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dressed to the empress Catherine II. by with less scorn. He acknowledges the her Quarter-master-General, M. de Pastor. disputes that had taken place between They are two in number; the first treats the Russian and Prussian officers, and of the revolution that took place at War- attempts to justify himself respect to saw, on the 6th of April 1794, and pre- the disastrous events that had occurred. sents extensive and circumstantial details, He fairly allows, however, that his own relative to the measures adopted by the soldiers were not blaineless. Russian chiefs, to prevent the events that “What has greatly diminished the ensued. The second, contains an ac- number of our troops," says be, “ is pilcount of the operations of the campaign lagc-many of them having entered the that ensued, and both of them were pre- city for that purpose. A body of them sented to her imperial majesty, in Ja having been found searching for booty, nuary 1796. Their author, M. de Pistor, during the night, in the quarter of Leschwho was one of the officers appertaining no, several of the inhabitants repaired to to the staff of General Igelstron, bere-en- the commandant of the Polish troops near deavours to prove that none of the mis- the arsenal, in order to demand assiste fortunes that ensued, can be jusly attri- ance. This was at length afforded; a buted to him, He at the same time party of soldiers having been marched exo frankly avows, that faults had been com- pressiy for that purpose, and these inme mitted, and be points out the officers who diately began to niassacre all the strat were guilty.
glers: no les: than 200, all of whom were Throughout the whole of the details, intoxicated, perished in one cellar. A the writer appears in the character of a hundred on this retired to a house, near subject of a despotic monarchy, and af- the street of the Franciscans, and being fects to believe that Russia possessed le- at length forced to surrender, they also gitimate claims to the sovereignty of an were put to death." ancient, independent republic! The con- By way of introduction to the whole, duct of the Diet of Warsaw is accord- the editor has given a summary of the ingly complimented with the epithet of History of Poland; and he there lays “ insurrectionelle," and that of the Po- down two principles, of which the preJish nation is with equal truth, considered sent work is adduced as a proof and coue as factious. He wished to treat the whole firmation. The first is, that, for a long country, as in a state of rebellion, and series of years, Russia had conceived, therefore was for seizing all the forts and meditated, and prepared a system of arsenals, and subjecting every portion of usurpation in respect to the country in it, even those territories which remained question; that this dangerous neighbour neutral, or obedient to Russia, to all the had been the constant foinenter of all the horrors of military law !
intrigues, of all the troubles, and of all The Quarter-master General appears the factions which have desolated that to have anticipated every thing, but the nation; that its disunion constituted singular courage of the people, and the its ruin, and that its ruin was die ooncelebrated victory of Kosciusko at Ra- stant invariable aim of the court of St. slawic, where a body of peasants, ill Petersburgh. armed and without discipline, penetrated
The sccond is, that the system of an through the Russian ranks, so that the elective monarchy, adopted by the Poles, imperial troops were obliged to retire exposed them to periodical conrulfrom the centre. Innediately after this, sions and to mterminable civil strife. At the insurrection extended to the palati- each succeeding election, ambition of nates of Chelm and Lublin: the occu- every kind, both national and foreign, pation of Warsaw enabled it to spread was engendered, which ended at length throughout the remainder of Poland. in their subjugation by the neighbour
It was thus, by means of a class of ing nations that had conspired against men, whoin he qualifies with the names them. of brigands, of populace, and of revolters, After this, the author points out the that the capital was at length evacuated different epochs when Russia manifestly on the part of nine battalions and two displayed her intentions to infringe va conipanies, besides eight squadrons of the rights of an independent country. horse, supported by 36 field-pieces, with. He recalls to the memory of his readers out reckoning the Prussians encamped "the forced election" of Poninuuwski, in the neighbourhood.
the alliance of Catherine II. with Tree In the second menoir, the author finds deric, called the Great; the stipulatorul himself obligerl to treat the “ insurgents" certain secret articles relative to the res
public; the formation of an auxiliary part of the recrimination, a most extraorRussian army for the service of Poland; dinary class .of men has sprung up in the vast projects of the empress relative France : to Moldavia, Wallachia, and the Morea; “ A collection of pedants and of the violence committed against the Polish monks,” say they, “ escaped from the nobles; in short, the famous Declaration abolished cloisters and colleges, have of the 2d of September, 1772," a monu- united to speculate relative to those folment of iniquity, that aroused the whole lies of which they are the apostles. Some nation, and produced the fatal epoch of them, the younger children of Loyola, when the first partition of territory took wish to revive in France the ridiculous place."
quarrels relative to quietism; others, the The editor, who is perhnps rather in- sanguine disciples of the Sorbonne, enduced by the occurrence of recent events, deavour to restore the theological inquithan the love of liberty, to attack the sition: all labour for the same end-to courts of Berlin and Petersburgh, con- mislead public opinion, to foment hatred, cludes with a quotation from Burke, in and to take advantage of disorder. which that orator obscrves,
" that the “ The private lives of peaceable citistates of Europe will some day lament zens are not sheltered from their researchthat they had tolerated the consummation es; their writings are exactly in the same of so great an iniquiry, and those more style as those homicidal denunciations, especially which had taken an active part those perfidious accusations, which took in it."
place during the reign of terror. And is
this astonishing? One of their colleagues " La Mort du Henri IV. Tragédie en was secretary to the infamous Marat. cinq actes, & en vers.”—The Death of “ Although they appear to unite in the Henry IV. a Tragedy of five Acts, in praises of the hero of France, yet some Verse. By M. Lecouve, of the Institute. of them still carry in their pockets, either
This tragedly, the composition of one the bonnet-rouge, which covered their of the inost celebrated literary men heads while members of the revolutionary now existing in France, has given birth committees, or the amnesty of the Bourto many quarrels and inuch abuse among bons, whose cause they have advocated. the Parisian critics. It is terined by one They proclaim themselves the apostles of party, a most excellent dramatic work, religion, the friends of morals and of their in point of structure, while the poetry country; and yet we behold among them is accounted very fine, and the whole those furious men who invited foreigners deemed worthy of the talents of the into France; those fanatics who caused author.
the unhappy Vendeans to be murdered; On the other hand, it has been assert- those spies, paid by all parties, and who ed, that M. Legouvé has violated history, by turns wore the livery of all!" as the assassination of his hero proceeded We now return, after this short digres.. not froin a conspiracy, but the misguided sion, to the tragedy in question. fanaticism of a single, insulated, and de- Henry announces to his council the luded wretch. It is added at the same design he had long meditated, of repairtime, that the disputes between Henry ing to Flanders, where he intends to atand his queen were mere domestic jars, tack the Spaniards, who had assembled calculated for a comedy alune.
a numberous body of troops there. On To this their opponents rejoin, that the the departure of the other members, the proofs of a horrid and successful combi- prince remains closetted with Sully and, nation are founded on the authorities of opening his mind to that minister, disDamiel, De Bury, De Mézerai, De Prefixe. closes the chagrio experienced, in conseTo these, they say, may be added. Les quence of the jealousy and haughtiness of Dlémoires de Sully & de Conde," " Le Mary de Medicis, his consort. The duke Journal de llenri IV." “ L'Etoile," “Le in some measure exculpates the queen, Mercure de France, année 1010,"“ L'Ilis- by reminding the sovereign of his own inwire Universelle;"«,"Iutrigue de Cabinet," discretions; afterwards he advises his &c. They at the same time affirm, in majesty to conciliate her affection. An respect to the second charge, that ac- interview accordingly takes place, when cording to the mode of reasoning adopted Henry addresses his consort as follows: on this occasion, the fine tragedies of
LE R01. Andromaque, Mithridate, and Zaire,
" Reine, avant de partir ought never to have been written. In Pour les bords où la guerre est prête a reshort, if we are to give credit to soine
tentir, MONTHLY SIAG. No. 159
Je viens vous confier la suprême puissance : Quel spectacle !-D'abord la voiture fermée
Et ses restes sanglants vers ces avgustes liear
La foule les suivait triste, pâle, muette,
Et semblait, en silence attendant son malheur, De vos yeux abattus s'éloigner la tristesse, Dans son ame tremblante amasser la douleur. Et de ce front charmant les ombres, les cha- Mais à peine on arrive, à peine se découvre grins
Ce corps inanimé que l'on transporte au Lou. Se perdre dans l'éclat de vos nouveaux des.
Ce ne sont que des cris, des larmes, des san.
glots; Mary being greatly affected with this
L'air au loin retentit de ces lugubres mots : unexpected instance of confidence, im
• Malheureux, que du ciel accaale la colère, mediately beseeches the king not to ha
• Nous perdons dans ce jour notre appui, notre zard his person, but confide the command
père ! of the troops to some general who pos. "Quel exécrable monstre a pu percer jaunais sessed his confidence. On this his ma
• Ce cæur, qui chaque jour médita des bica. jesty replies in the following strain :
faits ? “ J'ai du commandement promis de me char. En rapellant ainsi sa bonté, sa vaillance, ger ;
Le peuple sur son corps avec ardeur s'élance; la parole d'un roi ne doit jamais changer, Il le couvre de pleurs, cherche à le rarimer Voulez-vous qu'évitant de tenir ma promesse
En l'approchant des cæurs dont il se fit aimer Je me laisse accuser d'une lâche faiblesse ? Mais, trop sûrs que ce soin ne peut rien pour D'ailleurs, quand mes soldats vont sur des
sa vie, bords lointains
Leur chagrin s'aigrissant va jusqu'à la farie. Chiercher de longs travaux et des périls cere Les uns poussent au ciel les plus korribles tains,
veux ; Resterai-je paisible au sein de ma famille, D'autres frappent leur sein, arrachent leurs Comme ces rois couchés au trône de Castille,
cheveux ; lui, captifs couronnés, dans un repos bon. Ceux-ci courent au loin comme des frénétiques;
Ceux-là du Louvre même embrassent les porVivent loin des combats où l'on périt pour plus d'un y tombe mort; plus d'un autre es
tiques ; eux ? N'attendez pas de moi cet effort impossible.
hurlant Mes sujets à leurs pleurs m'ont toujours vu
Se roule et se meurtrit sur le pavé sanglant ; sensible ;
Enfin chacun maudit ou veut fuir la lamicte, Ils ne me verront pas, à leur sang étranger, Et l'affreux désespoir remplit la ville entièe. Leur prescrire un péril et non le partager.
Ah! qui mérita mieux de si touchans regrets Je prétends affronter ceux que je leur ap- Sa mort ne mettra pas en deuil les seuls Fraa.
prête ; Et je cours triompher ou mourir à leur tête.” Elle ira, de sa gloire en tous lieux escortée, Meanwhile the Spanish minister has be nos ennemis même elle obtiendra les
Jetter l'affliction dans l'Europe attriscée; made a party at court, and even conceived the plan of a conspiracy against Elle sera l'objet des plus longues doulears;
pleurs; the life of Henry IV. in which the poet Et, parlant comme nous de ce roi qu'on adores by implication intimates that Mary and Nos derniers descendans le pleureront encore the Duc d'Epernon have entered. This
LA REINE is supposed to have been brought about Et moi, je n'obtiendrai que leur liaise à js. by jealousy, the disaffected having spread
mais. a report that the king of France was about Que vais je devenir en ce triste palais ? to enter Flanders from no other motive Odieuse à la France, odieuse à noi-méniethan his affection for the Princess de o malheureux objet de ma douleur estresse, Condé, whose husband was greatly a- Laisse-moi dans ta tombe la ferme es larmed on the occasion.
fureur !" At length the plot is carried into execution, notwithstanding the queen is sup- Pyrrhus, or the Excides, a tragedy.
Pyrrhus, ou les Eacides, tragédie.'posed to have relented, and Sully, repairing to the palace, recites to her the be found in Plutarch, but the manner u
The ground work of this tragedy is to mournful catastrophe:
which the author has thought fit to adapt
it to the stage, the situations which he “ Des citoyens les transports douloureux bas conceived, the plot which he buscar Egalent la rigueur de ce coup désastreux,
trived, together with his manner of the
folding it, all appertain to himself. In when the curtain dropped, the parterre, short, with some little allowances, it may or pit, of the Theatre Françuis demanded be considered entirely as a work of ima- the name of tbe author, who proved to gination.
be M. LE Hoc Care has been taken to seize the most " 1ere Journée, Henri Roi de Navarre favourable opportunities, and to repre- a la Cour de France; 2ine Journèe, Hensent Pyrrhus during his youtlı, and at the ri IV. au Camp, ou la Bataille d'Ivry; precise period when lice had ascended 3me Journée Henri IV. sur le Trone, ou the throne. The hero is accordingly de- son Entrée a Paris.”—1st Day, Henry picted as boiling with ardour, replete King of Navarre at the Court of France; with the love of glory, and burning with 2d Day, llenry IV. in the Camp, or the a desire to imitate the deeds of Achilles, Battle of Ivry; 3d Day, Henry IV. on whom he takes for his model.
the Throne, or his Entry into Paris. Pyrrhus, the son of king Æacus, hav- This is a dramatic piece of no less ing been saved from the fury of his fa- than fifteen acts, which occupied three ther's revolted subjects, by means of whole nights in the representation! Such Amestris, the consort of an usurper, is an entertainment may be supposed to be secretly brought up, under the name of novel; but it bears some affinity to the Agenor. Supposing that he had no ances- ancient mysteries, and also resembles tors to boast of, the youth determines to the dramatic cycles of Schiller, which create for himself a name, and become have been introduced on the German like the followers of the Macedonian stage. hero:
* Omasis, ou Joseph en Egypte, tra“ Soldats sous Alexandre & rois après sagédie en cinque Actes.”—Omasis, or Jomort."
seph in Egypt, a trage:ly in five acts. In the mean time Epirus is besieged, dramatic pieces entitied “ Joseph," on
There have been no less than three and Alcetas, the reigning monarch, hav- the French stage, and two of these were ing been informed of the birth and pre- comedies; the third was a trageds, by tensions of the young hero, presents daughter, and at the same time confers the author of Penelope. The audience his crown by way of a marriage-por- been greatly pleased with the represen
at the Theatre Français seem to have tion.
tation of « Omasis." Phanes, the general of the enemy's
“ La Manie de Briller, comédie en army, now makes his
appearance, and discloses a secret of no little magnitude
trois actes.”—The Raye to Shine, a coto Agenor, known by the name of Pyrr
medy in three acts. hus: in short, he tells him that his father formed at the Théatre de l'Imperatrice,
This little dramatic piece was perhad escaped froin the hands of assassins, and is the production of Picard. The was alive, and at tbat moment addressed basis of French comedy is generally himself to bim. Eacus (for so he proves founded on the vanity of women, the to be) at the same time intreats his son to assist in a plot that had been entered folly of their husbands, and the einulainto for putting Alcetas to death. The tion and love of luxury which incluce a son for a long time struggles between beautiful female to ruin herself and family duty on one hand and gratitude on the by extravagance. Here, on the other other; but at length decides, in a second hand, instead of a heroine of this deinterview, as be liad now found the au- scription, we are presented with a rire thor of his being, not to cloud so joyful
tuo's woman, simple alike in her manan event with scenes of vengeance. On ners and her taste. this Planes retires in indignation to his
The audience appeared delighted with cump; and he having perislied soon after the piece, and Picard himself performed
the in action, Pyrrhus is proclaimed king.
part of the goud husband, whom he The three first acts of this travedy had so successfully pourtrayed. were listened to with great attention, and some of the incidents being truly
« Almanach des Danes, pour l'an dramatic, the audience appeared to be 1807.”—The Lady's Almanack, for the greatly delighted; but the fourth and Year 1807. fifth did not realize the expectations We shall here present our readers with wirich had been conceived dunng the a specimen of the poetry in an Anacreonantecedent ones. Notwithstanding this, tic Ode, the production of M. Le Brun:
“ Anacréon sut plaire aux belles in six Cantos; by J. Ch. J. Luce de
Malgré ses quatre-vingts hivers ; Lancival, Professor of Belles-lettres at the Et les Graces, toujours fidelles, Imperial Lyceum. 2d Edition.
Le couronnaient de nyrthes verds. Achilles is here represented as bred Pindare, en cygne d'Aonie,
under the care of Chiron. His mother, D'un siècle traversant le cours, alarmed at the response of the oracle Plus cher encore à Polymnie,
relative to his destiny, repairs to ThesChantait la gloire et les amours. saly, for the express purpose of demandSophocle, à son vingtième lustre, ing her sou from the Centaur. After
De Melpomène eut les faveurs. describing the grotto inhabited by them, J'aime à voir leur vieillesse illustre the author next pourtrays his hero :Cueillir des lauriers et des fleurs.
“ A grand cris, à grands pas, plein d'une ar: Ma lyre aussi n'est pas muette ;
deur guerrière, Le Pinde a répété mes vers.
Achille arrive enfin, tout couvert de pousLiberté, je fus ton poëte,
sière : Amour, je célébrai tes fers.
Mais tel qu'il est, le front dégoûtant de sueur,
Et malgré la poussière, et sous le poids des
Superbe, sa figure offre encore mille charmes,
Son regard étincelle, et sur son cou serveux
Serpente en longs anneaux l'or de ses blonda
cheveux; Ici je lance avec Catulle Les traits malins de son carquois.
Sur son jeune menton, un duvet près d'éclore,
Fait deviner son sexe et marque son aurore : Si, dans mes yeux moins diaphanes, Une grace céleste ajoute à tant d'attraits, Le jour ne brille qu'à moitié,
Et sa mère se peint dans presque tous ses Heureux, je vois moins de profanes,
Il retourne vainqueur aux bosquets d'Aonie,
Et déposant son arc, terrible même aux dicci,
Reprend en souriant son lụih harmonieux."
Thetis and her son, the latter recounts
the particulars of his education; and af Nouveau Titon, je vais renaître ! ter describing his exploits against lions,
Une autre Aurore a mon encens." tigers, boars, &c. proceeds as follows:« Le Souper."- The Supper.
“ J'arrête, seul, à pied, quatre coursiers These verses, from which we shall give
fougueux only a short extract, have been well re- Faissant, d'un vol égal, rouler un char pouceived in Paris. They are written on
dreux, the return of an exile, who had been J'arrache, d'une main courageuse et prudente, accustomed to delight the Parisians with Les débris enflammés d'une chaumière ardente. his festivities.
Il m'en souvient, grussi de cent tributs na
veaux, « C'est à souper qu' Horace vous convie, Le Sperchius roulait le torrent de ses eaux; Illustre ami d'Auguste et des beaux-arts :
Il a franchi ses bords dans le lieu même où C'est aujourd'hui que l'année accomplie
l'onde, A ramené le premier jour de Mars,
Avec plus de fureur, bondit, écume et grande, Epoque affreuse à la fois et chérie
Chiron veut que, debout, d'un pied rictsOù votre ami courut tant de hasards.
rieux, Fêtez le dieu qui protégea sa vie ;
Défendant le passage aux flots séditieux, Venez, Mécène, en l'honneur de Bacchus,
J'ose soutenir, seul, l'effort de la lempête; Vider cent fois cette coupe remplie
Il est là, l'ail ardent, suspendu sur ma tête, Du même vin dont s'enivra Tullus,
M'exhorte, m'applaudit, me gourmande à la Déja de fleurs la table est parfumée,
fois, Toute la nuit prolongez le festin,
Me défend de céder. J'obéis à sa voix, Et, dès le soir, que la cire allumée
Et du feuve insigné, que l'obstacle tour Porte ses feux jusqu'à ceux du matin."
mente, “ Achille à Scyros, poëme en six Je repousse vingt fois la furie écum.apte Chants; par J. Ch. J. Luce de Lanci. Tant les plus grands périls ont d'attrait pour VAL, Professor de Belles-lettres au Lycée
mon coeur. Imperial."-Achilles at Scyros, a poein