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1807.) B. Porta's Process for rendering Sea-IVater Potable. 233 Court in London, between two streets dyuers of the parysshe, Restys of money called Tiddberti itreet and Savin-ftreet,* of the beame lyght, and of the almes -Turner's History of the Anglo Sarons, gaderynge to the tomme of xii or xvilb. vol. iv. p. 237.

and that one Palmer can lewe the


" Itein. That the chyrcheyarde is vaIn a curious old Miscellany, which goes honestly képte. by the name of Arnold's Chronicle, “ Item. That dyners of the preystys printed by Pynfon in 1916, we have the and clarkys in tyme of dyuyne feruyce be following articles as found by the Inquisi, at tauerns and ale howfys,at fystlynge and tors at one of the Visitations of St. Mag- other tryfyls, wherby dyuyne feruyce is let. aus, early in the fixteenth century. "Item. That by fauour of the wardeyus

“ Fyrit. That the Chyrche and the there bythe admyttyd bothe pryeli ys be Chauncell is not repayred in glafiuge in nefyced and relygyous, wbere there divers placys.

myght be inore convenyent and expe“ liem.' That the bookys and vest- dyent, and that haue more nede to be mentys ben broken and vnhonest for receyueď in ther placys, and these ben, dyryne seruyce.

the names.

Syr Robert Sinyth, bene "Itein. That many of the preyftys and fyced; and a Monke, Syr Johan Botell, elerkys often were foulc and uncleuly benefyced; Syr John Bate haih a thyoge surplesys.

that we can nat vnderitonde. * Item. We fyndo nat that ony clere

“ The names of the inquysytours of the Inventory, is made of the goodys and sayd artycles at the faine vilytacyons: landys of the chyrche.

Johan Halion Thomas Broke «°ltein. That the londys and tene- Symon Motte Wyllyam Hertwell mentys of the chyrche by favoure of the Johan Robchaunt

Thomas Dauy churchewardyens, afore tyme ben laten Johan Yonge Wyllyam Crene under the very value by xx!b yerly and William Dycons Robert Vincent more.

Richarde Baronys Symon Neuyngton " Item. We fynde that for delaute of Johan Eton Johan Tarke." good prouyfyon, bothe of the chyrchwardeyns, and alfo of the masters of the falnie, neyther the preystys nor clarkys, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, that ben retayoed for the chyrche wyli

SIR, nat come to our lady malla nor falue, per the clarkos and preyliys tliat bei A Sport Magazine is calculated to af retayned by the maysters of the falue formation, as well as amuscruent, the and the wardeyns of the chyrche wolde following pallage from a very scarce work for the mayatenynge of Goddys servyoe may probably be well received. I exat the tyine of raceyvnge of such pryeli ys tract it from the beginning of the twenand clarkys good cuftume of vertu and tieth book of Baptilia Porta's Natural grete encrease of dyuyne servyce.

Magic, not from the original, for that " Item. That the chyrche wardeyns I never could find in Italy, the country wyll nat thewe vs the wylles of their of which he was a native, but from an that have gyven goodys or loodys vnto English trantlation publitbed in 1658, in the parys he wherby we sholde forther folio. inquyre whether the wylles be performed Some further account of him and his or bat, for without them we can not haue compositions I may perhaps take another tikrof vnderlianding.

occasion to send you; fuffice it at present Item. “That the wardeyns of the to remark, that this collection of his exchyrche and of the brodyrhed haue not periinents was first publithed when he given theyr acomptys.

was only fifteen years of age, but the * Item. That afortymes for defaute work from which the traullation was of good and dylygente autoryte of the inade was one revised by him when he acomptys of the wardeyns, ther hath ben

was fifty. many aud grete foinmes of money taken We all know, and it will be found from the chyrche, the whiche myght well detailed in Dr. Watson's Chemical Ef come to lyght yf the olde acomptys were says, that Mr. Irwing received a very well cramyned.

contiderable bounty from the British par< Item. There is in the handys of liament, for inventing a method of ex

tracting fresh water from falt water at Dugd. Mon.Angl. vol. i. p. 138. sca, by limply adding a ftill head to the


234 Hints relative to a new edition of Morell's Thesaurus. (April 1, hip’s boiler ; that a French philofopher We have heard lately of thread made disputed the invention withi hiin, having from aloes allo as a new invention ; but published an account of this invention I can affure you the process is described before; and that Dr. Watson adds, that by this author, and referred by him to in Queen Elizabeth's reign an English America. admiral, whom he names, had done the The work was originally written in like.

Latin, but afterwards trapilated into Now hear what the Neapolitan phy- Italian, French, English, Spanish, alid fician and experimental philosopher faid Arabic. The fables be copied be did on the subject before the year 1050. not always believe, but, like other wri“ Chap. i.

ters of his tunes, he gave credit to a How sea water may be made pot. sutlicient number to lefen the reputation able.

of his writings, at a period when a bets “ It is no finall comodity to mankind, ter philosophy took place. if fea-water may be made potable. In

I am, your's, &c. long voyages, as to the Indies, it is on

G. CUMBERLAND. great concernment; for while feamen, by realon of tempelts, are forced to stay To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. longer at sea than they would, for want of water they fall into great danger of their lives. Galleys are forced almost I trouble you with fome inquiry con

HAVE long had it in intention to every ten days to put in for fresh water, and therefore they cannot long wander cerning that valuable and much-wanted in enemies' countries, &c. &c." Here book, Morell's Thejuurus, the republic he goes into an enquiry as to the caute çation of which was promised in your of the faltness of the sea, which I have Magazine a considerable tiine ago. Your not time to copy, and then proceeds to lait number renoves the neceflity of the describe his invention.

principal part of any intended inquiry, “We first fill a hollow reffel like a by. repeating that promite, with the ad. great ball with fea-water; it must have a ditional gratifying intelligence that the long neck, and a cap upon it, that live fuperintendance of it is to be entrufied coals being put under, the water may to Dr. Maltby. A mau fo eminently resolve into thin vapours, and fill all va- qualificd for the work, will, I hope, not cuities, being carried aloft. This ill- only edite, but correct and cularye it. scented groffirels, when it comes to touch I beg leave now to offer a suggestion, the coldness of the head or cap, and which has frequently occurred to me, meets with the glass, gathers like dew that the whole of this valuable and exabout the skirts of it, and fo running pensive book might, at a much less exdown the arches of the cap, it turns tó pence than by a teparate publication, water; and a pipe being opened that be incorporated into fome Greek Lexipertains to it, it runs forth largely, and con, Ilederic's for instance. Notling the receiver fiands to receive it as it more is requilite than on accurate markdrops. So will fweet water come from ing of the quantity of the syllables of falt, and the salt tarryeth at the bottom each word, and a prosodical example ; of the vefiel, and three pounds of salt or, perhaps, as in the work at prefeni, water will give two pounds of freili wa- only the latter. If it should be objected, ter; but if the cap of the linbee be of that the bulk of the book would be too lead, it will afford more water, but not much increased, it may be autivered that so good."

fome parts of Iederic might be on itted, Afterwards be gives five other experi- or at least abridged. But I do not think ments, and concludes by thewing how that, if the whole were retained, the fresh water may even be gathered from fize would be so great as that of Aiufthe air, by filling a vessel with fuow and worth's Dictionary. At a time when the powdered faltpetre, so as to condense expence of paper and of publishing is fo the air on its dirface: a method also by great, if the proprietors of the two which he says he froze his wine, plunge works would agree, they (I ain perfuading the bottle that contained it into a ed) would find their account in this bowl of fnow and saltpetre finely pow- method, and the classical Audent cerdered. The same practice, by means of taivly much couvenience. which some moderu experimental philo- Now I have the pen in my hand, I fopliers have, in cold climates, even beg leave to trespass on you for a few

other observations concerning books of


froze mercury.

education. In your account of deceased public with a learned work, under the perfons, a long time ago, the Appendix title of “. Apxal, or the Evenings of to the Eton Latin Grammar was attri- Southill,” in which he has displayed conbated, I think, to the late master of the fiderable acuteness in tracing the origins school of Alby de la Zouch, but, in a of certain English prepolitions; and in fubfequent number, restored to its real fume instances he has investigated the editor, Dr. Mavor. Without at all de- etymologies of corresponding prepotitions tracting from the merits of Dr. Mavor, in the French language, in order to prove I think, it should have been added that the correctness of his dedućtions. In considerable part of that appendix was

the first book (the only one yet publiflitaken from the Latin Grammar, publish- ed) he has thown fingular industry in ed by the Rev. E. Owen, rector of War- tracing the true etymology and tignificarington, entitled Lilly's Accidence im- tion of the word by; and on this subject proved; the best practical grammar, per- he differs from the celebrated author of haps, at this day extant, if we could Diversions of Purley.. but overcome our attachment to that ab- Having been favoured by the author furd method of teaching the Latin lan- with a few observations (intended to exguage by rules written in Latin, which plain a certain part of his work) which still prevails in our largest and most cele- point out the grand principle that was brated places of classical education, and his chief guide in his researches into the on which I may pollibly, at some future rigins of the Englith prepositions; and tuine, trouble you with some strictures. as it is iinprobable, on account of the Some time ago, I saw a querulous adver- author's age, as well as of his engagetisement from the editors of the Eton ments, that he will have it in his pour books, concerning pirated editions. I to publish a second book of the Evenbelieve, inost of those who are engaged ings of Southill, it may not be unaccep in the laborious office of instruction will table to fome of the readers of the agree with me, that that office has often Monthly Magazine, to be informed of been rendered more laborious and un- the peculiar mode of reasoning, which pleafant by the shamefully incorrect inan- the author has adopted in his laborious ner in which the school books, bearing inquiries: but it will be nécessary to prethe name of the Eton publither, and mise, that which therefore I suppose to be Eton Horne Tooke says, By is the imperasalicions, are fent into places of educa- tive byth of the Anglo-Saxon verb beon, lon. No pirated' editions can poslibly to be ; and that it was written in Anbe worse, and fome of them are often glo-Saxon, bi, be, or big. Divcrsions of much more correct. Were not this the Purley, p. 402, quarto ed. N. Salmon, cafe, I am of opinion that every respect- on the contrary, has endeavoured to able totor would inake it a matter of prove that, in inany circumstances, by conscience to give his support to those derives its name froin words that do not who are connected witli to celebrated a merely denote existence, but which actuplace of education, in preference to thote ally fignity operuiing, creating, muking, who are not connected with any. I forming, influencing, or the like; and thank it not improper to conclude these that it appears as a forerunner to whodelultory obfervations with remarking, ever or whatever is caufing, has been that the most correct edition of the Eton causing, or will be causing, any thing to Latin Grammar with which I am ac- happen; for example: Darius was vanqtainted is that publifhed at this place; quilhed by Alexander : i.€. Darius was a book whicls, a few years ago, was as vanquished: (the) OPERATOR (w this inarcurate even as that which came from state of Darius was) ALEXANDER. In the Eton press, but may now he adduc- page 72 (Evenings of Southill), this preed in proof of my asertions concerning pulition is said to mean zuy, conlidercu the Eton editions, when compared with as equal to performer of the act, alive fume others.

ciote, aforciating, (which words are fynoI am, Sir, your's, &c. nymous with operator); and when it is Gainsborough, Aules MAURITIUS. used before any of the reflective prua Feb. 7, 1807.

nouns, myelf, thufilf, &c. it exclusies

every other individual not included in To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. the reflective representatives introduced SIE,

into the sentence. The author, antic. HE author of the "Slemmata Lu- pating objections to this meaning of by,


entered more fully into the subject in the “ Now, if the person alluded to as following paper :

the speaker choofes to anticipate my .Prepositions are merely used to avoid three questions, which questions he has questions likely to be put for the sake of reason to expect I shall put to hiin, in obtuining circumftuntial statements. cafe he should leave his statement incom

“ Sonne inay alk, how came it to pass plete, he may fubjoin at once to the inthat By myjelt

, dc. should be used fo as teniled faćt the three answers I am likely to denote exclusion, in regard to all other to require, and say 'I fhall go to the individuals not mentioned ? and is it not country, on next Tuesday, with my bropoflibie that it may be used to as not to ther; or iny myself (equal to alone). denote exclusion, but stand for near mye Afier having heard this intended excurSelf? To answer these questions, "I fion so far circumfianced, I inay take it might content myself with one observa- into my head to ask the question, how? tion.

(equal to manner, or name the manner); “ Every speaker Nould frive to com- and he may reply, on foot, or on horiemunicate his thoughts in a manner at back, &c.; but, about this very

circumonce clear and expeditious; nor is it ftance, in regard to the manner, he might necessary when he does this, for us to have saved me the trouble of questioning enquire whether he is actuated or not him: for he might have said at once, I merely by the detire of laving, to the thall go on foot, to the country, on next person whoin he addrelles, the trouble Tuesday, with my brother; or by myof alking a series of questions concerning jelt." the fact which he states. The truth is, From the illustration which has just that he subjoins to the fact he mentions been given, it may be seen that prepo the answer he would make if the quer- 'potitions (as they are called) are generally tions were put, and generally prefixes to used by way of anticipation, in regard each answer fome word equal to place, to fome queition or other, the asking of time, manner or way, or companion, &c. which it is intended to avoid, froni ag according as he has to produce a' noun inviard conviction that, putting the le fignifying place, time, munner, &c. But veral questions to which an event might the observation I have just made requires give rife, and waiting for the answers, illustrations, in order to remove objec- not only would be so much watted, but tious which may be started to my manner would considerably interrupt the free and of refolving the by, in the passage ad- fall communication of our thouglits; duced as examples for division fecond of and in so much that the several circumEvenings of Southill.

stances could not, without confiderable “ On hearing a person say I Mall go, trouble to the memory, be collected by if he be tilent after this, I may alk him, the hearer, and arranged into a perfect, Pluce ? (for, nume the place); and his clear, and compact iinage. From that antwer may be, the country (for, to the illustration also it is evident that, in all country; the place [is] the country). those cuinbinations of words wherein by, After this, or any other answer that or any equivalent, is introduced for would inform me where he is to go, I operator, performer, &c. the rçader or may aik, time? and his answer may be, bearer is to conceive that an abbrevinext Tuejiday (tur, on next Tuesday, the ation in contiruction is presented; nametime (is) nest Tuesday). Having ob- ly, the fact is liated, and immediately an tained this answer, I may ask him, com- answer to an expected queftion is subpanion ? (for, name your companim); joined to that katement, in order to and his answer may be, my brother (for, avoid being interrupted by the quelliou, with my brother, the companion [is] my or to fave the trouble of the quellion bebrother). Thus thall I have obtained ing put. thrce circumstantial answers. Observe, "'If the principle I have just presented that while each answer is precise as tó Rould not be attended to, I can have Spot, time, and concomitance, each also no other refource then to complain of is exclutive as to any other name not the present age, by repeating a pallage introduced in regard to spot, time, and of Michaëlis, which, translated literally, concomitance. Hence, if this third an- would run thus : Language perpetuntes fuer had been myself emphatically, in- errors as well as truths; when a false, tiead of my brother, the expreffion my opinion has crept in, whether in the de. felf. would, by position and emphufis, rivation of a word, or in a whole' tenhave been of itself as excluare as the tence, it takes root, and transinits itseli expreflion my brother."

to the remotest pofterity; it becomes a

pasalur Epping,

1807.] Observations made during a Tour in the United States. 237 popular prejudice, sometimes a learned ties; in the latter case, Younger Town prejudice, worse than the popular preju- would be the seat of justice instead of dice; and unluckily there are prejudices Warren. In a country governed like thie even worse than learned prejudices. What United States, where the accommodation Michaelis meant by the latter fort of and liappiness of the governed constitute prejudices he has not mentioned, but it the fole object of those who administer is evident that animosity, jealousy, purty- the governurent, it cannot be denied spirit, and other mean paffions, mult be that the nearer justice is carried to the the principal features of his non-de- inhabitants the more that object is obscript."

tained. For a juryman or witness to be

Isaac PAYNE. compelled to travel from thirty to fixty Feb. 1807.

miles is a grievance; and justice, there.

fore, ought always to be carried to the To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. people, rather than the people be com

pelled to attend at diftant seats of jutiice: SIR,

yet, to divide Trumbull into lix counties HAVE to propose a plan, by insert- appears too much to subdivide it, and

ing which' I Aatter myself you will to compell on a new county too heavy serve the public. We have nuinberless an expence for the erection of court. ingenious men, whose ideas and inven- houses, jails, and other ncceflary appentions would do honour to themselves and dages on the seat of justice. To divide country were they introduced and known. it into four counties would probably anIn order that they may be fo, I propose lwer every good purpose to the inhabito them to lend ine their models, plans, tants, and continue Warren the princior descriptions, and I will with pleasure pal town of a county; this would be also (if they are not too large for reinoval) ltrictly right, as many of its inhabitants exhibit them in the courses of lectures, bave settled therein under that expectawhich I am constantly reading in the tion. When I was in Warren, it contown and country; and by explaining tained fixty-four families. The river las them, and giving them every pollible abundance of fith, and its banks are publicity, the friends of science would well stocked with cray-filh. Most of the have the means of seeing thein, and buildings were log-houses, though several knowing where the machine, invention, han ifome frame-houses

, built with the &c. is to be had.

white poplar, or, as it is here called, the I devote much of my Course of Ex- sattin wood (I prefume, froin its great perimental Philofophy to the mechanical glolliness and smoothnels), were erected and chemical departinents, and have no or erecting. Town-lots in Warren, of other object in view than serving the 16 by 24 rods, fold for 175 dollars; and ingenious and neglected, by introducing the land about half a mile from the and recommending, where I coufcienti town, at lix dollars the acre. In weliern outly can, fuch works as seem likely to America, the feat of justice is always the prove serviceable to fociety.

seat of buliness, and the residence of I am, Sir, &c. D. F Walker, store-keepers, medical men, lawyers, &c. 5, Glocefler-jireet, Portman-square, &c. When I was at Warren, there were Feb. 23, 1807.

three very good stores in the town: one, which contained at least 3000 dollars'

worth of goods, was unfinished, and had For the Monthly Jagazine. neither a door to it, nor glass to the wine OBSERVATIONs made during a TOUR dows, yet no person thought of sleeping

through the entiED STATES of Ame- in it. The fact appears to be, that man IICA.-30. XY.

is not neceffarily a depredator upon man: TI THE Mohaning branch of the Beevor it is govemment alone, when it robs hin

is navigable for Imall craft as high of the profits of his induttry, compells up as Warren, the county town, at which him to be the plunderer of his neighbour, the courts of juttice for Trumbull county nor can barbarous punishment prevent are held. Warren is laid out on a large it. The framers of such laws, aware of icale, but the growth of the town has their injustice, vest commonly with the been restrained in consequence of a di- executive the power of pardoning: hence, poa of sentiment as to the future fub- the criminal irever loses the hope of daillon of the county. It was a quer- escaping punishment, and too frequently tws, whether the county of Trunhill the depredator, unpunished, is again ict lould be divided into four or lia coun- loole upon society. Hence sanguinary MONTHLY Mag. No. 155.



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