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beauty of the scene. A winding path blended with the wild majesty of nature. conducts down the Chine to the shore. On the other side, the slope is planted The rocks on each side of this magnificent with laurels, &c. and at the bottom a entrance, forin a curve, whose base thick grove, reared by ihe hand of nature, the sweeping ocean laves, adding so- overhangs a pellucid lake, ted by a stream lemnity to grandeur.
so celebrated for its purity, that "fore The road from this place is extremely merly in passing this place, the seamen interesting: it winds circuitously over used to lower their topmasts in reverence long and steep hills, sometimes approach- tost. Boniface, its pat, on saint." Through ing so near the Alpine precipice, that a the grove'runs the public road, where degree of solemnity, if not of terror, travellers are dimly seen winding amongst mingles with the grand sensations it in- its shade. Beyond that is a mass of grospirės. In some parts a few paces only tesque rocks, tossed in a style of irregular can be traced; and it appears as if the grandeur, from the range of mountains carriage must either ascend the clouds, which back the whole, and now forming or be precipitated into the ocean. Thus a barrier to that world of waters whese are expectation and fancy kept fully waves break at their feet. The church awake, till we enter on a scene which of St. Boniface stands in a shaded recess inagination never dared to picture. 'nearthe shore; and the whole is enlivered Feeling is at a loss for largerage in which by pasture-ground with cattle_grazing, to describe the extraordinary combina- and fields of risened harvest. The lawa tion of the romantic and beautiful, the commands the whole of this scenery; grand and ihe sublimne, which that won- which cannot be adequately imagined, derful phenomenon, a land-slip, presents. por fully described. St. Bonface CotAn ininense range of mountain extends tage, the seat of the inghly respectable on the right, on the left the ocean: the Mr. Bowdler, is an elegant retrent, in a intermediate ground his licen rent froir recess beneath the same range of rocks, that ahore; and detacheri cottages, scate and partaking all the beauties of the tered hamlets, little fields covered with On an eminence opposite the 'corn, and waving woods, are intermingled house, a covered seat vfords an extenwith a magnificent chans of rocks, and sive view of the boundless ocean; and a fill tle ralley. Tumuous sensations fine terrace leads on to other viens, and of deliche rush on the soul at the con- other seats, till it terminato, near the templation of a scene ike this, which church. must be felt in order to be comarchen- Mill Bay is an interesting cove, a mile ded. The Inn justly dienomized Stecy- or two bevond this scene. A considerhill, (as the house is placed at the foot able fall of water rushin down the rocks, of an almost perpendicular mountain,) turns a mill in its course, and then preafforded us an agreeable halting-place; cipitates itself into the sea. A fus hubas by a short walk we could revisit this erinen's huts on the neighborring bank : enchanting scenery, and with feelings huge fantastic limbs of trees stripped of more calm, contemplate its beauties. their bark, and placed in the grourd, on
The little village of Ponchurch, is at which are suspended fish to dry for the the entrance of this striking valley, and winter; and boats moored in front; are here the land of Taste has created some very picturesque objects. Lady Fof the most lovely retreats amidst the T has fitted up a small cottage near wild. Mr. Iladfield's is singularly inte- this spot, which is finely sheltered amidst testing. The house is situated on a rock, woods and rocks. Through the former, and balt-concealed by a luxuriant shrub- and on ledges of the latter, to which a bery. A long level space on the rock flight of almost perpendicular steps leads, admits an irregular lawn, to which a she has cut private close walks, imper shaded walk from the house leads; a vious cren to a mid-day sun, which leari little elegant painted pavilion is placed to a neighbouring seat.* 'oli the green, commanding a fine view of Iord Dysart's Paradise is situated the sea, and of the intervening valley.
amidst On one side of the lawn, irregular masses of rock appear half-covered with wild folinge ; and little devious paths wind
Could this lady have heard the boat. about the stcep, leading to places which below, just at the crisis when her courage wat
men, who were rowing a party in the busy afford extensive views of hold projections on fire, exclaim, " Ah, it were no sitter it of rock, here we meet a slinde and at
was in the midst," the world seat. Thus happily are garden-beauties probably learn to restrain that incalgrnce and
ACCOUNT OF TIE COS'ANY OF FIRENEX
Elications containing ample and ac
amidst a romantic part of the under cliff'; For the Monthly Magazine.
Fas est et ab hoíte doceri. woods and rocks; and a long trellissed DNGLISHI literature abounds in pul way, covered with vines, leads to its front; which opens on a knoll, around curate information on alınuit every thing which the ground has been cleared, for either uleful or intereiling in the city of the creation of gardens and slirubberies. Paris. There are, however, fomne lubSteps cut in the rock and overarched jects of contiderable importance in that with shade, lead to the wild fantastic capital, concerning which the accounts scenery on the mountains ; amid whose of our tourilts are far from being fatisfacbroken cragys a way has been torped, tory. One of these is the means uted to without doing violence to nature, by prevent the spreading of conflagrations. which a park phaeton may ascend to If the police of Paris has some features their utmost suminit. In a most rctired wbich an Englitluman mufi abhor, it also and romantic situation, half-sheltered by is remarkable for a few regulations that masses of projecting cliffs, is a sort of deterre commendation : among the latter Tural pavilion ; which, by its little Gothic is undoubtedly to be clatied le Corps des windows, and crucifix on the top, as- Pompiers, or Company of Firemen. sunes the appearance of a chapel, or
It is on record, that in the course of heritage. There are a stillness and a so- the year 1303, from January to Septemlemnity in this scene, peculiarly impres- ber, upwards of three hundred houles in sive, and
Paris caught fire: yet of all thele accidents “ Meditation here might think down hours totally ignorant; because even where the
the majority of the Parisans remained to moments."
greatest danger appeared, not a single Iu different parts of the grounds are cot- dwelling was totally laid in alhes, own tages simply clegant, where gardeners and ing to the exertions of the fireinen. In labourers reside; these give interest and the above number are not comprecheerfulness to the scene, and manifest hended lume cqually dangerous accithe benevolent character or the noble dents of tire that happened in cellars possessor.
filled with combustibles; and in which The whole of this ride beneath the the flames were extinguilled with such under cliff
, is sublime, beyond all that expedition, that most of the inhabitants fancy has pictured. The stupeudous of the very fireet where the, couflagraluciuht and varied forms of the dark-grey tion broke out, heard yoshing of it, Leit 'cuff, towering in awful majesty above; the writer fhould be tulpecied of
exag the rich and lovely landscape in the geration, he thinks it pot improper, in valley; and the broad bluc decp, swelling this place, to relate what full under his on the shore; all combine to produce a own observation. When in the year 1305, scene which cannot be adequately deli- he retiderd in Paris, a fire broke out, in Deated. Its effects on a mind so happily the cvening, tuo doors from the house organized as to feel it in all its power, where he lodged. All present deemed cannot be better described than in the the danger.to be inminent, especially following language : “ The majesty of as the adjoining house was occupied by the scene, very much heightened by one a druggist, who kept in his cellar a quanof the most glowing and beautiful sun- tity of yunpowder, together with a variescts I ever beheld, guite overcame me. ty of combustibles, which, it was dreadI wept as a new idea of the power and ed every moment, would catch fire. The immcissity of the author of creation shot firemen arrived in time sufficient to check across my soul; and silently adored the the blaze; and by the exertion of their Being who could create a scene so sub- skill and intrepidity confined, and, in the lime, and tune the hupan heart to such ex- space of a few hours, totally quenched quisite sensations."--(To be continued.) tbote flames, whichi, perhaps, in any
other city, would have consumed whole expence, now so lavishly bestowed on her streets. During all this time the writer aumerous tribes of dogs and cats; and endea- wits sitting quietly in his room, without Taur to secure that refined and sicred plea- the leafi knowledge of the danger which wors, which must resulc from judicious efforts Honaced destruction to the boule of his to beneat her indigent and sufiring fellow- neighbour. Creatures:
In inoll towns and cities of the Contie
nent the general is beaten, and the cd; and to instruct them in every thing alarm bell rung, to roule the inhabitants that related to the art of quickly lunduthe moment when any danger from tire ing great tires, as well as to at: < m pada appears. In Paris 10 fuchi precautions lic places a lil of engine-huules, and of are used; for this plain reaton, leti the the fireinen dwelling in the immediate vi pickpockets and the rabble in general cinity of them. Government, however, Ilmould thereby be invited to repair to the refererl the privilege of examining free spot.
quently into the taie of the engines; and The writer, ftruck with the immense difnunting fuch of the tiremen as werd advantages derived by the inhabitants of found either notru hare received uderuate Paris tiom a company of firemen, who inftrnction, or to have been from home act with fuch invariable success, thouglit
' on the breaking out of any confiagration. it worth while to enquire into the history In the year 1722, the tire-engines at of the Corps iles Pompiers at Paris. He Paris were augmented to thirty and the lays the result of his enquiries before the freuen to 6xty: the latter recen ed aitu publie, hoping that it will be found to particular drettes, belides the helmets be contain tome useful intorination.
tore 11. encioned. Du Perrier undertook Before the people of Paris entertained to enlabbith eight engine-otlices in differany idea of the utility of fire-enuines, the ent parts of the city, where the followfrequent contlarations called tuch havoc ing implements were to be kept : viz. tiain their city, that it was no unusual ac- teen long ladiers; nxteen lung cables; currence to behold not only fireets but fixteen large iron hooks, for the purpose of entire divisions or wards laid in athes. pulling down houses, if neceifany; thirty From Felibieu's History of Paris, we may pickaxes; thirty shovels; thirty axes; tbıra learn that on the breaking out of a tire, ty iron chow's, tu pull up the paveme:it; intead of deriting means to estiguilli ii, thirty long chisels, to open the water-pipes the faints were implored for their power- ?ying under the pavement. The engines, ful alifance. All forts of incantations together wiih the neceffary carriages were retorted to; and in general the de- to forward them, were to be kept in rouring flames were not arrested, till the thirty locked theds. To enable Du Pertutelary faint pronounced his veto; or, in rier to meet all these expences, he was ta other words, till the fury of the fire met receive the sum of 40,000 livres, and anwith fome obstacle.
nually 20,000 livres. His fon fucceeded François du Perrier, a player of Pa- him in the fuperintendance of the fireris, having marle a tour through Holland engines of Paris. In the course of time and Germany, and learned there the use this establishment was confiderably imof tiro-engines, brought models of them proved; and, in the revolutionary year 7, back with himn to France. Immediately when the company of tiremen received on his return he communicated this new a new organization, all its foriner reguinvention to the government, who grant- lations were confirined. er hin letters patent, dated October 12, As foon as a fire breaks out in Paris, 1699, by which he was authorised excluo every citizen is not only authorized, but lively, to manufacture and fell fire-en- bound, to call the firemen of the next ftagines throughout France. From the tion. There are forty-one stations, dir wording of the patent it may be inferred, tributed in all the quarters of the city. tlrat, before that period, the people of Every inhabitant knows tliem, as a lit Paris had only ufod buckets to extinguilla of thein is printed annually and fincs up houses on fire ; it is also probable, that in public places; batides, they are eatily the first fire-engines had no carriages, as found, having the following inscription they were ftyled pompes portatives, or pamted on them in large letters: Small portable pumps.
pour les incendies, (Allistance in case of In the year 1703, a new eitablishment hire). of fire-engines is recorded, which was On the first intelligence of a fire, the placed under the direction of Du Perrier. fuperintendant of the tiation bastens with It contisted of twenty engines, for which his men to the spot, taking along with fuim he was allowed 6000 livres per annum, on the perfon who coinmunicated the inscle condition tharlie should keep the engines ligence; for it it Bould turn out to be in thorough repair, and paytwo and thir- unfoundeid
, either from wanton in fchuel, ty firemen a fum amounting annually to or any other inotive, the informant is 2,400 livres. He engaged, beldes, to pon- detained: a very proper precautiou, tince vide for every tiremau a bonnet or helmet, evil-oinded perious inight, für uniter in order to their being calier diftinguith- purpofes, couccrt a scheme for alleinbling
all the firemen from their stations. This, horses of the rubbill-carters, or by thore however, is now almost impracticable; tør of any carter or waggoner that is met firemen who are very distant from condan with in the fireet. The latter are, on 19 grations, must not leave their station, ex- account, permitted to refuse their horses cept by order of their respective tuperiors. to the director of the firemen. Oil the arrival of the firemen Dearest to ter-carriers, too, keeping carts, are, on any houte on tire, their chiet endeavours requisition, obliged to convey their calls, to ascertain, whether be will want further filled with water, to the place of conflaailistance. It he does, and no other divi- gration, and to replenith them at the next fions of tiremen have arriver, he fends retervoir as often as may be justged nefor them, by immediately giving notice cottury. A water-carrier, who, atter reof the tire to the inspector of police in quisition, thould retule to drive to the the adjoining diftrict. The latter, on re- place of danger, would be liable to lule ceiving this notice, is bound to repair im- bis license to vend water; a very impormediately to the spot, having delired the tant loss to him, as the good-will of luch attendance of a detachinent of troups, a buliness inay 'bc dilpoled of for twelve to keep order and secure the property of hundred francs and upwards. The mothe citizens. When the soldiers arrive, ment that the rubbill-carters, waggoners, they are distributed into separate partics; or water-carriers, arrive at the place of some help to extinguish the flames, others danyer, they are placed under the orders carry buckets or demolish the walls of of those invefted with authority and are rooms, if neceflity require it, and some constantly attended by a soldier. are employed in guarding the effects fa- After the fire, the owner of these horles, ved, or in fuperintending those who in consequence of a certificate from the band the buckets to one another. At director of the firemen, receives for everight, the chief of the company of fire- ry hour in the day seven fols for each men thould likewise be present at every horse, and in the night ten fols. The fire, but generally be docs not arrive tiú water-carriers, however, have no claim he is apprised that the danger is immi- to this remuneration; in place of which, Dent.
they, on producing a card, stamped and From every barrack in Paris, each of signed by the Comunitary of Police, are which is furnished with from 50 to 60 entitled to eight centimes for every two buckets, a lergeant with twelve armed buckets of the firit calk which they have and twelve unarmed men, without wait- conveyed from the quarter where they ply. ing for orders, repairs, on the first alarm The rest of their attendance is paid by of fire, to the spot with buckets. Nine the hour, in proportion to the hories enothers are dispatched to carry informa- ployed. tion to the distant barracks. Belides, 'i'he buckets of the next repositories are every guard-room in Paris furniihes its always, under escort of one or tivo folquota of men.
diers, conveyed to the spot and delivered When a fire breaks out in any other to the Commitary oi Police, who inumeplace than the chimney, or when the diately appoints the necesary number of flames of a chimney menace to extend intpectors over them. There are relpontithemselves to the reit of the building, the ble for the buckets, and take care to pret commander of the next military post dil vent their being carried beyond the cirpatches messengers to the minilter and cle formed by the troops on duty. prefect of police and to the etat-major, in All was and tullow chandlers, living order to infirm them of the apprehended near any houve on fire, are obliged, on danzer; when it is incumbent upon them, receiving notice, to keep their shops open, without delay, to attend, and to bring in order, agreeably to a written order of along with then the hydraulic engineer the Commillary of Police or the director and the architect of the city of Paris. of the tiremen, to ti rith the flambeaux
The commiffary of police and the di- and tire-pans, ihat may be wonted for rector of the firemen illue orilers to the the purpule ot' affording fuflicient light to lentinels; they niso direct the inspectors those who are engaged in fubduing the of the wells and reservoirs, to open the flames, These requilites are paid for by immediately; and to give free access to the prefecture of Police. All'architects, every water-carrier or other citizen, who bricklayers, carpenters, tilers, and other presents a card Gyneil by the coinnillary mechanics and workmen, whom the com. of police. Certain large tubs, alway's millity of Police tlunks proper to quafilled with water for fupplying the fire-el- noon, are compelled to appear icomedigines, are conveyed to the spot by the ately, with the impleinents of their re
spective spective trades. On producing a certifi- gine-houses in Paris, each containing cate from the commissary of police, their two enymes, together with two or three work is duly paid for, according to the capacious tubs, wnich are always kept estimate of the architect of the city. tull of water, and placed upon carriages. If the danger be such that the people The latter are calculated vir two horses, employed are likely to receive bidiivine and stand in constant readmess. A fixed juries, the presence even of the next phy- number of firemen is appuinted to live sicians and surgeons is demanded, in or- near these repositories, and directed neder to afford speedy assistance to any ver to go out to work but when fire person who mav have been burt.
breaks out in their own district. All expences incurred on account of Beside the usual fire-engines, there are any conflagration, are discharged by the also some forcing-punps, placed on city with scrupulous exactness; and boats, and stationed in the river Seine. every refusal to obey any requisition Their utility is at present more circummade in times of danger from fire, meets scribed than formerly, when the sides of withı rigorous punishment.
the river were crowded with houses. Formerly, the inhabitants of the bouses The fire-buckets are inade of wickeror apartments where the fire originated, work, lined with leather. They are of were liable to a considerabile tine; but very long standing, and even now thought this practice is now abolished, as such to be of a quality far beyond that of the persons, for the purpose of evading the sceaux de toile impermeables d'Esquinefine, were apt to conceal the danger, and more; the latter having, on repeated triattempt themselves to extinguish the fire, als, proved less water-tight than the in consequence of which the firemen former. were not called till ile ungovernable In every quarter of Paris, and even on fames gave the neighbours warning of the Boulevard, all around the city, there their danger; whereas the fireinen, if are posts contaming water-pipes, which called immediately, might have succeed- are intended for the watering and cleaned in suppressing its growth. At pre- ing of streets, bridges, public gardens sent, the conmissary of police is simply and walks, in hot dry summer days, directed to enquire into the cause of the as well as for the immediate supply of the conflagration, and make his report ac- tubs, when emptied of their fortner con cordingly; but it, in the course of his in- tents. In cases of emergency, tlie quiry, he discover premeditated malice, gurds, * contrived in every street, are the incendiary is, very properiy, cailed opened, and the leather bose, designed to account for it. Extraordinary nerli- to convey the water into the tubs or cogence is likewise puni-hed: if, therefore, gins, screwed on them. a chimney catch fire in consequence of The leather pipe of every engme is 81% being very toul, the person to whose feet long, but, by means of several room it belongs cannot escape being screws, it may be shortened at pleasure fined.
an cighth, fourth, third, &c. as necessity The fire-engines now in use are fitted may require it. on four-wheeled curiages, and rescible Most of the firemen now employed are one another exactly, even with respect to skiltul and courageous men, u bo are inthe leathers, pipes, and screws. This is debted for their expertness in extinguishdone with a view of enabling the men to ing the most alarming fires to the excelsupply any defect which may arise during lence of the regulations which we have their work. In the space of one hour, stated, and suit more to long practice. they disclmarge 400 buckets, or twenty I hair intrepidity is far superior to that of tons of water, propelling the fluit to thic tilers and tricklayers, who, though tre height of one hundred feet. At the tak- quently mounting the tops of the highest ing of the Ba-uille, a inan, standing on an luuses, have yet been found to be of life eminence of torty teet, was forced, or rit- tle use in the extinction of fires; for, alther shot, clowu by them into the flanes. fected beyond measure by the incom
The water-backcts, wheels, carriages, mon sight of fames, threatening them on pipes, screws, values, merrns, and pistons, are as yet manufactured ly their * Apertures which are purposely left open respective workmen; but the making of by the workmeo on laying the water pipessa wiese articles will, in fiture, constitute with a view to their occasional examination part of thic einployment of the tiremen Tney have usually no other covering zhan chemselves.
strong pieces of timber, formed into a square, There are now threc-and-escnty Cli
a slab, ut an itou plate.