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known to Collins, Mardin, Jones, Birch, under the necessity of selling his Coland other publishers of State-Papers; lection. and yet, if we except those of the Earl " In addition to the two Collections of Hardwicke, no papers were more de- which have been already described, there serving of publication. In Mr. J. West's are many volumes of copies, done as a Collection, there are also Bishop ken- great expence, froin tine lower and Cotnet's Historical Papers, which are very tonian Records. Many of them are of voluminous and valuable: likewise Sur- singular value, as they preserve the couveys, and other materials for the histories tents of some originals which are obliteof the different counties oi' England, par- rated, burnt, or lust. There is likewise ticularly Sussex and Yorkshire, which a very considerable collection of original were collected by Warburton, Anstis, Letters to and from the kings and and other antiquaries; also considerable Queens of England and Scotland, from treasures in the department of Family the time of llenry Vill. to that of History and Pedigrec, with Heraldical George II. Collections of Le Nere, and most of the “ For the extent of the present CataHeralds and Kings at Arms, back to the logue, no apology is deemed necessary. time of Glover and Camden; and inany If any manuscripts ever deserved a ciroriginal Abbey Registers of great value, cumstantial Catalogue, these surely do. as Records in tythe causes, &c. and The trouble which it bas cost, and the finally, every paper and volume that expence which it has incurred, are far could be procured, relative to the office outweighed by the single consideration, of Secretary to the Treasury, which Mr. that a Catalogue of this description will West enjoyed for many years. His in- not only improve the value of the protimacy with the second Harley, Earl of perty, but, it is hoped, confer an imporOxford, seems to have contributed much tant and perinanent advantage upon the to enrich bim in several of the afore- Republic of Letters." mentioned particulars.
The " Portraiture of Quakerism, as “Mr. Ph. Carteret Webb's Collec- taken from a View of the Moral Education, consisting chiefly of Parliamentary tion, Discipline, peculiar Customs, Reliand Revenue llistury, contains number- gious Principles, Political and Civil Ecoless curious articles relative to the Chan- nomy, and Character of the Society of cery, Exchequer, and Treasury, the Spi- Friends," by Mr. CLARK-on, communiritual and the Admiralty Courts, Wards cates a variety of curious particulars and Livery, Star Chamber, &c. Among concerning the history and prevailing these are above thirty volumes of the opinions of the Quakers; forming a SePapers of Sir Julius Cæsar, Judge of the quel to Barclay's Apology. Admiralty in Queen Elizabeth's time, and The first part of the “ Philosophical Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Mas- Transactions," for 1801, contains only ter of the Rolls in the time of James I. six articles. Tbe first is the “ Bakerian and Charles I. From them may be Lecture, on some Chemical Agencies of gained almost a complete bistory of the Electricity," by Humphry Davy, esq. finances of those reigns, together with The second is “On the Precession of much secret information, and many cu- the Equinoses," by the Rev. Abraham rious unpublished state papers, connected Robertson. The third and fourth are with the general history of those times. by Everard Hume, esq. containing an Sir Julius Cæsar's Manuscripts were ex- “ Account of two Childre!), born with posed to sale iany years ago at an
Cataracts in their Eyes;" and some anction, in St. Paul's Church Yard, where “ Observations on the Structure of the Mr. West and Mr Wcbb became the different Cavities which constitute the principal purchasers of them. Mr. Webb, Stomach of the Whale." The fifth ariscing Solicitor to the Treasury, was ticle is, “On the forination of the Bark likewise attentive to collect all memorials of Trees," in a Letter from 'T. A. Knight, of the business of that office down to his esq. to Sir Joseph Banks. The sixth, own time. Several volumes of his Ma- presents “ An Investigation of the ge nuscripts belonged to Lord Somers; and neral Term of an important Series in the many, not the least curious relative to inverse Method of finite Differences." Inw business, were the property of Mr. By the Rev. John Brinkley, D.D. I'mfreville, who, having incurred an ex- • The Manual of Nobility," by Mr. fraordinary expence in carrying his elec- Banks, contains the substance of the cion, as Coroner for Middlesex, was Peerage in a compressed form, referring
to more copious works for Descents, Strictly speaking, perhaps Mrs. Lri's Marriöccs, Issues, and other minute par- Pamphlet" ought to bave no place in a ticulars. In point of style, we do not Retrospect or literaturc. The public, think it peculiardy elegant; but it appears we believe, received an impression from to bave a strong claim to notice on the the evidence which was adduced upon ground of accuracy.
thie trial of the Gordons, that is not likely The original design of Dr. Srus's “ In- either to be altered or removed by any quiry into the Constitution and Economy detence of conduct at this time. We of Man,' was to endeavour to give the only wonder that such a defence should leader who might be unacquainted with have appeared. anatomny, a clear and usernl conception The last work that we shall mention is of his nature as an intelligent, active, and Dr. Gregory's “ New and Complete conscientious creature; and of his death Dictionary of Arts and Sciences" In and future existence. In the prosecu- this, the articles which relate to the tion of the plan, however, Dr. Sins found several branches of natural and experiso many mischievous errors, founded mental Philosophy, and Natural History; upon and detended by wrong notions of the Chemical Articles, those on Antihuman nature, vifering themselves to quities, 'Trade, Commerce. Finance, llis view, that he did not think it right to tory, and the Arts and Manufactures, are pass them by without notice, and there- probably the best. The style it is writ. fure concludes with a few strictures on ten in is geueraliy unexceptionalle; them, and animadversions on that irre- the scientific articles it is plain and clear, ligious philosophy, whose pernicious doce and in some, which admit of ornameal. trines liave been spread over Europe and it rises to elegance. The plates which America, to the unspeakable injury of accompany this very useful work are well the religion, morals, and interests of the engraved. inhabitants. Dr. Sims is in huis eightyeightli year; we like his work and recoinmend it.
HALF YEARLY RETROSPECT OF FRENCH LITERATURE.
Prusse,en Saxe, et en Pologne, sous le come NIE French at this present moment, mandement de S. M. l'Empereur et Roa Europe, appear to have turned their at- Army in Prussia, Saxony, and Poland, tention solely to war. We accordingly under the Command of his Majesty the find that their historical compositions, Emperor and king, ác. with the Porinstead of being directed, as furinerly, to traits of the Emperor, Prince Alural, the purpose of tracing the means by Mr. Fox, &c. which swall states become great, and The first volume onlyof this work has been mighty einpires in their turn dwindle into as yet published, which is accompanied insignificance, are now chietly employed with a plan of the battle of Jena, and in ihe details of their own exploits. adorned with copper-plates and six parNot coutent with their vernacular tongue, traits. The next is to contain cogras inga some of their writers have recurred to of the king and Queen of Prussia, the that of other nations for this purpose, Marshais de Mollendorff, Kalkreuth, and the language adopted by Sallust to Blucher, the Duke of Brunswick, and narrate the particulars of the Jugurthine Mr. Fox, copied from full length pictures. war, has recently been emploved co poure
The Author boasts in his introduction, tray the battle of Jena, and the came that he has not contined hiuself to a paigns in Cermany.
simple recital of the celebrated actions The following title is prefixed to an- and famous marches of the French army, other work, of which we shall hereafter, but has taken care to compare recent perlaps, furnish a more conspieţe all- crents with those that have occurred an alysis.
the same theatre during foriner times, ty Campagne des Armées françaises, en that officers may be enabled to joire,
and w decide for themselves. In addi We allude to a work just published, en. tion to this, two celebrated men are tirled "Commentarii de Bello Germanico, brought into contact, and Frederic II, Didot, 1806-7.
who linself wrote a llistory of the sien
Years' War, is called forth, from the “ Gaul, by its position on the globe, shades for the purpose of serving as a is most advantageously situate, being toil to Bonaparte i.
placed between ihose hyperborean reIn addition to the correction of a gions which constrain the faculties of variety of geographical mistakes, several inan, and those southern climates which au hentic biographical notices are bere enfeeble them. By means of the north, introduced; and not only such military and north-west win:ls, it regains all that men as lave perished in the field of the summer heats have deprived it of. battle, are introduced into this gallery of Defended by the seas, by the Rhine, the portraits, but also those who have sur- Alps, and ihe Pyrenees, rich in wine vived the combat. The basis of the and in corn; abounding with inhabitants, work is allowed to have been founded on with warriors, with engineers, with solthe official relations printed by order of diers prompt as lightning, patient under the French government. The whole of privations, estimating life at a high rate, the bulletins are therefore to be pub- and yet sacriticing it for a sprig of laurel; Tished in a regular, chronological series; replete with men of genius, able senbut these are to be accompanied with ators, and profound politicians, Gaul notes and explanations, so as to produce was and ever will be, at all times, and an ainple commentary to the text. under every species of doinination, the
“ Thus,” says the Author, “France, mistress and the example of the world. Europe, and our gallant warriors, to This assertion is not the dictate of a whom we now address this description of prophetic vision: it is the result of a the most memorable campaign which calculation, arising out of the union of military genius ever executed, will find strength and situation.” in this work whatever is calculated to At the conclusion, the author combats re-call these glorious events, and pre- the opinion so generally received, that serve the memory of the triumphs of one the lys or lilly was only known to the of the greatest monarchs who ever re- ancestors of the present French as an gulated the destiny ot' nations."
instrument of war, worn at the ends of “Notice Historique sur l’Agriculture des their lances: be maintains, that it was Celtes et des Gaulois, &c."-Au historical also respected as a symbol of purity and Notice relative to the Agriculture of the nobility. This subject leads him to the Celts and the Gauls, 8vo. forty-two pages. “ language of flowers,” employed in the
M. de C. foriuerly a Prefect of the gallantry of a former age, and lie presents department of the Oise, is the author of bis readers with a vocabulary of a new this little work. Ile begins by observing, kind: in fine, the author seems ambithat his studies have always been directed tious to prove that erudition may be actowards the consideration of the na- companied with the graces, and that tional antiquities of his native soil, and it is possible for a fine imagination to adds that this taste has been fortunately embellish any subject, favoured by a variety of circumstances, “Science de la Histoire, contenant le some of which are of a personal nature. Systeme general des Connoissances à
It is further stated by way of introduc- acquerir avant d'etudier l'Histoire, et la tion, that the Greaks and Romans were Methode à suivre quand on se livre à cu very jealous of attributing any discoveries genre d'Etude, developpée par Tableau in the arts, sciences, &c. to those nations synoptiques.”—The Science of History; styled barbarous by them. Notwith- containing the general system of knowstanding this, M. de C. is at some ledge necessary to be acquired before pains to prove, that the ancient Gauls any one comunences the study of it, and invented the art of enameling, and were also the method to be followed in this the first to gild the harness and bridles pursuit: the whole developed by means of their horses, &c.
of synoptical tables, by N. CHANTREAU, In respect to agriculture, it is con- prcressor of history in the military school tended, that every word contained in established at Fontainebleau, ineinber of the modern teclmical vocabulary is de- several literary societies, translator and rived from the vernacular tongue, not a contimator of Blair's Chronological single term having been borrowed from Tables, dedicated to his Majesty the any foreign language. He at the same Eriperor and king, wliile First Consul, time insists, that his natire couutry is S vols. in quarto. the best wishin the confines of the ha- Of all the pursuits that contribute to bitable cartii, as inay be gathered from the intstruction of mankind, that of histhe following exulting description. wory is undoubtedly one of the most use
ful, as well as most agreeable. Accor- of the work entitled, l'Art de verifier le dingly, in all countries, and in all Dates, has been adopted. The epoch of languages, we fim a multitude of elemen- the Olympic games serves as a landmark to tary books on this subject; it must never- the Grecian history; while that of Roine theless be acknowledged that M. Chan- is reckoned from the foundation of the treau is in the right, where he maintains city. The Hegiru is used for the history that too little importance is attached to of the Saracens and all the Mahomnethis study in the public schools, and that dan nations ; and in respect to France, such a general rieg cct must mevitably the division of time is so adjusted, as to introduce a vicious method of teaching. make the Revolution the chief æra. It is for the express purpose of remedying Adopting a different sysłem from the this that he has undertaken the present writers who have preceded bim, M. work, and endeavoured to discounte- Chantreau has divided biographical nance those puerile methods but too chronology into two sections; the one frequently adopted. Ilitherto history, political, and the other literary: in the he observes, has been regarded but as a former of these is contained the selfsecondary branch of instruction, and a reigns, the generals, the statesmen, &c: mere object of memory: he thinks how- while the second presents the philosoever, that it is a subject that calls for phers, the historians, the wen of letters, and demands the severest exercise of the lawyers, the mathematicians, and the the judgment.
artists. To teach it in conformity to his no- This is a most laborious work, and bas tions, a variety of preliininary knowledge evidently occupied a large portion of the becomes necessary,
to enable author's time; but whatever may be ita youth to study with advaniage. He has traits, it is too voluminous for translatina. accordingly divided his work into two “ Memoires et Lettres du Maréchal portions, the one of wbich he denomi- de Tessé, contenant des Anecdotes et nates the Notional, and the other the Me- des Facts historiques," &c.— The Memoirs thodical part. The former is subdivided and Letters of Marshal de Tese; into chronology, geography, and civil containing historical facts and anecdotes organization, which form so inany sepa- bitherto unknown, relative to certain rate subjects. The course of chronology portions of the reigns of Louis XIV. and constitutes four sections.
XV. 2 vols. 8vo. 1. Mathematical Ch onology, contain- The late Marshal de Tessé was coning the notions relative to the division of sidered by his contemporaries as a man time for the civil and religious usages of of talents; he was accordingly employed dations.
to negociate with several different courts, 2. Documental, or Historical Chro- and kept up a direct correspondence nology, as necessary for the support of with Louis XIV. As he was acquainted facts.
with all the celebrated men of his dar, le 3. Comparative Chronology, presen- was of course enabled to estimate ibeir ting the calculations relative to the re- respective merits, and thus at once annose ciprocal æras adopted by nations. and instruct posterity. This life precedes
14. Chronology of Facts, or the prin- his correspondence, &c. cipal erents of ancient and modern his- « Les Anténors modernes, ou Voyages tory, properly arranged.
de Christine et de Casimir en France, The present work forms the most ex- pendant le Règne de Louis XIV. esguise tensive article on this subject that has des murs générales du 17e. serie, hitherto appeared; it cominences at the d'après les Mémoires des deur Er-ws most remote epoclı, and finishes with the verains. The moderu Antenors, or Tra peace of Amiens, in 1902; thus eni- vels of Christine and Casimir in France, bracing fifty-eight centuries, or the space during the Reign of Louis XIV; of 5,800 years. The inode here adopted taining a sketch of the manners of the is to divide the subject into three dif- 17th century, &c. continued by Hret, ferent columns, the first of which presents bishop of Avranches. the dates, the second the facts, and the " llic subject of this worl," syste third the historical sources or authorities, author in his preface, “is extracted to in whence the contirmation has been the following neglected passare ia la drawii.
younger Racine, while trcating of the In respect to ancient history, the Chro- age of Louis XIV." nology. of Usher has been tollowed, and in regard to modern times, the authority
Reflexions sur la possit.
« It appears as if all the great poets, the XIV. It is well known that he became great painters, great orators, the great Abbot of St. Germaine des Prés, and was philosophers, &c. had determined on a enamoured with a woman whose rank in place and time of rendezvous, in order society was far from being estimable. that they might meet, and dispute toge- His unostentatious life, and simple ther, for the palm of glory and perfection character, formed a marked contrast in each particular branch of knowledge. with the prying inquietude and petulant
“ According both to the order of dates, vivacity of Christina. He observed, and and the order of geniuses, Descartes is here made to describe, the physical and ought to be placed at the head of the nu- moral state of Paris at that epoch, when merous assemblage of men, who have pleasure and the fine arts divided his rendered that age so celebrated through- nights and his days. out the world. What a multitude of il- « The Bishop of Avranches (the celelustrious names is contained in this list! brated Huet), who had lived in intimacy Petau, Nicole, Arnaud, La Rochefou- both with Christina and Casimir, witness cauld, La Bruyere, Le Sueur, Le Poussin, ed all the grandeur and all the humiliaLe Brun, Mignard, Jouvenet, Girardon, tion of Louis XIV. whom he survived Lully, Rohault, Mallebranche, Flechier, six years. He sighs here over the misforMassillon, Corneille, and his rival Mo- tunes of the state; he paints too in the liere, La Fontaine, Boileau, &c. Many most lively colours the odious and impoother famous characters might also be litic revocation of the Edict of Nantz. added, so as to comprehend the youth- “ Thus are contrasted both the shades ful days of Rousseau. The space of of epochs, and the tints of characters. time during which all these appeared The first æra comprehends the licentiouswas far from being extensive, for a single ness of the Fronde; the second, volupman had beheld them all; and, indeed, M. tuous and brilliant, is consecrated to the Huet, so illustrious himself on account of developement of the arts; the third, his acquirements, had witnessed Descartes sooibre and obscure, exhibits every thing early in life, and died ten years after delightful extinguished in bigotry. The Boileau.”
character of each particular personage We are informed, however, that it is seems to be appropriated to these diffenot a gallery of portraits, comprehending rent scenes: we accordingly behold shinthe great personages in question, that the ing in succession, Christina and her folauthor of the Anténors intends to de- lies; Casimir and epicurism; Huet and scribe; he resolves, indeed, that both jesuitism. men and events shall occupy the places “ Anquetil was the first to furnish the in his work, which chance has assigned example of the composition of an inthem on the theatre of history; but he teresting work, by means of fragments exis chiefly desirous to designate three grand tracted from contemporary writers. We epochs, and describe three personages have followed a similar track, but yet appertaining to the seventeenth century. have omitted, like hin, to disclose the
“ Christina, Queen of Sweden (says name of the author of a mere compilahe) resigned her crown precisely at tion. It would have been far more easy, the moment when Louis XIV. was about perhaps, to have imitated the present to obtain possession of his. The daugh- writers of romances, by infusing into the ter of Gustavus met with the Prince language of the personages brought forof Condé at Brussels, and the Cardinal ward our own particular manner of thinkde Retz at Rome. It was in the society ing and expressing ourselves. But as of these grand actors during the trou- this would be to throw a modern drapery bles of the ininority, that Christina be- over an antique figure, a different mode came initiated in the mysteries of war, of bas been adopted; throughout the whole gallantry, of politics; in fine, acquired of this work, therefore, the costume is a complete knowledge of all the in- rigorously observed, and the author has trigues, and of all the parties, that had made those whom he has introduced divided France. She lierself, at length, both speak and act precisely as they repaired to that country, for the express would have spoken and acted in their repurpose of assisting at the festivals, the lative situations. amours, &c. of the times.
“ Io short, this is not an historical ro"Casimir, who had been desirous of mance. The author has been desirous to espousing Christina, when he was King open a new career, and has endeavoured, of Poland, resided in France also at the same time, to accelerate the proat the epoch of the grandeur of Louis gress of the art itself, by plac.ng fiction MONTHLY MAG., No. 159.