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venture had occurred but yesterday, out- even began to calculate the probability of will standing winch it happened so euly the epoch, and winch of the society then as the beginning of the year 1188

We present, might live long enough to bewere ali at the table of one of our bre- hold the Age of Reuson. The oldest thren of ihe Academy, a man of high complained, that they could not flatter rauk, as well as a great nit. The com- themselves with the hope; those who pany which was numerous, consisted of were still young, rejoiced at the idea of persons of all descriptions : magistrates, having a prospect of beholding the event; men of letters, academicians, &c. and the and they congratulated the Academy in entertainent as usual was must excellent particular for having prepared the grand

“At the dessert, the wines of Malvoisie work, and been the centre, the headand Constantia added to the gaiety usual quariers, and the primum mobile of the in such company that sort of liberiy, liberty of thought. which had becoine tastnonable: for the “ Meanwhile, one of the guests had not worid had now arrived at such a pass, participated in the joy dufused around that every thing calculated to produce by means of this conversation; nay he mirth was freely permited.

had siily uttered several pleasantries at “Chamfort had already read to us one our extraordinary enthusiasm. of his tales, equally impious and liber- “ This proved to be Cazotte*, a man tine, and ladies of high rank had listened at ouce amiable and original, but unhapto liim, without having once recourse to pily infatuated with the reveries of the their fans. Next occurred a number of Illuminati. He now assumed a serious pleasantries relative to religion: one quo- tone, and addressed himself to the comted a passage from · La Pucelle,' and pany as follows: another repeated the following philosophi- Gentlemen (says he), rest satisfied; cal verses of Diderot*:

for you will all behold that grand und sub« Et des boyaux du dernier pêtre,

lime revolution, which you are so desirous Serrez le cou du dernier roi !"

of. You know, that I hire somewhat of

the prophet in my composition. I repeat “ This was applauded. A third arose, to you again, that you will witness what and holding in tuis band a bumper of wine, you so ardently desire ! Yes, Messieurs! (exclained he) I am equally certain that there is no God, as haps also without a crime, he seized every op. I am that ILomer is a fuol;' and in fact, portunity, to vent his rage against oppression. he was to the full as certain of the one as

As one of the authors of the " Encyclopé. the other.

die," he had an opportunity oi disseminating “ The conversation now became more

his principles, and died in 178+, possessed of

a high and exalted reputation serious, and the revolution produced by

He was a man of letters, who among other Voltaire, which was said to constitute his productions, had written the “ Poeme d'Oliprincipal title to glory, produced general vier," the *Diable Amoureux,” which is aladmiration : · He has set the fashion to luded to, in the course of this pretended conthe age, in which he lived (exclaimed se- versation, &c. &c. veral), and is read in the anti-chamber, He had been originally commissary-general as well as in the saloou?'

of the French Windward Islands, and during “One of the guests told us, laughing the revolution appears to have resided at Pieraloud at the saine time, that his haira ry in Champagne, with his family, which was dresser had said to hiin wile powdering his cuits, • I beg leave to assure you, Sil', dicted to mysticism, and believed in the ri

M. de la Harpe, knowing that he was adthat althonyb i am no better than a mi

diculous doctrines of the Illuminés, makes him serable vaiet, vet I po-sess no more reli

app ar, on this occasion, in the character of a gion than my neighbours.'

prophet " It was now concluded, that the great Cazotte having been accused of royalism, Retolution would not fail to be soon con- was committed to the Abbaye at Paris, in suminated, and that it became alısolutely August 1792, and only escaped from the mas, necessary superstition and fanaticism, sacre or September, in concequence of the fiv should give place to pliilosopli;; they lind piecy o his daughter, then between six

teen and seventeen years of age

She threw Dionysius Diderot was born at Langres, ber arms around his neck, covered bus body in 1743 On settling at Paris early in lite, with her own, and disputed for it as it were he soor obtained friends by his wit and talents, with the horrid assassins. who, although steepand alu distinguished himself grzat!y as a ed in blood, appeared on this occasiou to have man of letters. Having been imprisoned or for once melted into pity Made noisello Ca. six months at Vincennes by the jealousy of an zitte afterwards accompanied the ori m'!, arbitrary government, without trial, and per. (for he was then 74 years of age)t he




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" They immediately answered him in pire, stretched out on the floor of a dun. the words of Vaudeville:

genn; you will die of the poison which * Faut pas être grand sorcier pour ca!'

you are to swallow, with a view of pre.“ Be it so (added he), but perhaps it serving yourself from the executioner; ite might be a little necessary for what re

poison, which the happiness of those tints mains to be told. Do you know what

will force you to carry constantly about will arise out of that Revolution, what

you.' will occur to you yourselves, who are

“ Great astonishment ensued; but it here assembled, and what will be the im- been accustomed to dream anake, and

was recollected, that the goud Cazette had mediate effect and consequence of it?" " Ah! let us see (says Condorcet with

the laugh increased. his sinpleton air, and saturnine smile), a

“ M. de Cazoite (says one), the story philosopher is not sorry to meet with a

you have just told us, is not balt sa am: prophet.'

sing as that of vour Diable Amoureur. But “ You M. de Condorcet*, you will es

what devil bas stuffed your head with

this dungeon, poison, and exectioner? Conciergerie, where he was transferred, and

What has all this to do wilb philosephy, attended upon him until the moment of his and the reign of Reason? execution, in consequence of a sentence of “ This is precisely what I now tell yoa: the Revolutionary Tribunal.

it is in the name of philosophy, of buma* Marie-Jean Antoine Nicholas Caritat, nity, and liberty; and under the reign of Marquis de Condorcet, was descended from a

that very Reason, that all this is to ocnoble family, originally from the Constat Ve- cur; and it will in reality prove the reiga naissin. He wis born at St. Quintin, on the of licuson, for then she will have her teine 17th of September 1743, and having addicted hin:self from his youth to stuúy, great hopes ples, and moreover there will be no longer were entertained that he would distinguish of Travce, at ibe period to which I now

other temples tiroughout the whole himselt in the career of the sijences, to which he particularly directed his attention.

allude, than those erected to Reason." He accordingly became the scholar of On my word (says Chamfort, with D'Alembert, and in 1707, published his first a sarcastic grin), you will vot be one of work, “ Essai d'Analyse," which procured the priests of those days! for him a brilliant reputation, so that during “ I hope not (replies the other); but the administration of M. de Turgot, he was you M. de Chamfort*, who are very worselected to assist that minister in ail the operations which required an extensive knows written in latin. Being suspected as an aris. ledge of mathematics.

tocrai, who had formerly servants of his own, Condorcet was about this period admitted a he was confined in a cellar, where he was formember or the French Academy; and when Rotten during twenty-four hours, and is said the Revolution occurred, his reputation ad. by some to have died of hunger, and by others ded dignity and credit to the popular cause. to save ended his days by meaos of poisos, After acting a distinguished part, he was in- furnished by his triend Garat. During his Lluded by Robespierre in the proscription of concealment, he composed a work on arithnearly all the great and able men who re- metic, which was published alter his death. mained in France, and was obliged to seek an Sebastian-Roch Nicholas Chamfort was acyluni in the house of a female Parisian, who born in 1741, in a little village near Cer. had compassionated his misiortunes.

mont en huucrgne. He is supposed to have been In 1794, he was obliged to quit the place the fruit of illicit love: .certain it is, that he of his concealment, in consequence of the do- never knew the name of his own father; but miciliary visits that then took place, and have he was greatly attached to his mother, and ang escaped from the capital in the disguise of during the perplexities and embarrassments of a woman, he re-assumed his male attire, and his youth, he took care that she should never endeavoured tu shelter himself in the house be destitute, for he even deprived himself at of a friend, supposed to have been Garat, times of the necessaries of life, in order to who had actually kept him for a few days support her. locked up in one of the public offices, for he Having been admitted when a boy under was at that time a minister of state. Having the name of Nicholas, into the college of Grasbeen disappointed, in consequence of the ab- sins, in quality of a Boursier, or pensioner, sence of the owner, he was forced by hunger be remained there, without distinguishin to enter the town of Chalmars, and being himselt by any excellence whatsoever, until discovered devouring rather than eating some bis third year. Being then in what is called food be had purchased, he was seized and in- the Rbetorical class, he obtained the four fint terrogated.

prizes; he failed however, at his attempt at On this occasion he passed by the name of Latin verses; but at the next exhibition be Simon, and said he was an old servant out of gained the whole five, archly observing, employment; but on rifling his pockets, a is that on the former occasion he had last by Horuce was discovered, with marginal notes imitating Virgil, while on that bc had proved

thy of the situation, and will actually be- “And you, M. de Nicolai will perisha come one, you are to cut your veins by on a scaffold; you M. Bailly will also fimeans of iwenty-two gashes made by nish your days in the same inanner.-A your own razor, and yet notwithstanding similar fate is reserved for you M. de Mathis, your death will not occur until some lesherbes* months after.'

“ Ah! God be prai-ed, (exclaims Rou“On this, they stare at the narrator of cher) it appears ibat Monsieur is ill-infuture occurences, and laugh again. tentioned respecting the Academy alone;

“ As for you, M. Vic d'Azyr (conti- he has indeed committed terrible bavoc; nues he), you yourself will not open your as for me, thank Heaven veins, but you will cause them to be “ As for you; you also must fall upon opened six times in the course of one a scaffold.' day, during a nt of the gout, in order to " Oh! all this must be done for a wabe in e certain of the event, and you ger (is repeated from every part of the will die during the night.'

saloon), he has sworn to exterminate us

ail!' successful, because he had copies Buchanan “ No, it is not I who have so sworn.' and the moderns.

" But in this case, are we not to be Soon a ter this, Chamfort ran a : ay from subjugated by the l'urks and the Tartars? college, and commenced Abbé, but he decer And mired never to be a priest, for he observed to

“ No, not at all; I have already told M d'Airi aut, a professor, under whom he you what is to occur - You will then studied : “ that he loved repose, philosophy, be governed by Philosophy alone; by the ladies, and honor and true glory too much;

Reason alone. All those who you are to and quarels, hypocrisy, prefer vents and mo

treat in this manner, will be philosophers, ney, too litlle, 1 ridat station."

He next became author, and his first work and will constantly have in their mouths, was " Le Vocabui ire Fançais.” Having at

the sclt same phrases that you have quolength turned his mind to poetry; and ob- ted during the last bour; they will also tained the prize from the French Academy, for repeat all your maxims, and like you will his “ Epitre d'un Pere à son fils sur la Nais- quote verst: from Diderot and the Pucelle! sance d'un Petit-fils" He now began to be " On this, a whisper passes from mouth courted by the great. whom he in return al to mouth, and from ear to ear throughe ways detested; yet he frequented their com

one part of the room: 'You perceive pany, but it seemed as if it were solely ior the purpose of ridiculing them. Wner. the * Christian William de Lumoignon MalesRevolution occurred, he lost the greater part herbes, one of the most celebrated and upof his pensions, &c. and yet he laughed at, right characters that France ever produced, and ridiculed tarmontel, for crying over his

was born Dec. 6, 1721. This respectable childsen o reading the decree chat had sup- ola man, after having becomes president of pressed all these .ppointments.

the Cour des Aides, and twice minister of state, At this period olam ort, openly embraced retired from the service of his country, as if the cause of the popular party; but he detest- in order to dedicate h riself to the domestic ed all the excesses committed in the name of virtues. While invested with an office, that liberty, and he ridi, uled the norrid motto of induce i ot her men to make an arbitrary use « Fraternité ou la mort !" the translation of of their authority, he as a secretary of state which, he observed, was: “ Be my broiler, entended the liberty of the press, and not only or i will kill you! The maternity of such peo

abolished the uses but meditated the entire ple," ad ed he, “ is the fraternity of Cain suppressiun of Let:res de Cacbet. and 1 el”

While occupie. in the country, chiefly in During the administration of the Giron- rural affairs, the Revolution occurred, Louis dists, he was nominated to the office of joint XVI. was h rought to trial, and he, who had National Librarian, with an income of 4000

not been treated with much attention by the livres per ann But on the triumph of Robes. King (for he had resigned in disgust!), for. pierre, and the jacobins, he was denounced getting all personal consideration, offered him. and impris ned.

self as one of his defenders. As confinement was more odious to him

After discharging this painful duty, in the than death, he attempted to bereave himself most honourable manner, he returned to the of his existence, by means of a pistol ; but he bosom of his family, but was soon after aronly shattered the hones of bis nose, and

rested experienced a mock trial before a redrore in his right eye. He afterwards seized volutionary tribunal at Paris, and was cona razor, cut his throat and mangled his hody demned to death, April 22, 1794. in a terrible manner; on this, he ridiculed He died as he had lived, exhibiting marks his own want of dexterity, and did not die, of the most unshaken courage and virtue, to until some months after.

the last hour of his existence.

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that he is mad, for he prescrres a most “ I know nothing as to that, but what serious counteware!' in ilother part, I know is, that you diadant la Ducot se it is said wa loud voice: . Do not you - you will be ciuducted to the scaiod, peiceive that he is jo "g, for you well together with many otoer laves, in the know, that suiheslat vi ile marseilous suhe sledge with an executioner, with aluays en'ers into his pleasantries.' your hands tied behind your baca.'

Yes (replies Chamiot), but his “..! I hope, itrat in that case, I shall marvellous is illicient in res, ect to cai- at least liave a carriage covered with ety; his jubes have 100 bunch of the gate black.' lows in inem; and pray when is all inis No, Nadam! still greater ladies to occur?'

than you will be conducieit in a sledje, “ cit riars will not pass away, when with iheir hands red like yours!' all thai I bave said is to be fuily accum

“ Greater Jasies! whai! the princes plisical.'

ses of the blood roval? “ Here is plenty of w racles, obserred “ Sull greaterone it was i myself wi. Sjoke) and “ Liere considerable commotion took don't you disposent use on this vccasion place on the part of the whole company,

You will be a miracie, at least as ex- an iht connienace of our host began traordinary as any of the rest.--- for you to turn pale: in short, it was generasy will then become a christian!'

agreid, that the plrasantry was rather Great and general exclamations on the carried too far. Meanwhile, Madane part of the whole company now tuok de Granmont, by way of dissipating the place.

cloud, did not insist on replying t the " Ah! (cries Chamfort), I at last part of the speech, and contented length conforted; it we are not to perish her-eif by observing in a gay and indi.funtil La Flarpe turns christian, we must ferent tone, 'You perceive, that he will prove iminorial!

not even allow me a contessor!' “ Un this occasion, (adds Madame la “ No, Madanı! neither you, por any Duchesse de Grummonr*, we ladies ap- other female will have one. The last pear to be very fortunate, as we are to person executed who will obtain one, and take no part whatsoever in these revolu- that 100 as a favour, will .. tions. When I say no part, I dont mean “On this M. de Cazotte stopped a no that we shall not always intermedule a ment, as if to recullec: banseif. little; but it serins to be allowed, that Eh! very goud! who then, is to be we are not to suffer on this occasion; our that happy mortal, who will enjoy this

distinguished prerogative." “Your sex, lacies, will not defend you It is the only one that will remain on the present occasion; and your inter- to him—it will be the king of France. meddling or not, will prorc of no manner “On this the master of the house started of service, as you will be treated exactly up from his chair, and all his guests rose like inen, without any other difference at the same time. He then advanced towhatsoever.'

wards the last speaker, and addressed “ But what do you mean by all this, hini as follows, with an uncommon de M. de Cazotte? Is it the cod of the gree of earnestness: 'My dear Al de world, that you are preaching up! Cazotte, this mournful kind of pleasantry

This distinguished fads was a daughter of has arrived quite far enough. You have the celebrated iamily of Choiseul, whiih bad indeed carried it too far; eren & as 19 given a prime nuin ster (M. le Duc de Choi endanger the whole company present, seul), and an ambassador, a man of letters well as yourself! (Le Comte de Choiseul-Gouffer), to France. “ Cazotte did not say a single word in Her name was Leatrix, she was borr. at Lu- reply, and was about to retire, when Ma neville, resided at Paris, and was condemned dame Grammont, who wassull desires to to death by the Revolutionary Triburalo that avoid whatsover bad the appearances *** city, on the id oi Floreal, in the second year riousness, and restore gaiety advanced the of the pritended Republic, under the frivo. wards him: “Si Propbet, u bo bias tuld all lous prcicxt of being “ counter-revolution

our fortunes, you conceal every tury ary Her husband, the Dulce de Grammont, was

respecting your own? descended from the celebrated count of the

" After remaining some time in silence, soma narre, who visited Englund, during the with his eyes fixed to the groue!, bere reign o. Charles II. and whose Memoirs are sumed as follows: * Have you ran, MA detailed invois 4to. by his relative count dain, the Siege of Jerusalcın, as sesente Anthony llamilton,

ed in Josephus?"





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" oh! undoubtedly; who has not per- rounded " by a whole court of kings, used that book ?-But go on exactly as if asks it it be true, that Napoleon, of whom I had not.

he bas heard so much, has become his “ Well, then, Madam, during that equa! at least, in the arts both of peace siene, a nan walked round the ramparts and war? Tronchet, of course answers in during seven successive days, in siylit of the afative, and seizes this opportuboutie besiegers and the besieged, crying wity, to cnumerate the “ miracles” of aloud incessantly with a thundering and his reign. ill-boding voice: “Woe to Jerusale-ın!' un The interview begins with a couplet, the seventh day, be exclained, woe which appears to have been closely imito Jerusalem, woe to myself!' and at tated from Racine: that moment, an enormous stone, launch

“ Un bruit qui m'a paru digne à peine de foi, ed from one of the enemy's engines, Du sejour des

venu jusqu'a strack, and cut bim in pieces. -Allier ibis reply, M. Cazotte, soade his bow and departed."

The following quotation is meant to It is pretty evident, that the above ar

convey an iiea vi the horrors of anarchy, ticle was written by W. de iaiturpe, alter during the crisis of the late Revolution : he had changed his party. On this occa

“ Scilicet humane divinis undique le, es sion he was determined io al use the phos- Pugnabat, priscis que novæ, licitoque nefaslosophers, and throw as much oduri un then as possible, not forgetting eren Vol. Virtutique scelus. Ruerant solium, ara, tri. taire his' benetacter. It is clear, how- Apicte Jatiiæ jam nuila coiumna manebat. ever, from the llistory of the Revolution, Tanta rutrum quanto veitenda labore that this class were unitimly the victions Congeries iuit, ut suci vestigia juris of the ferocious men who deiuged France Deeret! Wuxin de taban pulcherrimus ordo with blood.

Excitit; ever si najestis rejuita t-in.lis, “ Entretien de Charlemagne et du Sé- Justitiæ lanes, sce; tiu reverentia, cu.quie nateur Tronchet, dans i'Elysée, suri'Etat Jus, fortuna, salis, et opes et gloria genti. actuel de la France, et sur le Rétablisse- Te.rur ab inwo uis ad criscia corda reversus ment de l'Universiió; par M. Crouzet, Et tandem claudo térigit pede pena scelestus.“ Membre de la Légion d'ilonneur,

Dans quel affreux chaos nous étions rede l'Institut National, et de la Société plongés ! d'Agriculture de Calais, anción Professeur Témis'était en proie au stupide Vandale; de Rhétorique et Principal dans l'Univer- Son temple n'était plu qu'unt ne veux vélale, sité de Paris, Directeur des Etudes du Pry: On, sous l'amas con us des plus bizarres luis, tanée Militaire Français.”—A Dalvuue Etsient enseve'is la justice et les droits ; between Charlemagne and the Senator Où triumphait l'auitace, ou siére ait l'ignorance, Tronchet in Elysium, relative to the pre- Ou le crime insolent ajnarnan l'innocence. sent State of France, and the Re-esta- Et quel asile alors restait à la vertu? blishment of an University; hy Y. Crou. Trôse, autel, 'r.bunal, tout était abattu. zet, a Member ofthe Legionoflionour, &c. Napoleon paraît: Ihémis reprent sun glaive; M. Crouzet is one of the multitude L'autel sort de sa cerdie, et la religion

pompeux, plus puissant, le tie se relève; of panegyrists of the emperor, with

De son libérateur beast l'auguste nom, whom France indeed abounds; and he Tout est changé : l'effiui rentre au sein du has been at greit pains to pay his com

coupable, pliments, by means of the present, as well Le remor is le déchire et la honte l'accable. as two former publications, the one enti- Le faible ett secouru, I ospitelin protégé, tled: “ Carmen in sacram Imunctionem Et du méchane eniin l'homme juste est venge" Napoleonis;" the other " Le Français au

“ Memoirs sur la Revolution de Po. tombeau d'Alomere." A new occasion logne, &c.t"-Memoirs relative to the now presents itself, for gratulation: the Revolution in Poland, discovered at Berintended revival of the once celebrated lin; preceded by an historical Enumerauniversity of Paris, in which the auihor tion of the Laws and Events that produheld a distinguished place!

ced the Diszemberment of Poland. This event has becii celebrated in Latin

The memoirs lere pabushed, are adver-es, which are translated or failer imitated in French. The subject is jie + Un bruit assez étrante est venu jusqu'à moi, troduced with an acrount of tive arnisal je l'ai jugé, seigneur, trop peu signe de of Tronchet in the Eyjan fcils, where toi

RACINE he is inmediately greeted, we are told, by + Imported by M. de Buffe, Nassau-street, a number of beroes. Charlemagne, sur. Sono-square.


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