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ward bound convoy as far as the Anda have seen the sand and dust blown about mans, when we hauled up for Madras. here with such violence, that the bearers The winds, however, at this season were were obliged to let me down, and get 10 batiling, that it was the 12th of April under the leo of the palankeen to prebefore we reached the port : thus, a pai- vent their being fuifocated ! fage that with a fair wind we might have These winds are apt to occasion con made in five days, took us thirty-five tractions in the limbs, that are very difin perform, to very precarious are voy- ficult to get clear of: but otherwise this uges in India,
is a bealthy foafun, fo not a particle During the greater part of May, June, of moisture is now afloat in the atmoand July, there are no regular fea and sphere. and breezes at this part; the S. W.mon- The Europeans have a very ingenious, foon then blowing with such force, that and indeed philofophical, inethod of the causes which produce those alternate guarding against there winds. It is this: breezes are not sutticient to influence its along the weltern fronts of their houses general course; and hence we have the they have thin itraw inats (called tattys) bot land wind blowing all the twenty- placed, so as to cover the doors, winfour hours, but generally stronger at that dows, or other apertures ; servants being period when the breeze is accuttomed to stationed to keep these constantly wet Llow from the shore. The long tracts of with treth water, the hot wind, in palling flat fandy country, on many parts of the through, produces such an evaporation, coast (Madras and Masulipalam, for in- that a great degree of cold or abstraction kance), being heated by the fierceness of of heat takes place, and thus renders the fun's rays at this feafon, cominuni- the air intide the mat quite cool. The cale, of course, this heat to the breeze family, therefore, litting behind these palling over them, producing those hot mats enjoy a delightful cool brcete, land-winds, wbich continue to blow till which at a few yards distance is like the the strength of the monsoon is so far fiery breath issuing out of an oven! but exhausted that the natural causes of lea completely metamophorsed by this linnand land breezes will again be able to ple and beautiful chymical process. On operate and interrupt them.
the same principle of producing cold by These winds often blow with confider- evaporation, gentlemen on board tips, able violence at Madras; generally be- when they want a bottle of wine cooled tween cleveu and one o'clock in the day, quickly, put a couple of glasses of arwhen they raise such clouds of dust that rack, or any other fpirit, into a plate, the boules of the town and fort are com- and setting the bottle in the middle of pletely obscured ; and fo high is it car- it, keep bathing the sides of it with the ned into the air, that the decks of the Spirit by means of a spoon, when in at Arips in the roads are frequently covered few minutes the wine will become quite with faud, rendering this the moit dif- cold; the process is accelerated if it is agrecable roadsted in the world at this perforined in a current of air, under the period.
wind-rail for instance. The natives suffer very much during During this fcafon, the thermometer the hot wind, as it is very common to in the thiade at Madras, ranges froin 81 Lee the palankeen-boys drop in the streets, to 95. truck dead by its banetul effects! I
After a tedious and harasling passage and a great extent of level ocean. The through the illands, rocks, and shoals, floor is flagged entirely with tomb-stones, that are scattered in the wildest order that exhibit a melaucholy catalogue of through the straits, we came to an an- the names of those Europeans whom chor on the 13th in Malacca roads. the spirit of adventure, or insatiable ava
This old and once important city is rice, have led to this distant spot even at present a very pretty place. The roof is in some places tumbled in, About two centuries ago it was the prin- and the walls, belfry, &c. mouldering cipal mart for commerce in this part of fast to decay: the whole having a dreary the world, but has been declimng ever forlorn appearance inside. fince under the Portuguese and Dutch : We were here supplied with grent nor can it be expected to revive now un- abundance of the most excellent vegetader the English, as Prince of Wales's bles and fruits we had yet feen in India; Illand will answer all the purposes which and we were not a li tle gratified and it could serve; namely, a port for the surprised to find potatoes equal to any China fleet to touch and refreth at. we had tatted in Europe. There are å
It is situated on the S. W. fide of the great number of Chinese fettlers here, Malay peninsula, and in the third pa- as well as in all the castern islands; and rallel of north latitude; yet, close as it these form the most industrious class of is to the equator, it is the fieti climate inhabitants, having their shops well fiorin the East Indies, be constantly re- ed with merchandize, with which they freshed with sea and land breezes, which supply you on reasonable terms. (with its being a narrow peninsula, and There is a very good tavern near the almost encompanied by the fea,) render landing-place, kept by a Dutchman, it remarkably fertile and healthy. where one may dine very well for a dol
The appearances of the town, the re- lar, and have a bed included. mains of a fort, and a church on a little The rivers about Malacca abound green mount to the right of the town, with alligators, and the woods and jun
beautiful from the roads : every gles with tigers and other wild beasts. part of the surrounding country, as tar The Malays, as well as the Chinese, have as the eye can reach, is covered with a striking nationality, or rather fimilarity, groves of trees and the liveliest verdure in their features: one face being a proimaginable; even the fruall itlands and totype, as it were, of those of the whole rocks situated along the coast, are co- nation. vered to the water's edge with flowering It is well known how dangerous those Shrubs.
people are with their poniards, called A small rivulet opens into the sea be- creflès, especially when they take op:um, tween the town and fort, which it sepa- and run the muck, stabbing every one rates, and forins a landing-place for they meet. It is said these weapons are boats. The houses in Malacca are to- poisoned with the celebrated juice of lerably well built, in the Dutch file, the upus tree, but I believe very few of with broad and tiraight streets: that part, them have this property. I was once however, inhabited by the natives and bargaining with a Malay for one of those Oriental settlers is, like most Indian creiles, which he said was deadly poilowns, composed of inere flieds or wood- foned, and in drawing it out of the fcaben cots, thatched over with bamboos bard cut myself between the fore-finger and mats.
and thumb, at which I was not a tittle On the fouthern fide of the little river, alarmned : an old man, who was standing are the remaining walls of a fort, which by opening a leaf of betel, took out a does not appear to have ever becu a piece of chunam and applied it to the place of any great strength, and is now part. Whether this bad any effect or in a molt ruinous condition. A few guns not I cannot tell, but I felt no more of are ranged along the brow of' a beautiful the cut. little mount above the fort, which serve There is still a little trade carried on As a faluting battery, and might repel at this place, the principal articles of perhaps a finall force.
which are as follow: On the sumınit of this mount stands an
Imports. old Portuguese chapel, built in the fixe Raw and manufactured alks froin teenth century, but is now in a state of China. dilapidation.
Opium from Bengal. It commands a picturesque view of the Sugar, cotton, &c. froju Batavin and town, the adjacent country, the roads, Bombay.
compositions, the verse accompanying Tin, in considerable quantities. them displays a sweet fimplicity, an afGold, and gold duft.
fecting tenderness, a forcible pathos, a Ivory.
beauty of sentiment, and power of truth, Canes, ratans, and different kinds of which cause a natural curiority to know wood in large quantities.-To be conti- the authors of it; and my principal oba nued.
ject in this communication is to ttate,
how much I should be obliged to any one To the Editor of the Monthly Maguzine. of your musical readers to inform me who
were Handel's coadjutors in the poetical SIB,
part of his works? I believe Handel was THAT
be , revere the name of Handel, and and jealous of any interference in the contemplate his genius with delight and selection of the scriptural pallages he has aftonithment, is honourable to our age fet to his facred Oratorios : not even a and nation ; and though falhion, frivo- mitred head would he suffer to choose lity, and folly, Lave made fearful inroads for him; and we may rejoice in the cirupon the national character and man- cumstance, as his judgment in the choice ners, we thall not be utterly lost to dig- of them appears to have been under an nity and greatness whilft the compositions impulse Mort only of divine inspiration. of that extraordinary man are heard But dues Handel clain the bcautiful with admiration, and numbers can feel flowers and geins of poetry which are the power of the sublime and beautiful scattered through his works, than which in his works with rapturous enthuti- it is hardly possible to produce any thing
superior in poetical excellence, in tweets My own reverence, Mr. Editor, of ness, grace, and power of sentiinent? the man's genius verges upon idolatry; As a foreigner, it is difficult to conceive and in becoming more acquainted with he could a tam to so masterly a ikill in the treafures he has left us, my wonder the use of our language; and if he had is heightened, and iny pleafure increased. helpers, who were they that seem to But, in analysing my feelings after at have borrowed the very foul of his hartending to any piece of Handel, I find mony, and to have written from the inthey are the effect of that power which pulse of the same genius which prompted rests in fucis a combination of poctry, his own immortal (trains :* sentiment, and music, wiich the Orato- To whom muit we ascribe that beaurios of Handel exhibit.
tiful fong in the oratorio of Solomon, The music of that great master has had which enforces a spirit of piety with many eulogists, who have justly appre- more power than the eloquence of a ciated the exquilite skill displayed in its whole fynod of divines could dod compofition; the power, the pathos, the “What though I trace each herb and Power passion, I may say the magic and witch- That drinks the morning dew: ery, o
his Tong. The merits of the Did I not own schovah's pow's, poetry which is attached to the music, How vain were all I knew ?" and the beautiful selection of facred fen
In other forgs we find in a single line timents which (I had almost said) gives a the effence of a thousand volumes which boly and divine authority to the musician, holy men have written to recommend may have been equally felt, but have not virtue by its beauty and excellence; as in the fame degree been noticed by any in the following froin Joshua : ore. Indeed, it is the bappy accord- " Virtue my foul shall Mill embrace ; ance of sense and found, the perfect echo
Guodness Thail make nie great " of the one to the other, which forms tlie powerful charm of Handels fong: it And this, from Time and Truth, gives a fulness of satisfaction to the “ Pleasure, my former ways resigning, mind, than which nothing can be con- To Virtue's cause inclining, ceived more complete your readers Thec, Pleasure, now I leave ; will smile at my enthutiafm);-we may imagine it to resemble the speaking sounds
* It is obvious where Handel has borrowfrom the harpå of angels hymning the ed from the Muse of Milton and Dryden ; praises of Jehovah; it awakens emotions and perhaps some of your correspondents may and sentiments in the foul, which evince be able to inform me in what instances he its own inmortality and alliance with has been indebted to the pen of Pope, Addi. this beavenly chois. In Handel's vocal son, Thomson, Arbuthnot, &c.
“ The trunje!
Leit, when my spirits sail me,
the stores of Handel? What could be Repentance can't avail me,
more ornamental to public devotion, or Nor sickness comfort bring."
more successful to intereit those claties of It would be a lively fatisfaction to fociety who are disgufied with the friknow what mind conceived sentiments quently uncooth mode of celebrating the of lucis affecting simplicity and forcible praises of the Deity? When the otitruth, and clothed them in poetical lan- ciating minifier proclaims, “ I know that guage of an order of excellence fo fu- my Redeemer liveth," or perior, fo chatte, so luect, so beautiful. Mall found, and the dead thall be rata The above specimens of poetical merited," what beart is moved by the cold, are not nore firiking than a mitade of the lifeless, impatient manner which geetbers in Handel's works: they firti oc- nerally accompanies the annunciation of curred to my recollection.
the glorious tidings ? But who can be wonder at the fascination caufed by such indiferent when landel takes up the associated poefy and muức? Is it fur- theme, aud by the power of his fons prising that it holds the mind in enchant- realizes to the mind these folemn and ment, affects the soul as though it were affecting tçuilis : the work of sacred infpation, and sug- Inclined as I feel, Mr. Cditor, to exFelis to the imagination the opening ercise very considerable faith in the dedoors of heaven, and a host of the votional influencies of music, I much re« bright seraphim” raising their celeiialgret the discontinuance of the Abbey harmony? Indeed, the mind that has performances, in which the memory of the full enjoyment of Ilandel's music llandel received such distinguished hofeels as though it were listening to foie- nour, and his genius triumphed so nobly. thing of divine authority; it bears with It is, perhaps, a national loss; as we it all the weight and power of folemn need every means in the present day of truth, speaks to the undertianeling as inducing a manly and serious character well as the heart, and when employed in the people of this country, the prenpon facred fubjects feems to give addi- vailing fpirit running in fo oppolite a tional evidence to religious obligation, couife, and falhionable folly and levity and greater power to the fanćtion of vir- lording it fo absolutely: When we sce tue. It is to be regretted, that the pro- so rarely the lamp of intellectual and ductions of this great man's genius, moral greatness in that class of fociety twhich seem to be allied to the noblent which is first in rank and eininence of pursuits and most important interests of situation, so little nobility of mind and lite, are not so extentively beneficial as grandeur of character to support the they might be, cither as a source of cle- hopes of a country looking to the indivaled and refined pleasure, or religious viduals of that order as its legislators, and moral initrumentality. The annual liatesinen, and governors; it is to be laperformances in the metropolis evince mented that any occasion should be loli that there is fill fomething left in nation- of giving to such a great feeling, an al character superior to the levity of elevated emotion, or serious impre Mon. modern talie; and the occasional festivals It must fill live in the memory of many, of music in ditierent parts of the king- how deep a fenfation was produced by som are equally honourable to Handel's the magnificent performances I allude prefiding genius, and to those u ho listen to; and it Mould not be forgotten, that with delight to buis holy strains. But if the affection raised by then were not might not musical men spread the know- devotion or virtue itsell, it might be the Jedge of Handel more generally, and en- dawn of such a spirit in the mind. If larye his sphere of usefulnefs hy intro- there be a character light enough to treat ducing more students into the Handelian religion with levity in every other form, school, and seizing inore occasions of Handel's religion never fails to inspire adapting the firains of this matter to the reverence for the subjeci; there is in it affecting circuintances of human lile at folemnity so impreilive, an clevatiou which daily occur; whereby the two and greatnets to obrious and affecting, valuable objećis, rational entertainment that the lightest mind is si ruch nithi awc, and moral goodnese might, perhaps, be the boldelt impiety is abatlied, and the equally promoted? Would not the house moii profane bou in fpint to its autho, of worship be more attractive, and the rity, its grandeur, its sublimity, and ordinancies of religion fill more beauti- beauty, as displayed by this wonderlul ful, by a judicious combinatiou of such pfer of harmony. powers of inuic as may be drawn frun Is it not su honcft indignation slicka
any one feels wlio is jufly impressed very justly expostulates, “if there are with the character of Ilandel's music, laws for such cases, it is a pity they are when be compares it with modern mulic, not better enforced." Whether ihere and the prevailing taste of the day, which are statute laws in such cases I am not exiubits luch a leries of frivolous intins certain ; but my profetlion as a landn'icant performances? The ethics and steward having artorited me many years the story of mulic (if we may to ipeak) an opportunity of knowing the general have no place in the modern pursuit of custom of several manors in the north of this fource oi improvement and plea. England, with respect to the practice fure; a noble science is made a piece your benevolent correspondent alludes of legerdemain, a llight-ot-hand per- to, I beg leave to folicit you will attord Emance, a mere mechanical trick, me room to make iny report, as folCamily aitonifiing indeed to the eyes lows : a:id ears, but truly contemptible for iiny The common pound in each manor is relation it bears to the affections of the contidered as belonging to the lord there mad.
of, is upheld by him, and at bis Courtli we cannot expect that many will Baron he and his freeholders nominate frly music as a protuund and highly cu- the keeper or pounder, appoint bis fees, nous science, furely more dignity might &c. &c. Wheu cattle of any kind are be attached to the pursuit than the pre- impounded, the owner may take them fent tafte and practice admit ot; and away upon paying these appointed fees, thwagh it might be reasoning too curi- provided the party on whofe lands they oudly on the subject, to regard music as were takeu makes no demand for dan an object for the inott serious contidern- mages, or that such damiges are immetion of the moralist, or as worthy to be diately paid by the owner; or he pronamed in connection with public charac- ceeds by replevin, and puts the injured ter and manners, the very general atten- party to recover faid damages by an tuon paid to it as a plealing accomplish- action at law. But in no cnfe are the ment' has given it importance; and it cattle to remain in the pound inore than mult be allowed to be a reasonable quef- forty-eight hours : after this, the duty of tou, " whether mutic, as an object of the pounder is to take them to the manor education, might not be made more fub- house, or to that of some person apfervient than it is to the intereits of vir- pointed for the purpose by the lord theretue and piety?" By initiating their of, where the cattle are to be taken due pupils in Handel, and cultivating an ear- care of. Public notice is then to be hy tafte for such elevated entertainment given at the parish-church within faid as he affords, rather than for the frip- manor, and alio at two or three of the pery and pontense of modern execution, nearest market-towns at the respective would not musical profeffers accomplith market-days, by the cominon crier, that a more valuable object than they usually certain cattle are taken up at such a aim at? Would not their pupils be in- place, which if not owned by proper debted to them for a nobler acquisition inarks, and the charges of keeping, &c. than a mere facility of motion in their duly paid, will become the property of fingers, as acquired by practiling the the lord of the manor as waites and pretty fonatinas, divertiruentus, gigs, va- estrays, and as his right by virtue of anriations, &c. which young ladies play off cient cuttom. lo trucophantly, and their mammas ad- I have confeffed above that I am no aure as the very acme of mulical attain- profetiional lawyer, and therefore canment. And it it be true that the most not decide whether the customs defcribed affecting compotitions of Handel are ye. are grounded upon the law of the land ? Derally remarkable for fimplicity, and Pofibly, however, what I have written ealily performed, there is additional pro- may induce fome of your readers to pnety in making young Itudents acquaint- clear up this doubt, or at least dispose ed with hun.
your humane correspondent, to whom
W. MARSHALL. this is more immediately addressed, to Rochdale, Jan. 16, 1807.
inquire how the law really stands, and,
if poflible, to redress the evil in his own To the Editor of the Alonthly Magazine. place of abude. Stk,
I was highly delighted with the mafVOCR homane correspondent, page terly letter of Mr. C. Lorti, to which testuble instances of cruelty to anunals, animated letter, too, of another corre