection, and company of merry fellows, with a few publilled under tome luch title as “ Ru- fine girls, to give a zeft to the entertainman Letters."
ment. Upon my arrival, I found AnUnder this appellation, I beg leave to tony and Cytheris tête-à-tête, which, as send you the only pieces I have yet I thought in yself late, fomen hat disconfound, which, you will see, have been certed ine; but judge how I was astowritten very haftily, but which you are nished, when he told me that he exvery welcome to iniert in your excellent pected Cicero and this fame Cærellia, to Magazine, if agreeable.
complete the company. Now, as I knew I am, Sir, your's, &c. Cærellia had been always reputed a
VARRO. prude, I could not forbear calling a few
lide glances at Antony's good lady, cxAlinius Pollio to Cornelius Bulbus. preslive of my aftonilliment at her being “ MY DEAB CORNELIUS,
present at fo grave and serious a party. " I CAN by no means agree with you She fmiled at my confution, and took in your opinion of our old friend Cicero's my well-meant hints with infinite good characier. I know he defended your humour. “ I dou't believe you know uncle extremely well, in that cause about Cærellia,” the significantly added, “ lie's the freedom of the city, on the ground a fine woman, and a very able difpuof Pompey's act, about which so much tant." itir was made by the governinent; but it Cytheris was now interrupted by four Es disagreeable to rip up old fores: fo no distinct and philosophical raps at the more on that subject. You don't know, fore-door, the well-known signal of our perhaps, that he was at the bottom of old hypocrite's approach. Antony, who ile opposition which was raised against was lolling on a couch, too fat and lazy your having a triumph for your exploits to itir, exclaimed, “For the sake of among the Garamantes; but you must Caftor and Pollux, my good Citty, go have been informed of (what is notorious, and do the honours of the house for me. to all the world) the part he took in the am confoundediy done up by our de year 700, when your uncle prefled him bauch last night at Cotta's, and feel the to remain neuter in Pompey's concerns, crapula rising in my stomach. Cicero is which has fully acquitted your family of too formal and precise to come in with all obligations it might have formerly out a regular introduction, according to conceived itself under to him.
etfiuette." But what has all this to do with the lle had fcarce spoken, when the door charge which you fo zealously attempt to opened, and Cærellia made her appeara confute? Believe me, Balbus, I have ance. She entered with a low courtesy, had many opportunities of judging, which covering her ugly face with an Egyptian your situation has denied to you. It is fan, and took hier seat without more ce more for the honour of the Academy, inony. She was inmediately followed than out of personal respect to Cicero, by the orator, who advanced limpering that you inliit on the folidity of his pre- to Mark, in a fort of Lydian dancingo tentions to continence and temperance. step, and with a genteel negligence of Have you never heard your father fpeak air and deportment, his hair curled as of that W- CærelliatWhen you were nicely as Clodius's, his toga fantastically latt at Tusculum, did Tully limfelf thew tucked up to his knees with a role-cá jau none of her letters to him? But loured ribbon, a neat rattan cane in one you will say, thofe letters breathed no hand, and an ebony fuff-box in the other spirit thau that of the purest phi- other. His gay appearance was, indeed, lofophy: as if any woman ever became fomewhat overcast on observing me as I a plulofopher, before He had facrificed flood next the fire-place, and his airy fiep all pretentions to that character. No, began to affume fomething of philofoDo, my friend; we old fellows, who have phical folemnity, till Antony oblerted, all our days breathed the spirit of the There are none but friends, Cicero. Esquiline Hill, know more of these mat You know my old comrade Pollio-as less than the unexperienced burghers of jolly an Epicurean as ever existed. 'Tis Corduba and Gades. Cærellia was a my rule to banish all distinction when I