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knight companion of the order of the shewn to their demands; and they sona Bath; and received in 1774, as a further after gave the strongest proofs of the reward for his services, the appointinent bravery, discipline, and attachment, in of governor and constable of the castle the defeat oi Hyder, under Sir Evre and fortress of Toome. In Decen.ber Coote, at Porto Novo. The critcai 1775, we find him appointed captain ge- state, however, of the affairs of Inow, neral and governor of the southern Ca- fully justified Lord Macartney's e forts to sibbee Islands of Grenada, the Grena- bring about a general reconciliation wah dines, and Tobago; and on June 10, the native poners. The peace with the 1776, advanced to the pecrage of Ire- Mahrattas, was followed by a seconds land, by the title of Lord Macartney, and even a third defeat of Hyder's any; Baron of Lissanoure, in the county of the capture of the Dutch seulement ut Antrim. His administration at the Carib- Sadras, Pulicat, Madepollam, Pulicas, bees, gave general satisfaction: and it Jaggernautporam, Biilipatam, and le contributed in no small degice to that gapatam, dissolved the connection which gallant resolution with which the island had been formed between that power and of Grenada was afterwards defended, Hyder; and the assignment of the resewhen attached and subdued by a superior nues of the Carnatic froin the Nabob af force under Count d'Estaing in 1779, Arcot, to Lord Macartney, for the use of Lord Macartney was now sent a close the company rendered the tern, inauon of prisoner to rance; his private furtune 1781 auspicious to the company's afairs. was materiały injured by the capture; The next year, however, was calamitous. and be had the still further misfortune to Toward its close Hyder Ali was succer led lose not only his papers and accounts, but in his government by Tippoo Salien; also the inass of observations and mate- with whom it is more than prabable en rials which he had gathered while travel- early peace might have been concluded, Jing through the different states of Europe; could Lord Macartney have acted as te and by the accidental firing of a vessel in wished. In the account of this part of which' Lady Macartney had embarked for Lord Macartney's life, Mr. Barrow has Europe, even the duplicates of such as entered minutely into the conduct of Gen. he had thought most worthy preservation. Stuart, who was seized by Mr. Staunt,a, His lordship remained but a short time under Lord Macartney's direction, anu as a prisoner of war at Limoges, before sent to England as a prisuner. A peace he was permitted to return to England; was now concluded with Tippoo.' The and was almost immediately after sent undue interference of the supreme cogeupon a confidential niission to Ireland. cilat Bengal with the presidency of MaToward the close of 1780 the distracted dras, however, becaine a source of state of the presidency of Madras led the great mortification to Lord Macartney; Court of Directors of the East India Cuin- which only ended with the removal of pany to name him as the person most Mr. Hastings from his government; alusi proper in their opinion for promoting the immediately after which, in consequence franquillity of the settlement, and the of the premature restitution which yu prosperity of their affairs on the coast of ordered froin England, of the assigament Coromandel. On the 21st of June 1781, of the Carnatic revenues, Lord Macart. he arrived before Pondicherry, and the ney himself retired fiom Madras. Prefollowing day laoded at Mudras, opened vious to his departure, he entered an alhis commission, and took possession of fidavit and a declaration on the records his government. He found the situation of the council; the first declaring that of affairs on the coast in a more deplora- from the day of his arrival he had netes ble condition than he could well have ima- by himself, or by any other person fur gined. Hyder Ali was in the midst of a hin, directly or indirectly accepted or victorious career. His successes had ena- received for his own benefit, from any bled him to spread his numerous horse person or persons whomsoever, a present over all the Carnatic. Parties approach- or presents of any kind, excep: two pipes ed daily to the very gates of Madras: and of Madeira wine from two particular the nabob of Arcot and his family were friends, a lew boules of Champagne and obliged to take refuge in the town. Under Burgundy, and some fruits and provisions Lord Macartney's direction, confidence of very trisling value. Further that he in the government was not only revived bad confined himself solely to the comto individuals, but the troops both in pany's allowances, which were 40.000 camp and garrison acquired fresh spirit pagodas per annuon, and the continuo from the marks of attention which were and consuluge un coral, which, daring
his government had produced on an aver- there till the 20th of November, 1798; age 1000 pagodas per annulu. Thit he leaving behind him a declaration on rehad never embezzled or misappropriated cord, similar to that which had been left any of the company's effects, but hud ob- in India. He arrived in England in the served his covenants, and acted in all month of January, 1799, win a deterthings for their honour and interest. The mination to retire wholly from public Declaration stated the exact increase of life. The returns of the gout, to which his property, amounting to 81,796 pago- he had been accustomed for some years, das. Soon after his return to Europe, were now quicker and severer than ever; Lord Macartney was offered the govern- and he telt himself unequal to continual ment of Bengal; but making a British hurry and bustle. He now passed a few peerage the sine qua non of his accepting years crtirely in the society of his friends. it, and this not being consonant to the During the greater part of the year 1805, principles in regard to Indian appoint- the gout continued to hang about him, Inents which Mr. Pitt and Mr. Dundas had without advancing to a decided tit; and laid down, the appointment was bestow- he continued in a languishing reduced ed on Lord Cornwallis. After this hie re- state tillthe evening of the 31st of March, tired for six years to Ireland, where he 1806, when, while reclining his head on engared himself principally in the im- bis band, as it dropping into a slumber, provernent of his paternal estate. In he sunk into the arms of death without a 1792, a more equal and at the saine time sigh, and without a struggle. a more creditable intercourse than had Such are the particulars minutely detailbeen hitherto kept up, was determined ed by Mr. Barrow; and it must be owned on with China." On this occasion the that he has done no ordinary justice to Court of Directors of ihe East India Com- the disinterestedness and unsullied inpany entered with becoming spirit into tegrity of Lord Macartney. Lord Macthe views of Jir. Dundas: and Lord Mae- artney's character and general characartney was looked upon as the only per- teristics form a sort of corollary at the son capable of undertaking the mission close, followed by an Appendix of oriwith any probability of success. On the giual Letters and documents. The se3d of May, 1792, he received his ap- cond volume of the Life is forined of the pointment as ambassador extraordinary three only writings of Lord Macartney, and plenipotentiary from the king of which appear to have been digested into Great Britain to the einperor of China, any thing like the regular shape of Treaand in the month of September set out tises. The first consists of " Extracts upon a voyage, the details of which may from an Account of Russia, 1767." be found in Sir George Staunton's Au- The second contains, “ A short Sketch thentic Account of the Embassy. On of the Political State of Ireland;" and the 5th of September 1791, Lord Macurt- the third, is “ The Journal of his Emney landed at Portsmouth, wliere be had bassy to China." Of these, the last afthe gratification to find lie had not been forus the greatest share of entertainment. forgotten by his sovereign, who by patent To abrieve it in au analysis here, would at Dublin, dated the 1st of March 1794, be iinpossible. One of its most curious had been pleased to advance him to the articles relates to the population and title of Earl Macartney, in the county of revenues of that vast country, as they Antrim. The winter which immediately exist within the great wall. The formcr, followed hisreturn from China, he was per- stated to Lord Macartney in detail by a mitted to pass at his ease with his friends; Mandarina of high rank, amounted to no but in June 1795, he was again called less than $35,000,000, the latter art upon to undertake an important mission to rated in China at tivo hundred millions Italy of adelicate and confidential nature of taels, or 00,666,6661. Or Tartary, From Italy, he returned through Ger- Lord Macariocy observes, the Chinese many, and reached England in May 1796: ae alınost as ignorant as we are: scarcely soon after which his Majesty was further any of them having ever seen it, except pleased to create him a Brush peer, un- a few officers sent on military duty, and der the title of Baron Macartney, of persons banished to it for crimes. The Parkhurst in Surry. In 1797, he sailed Chinese talk or Tartary, as of a country froin Portsmouth to take upon him the half as big as the rest of the world bé. government of the Cape of Good Hope, gi les, but their conceptions of its limits which had been conferred, entirely on are very dark and confused. the ground of fitness. But his health Another valuable work, in the class being materially affected, he only stopped of Biography, has appeared in the inte
VOYAGES AND TRAVELS,
Dr. Hill's “ Account of the Life and the very idea of moping within our del Writings of Dr. Blair."
Dr. Hill un
quarters at Coleraine, was too much for dertook the task at the express request us to support: we proceeded therefore of bis venerable friend; but before he on our journey to the Causeway, which could present the world with the fruit is distant from Coleraine eight long wie, of his labours, he was hiinself summoned No one object on this tract intervenes, to the grave. Under such circumstances either to amusc the eye, or divert the atcriticisin would be disarmed, even did tention; they must feed by anticipato the execution of the task excite severity: on the natural curiosities they have in but in this instance, we have only to view. Passing by the shell of a large bestow our praise. The work is an hurch in ruins, we came to the little honourable memorial of the piety and village of Bush Mills, situated on lit affection of a grateful pupil, to the mie- river Bush, which falls over a weir des mory of a beloved and venerable master, the bridge; we stopped at a cottage, tot In another Retrospect, we shall give a far distant from the Causeway, where full detail of its contents.
we found a room for ourselves, and Here also may be noticed the octavo stabling for our horses. edition of “ Isaac Walton's Lives of Dr.
“ About twelve o'clock the clouds dis Donne, Herbert, Hooker, Sir Henry Wot- persed, and the heavens seen disposed ton, und Bishop Sunderson, with Notes, to favour our expedition, Of things so and a Life of the Author," by Dr. Zouci. much talked of, we are too apt to form The price of this work, in the quarto exaggerated ideas; for umne ignotun pro form, was too high to allow of a general magnifico est, and I know of done, whose circulation. It is now reduced, and we praises have been so much raunted as hope its success will be proportionate to the Lake of Killarney and the Giants' its real value.
Causeway; the Southern and Northern
wonders of Ireland. When such gigantic Under this head the number of works epithets are applied to objects, we of
course expect to see nature decked in we have to mention is but small.
her grandest and most horrid attire; anel One of the most valuable is the “ Jour- the idea which my imagination had nal of a Tour in Ireland,” in 1806, formed concerning the Causeway, was by Sir Richard Colt Hoane, Bart. that of a high and extensive range of In the Introduction, which occupies no
basaltic columns, stretching forth boldl less than a hundred and nine pages, we into the sea like a stately pier; but from are presented with a summary of such its flatness, the Causeway is Lotally overauthentic particulars as relate to the looked, until pointed out by your guide; carly periods of Irish History; and more
its detail, however, when exanined on especially to the English affairs in Ireland, the spot, is extremely curious. The surin the iwelfth century, as related by rounding mountains, though rather on a Giraldus de Barri. Closing with the large scale, are not sufficiently varied to civil and ecclesiastical divisions of the give them a beautiful appearance, o country.
columnar enough to give them aa impoTo follow the Journal itself minutely, sing one: in short, the whole of this is unnecessary: Sir Richard Hoare ap- scenery will prove more satisfactory to pears to have crossed in the usual way the natural philosopher and mineralogist
, from Holyhead to Dublin; ing first a
than to the artist. Having never saidu Southern, and afterwards a Northern mineralogy, I feel totally incompetent to tour. The accounts of the more inter- give either a just or adequate descriptitu esting curiosities are not confined to
of this great natural curiosity; but my mere description, but are accompanied readers will have no cause to lament many by references and quotations which inability, when I lay belore them na evince both the learning and researches account of the Causeway and its hastes, of the author. As a fair specimen we drawn up by the Rev. Winan Hamilton, shall quote the description of the “Gb- in his Letters concerning the Northern GANTS' CAUSEWAY."
Coast of Antrim.
“ The Causeway itself is general, plans and high expectations were con described as a mole or quny, projecten siderably deranged, by the very unfa- froin the base of a steop pronnontury
, voarable appearance of the morning. some hundred feet into the sea, and i Our curiosity to see this far-famed wonderformed of perpendicular pillars of kz of the North was great and urgent ; and saltes, which stand in contact with each
other, exhibiting a sort of polygon pave- servations on the Stone Crosses, Earth ment, soinewhat resembling the appear. Works, and Religious Buildings. In reance of a solid honeycomb. The pillars gard to "the modern prospect which the are irregular prisis, of various denoini- capital and its provinces present to the nations, from three to eight sides; but the Stranger in Ireland," we cannot hut hexagonal columns are as munerous as
confess that Sir Richard Hoare has drawin all the others together.
most distressing picture. In the “ On a minute inspection, each pillar “ Conclusion" of his work we heartily is found to be separable into scveral agrec.“ If we look to the temperature joints, whose articulation is neat and of the Irish climate, the fertility of its compact beyond expression; the convex soil, the bays, estuaries, and rivers, with termination of one joint always meeting which its provinces are intersected; in a concave socket in the next; besides, short, if we consider the numerous and which, the angles of one trequently shoot great advantages which nature has proover those of the other, so that they are fusely lavished upon this Island, although completely locked together, and can we must at present lament the want of rarely be separated without a fracture of industry and activity in improving them,
yet every one must view with secret sa« The sides of each column are un- tisfaction the latent riches and succour equal amongst themselves, but the con- which the mother country may in future tiguous sides of adjoining columns are tiines derive from the daughter." always of equal dimensions, so as to A work of a different, and to those touch in all their parts.
who love adventures, certainly of a more “ Though the angles be of various striking nature will be found, in “ Travels magnitudes, yet the sum of the conti- in the Year 1806, from Italy to Englund, guous angles of adjoining pillars, always through the Tyrol, Styria, Bohemia, Gula make up four right ones; so that there licia, Poland, and Lironin ; containing are no void spaces among the basaltes, the Particulurs of the Liberation of Mrs. the surface of the Causeway exhibiting Spencer Smith from the Hands of the to view a regular and compact pavement French Police, und of her subsequent of polygon stones.
Flight through the Countries above men• The outside covering is soft, and of a tioned ; effected and written by the Marbrown colour, being the earthy parts of QUIS DE Salvo. the stone, nearly deprived of its metallic Fastidious critics may possibly express principle by the action of the air and of surprise at receiving another quarto from the marine acid which it receives froin the pen of Sre John Care so soon. But the sea.
we can assure our readers, they will find “ Having spent a few hours in examining a source of curions entertaininent in the the Causeway, we visited a cavern in a “ Tour through Holland, along the right little bay to the westward, and not far and left Banks of the Rhine, to the South from the cottage where we had left our of Germany, made in the Summer and chaise. Here the artist will find a grand Autumn of 1806.” It is inferior to none subject for his pencil, which I was pre- of bis former productions. Sir John vented from taking, by a violent and Carr opens it with a confession. It was dangerous fall in getting into the cavern. during Lord Lauderdale's negociation This subterraneous grotto, into which the that, the war preventing a regular intere sea roars with great viulence, is certainly course between this country and Hol. worth notice; its entrance has been shut land, he borrowed a passport from an up (and I have reason to think, unlaw- American friend, and having reached fully) in order to claim from strangers an Maesland-sluys, on the other side the admission-fee."
Maes, proceeded in a fast-sailing fishing Subjoined to the Journal, we have a boat to Rotterdam. The stratagem, he collection of " General Remarks." The says, if not perfectly blameless, was at first division of these is appropriated to least an inoffensive one, as he went not such objects as lay claim to the most to investigate the nakedness of the land, remote antiquity, particularly the rude but to view its natives in their ordinary pillars aod cromlechs, supposed to have habits, to glide upon their liquid roads, been erected by the first inhabitants of to saunter in their green avenues and Ireland. From these Sir Richard Hoare Aourishing gardens, and trace the wonproceeds to the Oratories, Chapels, and derful results of that daring and indefaround Towers of a period of time less tigable ingenuity, whicb has raised the distant:' following them with other ob- permanent babitation of nan in the MONTHLY MAG. 159.
ocean, and made successful inroads upon including the garrison and the vale of the physical order of the universe. Als Ehrenbreitstein, have been reduced though the deception, he adds, gave no within the last twelve years from thirteen pang to his conscience, it did not escape to nine thousand, Naveuce, from the the lash of many a petty inconvenience, peculiar strictness of the police, Sir Jou and subjected him more than once to Carr was content to view at a distance. dilemmas that were even perilous. At Frankfort, however, he was more at
To accompany Sir John Carr ninutely, liberty, and gives the following descrip through his travels here, would be im- tion of the fair. “I was pleased with possible; though we cannot help noticing the fair, although it fell :ar short of my a few of the pictures he has occasionally expectation; the principal booths which drawn. One of the most prominent were erected near the Rumer, and also occurs in the character of thie King of parallel with the river Maine, forined a Holland. The leading features in the very agreeable and sprglıtly street, enconstitution of that country, he observes, tirely covered with canvas awnirige: are the guarantee of the payment of the here all sorts of goods, the productivas national debt; the free and unqualified of various parts of the globe, were exexercise of religion; the predominant au- posed to sale; and here were also several thority vested in the king, the establish- booksellers' stalls, where the most emiment of the salique law, for ever exclu- nent works are sold folded in sheets, for ding females from the throne; the de- the purchase of lesser merchants in the claration that the minority of any future trade. No press in the world is so proking shall expire upon his attaining his lific as the Gerinan;—the number of ineighteenth year; that only natives shall genious works which it annually yielis, be eligible to any offices under the state, amongst which are many able producexclusive of those immediately apper- tions, is astonishing. I was informed taining to the king's household; that the that the fair had wasted almost to noyearly revenue of the king shall be two thing, in consequence of the various in inillions of florins, and that the royal juries it has sustained from the war, and residences shall be the palaces of the the severe policy of Bonaparte respecto Hague, in the Wood, and at Soestdykė. ing the introduction of English manufac“ The King," adds Sir John Carr, has ture, very little of which was to be found given general satisfaction by the choice at this mart. In the printsellers' stalls, ħe has made of the persons he has nomi- which used to be well supplied from the nated to fill the public offices; and if the English school of engraving, were very wishes of one who trespassed a little ir- few prints worthy of attention. I sax regularly upon their shores can avail, the several execrable imitations of some from brave, frugal, and indefatigable Hollan- the exquisite pencil of Westall. At the ders will derive happiness, and, when end of the principal street of the fair, peace is restored to Europe, prosperity close to the river, were rows of inmense under their new government." Having tubs, in which, like Diogenes, many poor visited the principal towns in the coun- German tradesmen and their families try, Sir John Carr proceeded from very sagaciously ate and slept, for want Utrecht to Arvheim, about four miles of a better habitation." An excursion from which, after passing a bridge of to the beautitul and elegant little soveboats at Sevenbal,' he entered a small reign town of Offenbach, about five town, at the end of which is the first English miles from Frankfort, enabled barrier of the new territories of Prince Sir John Carr to admire the great pro Joachim, Grand Admiral of France and gress which the Germans have made in Duke of Berg. Thence, through Wesel, carriage-buildiny. The last place he be pursued liis route to Dusseldorf. visited was Darmstadt, beyond which, Cologne, and more particularly Bonn, the storin which was at that time går afford sonic interesting anecdotes. The thering against Prussia, hindered his wildness of the scenery, however, ap- from pursuing his journey. He applied pears to improve at Andernach and for pernaission to the Prench minister to Elirenbreitstein. But in this part of the return, pour changer, to Rotterdam by work we no longer read, as in Holland, the way of Brussels, Antwerp, &c. hat of the content and merriment of the in- was refused, and ordered to keep on the habitants, but of the sad reduction of right bank of tbe Rhine. Being thus their cities, not only in strength and forced to retrace the very steps by nhat splendour, but in population. At Cob- he had arrived at Darmstadt, tae at last lenta, it is stated, that the inhabitants, reached Maesland-sluys, and embarked