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dient: he whispered in Voltaire's ear, said, “Oh! it is nothing, Sir, but your that several ambassadors from crowned lethargy!" This unlucky observation was heads were waiting in the anti-chamber, very near proving tatal in reality: the phito deliver covepliments to him from the lufopber of Ferney threw back his head, kings thet waliers.

muttered fome words indistincuy, and This information e Tectually rouled the tretched out his legs, which appeared lck mai, ato, railing himself in his to tiiten as if he had actually given up cuair, cried out in an extacy of joy, the ghost. Ilowerer, after a contider“Sies then Lut them come in, I able time had elapsed, his friends were law."

relirved froin their anxiety, and M. de Sa fuden a recorery quite disconcert- Voltaire gradually recovered the ule of ed the informant, who very impruuiently all bis faculties.

Extracts from the Port-folio of a Man of Letters.

JA

JAMES IT.

Dr. llenry, in thic part of his History AMES the Second said he never knew relating to the fourteenth century), that

a modest mau make his way in a not only treatises composed for the incourt. A Mr. Hoyd, who was then instruction of farmers and their servants, wuiting, replied bluntly, “ Pray, Sir, down to the swincherd, were written in whose taules that?" The hing stood Latin, but even the accompts of the excorrected, and was silent.

pences and profits of farnis and dairies : TUOMAS DEITERTON,

were kept in that language.”—Though the Thomas Betterton, the Roscius of his Latin, it must be confessed, is not of the time, who was in dramatic excellence most classical description, Bishop kecwhat Purcell was in music, tirst appeared pet, in the Parochial Antiquities (p. 519), upon the stage in the reign of Charles the has exhibited an original account deli Second. “ His portrait (sars Granger) vered to the Prior and Convent of Burces bulongs to the reign of Williain the ter of all the gain and profit of one of Third."

their dairies in the seventh year of licoHe died April 8th, 1710, and was bu- ry the fourth, 1406, wherein we bare ried in the cloister of Westminster Ab- “ Pro uno Sardrod empto, id. Et pro bey. He is said to have been bred a uno Cart-suddel, uno colero cuin uno pari bookseller; and, serving the Playhouses tractuum emptis, xird. Et pro altero with books, was led to come upon the colero cum albo corio emj to, ird. Et stuge. See his character in the Taller,

pro factura de Drangere per Walterum IILLY, THE GRAMMARLAN. Carpenter de Lingeton, ind. Et pro Pencimo, in the Complete Gentle- duobus capistris canabi cum lippecord man (edit. 1022, p. 92.), says of Sir !!... empt, nid.' It pro uvo Dorgecart empmas Voore, “ In his younger yeeres there to de Syzone Adam cum pertinentiis was crer a friendly and vertaous cmuda- suis, xivd." tion for the palme of invention and poe

EXCOMUNICATION. sic betweene William Lillie, the author The singular extent to which the senof our Grammar, and hiin, as appeareth tence of the church in this respect was by their severall translations of many sometimes carried, is curiously ctenGreek epigrammes, and their invention plified in Blometield's IIistory of Nortried upon one subject; notwithstande folk (vol. I. p. 253, 1.'. ing, they lov'd and li'd together as deer- “ Hugh de Albany, farl of Arundel and est friends. Lillie also was, beside, af Sussex, at the coronation of Eleanor, excellent Latine poet, a singular Gre- daugbier of Ilugh Bul of Provence, then cinn; who, after he travelled all Greece married to King Heury the Third, deover, and many parts of Europe beside, puted the Earl of Warren to serve his and lived some four or five years in the office of the botelry, he being incapaciIsle of Rhodes, returned bome, and by tated to serve that office hiinself, as beJohn Collet, Deane of Paule's, was electa ing then excoinmunicated by the Arched Master of Paule's Schoole, wbich he bishop of Canterbury, because, when the had nowly founded."

archbishop was hunting in the said PEDANTRY OF THE MIDDLE AGES. Ho, h's forest, in Sussex, he took away "11 is curious circumstance (says his dogs, the Archbishop claiming it as

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MERIC

THE JESUITS.

“ Un

INDEXES TO BOOKS.

his right to hunt in any forest in Eng- Peacham, author of the Complete Geriland whenever he plenses, which matter tleman, who was reduced to purerty in was not then dererinined."

his old age, and wrote penny pamphlets. CASAUBOX.

JEWS IN ENGLAND. Annals of the Lite of Meric Casaubon Throshy, in the llistory of Leicester, in are among the manuscriptis given by him six pocket volunes, 1177, is preserved to the library belonging to the Chapter of the following curious charter vi samon de Canterbury

Montefort, the first Earl of Leicester of

that fanily, relating to the Jews :Monsieur de la Lande, in the second Simon de Monteturl, tilinas Comitis volume, p. 325, of his loynge d'un Fran- Simonis de Montefort, Dominus Leiris. çois en Italie (published at Venice in triæ, omnibus Christi fidelibus præsentem eight voluines octavo, 1769), speaking of paginarın visuris vel audituris Salutrun in the Palazzo Ricardi at Florence, built by Domino. Noverit Universitas vestra me Cosmo the Great in 1430, writes thus: pro saluta animæ meæ et antecessorun

voyageur moderne dit, qu'il est de et successoruin meorum concessiese, et gtiquette à Florence, de dire aux étrane præsenti carta mea confirmasse pro me eers en leur montrant le Palais Ricardi, et bæredibus meis in-perpetuum, Bergen & le Collége des Jesuites, qui est vis-a- sibus meis Leicestriæ, ei eorum baredivis, Voila la Berceau des Lettres, & voici bus, Quod nullus Judæus neque Juriza leur Tombeau : Je m'en suis inforıné de in tempore men, sive in tempore alicujus bien des personnes, & tout le monde hæreduin ineorum usque in tinen munm'a assuré n'avoir jamais oui dire a Flo- di, infra libertatem viliæ Leicestriæ liabirence une pareille absurdité."

tabit, neque manebit, nec residentum

obtinebit. Volo etiam & præcipio quod Taubman comparoit les livres sans hæredes mei post me istam Libertat enn Index, à des Magazins sans Clefs, et integram et illæsain Burgensibus pranoa des Böetes d'Apoticaire sans In- minatis observent, et in perpetuum warscriptions. Ducasiana, vol. i. p. 225, rantizent. In cujus rei Iesunonium edit. 1738.

præsentém Cartam Sigillo meo munisi, JOHN TIPTOFT, FIRST EARL OF WORCES- Ilus Testibus Dno Alinarico de Viitun. TER

Dino Waltero de Aquila. Dro Rogero He was the son of John, fourth Lord Blundo, Capellauo.' Willielmo Basset. Tiptoft, and was chosen Speaker of the Willielmo de Miravall et alüs." Honse of Cominons, 7 Her. IV. 1406;

FORKS. and afterwards, 10 Hen. IV. 1409. He Voltaire says forks were in use in the was made Lord 'Treasurer of England, thirteenth and fourteenth centuries (llist, and created Earl of Worcester by Henry Générale, vol. ii. edit. 1757, p. 109). VI. 1449. While he was Speaker, he Speaking of the nanners add customs of signed and sealed the deed for entailing those ages, he says, “ Mussus, Ecrivaia the crown, 7 Henry IV. “ Nomine to- Lombard du quatorzieme siècle, regarde tius Communitatis."

comme un grand luxe, les Fourchettes, THE NAMES AND SIGNATURES OF THE les Cuillères & les Tasses d'Argent." AUTHORS OF THE BIOGRAPHIA BRI- That the use of them was a novelty in

Queen Elizabeth's reign, is evident from A Denotes the person to be a Clergy- this passage in the first part of lynes

Morison's Itinerary, p. 208, wbo, spealC. Philip Morant, of Colchester. ing of his bargain with tho patron of the E. Mr, Campbell, who lived near Ex- vessel which conveyed him Irvin Venice eter Change.

toward Constantinople, says, " We G. Mr. Oldys, of Gray's Inn.

agreed with the master himself, who for H. Mr. Brougham, who dwelt in Hol- seven gold crowns by the mantti, paid by bourn.

each of us, did courteously aduit us to A R. Mr. Hinton, of Red lion-square, his table, and gave us yuod dies, serving who was also the writer of Dr. Bentley's each man with his kuile, and spoone, and Life.

his forke (to hold the meat, wtule he cuts A T. Mr. Broughton, of the Temple. it, for they bold it ill manner that oge

should touch the meat with his handi, “ A Dialogue between The Crosse in and with a glass or cup to drink in peCheap nnd Charing Crosse, by Ryhen culiar to himself." Pameach," 4to.

EG69. This Dialogue was made by Henry In the works of Wiclife and Chauret,

TANNICA.

man.

HENRY PEACHAM.

instead P. 61.

instead of egg we find ey, tye, aie, and manar of wold fewyl be bought at the ay; and euren, wyren, or eyrun, was the fiyrst hand, where they be gettyn, and a ancient plural. “ A merchant at the cator to be upoynted for the same; for it North Toreland, in kent, asked for eggs, is thought that the pulters of Hemmyngand the good-wyle answered that she burghe and Clyf hathe great advantage could speake no Frenshe ; another siyde, of my lord yerely of sellynge of cunys and that lie wonld have eyren, then the good- wylde fowyll." wyfe savd that she understood him wel."

SHIPS. Caxtou's Virgil, Lewis's Life of Caxton, In our old poetry and romances we free

quently read of ships superbly decorated. GUILLOTIVE.

This was taken from real life. Froissart, The guillotine, with the axe falling in speaking of the French fleet in 1387, prea grouwe, occurs among the old prints en- pared for the invasion of England under graved by Albert Durer, in the represen- the reign of Richard the Sccond, says, tation of the death of the son of Titus that the ships were painted from top to Manlias, dated 1553.

bottoin, gliitering with gold. The ship HOUSEHOLD EXPENCES IN THE TIME OF of Lord Gay, ot Tremoyll

, was so sumpHENRY THE EIGI1H.

tuously garnished that the painting and Among the more interestring entries in colours cost 2000 Trench trauks, more the Northumberland household book, than 222 pounds of English currency at 1512, we find the following, of servant's that time (see Crafton's Chron. p. 364). wages yearly :

At his second expedition into France, in Furst, every rokker in the nurcy, 20s. 1417, king llenry the Fifth was in a slip Every chaplayn graduate, 5 marc. whose sails were of purple silk, most Every chaplayn not graduate', 40s.

richly embroidered with gold (Speed's Every Fawconer, if he be yeoman, 40s. Chron. b. ix. p. 636, edit

. 1011). Many and if he be große, 20s.

other instances might be brought fromaniEvery huntte, 20s.

cient miniatures and illuminations. Every footman, 40s. because of the EPITAPH ON THE POET COLLINS, IN CHImoch wervnge of his stuffe with labour."

CHESTER CATHEDRAL. In another part of the same work the He is represented in a bas-relief above, following prices are fixed for different in a reclining posture, just recovered articles, and more ordered not to be from a fit of phrenzy, and apparently given :

secking refuge from his inisfortunes in the “ Capons, 2d.

consolations of the Gospel, while his Pygges, 3d. or 4d. a piece.

lyre, and one of the first of his poems, lie Gevsee the same.

neglected on the ground. The bas-reChekyns, one ob. a pece.

lief is by Flaxman: the epitaph by Mr. llennys, 2d.

Hlayley. Cunys, 21.

Ye who the merits of the dead revere, Pluvers, id. a pece, or id. ob. at Who hold misfortune sacred, genius dear, moste.

Regard this tomb, where Collins' hapless Cranys, 16d. a pece.

name

Solicits kindness with a double claim. llearonsewys, 12d.

Thul Nature gave him, and thu' Science Mallardes, 20.

taught, Teylles, id.

The fire of tancy, and the reach of thought, Woodenckes, } 1d. or id. ob. 9-pece.

Severely doom'd to 'Penury'sextreme, Sea gulles,

He pass'd in maddning pain life's feverista Styntes, 6 a peny.

dream; Quaylles, 2d. a pece at moste. While rays of genius only serv'd to shew Snypes, 3 a peny.

The thick'ning borror, and exalt his woe. Pertryges, 2d. a pece, yffe they be Ye walls that echo'd to his frantic moan, goode.

Guard the due records of this grateful stone ! Receshankes, 1d, ob, the pece.

Strangers to him, enanour'd of his lays,
Bytters, 12d 'a pece, so they be goode. For this the ashes of a bárd require,

Tuis fond memorial to bis talents raise;
Fesauntes, 12d.
Rey's, 2d.

Who, touch'd the tenderest notes of Pity's

Tyre; Kyrlewes, 12d.

Who joined pure faith to strong poctic pow'rs, Pacokes, 12d.

Who, in reviving reason's lucid bouss, Wegions, 1d. ob.

Sought on one Book his troubled mind to rest, Larkvs, 12 for 2d.

And rightly decm'd the Book of God the " Itein. It is thought goode that all be t.

The

CHESS,

The three last lines allude to the anec- knife upon the altar of the Virgin Mary dote related in Dr. Johnson's Life of and St. Ethelburyh. (See Lysons' EulCollins.

virons of London, vol iii. p. 60). CHARTERS. The ceremony of laying a knife or In the Matricularium Librariæ Monassword upon the altar was the usual mode terii Petriburgensis, L. vii. (printed in of ratifying grants before the invention of Gunton, p. 195), are “ Versus de lado seals; and it appears that it was not en- Scaccarum." Robert Helcot, wiro lived tirely laid aside afterwards. King Ste- anno 13:19, wrote de ludo Scaccorum; pheu's last charter to the nuns of Barb- but by Pitts it may seem that his bouss ing, in Essex, was executed at the mo- began in prose.

« The Matriculariun nastery by the ceremony of laying his (says Gunton), was a very antient one."

ORIGINAL POETRY.

VERSLS

BY

MISS

BETTY

till eve;

WRITTEN

But farewell, hope ; my once lov'd books PITT, (SISTER TO THE LATE EARL

adieu, of CHATHAM,) ABOUT THL YEAR Avaunt philosophy and Murray too! 1750.

Digby, dear Digby, weds this fatal night, HAPPY the virgin state, each maid how Pope, I deny, " whatever is, is right."

blest, *Tin cruel love invades her tender breast ! TRANSLATION OF A PETITE CHANSON. I once was bless'd with all that heav'n conld

QUE VOS YEUX. give,

WHAT mean those eyes, those lovely And Pope and Shakespeare read from morn

glances !

That look which thus my soul entrances? For those I left th' embroider'd eldest son,

If they speak true, you love me dearly,
Tho' many courted, I ne'er heeded one;

But, Chloe, do they speak sincerely?
Like not Anynta, but in Tasso's strain, Say does the tongue of Chloe's heart
While Digby was my constant swain ; Prompt the soft language they impart?
Intent alone my joys in books to find,- If they are not Lovi's faithfui mirror,
And all my wishes an accomplisi'd mind : Unveil the dear enchanting erior;
My wish' arriv'd, and just when happy Nor let those Aattering cyes convey,
made,

Whai your heart never meant to say.
Digby step'd in, and love must be obey'd ! Leicester, Niarch, 1807. W. G-2.
Digby, so heav'n ordain'd, my bliss supreme,
My midday sentiment, my midnight dream! THE BENIGHTED PEASANTS.
Goud humour, beauty, wit, and radiant
youth,

DARK was the night, and o'er the plain With the too specious charm, secure in

The shrill blast echoed to che main,

Loud foaming from afar : Conspir'd to make that hero all divine,

Deeply the distant thunder rolla, Conspir'd to make me wish that hero mine.

And lighe’ning quick each peal foretold,

'Mid elemeacal war. lu notes more sweet than Philomela sings, He said a thousand, luokid ten thousand O'er the bleak heath a peasant hied, things;

His faithful partner hy his side, Gods! how he look'd, when to my ravish'd An infant in ier arms: sight

Quickly, with trembling step, she past, My fate first shew'd him as the north-star While he, as tender looks he cast, bright;

Thus quell'd her fond alarms. Where'er he fix'd like that, or light as air,

Haste thee, Ermina, to our cot, He quits his love and seeks another fair !

Where, all our present tares iorgot, E'en now regardlesi of my sense or charms,

Beside our chearful fire, He flies to Sally, happy Sally's arms!

Our sons shall welcome our return, Oh! aid me, Murray;* Call my wand'ring Nor shall in vain our bosoms burn swain,

• With every food desire. Thy tuneful tongue shall never call in vain; Oh! hear me, Murray! pity, Murray move,

Nay, start not, love, 'tis but the wine, And plead the cause, the sweetest cause of that, rustling through some copac behind, love!

Skrill whistles o'er the plain;
While I am rear, this iaithful arm

Shall guard you from impending lazim.
• Earl of Manafield.

And chase away cach pain.

truth;

Trust me, the weary way is past,

Our chearful fire, that longid-for sight, And into less'ning distance cast,

Already thro' the casement bright, Is ev'ry tow'ring hill;

Shines from the blazing hearth ; Soon shall we reach our peaceful home, Receive our thanks, oh Pow'r divine ! And in the thought of joys to come,

To thee our service we resign,
Forget this transient ill.

Direct our future path!
Clapham Commor.

H. W. B.
I know 'tis not alone your harm,
Eut all a parent's fond alarm,

DISAPPOINTMENT, Swells your maternal breast ;

IMITATION OF MODERN POETRY. Nay, my sweet infant, cease to cry, To your fond mother nestle nigh,

NOT a breeze crisp'd the leaves of the

bow'r, And hush your cares to rest.

Not a murmur was heard through the air, Though the bleak wind with envious haste As with twilight approach'd the blest hour Impels us o'er the dreary waste,

Love had fix'd for a sight of my fair. And howls along the plain;

Expectation had Alush'd ev'ry nerve, Ah, think on those wlio, 'mid this night, While on tiptoe I listen'd around, Are helpless tost, with wild affright,

Not a soul could my glances observe, Upon the stormy main.

Not a footstep was heard on the ground. Think how each eye with horror dwells,

Ev'ry object now faded from sight, Where every wave destruction swells,

While my thoughts were still fix'd on my And raging winds controul;

love, While round the foaming surges rise,

O'er my fancy they beam'd such a light, And, mounting to the darken'd skies,

That I mark'd not the darkness above. The threat ’ning billows roll.

How my heart beat its cell in my breast,

As the form of a female I spied, Methinks I see the vessel tost,

Till in rapture to feel myself blest,
While to fond hope its inmates lost

I resolved for a moment to hide.
Look round with wan despair ;
It sinks, it sinks, to rise no more !

Then I heard how she eagerly sought,
Its shatter'd wrecks deface the shore,

To discover the nook where I lay, And wild shrieks rend the air !

Till I felt so transported, I thought,

Her desires were increas’d by delay. Save them, oh save them, hand divine !

Round the bow'r she repeatedly mov'd, Unbounded pow'r o'er all is thine,

Like an angel that fancy creates, Oh save each sinking soul!

When I rush'd and exclaim'd, -"My be. Oh guide them to the friendly shore,

lov'd!” Where stormy winds shall rage no more,

And it hoarsely replied “Supper waits." Nor ocean's billows roll!

A.B.E. Yet why that deeply-troubled look ?

ELEGY,
Why with such inward grief is shook

Your agitareel frame ?
These scenes of woe, of deep despair,

SELL RICKMAN, OF BARCOMBF, SUSThese shrieks that rend the frighted air,

SEX; WHO

THE 28th or To us are but a name.

APRIL, 1807 ; AGED 82 YEARS.

When Old Time led thee to thy end, Though storms may sweep the dreary heath,

Goodness, and thee, fillid up one monument. No roaring ocean threatens death

Shakespeare. Amid the dark abyss ; Our woes will shortly disappear,

Siy, in a world, where vice, and folly reign, Comfort's bright rays will banish fear,

Where noise and falshood drown the voice And sorrow yield to bliss.

of truth;

Where dire corruption seizes e'en the plain, E'cn now we rcach the friendly wood,

And spreading cities, poison age and youth Beneath whose shade our cot has stood, The storms of many a year ;

Where wealth and riot, with unfeeling eye,

See want contiguous, tay bright merit low; Revive, my love, our home is nigh,

Hear unreliev'd of poverty the sigh; Nor pain my heart with that deep sigh,

Nor take from out their board, to lessen That anguish-speaking tear.

woe : See our lav'd cot, whose lowly roof Where war's wide wasting scourge with No grating sounds of harsh reproof,

ruthless ire, No discord ever knew!

Sweeps millions yearly from the face of day; Its hunible walls, its pleasing shade,

And leaves the groaning orphan, wife and Seem by the kindred virtues made,

sire, For happiness and you.

To penury, to grief, and tears, a prey : MOXTALY Mac. No, 157.

30

Say,

TO

THE

MEMORY OF

MRS. MARY RUS

DIED

ON

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