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distress, at which the pilot and the boat- of acknowledging my ignorance. The chief men could not restrain their tears. Af- cause of it is, perhaps, to be ascribed to ter several questions concerning the cause the following circumstance:–Having be. of their griet, we were informed that the gun to inake a collection of insects in that last time these men had visited the place, happy period of life when all impressions the good woman was in perfect health, are strong and profound, I caught a very but on the day of their departure, shé large butterfly, which I considered as a had a stroke of apoplexy, which deprived treasure. After an absence of a week, her of speech, in which state stie had the first thing I did was to visit my cola ever since remained. This scene, wbich lection, and, on opening the drawer which to some roaders may perhaps appear ri- coutained this butterfly, I found it still diculous, was, at the moment, highly in- alive, writhing its body and clapping its teresting. The tears of these brave Nor- wings. The effect of this siglit will newegians, who with a sinile would have rer be eilaced from my recollection, confronted dangers the most appalling, though it had been no wonder, if many prove that true courage consists net in succeeding ones had made me forget it; obduracy, and that human nature in all atter endeavouring to put an end to the its primitive vigour is susceptible of the torments of the insect by the most speed, tenderest sensations.

deaths, I passeri several nights in remorse, When these einotions of grief had and since that moment have always felt somewhat subsided, the old woman made excessive repugnance to torture any living a sign to sit, or rather to lie, down on the creature. Were the case to be argued, rein-deers' shins, which had been spread has inan any right to inflict, at pleasure, for us on straw; and her daughter-in-law the most cruel torments on beings the door presented us with milk as gracefully as gree of whose sensibility it is impossible though she had been a shepherdess of to calculate with certainty; and is not Arcadia. We would fain have remained the remorse of childhood the voice of longer in this interesting asylum, but one nature, to which, froin the uptortunate of the boatinen came to inform us that habit of stilling it, we become totally iuthe wind was lavourable, a circumstance sensible in a inore mature age? of which it was necessary to avail our

The violence of the wind having selves.

somewhat abated, our boatmen resolve We continued our voyage between ed, at all hazards, to proceed. The “heaven-kissing" mountains, some of passage of Qvalesund, or Hvalesund, the which were almost covered with spow. Strait of Wbules, was actually attended Towards evening, the wind increased to with considerable danger, and that of such a degree that the pilot advised us to Qvalefiord with still greater. Here we land on the first accessible shore, lest were overtaken by the return of the uide, we should happen to be in the strait of which we had been solicitous to avoid:the Qralesund, at the return of the tide, waves from the open sea came crowding where our loss would be inevitable, should one upon the other to the entrance of # tempest overtake us.

the strait, and inet the current, proWe complied with his advice, but not ducing a violent, and confused motion. without regret, as it was essential that we The vars touched the water only on one should make the best use of our tine. side at once: we mazle no way, nor durst Ilaving soon found a bay, encircled with we make use of our sail; while the sea

plant, on which were soine fishermen's was so rough as to threaten to dash our kuts, ne landed, and pitched our tent on little bark to pieces, ber timbers already the beach, that we iniybt be ready to beginning to crack. The pilot, at length, emhark the first favourable moment; but declared, that he could no longer with: the wind encreasing in violence, and be- stand its turbulence, and that, at all hacoming more and more contrary, we were zands, the smilinust be set up, which was obliged to pass the whole night and the instantly done by one of our brave sot. following day in this place. This inter- ers. The mast, bending with the vioval I spent partly in fishing some ot'ebe lence of the wind, now almost touched drawings I had previously wade, partly the water, which began to enter on that To walking on the bench, Killing snipes, or sido; but the vessel gliding along with veking shells. My testow-traveller was, incredible velocity, we were son vut of etwinile, engaged in collecting piunt's danger, and under the shelter of a moun. ad insects. With respect to the latter tain. Had it uot been for this boldınanRss, in purticular, I am under the necessity quvre we should probably have seen


the other world instead of the North burden cannot climb it but with great Cape.

ditticulty. These seas are frequented by great Before we passed the islands of Stapnumbers of whales, but Fate had decreed perne, we bad for some time coased that we should not enjoy the sight of any along the island of Maso, afies which no of thein. To make amends, the boatmen object bounded our view over that treentertained us with many wonderful mendous ocean, which extending from stories of those animals. A fisherinan the polar ices, washes the extremities of being pursued by a whale, and perceiving Europe, Asia, and America. The little that night was impossible, tired a musket wind we had was often contrary, as well at the monster, who, terrified by the ex- as the current, so that we advanced bat plosion, checked his career, and changed slowly, sometimes by the aid of the sail, his course.

Had it not been tur illis tore at others by dint of rowing; aud the urst tunate expedient, like another Jonas, he wile** took us seren hours, during which would have been'swallowed up, without our boatmen, worn out with fatigue, weat the hope of being so seasonably relieved several times on shore to get a little resi, from his confinement as was the pro-. Ou one of these occasions we found upon phet. Another was fisling with a line a rock, from ten to fifteen fathoms in in very fair and calm weather, when a height, spawn of shell-fish, and sponge as whale suddenly rising from the boson white as snow, and much more easily broof the deep,' lified the boat on lois ken than ordinary sponges. The rocks back, dashed it to pieces and the fisher. close to the water's edge were corered man perislied in the waves. In short, with the buccinum glaciale, a shet-tasli

, had all the events which they related somewhat larger than a but, and the wae really happened, our enterprize would ter itself was full of plants of a prodigious have been rather rash, and tew fishermeti vegetation; the most nunnerous, I believe, would have ventured to approach those were the fucus vesiculosus, in fubass, and parts.

aculeatus. We, however, sailed without accident We were extremely fortunate in the all night, and arrived in the morning at fair weather and calm which prevailed: llavosund, the habitation of a inerchant, for the least wind raises very lofts waves who was then froin bome. We were in these seas, and the coasts of Magere, kindly received by his wife and mother, which lay to the right, are in general macwho gave us an excellent breakfast; alter cessible. The sea, however, was still which we hastened our departure, in the rough, and rocked us continually, so that hope of arriving before midnight at the basing kept awake all the preceding night, North Cape, which was still two good to observe the striking objects which pre Norwegian (twenty-one English) miles sented themselves to our view, we were distant.

now unable to resist the invitation of We soon came in sight of the islands sleep. All at once a wave, breaking of Stapperne or Stappenöer, which are against the vessel, dashed its spray over also called the Mother with Two Dangli- our heals and abruptly awaked us. Tie ters. They are nothing but barren boatmen tben told us in a confused way, rocks, that in the middle being the largest that, luring our long sleep, we had pac of the three. Somne caverns at the foot ed some promontories, and recenity a of these rocks resounded with the cries small gulph, on the shores of which were of the Eider-fowló, which furnish the fisherineu's huts, with a point of rocks down known by the same appellation, in front, very nearly resembling the North We had, to the west, a promontory of the Cape; we could still discen it to the island of Jagero, to which the North soulb west. It was now between tie Cape adjoins. It was a perfect calm, hours of five and six in the evening, but the sea was covered with surges, and and the wind changer in nur favour. yast clouds, which might have been mis. The land seemed to tread sway to taken for snow-covered Alps, rose above the east, and left us on teet sule a the horizon. We were afterwards in- more unohstructed view of the new. formed at Maso, that there is the carcase At length, a lule betore milnicht, we of a whale on the summit of the largest perceived this forınıdatle Cape, trise of the Stapperne islands. To us this ap- rocks appeared to us at a distance peared almost ineredible, for the waves could not have cast it such a height, and A Norwegian wile is equal ta tea sod the rock is so steep that a man withouts tall English.

to be of nearly equal height and termina digious mountain, attached to the Cape, ting in a perpendicular peak. We first and rearing his sterile mass to the skics: steered our course towards this point; tu the leit a deck of land covered witha but finding it to be totally inaccessible, less elevated rocks, against włuch the and the sea becoming more and inore Surges dush with violence, closes the tough, we were obliged to turn to the bay, and admits but a limited view of the right and put into a small bay.

ocean. Que of the boatinen informed It was during this passage that the us that there was once a church on this North Cape appeared in all its grandeur, spot, but I atierwards learned that it wps as I bave endeavoured to representit at the at the place wheru the last tishermen's Inoinent I was taking iny view, the nearest buts are si uni:d. rocks seemed to be niuch higher than Ibat we mniyht see as much as possithose of the peak, and the general appeara ble ni the interior of the island, we ance was much more picturesque than climbed alınost to the summit of the latte from any other point. The sea, break- mountai!), where I made a drawing of ing against this iminoveable rainpart, the most singular landscape that ever my wbich had withstood its rage ever since eyes beheld. The lahcin the fore-ground the beginning of the world, bellowed, and is perhaps at the elevation of lifieen faformed a thuck border of white froth; thorns abore the surface of the sea, and the midnight sun illumining this spectacle, there is another at the top of one of the equally beautiful and terrific; and the mountains, which border the former: shade which covered the western side of the view is terminated by peaked rocks, the rocks rendered their aspect still more chequered with patches of snow. dreinendous. I cannot pretend to state Perceiving that the sea began to ruri the height of these rocks; every thing very bigb beyond the Cape, we thought here was on a grand scale, and no ordi- it adviseable to hasten our departure, nary object afforded a point of compa- that in case of a tempest we miglit find a rison. Notwithstanding the motion of more agrecable asylun. At this mothe boat I took several views of the Cape; ment, the remeintrance of the long fabut at length we were obliged to enter the tigues we had undergone to gain a sight bay, the only refuge that presented itself of some dreary rocks almost excited our in this dismal region.

laughter; but considering the spare We went on shore, and directing our which still separated us from the civisteps towant the west, accidentally dis- lized world, the toils, and, what was worse, covered a grotto formed of rocks whose the vexations which awaited us, before surface has been washed smooth by the we could return to it, our reflexions aswaves. Some inequalities of the rock sumed a graver cast. within, were a substitute for seats; a de- We made our way without acciilent tached stone served for a cable; and a over the waves which seemed to be piled spring of fresh water ran at our feet. up at the outlet of the bay, and the wind Excepring that there was at the fartherend soon became less violent. A species of an outlet through which we discovered aquatic birus, called alca urtica, were the sea, it was precisely the grotto of the frequently seen skimoining the surface Eneid.

of the waves very near our vesscl; a large -Scopulis pendentibus antrum,

parrot-bill, exceedingly disproportioned Intus aquæ dulces, vivoque sėdilia saxo.

to the diminutive sıze of the body, gare

these birds a singular appearance. They We kindled a fire with some pieces of plunged with astonishing velocity, and it woad thrown upon the shore by the was impossible to shoot any of them on waves; not a single tree was to be seen the water. Some of them soon passed on the whole coast, nor any restige in- us on the wing, and we killed iwo or dicating the abode of human beings. A three, which we could not get on board. bull, s.nne hundred pnces iu circumfe on account of the station of the sea. rcoce, and surrounded by enormous crags, The wind alating a little, we stood off is the only accessible spot. The sou- for Nasu, where we were received by thern part of the island in which Kjelvig Mr. Buck, a inerchant of that place, with is situated, contained, accordmg to Pon- the hospitality which distinguishes the toppidan, 50 or 60 families. M.Wallen, Norwegians, and with as much respect us berg found that their nuinber was much thougl: we had been princez. sinxller. This, traveller discovered seve- Masö is the northernmost port of ral new species of plants, and mosses. Norwegian i apland. It is situated in la

From the summit of a hill, turning to- titade 70° 59' 54", two Norwegian and ward the sea, we saw to the right a pru- three Swedish wuiles fruin the Horida

Cape. The port is formed of a very fine ble the metal it is intended to represent,
bay, where ships may winter in the great- and possess the quality of resisting the
est security: it has a church and a fair, weatiser.
and exports considerable quantities of To tarnish Plaster Casts or Madck.
salt fisii.
We set sail again in the evening, with weight, or about a quarter of an onuce

Take four drops, Scuts or Dutch troy the tinest weather, and arrived next day averdupoise, of the finest white soup, at Haminerfest, another sca-port, tive Noro grate it small and put it into a new wegian miles from Maso. A brother of glazed eartlen vessel, with an English HII. Buck, who resides there, received os pint of water; hold it over the fire till with the same cordiality as we bad ex

the soap is dissolved, then add the same perienced at the last-mentioned place

quantity of bleached wax cut into spa!! At llammerfesi all the houses had small pieces: as soon as the wbule is incorpogardens adjoming to them. They were rated, it is fit for use. in good condition, but their only productions were potatoes, brown cole, and well at ine tire, suspend it by a threat,

Mode of applicatim.--Dry the model gooseberries.

and dip it into the varnish; take it out, After our departure from Hammer- and a quarter of an hour alter, dip fest, we soon got into the track we it again; let it stand for six or seveu bad followed in going, and arrived at days, then with a bit of muslin molied

Alten on the fifth day of our absence. softly round your finger, rub the model The joy expressed by our hosts on our gently, and this will produce a brilliant return, proved the hazardous nature of gloss; but this part of the operation our enterprize; though with the excep- must be done with great care, and a tion of a single moment in the passage light hand, as the coat of varnish is thin. of Qvaletiord, the constant favour of tor

Another way.—Tuke skin-milk, from tune had spared us even the slightest ap- which the cream bas been carefully taken pearance of danger.

off, and with a camels-hair pencil fart

over the cast till it holds out, or wall To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. imbibe no more; shake or blow off any SIR,

that remains on the surface, and lay it in Tops, as stated in your Magazine wahrlehenenglish language accords na for February, 1807, p. 33, 1 desire lease synonime,) and when it is dry, it will louk to send to you the following answer like polished marble. for insertion, viz.

N. B. This last mode answers equally well To bronze Plaster Figures. with the former, but will not resist the Lay the figure over with isinglass size weather. till it bolds out, or without any part of its

Mahogany Tubles, &r. surface liecoming dry or spotted; then

If to the first receipt for a “ Varnish," with a brush, such as is termed by there be added three ounces of communaa painters a sa h-tool, gu over the whole, wax, it forms an excellent composit observing carefully to remove any of the for furniture. size (while it is yet soft) that may lodge To use it.-Clean the table well, dip a on the dedicate or sharp places, and set it bit of thannel in the varnish while wana, aside to dry: when it is become si), take and rub it on the table; let it stand a a little very thin oil gold-size, itd with quarter o! an hour, then apply the hani as mech of it as just damps the brush, brush in all directions, and finish with a go over the tigure, allowing no more of bit of clean dry tlannel. This wa produce This size to remain than what causes it a gloss like a mirrur. to shine. Set it apart in a dry place,

Tor Boots and Shoes. free from Smoke ; wd after it Las re- If to the above varmists there is added vaned there forty-cight borrs, the two ounces of lump-suyar, and the are foure is prepared for brouzina

quantity of ivory-black, an exceira The bronze, which is almost an ime compound will be lind equally goed in palpable powder, (and may be bid at the giving a polish to bouws or stres, and colour-shops of all incialic colours,) preserving the leather from craciung. should lie dabbed on with a little tuttun- Edinburgh,

Four's, &c wool; after having touched user the

March 0, 1801. D. Liçinses whole tiguie let it stand anorber day; thou with a soft dry brusia ruh oli ail the Dust in motion. Vide Sibbald. Glersary Lore powder, and the figure will rescin- to kia Chronicle or Scottish Poetry

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To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. that these statements are by no means SIR,

applicable to the extensive territories of TOUR Antiquary's correspondent, the United States, which comprehend

“ Indagator,” p. 317, in his ac- many varieties of soil and climate ; but count of that curious work, the" Dialogues are the result of observations in the of Creatures Moralysed,” has commit- county of Montgomery, Pennsylvania, and ted a slight mistake when he states in what is called the Great Valley, from that it is not mentioned in Herbert's twenty to thirty miles distant from Phi“ Typographical Antiquities.” This in- ladelphia; the soil of which is mostly dastrious compiler bas twice spoken of a rich, deep loam; and sells from twelve it, viz. in p. 345 and 1751. I also take to twenty pounds sterling per acre. this opportunity of saying, that the Latin The first inconvenience that strikes a original was first printed at Gruda, by European, on viewing an American farm, Gerard Leen, in the year 1480. I am is the total want of the fences. Posts and rather at a loss to comprehend what is rails, or rails placed angularly, are the meant by " the translation of F.sop su- common fences of the country: these perseding the publication of the Di- require a continual expence of wood and alogues."

labour, to make and repair them. A As we are on the subject of old books, few persons have planted thorn-hedges; I shall beg leave, Sir, to present you with and where they are duly attended to, an extract from one of very great rarity they are in a thriving condition: the and curiosity; and in so doing, I may not most promising one I have seen, had only manifest a due degree of patriotic short straw laid on the roots of the young zeal, but chance to contribute to the quicksets, which preserves them from the consolation of those true Britons, who extremes of heat and cold, and prevents are perpetually occupied in venting their the growth of weeds. spleen against our arch and implacable The winters in America are more seenemy, Napoleon. The prophetic ap- vore than in England. Half a century ago, plication of Revelations xiii. 4,5,6,7, was the snow generally fell in November, unhappily found not to succeed, and the and continued till March: to provide forty-two months passed away, but the for these five unproductive months, redragon remained to torment the nations. quired a great share of the produce of the Yet we have hopes; for the author of the other seven. But the climate has underbook of “The Blasynge of Armes," at gone a very favourable alteration in this the end of Dame Julian Berners's cele respect, and of late years the winter selbrated Treatise on Hawking, Hunting, and doin assumes its rigorous aspect till after Fishing, printed at Saint Albans, 1486; Christmas. It is not however untill the and afterwards by Wynkyn de Worde, month of April, that sheep can subsist 1496, has informed us that “ Tharies of entirely without fodder; from that time the Kynge of Fraunce were certaynly vegetation makes a rapid progress, and sent by an angell from heven, that is tó on land well managed, clover will be saye: thre foures in manere of swerdes eight or ten inches high by the 1st of in a felde of asure, the whyche certen May. armes were geven to the forsayd Kyng The price of labour in the United of Fraunce in syyne of everlastynge trowa States is much higher than in more poble, and that he and liis successours pulous nations, nor can servants or laalway with batayle and swerdes sholde hourers be at all times procured in sufbe punysshyd." Whether the abolition ficient numbers. l'wenty to thirty of the fleurs-de-lis since the revolution, pounds sterling are the wages of a man by will inake any difference in the above the year; and from half to three-fourths curse, is at least doubtful; in all events of a dollar for a day's work. it will behove the Bourbons, whenever Distance from market is another inthey are restored to the throne of their convenience of the country. The seaancestors, to be very cautious how they ports, or those ports situated on varigtadopt the lilies !

ANTI-NAP. ble rivers, are the markets for the sale

of farming productions; consequently, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. but a small proportion of the land can SIR,

have the advantage of contiguity. The

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tages and disadvantages of the Ame- the English ones; of which tlie lower rican farmer, with those of the English one. price of land in the United States, is

It is scarcely necessary to premise, botlı the cause and the effect, MONTHLY Mac, No, 158.

4 B


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