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of Narch 1807, inclusive, Tuco Miles N.W. of St. Paul's.
Highest 57°. March 21. Wind N.W. Loweit 99.33. March 18. Wind West Lowest 24". March 5. Wind NE. On the evening of
In the mornof 25th ult. the :81h, the mer
the thermometer was Greater 57 hun curystood at 29:33, Greatest? 52°; the fame hour the variation in dredths of
26th but 39o. Alike 21 hours.
variation took place in an inch. the next day it was
24 hours. as high as 29.90.
the middle of the days; on the first it was55; on
the second, it was $9. The quantity of rain fallen fince our last report is too trilling to be noticed. Our journal records but one day in which there has been any, but on five or fix there has been snow, and in anany places it fell in confiderable quantities : near the metropolis it has not at any period been sufficient to incommode the inhabitants ; nor during the whole winter has the cold been fufficient to render the sparrows and other small birds, in the villages round London, (the only game of cockneys), futficiently keen to fill a prey to the fowling.piece.
'The average height of the thermometer for the whole month is 44.73, which is higher than it bas been for several years for the same period of time. Such of our readers as will take the trouble of turning back to the several volumes of the Monthly Magazine, will find that the average temperature for Marcn, last year, vas 42 l; for 1805, it was 13; før 1804, it was only 39.00 ; for 1803, it was 41. nearly; ind for 1803, it was 43-4 nearly. Notwithiftanding this increase in the temperature, we have experienced much and fevere cold from the winds, which have cooled down the human budy, though (as we have formerly observed) they have but little effect on the thermometer. The wind has blown chiefly from the callerly and westerly quarters, and in both infiances it has been severely felt. The average height of the barometer is 29.99.
7. CORRESPONDENTS. PROSE communications, signed A. B. Impartial, M. N. A Friend to Truth, I. A. R. M. Scrutator, D. T. Simon Simple, Veritas, do not luit the Monthly Magazine.
The friends of Pro etior Richardson are referred to the Court of King's Bench, as a more competent tribunal to correct an unfeeling and unprincipled CoxcomB than the pages of a Literary Jounal.
Our excellent friend Dr. Patterson complains of being misrepresented in an anonymous Review! As we cannot tpare room for his able reply, we thall ask him, wbs, tbat urte a book, is not misrepresented by the carelifrefs or malice of fone or all of the Revicevs? Dr. Pacterfon, and others in like circumstances, may derive cunfolation from the perafal of a plain serrative of facts relative to the manufactory oi Reviews, lately published under the title d the New Dunciad, in which they will perceive how unworthy is all aponymous criticism of their confidencie ur fcrious attention.
We must refer the communication of Mr. Salmon to the publicat on to which he refers.
We acknowledge the receipt of another letter from Dr GLEIG, but we believe we fall be considered by our readers as having brought to its proper close the controversy of that geoteman with Mr. LAING.
Severai Qucrills are informed, that we expect them to mention the authorities which have failed them, before ne can obtrude their queftiors on the pulilie, some of which may prú. bably be answered by cunsulting the last new Cyclopedia, or perhaps any good clemetry treatise.
In compliance with the with of our correspondent wlio ligns Connox Sense, we full de glad to receive information relative to the monopoly of tums, and to the description of manufactories to which he alludes in the lait paragraph of his letter,
Lommunications will be particularly aceptable from persons relident on the seat of War o.1 the Continent.
Euwa in the present Number: at page 96%, col. 2, for Ifaac Wild, Efq. read to Wild, Eli.; and af pige 209, col. 1, 107 Lanuwai sead Cancze.
MAY ), 1807.
[4 of Vol. 23.
* As long as those who write are ambitious of making Converts, and of giving to their Opinions : Maximum of
* Influence and Celebrity, the moft extensively circuiattu Miscellany will repay with the greated Effect the * Curtofity of those who read either for Amusement or Infruction." JOHNSON.
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. AN ACCOUNT of the LONDON INSTITU- vacate their office, but are eligible to be
re-elected to other offices of the institution. TIR VE chief purposes of the London
Of the Proprietors. Inftitution are, the speedy and ge- The number of proprietors is limited to neral diffusion of science, literature, and one thousand, and the whole property of the arts, by means of lectures and ex- the Institution is vefted solely in that periments, and teaching the application body, who have complete authority to of scientific discoveries to the improve control and dispose of the fame, and no ment of arts and manufactures in this sale or mortgage of any
property bea country; the acquisition of a valuable longing to the Institutiou, or of any ttock and exteniive library, consisting of books of money permanently invested, can be in all languages both ancient and mo- marie, but with the approbation and condern, and giving an easy access to the use currence of a general meeting of proof it; and the establithiment of reading prietors convened for that express purrooms, where the foreign and domestic pose. journals, newspapers, and other periodi- Every candidate for election as a procal works, and the best pamphlets and prietor must be proposed by a manager new publications, may be provided for at one of their meetings, and his name is the ule of the proprietors and subscribers. then hung up in the managers' room,
In the execution of this plan, the pride and at the next meeting he is balloted cipal gentlemen and merchants of the for. No person can be elected unless metropolis, to the number of one thon- two-thirds, at least, of the managers are fand, fubfcribed the sum of seventy-five in favour of his admission. guineas each, towards forming the necer There is a general meeting of propriesary funds; and appointed a committee tors annually, on the last Thursday in to prepare a set of By-laws for the go- April, for the purpose of electing the Verament of the Institution.
otticers of the Institution, and receiving As these By-laws explain the nature of the report of the managers, containing a this efiablishnient in detail, it will be ne- general statement of the matters with cessary to give them in a clashfied form, which it may be necessary the proprietors in order that they may be more casily should be acquainted, in order that they understood by those persons who may may form an opinion of the actual ttate of have it in contemplation to eftablith the Institution, in respect to its pecuniary fimilar iniiitutions in the large and popu- concerns and the accomplithment of its lous cities, and manufacturing towns of obje&ts. the United Kingdom.
The minutes of the transactions at It may be neceflary to premnise that the crery general meeting of the proprietors London Institution is a body, politic and are entered in a book by the secretary, corporate, being so created by royal and read over at the next meeting for charter, granted to the managers and approbation as to their correct entry, proprietors in January, 1807.
and after being approved are ligned by Of the direction und administration of the the president, or in his absence by the Institution.
chriman. All the affairs of the Institution are Previously to the general meeting in directed and adminiftered by a conmittee April, printed alphabetical lifts of the of ruanagers, confifiing of the pretident, proprietors, and the names of the profour vice-prefidents, twenty managers, feffors, lectures, &c. are to be provided and the secretary, chosen by and from at the house of the Institution. among the proprietors. One fourth of The votes of the proprietors for the ** the prelidents and managers annually election of the effices of the Institution MONTBLY MAG., No. 136.
are always given by ballot; and all busi- On the day of the annual election, ness brought forward at any general meet- after the president or chairman that have ing of proprietors, is decided by a majority taken the chair, and a balloting glass present, unlets a ballot be required on being placed on the table, two scrutineers any specihc question, hy fitteen or more are to be appointed to examine and deof the proprietors prelent, which ballot clare the reluit of the ballot. must take place on one of the five ensuing A complete list of all proprietors who days after such general meeting. may hare fignified their intention to the
No new law, alteration, or jepeal of managers to become candidates for any any existing law, can originate in a office, and allo balloting lists, containing general meeting of proprietors, unless the names of those persons recommended after special notice to the secretary in by the managers and visitors, for such writing, by fifteen proprietors or up- office, are to be prepared and ready for wards, at least fourteen days previoully delivery to each proprietor, at least eight to fuch general meeting; nor can any days before the annual election. new law, alteration, or repeal, he pro- Every proprietor who votes at an posed hy the managers to the proprictors, election is to deliver his balloting lift, unless approved by two-thirds of the ma- folded up, to the prehdent or chairman, nagers present at a meeting to be fum- who, in his presence, is immediately to moned for that special purpose.
put it into the balloting glass, and the If, at a meeting of proprietors, any name of each proprietor, who so delivers question Nould arise during the course of in his lift, thall be marked on a printed an elećtion, respecting the forms thereof, lift by the secretary or clerk of the Instifuch question shall be decided by a ma- tution. jority of proprietors present.
When the ballot is closed, the scrutiOf Life and Annual Subscribers. neers are to cast up the number of votes Every candidate for election, as a life for each person, and report the fame in or annual subscriber, must be proposed at writing, ligned by them, to the chair, a meeting of the managers, and his name when the president or chairman will deentered in the list of candidates, and at clare those who have the majority of the next meeting of the managers the votes to be the perfons elected to the question of adinillion thall be decided on. respective offices.
Subscribers to particular courses of If the number of votes, in favor of lectures, or to the library, shall be ad- two or more candidates, Mould be equal, mitted thereto, upon the terms from time the prelident or chairman is to decide by to time fixed by the managers.
Jots prepared by the scrutineers. Ladies are admissible as subscribers to Oj jhe Duties and Authority of the the lectures only, under such regulations
Munagers. as may be fixed by the managers.
The managers are to engage suitable Rights and Privileges of the Proprietors perfons as professors an + lecturers, and and Subscribers.
cause courses of lectures in esperimental The proprietors, life and annual fub- philosophy, and on chemiftry, and on scribers, and honorary members, have different departments of literature and right of admission to the library, lectures, the arts, to be given annually or oftener reading-rooms, and all other public parts at the Institution. of the house of the inftitution, at all They are to take care that no subjects hours from eight o'clock in the morning be treated of, at the lectures, but fuch as until eleven at night, Sundays, Chrifimas are connected with the objećis of the InDay, Good Friday, and Fast and Thankf- ftitutiou. giving days by proclamation, excepted ; They are authorised, under certain and on Saturdays tie doors close at three restrictions, to elect and admit proprieo'clock.
tors, life and annual subscribers, and The proprietors have each one tranf- also to elećt honorary members of the ferable ticket, which admits the bearer Inftitution. to the library, the reading-rooms, and They are to elect and appoint, either lectures.
annually or otherwjse, the affiftant secreOf the Mode of Proceeding at Elections. taries, profeflors, lecturers, librarians, and
The prefident, one vice-president, five other officers, and remove them when managers, three vilitors, the auditors, trea- they fee cause; and engage and difmits surer, and secretary of the Institution, are the domestic servants of the house, elected annually by the proprietors at They have the direction of the house she general meeting in April.
of the Institution, and make such regular tions for the preservation of order and the president their request that such meetdecorum therein as they may think proper. ing shall be called.
They are to caule fair and arcurate Whenever a special meeting of the viaccounts and registers, in writing, to be fitors shall be called, the object of such kept of all receipts, payment, and transac- meeting thall be mentioned in the notice, tions, by thein, 'their officers, and agents which is to be sent to each member, at respectively, and annually make up the lealt eight days previoully to the meeting. fame to the 3111 of December in every The visitors elect their own secretary, year, and lay them, with the vouchers, and may make such regulations respecting before the auditors on or before the 25th the mode of transacting their business, as of March following.
they (hall think necessary or useful, proThoy bave power to admit to the vided tuch regulations are not repugnant lectures, and to the library, and the other to the charter, nor to the By-laws of the rooms of the Institution, foreigners of Institution. high rank, or of dillinguithed scientific ac
Of the Treasurer. quirements, during their temporary re- The treasurer is elected annually at Lidence in the metropolis.
the general meeting in April, by and • Their meetings are to be held in the from among the proprietors. His aphouse of the Institution on the tirst Wed- pointment is honorary. neiday in every month, and no meetings All monies belonging to the Institution are competent to the transaction of buli- fhall remain in the bands of the bankers ness, unless three or more members be appointed by the managers; and all represent.
ceipts and payments shall be entered in The president, or two vice-presidents, the banker's book, under the direction or any three managers, may, by requili- of the treasurer, which book is to be laid tion in writing to the secretary, call a on the managers'table at all their meetings. fpecial meeting of managers.
The treasurer thall order paymeut of The president preldes at all meetings such drafts as Mall be made on him by the of the managers, and in cale of his ab- managers, as also of such bills and other fence, one of the vice-presidents, and if disbursements, as they shall specially dineither be present one of the managers. rect to be paid by him.
When the votes at any meeting of the He shall enter into a bond with two apmanagers thall be equal, the president or proved fureties, in the sum of 5000l. on chairman shall have the casting vote. condition that he duly account and pay The Visitors.
all such money or other property and A committee of visitors, conlisting of effects belonging to the Institution, as the president and twelve visitors, such shall come into bis poffeffion as treasurer. vilitors not being members of the com- He thall make up his accounts to mittee of managers, shall be chofen from the 31st of December in every year, and among the proprietors at the general lay them before the managers, in order meeting on the last Thursday in April, to their being prepared for the inspection three of whom shall annually vacate their of the auditors. office, but do not become thereby in
Of the Secretary. eligible to the same, or to any other office The secretary is elected annually by of the Institution.
and from among the proprietors. He is The vilitors have anthority to inspect, a member of the committee of managers, at all times, every department of the and his appointinent is honorary. inttitution, and they make their reports, He attends the general meetings of the either to the managers, up to the court of proprietors and the meetings of the maproprietors, as they may preier. nagers; and thall enter in a book, for
Any five of the visitors may convene a that purpose, the minutes of the proceed. special general mecting of proprietors, ings of those meetings; give instructions giving right days notice thereut to the to the secretary of foreign correfponmanngers.
dence, and directions to the alliftant leThe visitors meet quarterly in the house cretaries and clerks, in every thing reof the institution, and 10 neeting is lating to the buliness of his office, and competent to the trotaction of butinels, see that due notice is given by the clerk unlels three or more members thall be of the general meetings of the proprietors, prefent.
and of the meetings of the managers. Special meetings of the visitors may be
Of the Auditors. held, as often as any three of the vilitors, At the general meeting in April, five of managers, tball express in writing to auditors thall be appointed by and from
among the proprietors, who shall examine whom he is desirous of transferring the the accounts of the Institution, which same, and such perfon (unless he be the Nall be made up to the Sift of December legitimate son of such proprietor, in fullouing, and shall report thereon, with a which cafe he may be admitted without general statement of the accounts figned delay) Mall be balloted for at the next by the major part of them, to the general meeting of managers; and if such perfon meeting in the succeeding April; and should not be approved by two-thirds of their report Niall be printed and ready for the managers pretent, the proprietor dhall delivery at the house of the Institution, be entitled, at his option, to propote eight days previously to such meeting. another person for admillion, or to claim Of Honorfiry Members.
from the funds of the Institution such tuin Persons of distinguished rank or quali- as may then be fixed in the By-laws as fications, whether natives or foreigners, the qualification of a proprietor. may be elected honorary members of On the decease of a proprietor, his the Institution.
cxccutors oradninistrators may nominate Persons proposed as honorary mem- fuch person as is appointed in the will bers, must be recommended by three at of the said deceased proprietor, or'in deleast of the managers, and be proposed fault of such appointment, or in case of and balloted for, with the interval of one the decease of the person so appointed, month at lealt, between the proposal and such other person as they may think proballot, and two negatives thall exclude. per, to be balloted for by the managers
Of Receipts and Erpenditures. (excepting the legitimate fon of such deA fufficient sum thall be invetied in the cealed proprietor, who is entitled to adpublic funds, as a provision for thé per- million without ballot) and such nominamanency and stability of the Institution. tion thall be referred by the inanagers to
All monies not permanently invetied, the folicitor of the Intiitution to examine and not wanted for defraying the current into its legal propriety, who, on making a expenses of the Inftitution, fall, from written report to the managers, Phall retime to time, be invetied by the na- ceive one guinea as his fee, from the nagers in floating public securities. prietor on iis admision; and in case luch
The annual income of the Inititution person, reported by the folicitor as legalshall be applied by the managers in dira ly nominated, thall not be elected, the charging rents, taxes, falaries, wages, re- executors or administrators of such depairs, the purchase of foreign and domettic ceased proprietor Thall
, at their option, journals, periodical and other new publi- either propoie another person for adcations, for the use of the reading-room. million, of claim from the fund of the
The surplus income fhall be applied, at Institution, such sum as may then be fixed the discretion of the managers, to the in the By-laws as the qualification of a improvement and augmentation of the proprietor. library, and apparatus for philofophical
The Library. experiments.
The library is open from eight o'clock Of Sub-Comerittees.
in the morning till eleven at night, with The managers have power to appoint the exceptions as before itated. as many committees as they shall think The books belovging to the library proper for the purpose of scientific and are under the care and custody of the experimental investigations, and to admit librarian. into such committees any persons, whe- No person shall take down any of the ther proprietors, subscribers, or not, and books in the library, but a note containto allow such compuittees to hold their ing the name of the person applying, and meetings in the house of the Institution. the title of the book, must be given to the
The president, the managers, visitors,' librarian or the attendant, who will fupand secretary, have a right to attend all ply him with the book required. such comınittees whenever they think No person thall take away any book proper.
belonging to the library. These committees are occasionally to A manuscript catalogue of the library report their progress to the managers. is kept on the table. Oj the Transfer and Devife of Proprie- Of the House of the Institution. tors' Share:.
The temporary house of the institution, Any proprietor defirous of transferring till the inanagers can procure a larger and his right in the Institution, thall notify the more convenient one, is in the Old Jewry; fame in writing to the nianagers, stating but it is expected that the corporation the name and relidence of the person to of Loudon will grant them either the