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tbey are mere copies of those in the mentioned, would have been a source of Iliad, less diffuse, but also with infinitely innumerable beauties; and the last less energy and spirit. 'I be Æneid, it is books of the Æneid woulil bare equalled true, must be considered with the indul- the former in dignity and pathos. But yence due to an unfinished poem. It is it is not to be supposed that they are absaid that Virgil could not be induced to solutely destitute of merit. In each, the recile to Augustus more than the first, characieristic beauties of Virgil may be second, touril, and sixtli bookis; and traced. It is, indeed, wonderful how these are certainly the most beautiful, much the force of his art has drawn from He bad exhausted all that the inaginae so sterile a subject. In every page we tion could invent in the descent of see him struggling against ditticulties, seÆneas into the internal regions, and all lecting with caution, and distributing with that the heart could suggest in the cha- judgincnt, what Horner las scattered in racter of Dido. Terror and compassion such lawless profusion, could not be so forcibly excited, after Another reason may account for the the description of the ruin of Troy. defective arrangement of the Æneid, From the elevated point which the poet which renders it, as a poem, so much inin his flight bad reached, he could not, ferior to the Iliad. The war of Troy was perhaps, descend, without discovering a so great an event in the annals of the material depression in the dignity and world, that the heroes who were engaged interest of his poem.
in it still lived in the recollection of man The most striking defect observable in kind. Their names were consecrated by the conduct of the latter part of the fame, were familiar to the imagination, Æneid is, that the reader is tempted to and the perpetual theme of admiration take part with Turnus against Æneas. and applause. Nothing can be more faTurnus, a brave and gallant prince, is vourable to poet than to be in posses. attached to Lavinia, who betrays no re- sion of a subject where the actors inspire pugnance to his wishes. He is favoured an interest independent of that which he by her mother, and the Latins and the himself creates. Thus the first six books Rutuli equally desire an uniou, wbich is are filled with names already imınortalto confirm the public tranquillity, Amid ized by Honner; but in the seventh and these favourable auspices, a stranger, a remaining cantos, we are introduced into fugitive from Troy, arrives, to destroy the a new world, and presented with perflattering prospects. lie sends an em- sonages absolutely unknown, and with bassy to demand an asylun from the old whom, from the nature of the plan, the king of Latiuin, who, without any appa- reader could not be made previously acrent notive, immediately utiers him his quainted. We therefore soon discover daughter in marriage. llence follows a how little susceptible of interest are the cruel and destructive war, in which names of Messapus, Ufens, Tarchon, and Turnus, while bravely fighting for his Mezentius, compared with Ajax, llecmistress and his throne, is slain by tor, Ulysses, and Diomed. llomer, in Æneas, and the mother of Lavinia, in selecting the siege of Troy as a subject, despair, puts end to her life. bad chosen what was considered the Such a plan was not calculated to make greatest cvent then known; while Virus think favourably of the hero. This gil, who intended to celebrate the origin delect might have been easily remedied of Rome, was compelled to explore the by making Encas deliver Lavinia from antiquities of Italy, as obscure and imthe persecution of an eamy equally perfect as those of Greece were familiar odious to her and her country, instead of and illustrious. The heroes of Hoper drawing Turnus as a young and amiable have becu admired by every nation and lover, who has so many claims upon her representert upon every stage. We are tenderness. Eneas appears in the un- accustomer to behold them in the pleasing liglit of a foreign usurper, who same scenes with the gods themselves, deprives Lavinia of a prince to whorn and they appear not unworthy of such she is attached, and as the spoiler of the companions. The wars of the flat prin country of which he ought to bave been sent the grandest spectacle; Europe and the defender. It is singular that Virgil Asia seem engaged in the mighty contes did not cousider how much his poem while those of the neid are the petry would have been improved by lessening struggles of petty tribes. Such a cutthe attraction of the other characters, trast could not but he unirvourable to and bestowing the chief interest upow.his Virgil. He has endeavoured to throw hero. A disposition such as we luve some iuterest upon Pallas, uie en or 4
Evander, Lausus, the son of Mczentius, gil to the general excellence of Homer; and upon Camilla, the Queen of the and with his acknowledged deficiency in Volsci; but tns ficble interest, excited the conduct of his poem, and the profor a moment, and apị caring only in gressive interest of his fable, a degree of episodes, cannot compensate for the imferiority has been arbitrarily assigned want of that general' interest which to the former, without a due regard to should animate and extend over all the the many passages in which le bas surmachinery of an epic.
passed the other. It is unreasonable to If, after this, it be asked, upon what coinplain that nature bas not bestowed is founded the reputation or Virgil? it is all on one man. We should rather ad| answered, that, with all these defects, inire her in the wonderful variety of ber
hic still deserves the title of prince of the gifts, in that inexhaustible fecundity Latin poets; and second in rank awong which seems to promise for erery age those wito have distinguished themselves fresh inspiration to genius, new incitein the epopæn. He possesses beauties ments to glory, and a never-failing source which liave justly excited the admiration of enjoyment to man. of every age, and which, with many, to this day, hold the balance in equilibrium For the Monthly Magazine. between his fame and that of Homer. If lie bias not equalled his great precursor
ACCOUNT of a RECENT VOYAGE to the in invention, in richness, and in the ge
NORTH CAPE, accompanied by a view; beral effect of his poein, he has sur
by A. F. SKJÖLDEDRAND, a SWEDISH passed bin in thany of his detached pashe uniformly displays. Next to subli
is situated on the shore of a bay mity, tenderness is, perhaps, a principal called Kaatiord, which foris part of the merit in the epic, and this is a merit Altevfiord, or Gulph of Alten, in 69 deg. which Virgil pussesses in a very brigh de- 50 min. north latitude. The life of the gree. He appears to have teli every af- inhabitants of this place appears rather fecting scene which he describes, and, singular to the natives of wore genial with a masterly touch, can reach the climates. In summer, and especrally heart by a single stroke. llis style is when the sun is perpetually above the supported in an uniform tone of majesty horizon, they rise at ten in the morning, and sweetness, and is maintained with a dine at five or six in the evening, sup at consistency and perfection wbich cannot one, and go to bed at three or four be found in any other poet. The se- o'clock in the morning. In winter, and cond, the fourth, and the sixth books, are during the long mghi, which last: from
universally considered as the most finish the beginning of December to the end of ed pieces ever produced by the epopea. January, they remain in a kind of apathy
The character of Dido, upon which, un- corresponding with the season. More der the head of Characters, we sballen- than half of the twenty-four hours is delarge in the next number, is entirely Vir- voted to sleep; when they awake, they gil's
. Neither Homer, nor any other poet do nothing but warni themselves, alinost of Greece, presented the model of 50 ex. all business being entirely at a stand quisite a portrait. The episudes of Nisus The house of the only inesciant in the
and Eurynlus, of Cacus, of the fomeral place, at which we lodged, stood on the of Pallas, and of the shield of Aneas, summit of a very high bill
, which slopes are so many chef-d'audres of the art, away to the sea. A Danish slip lay at which amplu justify the celebrity of Vi anchor in die port, waiting for a cargo of plNor is heamays eficient in vigour dried and salt fiske
, ufunich a considerand grandeur : the inates othurror, pre- able quantity is exported fi im Alten. sented by a city burned and sacked in Near the shore were store-houses filled Hie nighi, are strongly delineared, and with that cuinmudits, and larve be upis tie descent of Aneas abounds with are likenise piled up in the opren aur. A bonuties of the lighest kind. In these promontorv, conjured of a white and iu may justly bear a comparison with reddists rock, wretches into the stu, and Homer, lowerer unequal lie is admitted incloses the interior of the basil. On
to be in other parts of his pnem. In the the opposite side the gulph is bordered many elaborate comparisons which have bv a range of lofty ineuntains, whose been drawn between these two great sunmits, speckled with snow, rise to the poets, suíncient care has not been taken very clouds. to oppose the peculiar bcxuties of Vir- The air of Alten is pure, and very sa
4 A 2
inost common trees.
lubrious. The soil is sandy, but tolera- changed every moment, oving to the bly tertile. In the kitchen-garden may tortuous defiles through which it passed, be seen potatoes and brown cole, besides so that there was no rest for those who which, the inhabitants sow nothing but guided the helm and managed the sail. rye. The pine and the birch are the The tide rises considerably for six lours,
and falls in like mai ner, which produces That part of the ocean which washes a strong motion in the water, especially these shores, never freezes except in it the wind be contrary to the carrent; the interior of the gulphs, where its in the straits we often had cataracts, waters, otherwise extremely salt, are as it were, to ascend, or descend. Ne tempered by the fresh current of some vertheless, the skill of the boatmen soon river or streain that discharges itself into relieved us so far from all apprebeusions, them. From the inforination I collected that we could resign ourselves to the on the spot, it appears, that the floating contemplation of the gigantic scenes, masses which are detached from the ever- which, like dreams, passed in successiou lasting ice of the Pole are not to be seen before us. till you have proceerled seventeen miles The wind having subsided, and our boat(one hundred and nineteen English) be- men being fatigued, we went on shore yond the North Cape, and then only with at the mouth of a little river, which falls a telescope.
likea cascade into the seas. Having restWe soon made inquiries concerning.ed themselves, we again set sail about the means of prosecuting our route to the midnight. The mountains to the westNorth Cape, and were informed that the ward intercepted the view of the sun, safest way was to take a small boat, as, in whose rays illumined those on the oppo case of tempestuous weather, we might site side. There was but very little wind at any time go on shore; but that it the rest of that night and the following would require some days to find good day, so that we advanced but very slowly,
We accordingly dispatched a being obliged to use the oars almost with person to procure them. On the 15th out intermission. of July we met with a suitable vessel and During our voyage on the 10th we ob four good Norwegian rowers, one of whom served a Lapland tishing-hut, seated on a was a very skilful old pilot. We imme- little bill between two enormous rocks, diately took on board provisions sutncient which towered to the very clouds Tie to last us several days on shore, in case striking contrast formed by the rich rerof exigency, and set sail at two in the af- dure of the hill, and the dreary aspect of ternoon, with a favourable breeze, and the rocks, the beauty of the sea gently the finest weather imaginable.
agitated by a light breeze, the solitary Our course was northerly, between pro- and forlorn situation of the hut, cu o jecting necks of land which form a mul- from all communication except with a titude of very narrow bays. The coasts sea more frequently territic than beautiare bordered with enormous mountains, ful, all together contributed to give an iamost of which are peaked. Alinost all of terest to ihis spectacle. them had patches ef snow on the east and There being little wind, the heat insouth sides, and the liabitations of the creased, and a vapour, absolutely suffee fishermen were, in general, to the cast- cating, rose from the sea, a circunstance ward of the gulphs. Sometimes the wind, the more remarkable, as the water grows coming from the open sea, rushed through colder the farther we advance toward deep vallies, forming whirlwinds, which the north. At night we landed at a would have upset our vessel, bad we not place where there were some tishenucu's taken care to lower the sail at their ap- huts, and there spent a few hours. proach. After these moments of danger, In one of these huts, lighted by the we found ourselves all at once in a deau faint glimmer of a perpetual tre, wis an calin, under sheltor of the mountains. old sick wainan about ninety years of age. The aspect of the sen varied cvery in- Her daughter-in-law, a young Laplandet, stant: soruetimes resembling a polished very handsome, and with a physiogon: mirror, it reflected the image of ih uncominonly prepossessing, attended he deous rocks that bordered it; now the with vie must attectionnte asuduty. At surface, ruffled by a light breeze, appear the sight of the pilot, the old woman bunt ed of a very dark azure colour; now ilgi- into tours, while her daughter-in in fimo guted by the whirlwinds I bare just men- deavoured to console her. At length times, the waves became quite bluck or having dried hur tears, she finest lucr ere were whiteped with foun. The wind on the ground with an expresiun widery