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whole, or a great part of the ground on &c. The rooin on the riglit contains the which Blackwell Hall stands. In that foreign papers and journals; on the table is cale, a new house will be erećted, con- Le Moniteur, le Publicite, the Hamburg taining every desirable accommodation Correspondenten; the Manhein, France Suitat le for an ettablitlanent of tuch mag- fort, and Leyden Journals; the Magazin nitude.

Encyclopedique; Archives Litteraire ; It will be necessary to enter into a Journal de Phylique ; Mercure de brief explanation of the internal economy France ; Bibliotheque Commerciale of the house, and to give an account of Journal de la Litterature de France; the publications which are found on the Journal de la Litterature Etrangere; tables of the institution; and also a short Annales des Arts et Manufactures; La description of the library.

Revue; Annales de Muteum d'Histoire On entering the house, which was Naturelle; L'Esprit des journaux; and erecied in 1677 by Sir Robert Clayton, is the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung. There a large and spacious ball, the great itair- are also several moucrn French publicacase in which is finely painted, by Sir tions to be found in this room. James Thornhill, with several subjects The library is arranged on the first from the story of Hercules, as detailed by floor, and is contained in five handsome the Mythologilts. On the top of the rooms. It conuilts of nearly ten ftair-cate is a copy of Guido's picture of thousand volunes, felected with great the Rape of Dejanira,

care; about one half of which are in Behind the hall is the newspaper-room, folio and quarto. In the fine arts, in which contains three tables, on which are natural history, in bibliography, in parlaid all the London Daily Newspapers, liamentary history, in topography, and vrz, the Times, Poft, Chronicle, Herald, the history and antiquities of Great BriLedger, Press, Oracle, Morning Adrer- tain, this library is extremely rich. Here tifer, Courier, Suw, Star, Traveller, may be found the valuable collection of Globe, Statesman, and Pilot; the Lon- books made by the deceased Marquis of don Gazette; Cobbet's and Redhead- Lansdown, relating to the French revoluYorke's Weekly Papers, Lloyd's Litt, Lion, also a large Collection of Tracts, the Packet List, the Shipping Lift, and having reference to the Political and the London Price Correrrt. In each Commercial Affairs of thefe Kingdoms, table are drawers, in which the clerk of in upwards of three hundred voluines. the Institution regularly files the papers The library, including a good collection every evening atier the house is closed, of maps, colt nearly 90001. and considerand at the end of the month they are renovo ing that it comprises many works of great ed and preserved to be bound in volumes. and increasing value, scarcity, and utility,

On these tables are also found Gazet- this fum cannot be thought ditproporteers, Directories, and other books of tiopate to the extent and importance of reference. There are also the votes and the acquisition. all the reports of the various committees, The establi!hment of the Institution, at printed by order of the House of Com- prelept, contists of the principal librarian, mons, which are presented to the Inititu- Proteilor Porton, who has apartments in tion by one of the managers a member of the house; the clerk, Mr. J. Savage, who the Ilouse of Commons.

has also the domeitic management of the Round this room is hung a collection Institution; two tub-librarians; porter, of Arrowsmith's Maps, neatly fitted up book-binder, and two female fervants. on canvas and spring-rollers.

The funds of the Institution arise froin On each end of this room is another the payment of feventy-five guineas by smaller roon; that on the left is used for each of the proprietors, and of twentyreading the reviews, magazines, the prin- tive guineas, lately advanced to thirty-tive cipal periodical publications, popular guinens, by the life-tubfcribers. The pamphlets, and modern books. "In this total expense of repairs, alterations, furniroom are found the Reviews, the Month- ture, and various neceflary accommodaly, Gentleman's, European, Philofophi- tious, have been about 3,8001. The cal, and Botanical Magazines; the Athe- total receipts are about 78,0001, which näum, the Literary Panorama; Cenfura with the intereft, will make nearly Literaria; Repertory of Arts; Naval 82,000l. Chronicle, the outlily Mirror; Lifts of The temporary committee of managers, the Army and Navy; Sowerby's English on the cominencement of their dutics, Botany Nichoson's Journal; Flower's appointed two fub-committees; the one Poliucal Review; the Medical Journal; for the purpose of obtaining temporary


accommodations; accommodations; the other for that of different kinds of trees, &c. are endowed fuperintending and directing the forma- with very different powers for evaporation of the library. The diligence and ting moisture, and that the exotic trees success of thefe fub-committees, will be and plants, fo greatly increased and culbett understood by an exainmation of the tivated in this country in modern times, house of the Institution, and of the li- pollefs vafily greater powers of evaporabrary. The state of the house and the ting, even when naturalized here, and accommodations given to the proprietors spread their leaves earlier in the spring, and fubfcribers, will speak futficiently for ihan our native trees and plants: and the one, and the value; and the utility of these circumstances he contends, joined the books selectod for the library, will to the general increase of plantations, speak the industry, talents, and attention, hedges, and trees, and of permanent paid by the other to the accompliment pasture and crops of exotic or highly evaof an object fo truly desirable in the me- porating plants, in place of arable land, tropolis.

formerly covered with vegetables only

during a few of the summer months, and To the Editor of the Monthly ilagazine. when in fallow not at all; together with FIR,

the conversion of commons and wastes Н.

PAVING long confidered your work bearing low evaporating plants, to carry

as the most eligible channel, from ing increased quantities of such as possess its respectability and great circulation, this property in an luigh degree; have in which to eirculate enquiries on me- operated, and particularly within these terology, and through which to communi ihirty-five years past, a moit effential and cate any hints which may forward this perceptible change in the atmosphere fcience; 1 bave regretted that none of and climate of this kingdom: occafioning your ingenious and oblerving corre- the damp, cold, and late springs, and fpondents have publicly nóticed the funimers, and the blighted crops, partimemoir inserted in your laft July Maga- cularly of fruits and of wheat, of which zine (vol. xxi. p. 523) on the expedients complaints have been fo loud and trerelorted to in France, for ditlipating or quent of late. preventing ftorms of hail &c. and the Belides recommending the correcting important note at page 524; Nating, that the evil as far as may be, by a ditute a plan for correcting and regulating the of such broad and early-leaving exotic anomalies of the atmodj bere in general, trees and plants as can be fpared; fuhr was announced at Leicetter in the year fiituting the oak, afh, and beach, in place 1794, founded chiefly on the application of the elin: and tbe holly in hedges, in of electric conductors*. I am fure, Sir, place of the hawthorn, (w bose evaporathat you would be performing a moti tion from the fame weight of branches acceptable piece of service to all those and leaves, is stated to be nine times as engaged in such enquiries, if you could great as the former) and the leflening of procure information of the particulars of the furface of permanent patture, (a the plan laft alluded to, and communi- thing much to be wilhed for, in other cate the faine in your Magazine. respects), Mr. Williams suggests the pro

In the mean time, I beg to call the priety of attempting by art to supply attention of your readers to fome curious the deficient quantity of electricity, in investigations on this subject, by John occalionai blue mifts, fogs, and baze, Williams, efq. in his work lately publish- which now so often intercept the fun's ed “ On the Climate of Great Britain”: rays and cause vegetation to languill; this writer fuppoles it established by his by which electrization, according to his experiments, that the leaves and pro- theory, these vapours are rendered capajećting points of trees and vegetables, ble of being disolved or rendered trane are principally employed by nature, in parent in the air, by the heat of the fun. diminishing or altering the late of at- The method he proposes is, to conmospheric electricity: at the farve time ftrućt such a number of electric mills in that the aqueous evaporation from the different parts of the country, each conleaves of trecs, plants, grailes, &c. caufes taining many revolving cylinders or fogs, mills, and clouds, owing to the defi- plates of glass, and furnithed with rubbers, ciency of electricity therein: it reluits whose electricity is to be collected in an from his experiments, that the leaves of upright infulated bar, extending above

the building, and terminating in a large • Vide also Skinner: Present State of lamp, or a series of lawyps aod points, for Peru, p. 42.

dilfuling the electric fluid in the fur.



rounding vapour. By a process the used sometimes the fingular and somereverte of the above, Mr. W. imagines, times the plural number, in his charters; that excess of electricity in the atmo- that Henry I. and II. and Stephen, inphere, in seasons of unusual drougiit, variably addrefled themselves in the might be drawn off to the earth, so as to fingular; and that from the commenceprecipitate the aqueous vapours, and ment of the reign of Richard I. the occafion rain. Thunder storms he alto custom of speaking in the plural number hopes to prevent, or render harmless by has been continued without variation, there machines, when furnished with to the present time. The forms which conductors to the earth, for use on such obtained in France, on fimilar occasions, occalions. I shall not trouble your rea- are exhibited by Mabillon, De Re Din ders further with these details, but con- plomat. Your obedient servant, clude for the preient, and am,

Glutampton W, M. MOSELEYER. Iletminster, Your's, &c.

March 12, 1807. Tlh Marck, 1807.

J. Farey. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

SIR, SIR, Y your valuable Miscellany of Fc- Nyour number for March, (p. 137) I

am " Inquilitor," aiks “ what prince or po- whole apology thall be a fimple statetentate first addresied himself to his fub- ment of plain facis. jeats in the plural number, as we always The blue corer of last November ice in Proclamations."

Magazine, (vol. xxii. p. 549,) announces With respect to this point, Bishop a “ Detence of Earl 'Stanhope's System Nicolson, in his list. Lib. p. 146, says, on of tuning Piano-Fortes." But in the the authority of Coke's Intiit. that, the ellay itself the author proposes a fourth firit of our kings, who wrote in the plural way of dividing the octave; in opposition number, was hing John ; his predecetfors to the great principle of Earl Stanhope, writing in the fingular. They used cgo which is to make the key of C, as perfect in their grants: and this king, with thole as potlible. This fonrth system rejects that followed him nos."

the biequal tbird of E-G harp, by I heg leave to observe, that upon in- making ( one sensibiequal third, vestigation, I find this opinion to be in- and the E--G 1harp another; leaving Correct: fór in an edict of William the the A tiat to C exactly as in the StanConqueror (printed in vol. 1, of Rapin's hope fysem: and hence the beauty of II-t.) the plural number is uted, through- C-E is entirely destroyed. out-liatuimus, volumus, &c. But in To find oui, or to invent, are to me another charter of the famne king, in- terins vitnilar import, and whether the lerted in the Formulare Angl. p. 36, the four projetitions I quoted (or misrepreLingnlar is used. All the charters of sented, contain real information, I hall, Hen. I. avd II. without exception, ap- alter fairly stating the lenses in which I pear to be addressed in the tingular nun- undertiand them, leave to the discernber.-Sec Porinulare Angl. p. 57, No. 64, meut of impartial readers. and Monast. Angl. vol. i, 78?- 1. Earl Stunhope's System is clear and * Scintis me dedilje." hing Stephen, perfpicuouts. It is fo doubiless to those allo, in every instance utes the fingular. who are both mathematicians and muSec Monaft. angl. vol.. i, p. 770, and ficians; but bow many persons unite Porn, Angl. p. 40, No. 68. On the these two characters, is a question to other hand, Richard I. feems invariably which I can give no answer. to speak iu the plurid_< Sciatis nos con- II. It is a veu discover y, Tierce Wolves crsille".-See Form. Angl. p. 51; Rymer, erceptuil. Kirnberger, like Earl Stanvol. i, p. 05 and 30; Monat. Angl. hope, makes bis C-E a perfect third. vol. i. p. 782.

With regard to the low far the ditonic third. A flat C of practice of King Jobin, and that of the hirnberger (47) and his flatter enharIncreigos who followed bim, the obfer- monic fourth E-A flat, 483) differ from ration of Coke and Nicolson is confirined the two biegnal thirds of Earl Stanhope; by the example of several charters in- are questions I referve for future investiserted in the works to which I have gation. I can, however, aflure the pubabove referred.

lic, that I never saw the four tierce wolves According to this statement, therefore, in their rcfpective columns, before I it foenus thut William the Conqueror, opened Eari Stanhope's work; and I



do therefore consider this arrangement of To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. thiofe defective intervals as new.

III. The term Wolf is a reproach or
Migma. I have traced the origin of this

AVING lately, among other pametaphor as far back as Pratorius, who, pers, become possefled two in his Syntagma (1614) speaks of the following, I take this opportunity of renIl'ulf. Not having seen this book my- dering them publicly beneficial, through selt, and depending wholly on the au

the medium of your much read Maya

zine. thority of a quotatron in Adlung, I canDot fay how, or to what defect it was

To keep Crows from Corn, originally applied.

Take a quart of train-oil, as much iv. Glee-fingers may sink without turpentine, and bruised gunpowder, boil tempering. This extraordinary affertion them together, and when hot dip pieces can only have arisen froin some misap- otrags in the mixture and fix them on prehenfion of the exprellion temperament, flicks in the field. About four are luftiÍ therefore aik-

cient for an acre of corn, 1. Docs this defect of keyed insiruments exist in

To Projerve Wood in Damp Situotions. ccompanied vocal music?

Two coats of the following prepara2. Can occasional depresion (or even

tion are to be applied, after which the elevation) of pitch refer to any fised wood is fubject to no deterioration whatsystem of time, except that of perfect ever from humidity. Twelve pounds of intervals as fixed by the ratios, or divi retin, are to be beaten in a inortar, to tions of the monochord?

which three pounds of fulphur and twelve 3. If temperament signifies deviation pinis of whale-oil are to be added. from the jutt proportion of mtervals, This mixture is to be melted over the how can voices fink without teinpering?

fire, and furred during the operation, The Iluygenian Theoren, (that of a

Ochre redaced to an impalpable powder fingle voice linging CFD GC) has been by triturating it with oil, may then be adduced as a proof that a welody may

combined in the proportion neceffary link a commun every time it is repeated to give either a lighter or a darker co

lour to the material. The firft coat Thus in five repetitions it would fall tu B, and in four more to B blat. But Dould be put on lightly, having beca Rameau has fhewn, that the original previously heated; the fecond may be impretlion of C would preferve the pitet, applied in two or three days, and a third in defiance of the defective third B-; culiar dampnets of the fituation, it fhould

after an equal interval, it, from the peo and Mr. Maxwell (Elly on Tune, p. be judged expedient. Your's, &c. 213) has entered at laryo into the probable reatons, wly vocal pertürmers

JOHN MORRISS FLIXDALL. alter the pitch; which he atributes ([ March 6, 1307. think with great appearance of titi) not to mutical, but :) anatomical caules. To the Editor of the Monthly Augazines (see his Eflay, p. 211.) Submitting niy defence to the judgment of the public,

SIR, and the candour of any adverteeri Y PyBus, having in your last num

, an happy to find he thinks well of my indutry and research. Sorry I anber, requelied one of your readers to that any incautious language of mine inforin him of a method of browning flould have injured his teclings. My gun-barrels; I am happy (through the object was to attract his attention, and medium of your miscellany) to point out thus far I have succeeded. Temper, to luin a way which has always proved however, should be always preferied, successful. After the barrel is finished, and any conclusion shall be an extract to give it a brown colour, it is to be rutfrom Paicu,

bed over with aquà-fortis or fpirit of “ Violence and truth have no power falt diluted with water, and then to be ever each other. Tle former has but laid by, for a week or to, till a complete a limited and temporal course; while: coat of ruli is formed. A little oil is truth fubfilts for ever, and in the end then to be applied, and the furface muft triumph over all her enemies, be- being rubbed dry, it is to be polished by cause the 'is eternal and powerful as means of a liard brulh and a little betr God himpfeil." Your's, &c.

Your's, &c. March 16, 1807. J. W. CALLcor. London,

G. A, M. Upper Grojvenor-jirect.

February 11, 1807,

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THE ANTIQUARY. neybowris, and all they togider toke an
No. XII,

harte. But whan they thulde deuyde To the Antiquary.

it, the Lyon spake and sayde, I shall be SIR,

eyre of the firit parte, for I am grettist of I

HAVE taken from my portfolio two worshippe here, and the firlt choyce shall

or three little articles on curious books. yelde me the secounde parte, and the The first relates to a work contemporary grettist labowre thall gyve me the thryd with Caxton: the second presents you parte, and but if I have the forth parte with an account of Fabian the chronicler: I thall bręke the conuenaunte of conand the third, though of comparatively corde, and with thele wordys he began modern date, with lome singular illuftra- to gryne with his teth, and smote the tions of our native tongue. For my own growude with his tayle, so soore that all part I consider them as rarities. Your', they for fere rane awaye, and left all the


hoole harte to the lyon. Wherby it apo

perithe that a man owith to be ware to Among the works which are not men- allocyate hym self with his bettyrs, for he tioned in Herbert's Typographical Anti- tall euyr be put to the worse parte, as it is quities is an antient volume called “ The fayde in a coinmune proverbe, I counsell Dialogues of the Creatures moralysed,” not feruauntis to ete cheryes with ther evidently translated from the “ Dyalogus bettyrs : for they will have the rype, Creaturarum moralifatus," printed at and leue them the harde ; and therfore Antwerp 1491. The letter of the Englith faith Ifope, By this exemple it is thewyd version is of a date not far fublequent. that it is not good for the weke to he The book is in quarto.

ioyned to the invghty, for he wyl not at The following is a specimen of the Fa- all tymes be faithfull vnto hymn.” bles,

The Translation of fop, however, "Upon a tyme Gold went to Syluer and appears to have fuperfeded the publicafayde, Be mery brodyr, for we twaynetion of the “ Dialogues." bere the pryce amonge all othir metallys. And if we were couioyned togider, we

Of Alderman FABIAN, but few partifulde be of greate fublymyte and culars have reached us. Mr. Warton's worthype. Wherto Syluer gave this account of him, in the History of English answere and sayde, Broder thowe Ipekit Poetry, is unfavourable. charitably. But I confydre wele that thy “ Among the many striking contrasts colowre is reede and inyn is whyte. Alló (he observes), between the manners and I remembre that thow arte of grete re- characters of antient and modern life, putacyon and imcomparable valowre. which these Annals present, we must not Wherfor I trow verely that lyke as we be be surprised to find a mercer, a theriff, deuydid and contrary in pryce and in va- and an alderman of London descending lowre, fo Ahall we be deuydid in owre from his important occupations to write wyllys. It is bettyr therefore for vs not verses. This is Robert l'abyan, who yet to begynne conjunccyon than aftyrwarde is generally better known as an historian, to make feparacyon and to withdraw us than as a poet. He was esteemed, not from the thinge that is begon: and also only the most facetious, but the most Syluer fayd these wordis.

learned, of all the mercers, iheriffs, and

aldermen, of his time: and no layman " No wysdom it is for any man to aplye of that age is said to have been better To compare with his bettyr, nor to steppe to skilled in the Latin language. He flouhye.

rished about the year 1494. In his Chro"As it is wryten Eccleb. xii. He nicle or Concordance of Histories, from chargith him self with an importable bur- Brutus to the year 1485, it is his usual don that joynythe hymfelfe to his bettyr; practice, at the divilion of the books, to and also hit is wrytten in that fante place, insert metrical prologues, and other pieces Be thowe no felowe to hym that is rycher in verse. The beit of his metres is the than thowe; wherefore the philofofre Complaint of King Edward the Second; fayth, The poreman perimith whan he who, like the personages in Boccacio's begynnyth to Kryve with the ryche man, Fall of Princes, is very dramatically inas Ilope thewithin a fable and faith that troduced reciting his own misfortunes. the gote, the shepe and the afle uppon a But this foliloquy is nothing more than a tyme made a confederacye with the a translation froin a short and a very poor Lyoo and compenyed withe hym to goo Latin poem attributed to that monarch, an huutynge togyder, as felows and but probably written by William of WyrMos TuLY MAG., No. 156.



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