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a map. 'They will then see that the whole
AMERICA. Ruflian army was on the point o: being anni- On 2d of Decamber at 12 o'clock, hilated in the course of a few days and that in the President of the l'uited States conicontequence of a single overlight in the Rura
municated, by Mr. Coles, his Secretary, Gan General,
the tollowing Metinge to both Houles of We have lost 800 men kilied, and 2000
('ougrets. wounded. Masters of she greatest part of the
To the Senate and House of Representatiques of the Kuilian artillery, of all its politio: s, and have
United States of America, in Congre's -1/ing repulsed the enemy near 10 leagues, the
sembled. emperor has ordered the army into winter
1: would have given me, Fellow citizens, quirters. Before this expedition, the Russian officers say they had 150,000 men, now they great satisfaction to announce, in the moment
of your meeting, that the difficulties in our
Which tay they had hit halt that number is to be believed, the Rufian ofiicers before, lait separation, had been amically and juftly
foreign relations, existing at the time of your or the Rultan oficers after the battle?
terminated. I loft no time in taking thule Persia and the Porte have declared war
measures which were most likely to bring against Rullia. Michellon attacks the Porte.
them to such a termination, by special mira Thele two great empires, neighbours to the lions, charged with such powers and initrucRusiasis, are kept in continual anxiety by the tions as, in the event of failure, could leave fallacious policy of the cabinet of St. Peters.
no imputation on either our moderation or burgh, which for ten years çaft bas acted by
The delays, which have hince them in the fame manner as it conducted it taken place in the negotiations with the Briselt for filty years, with respect to Poland.
tish Government, appear to have proceeded M. Philip Segur, camp marshal to the em
from caufes which do noc forbid the expectapero', on his way to Natie!lk, fell into an am.
tion that, during the course of the setion, I buscade of Culiacks placed in a wooden houle behind that place." He killed two of them iffué. What will be that of the negotiations
may be enabled to iay be ore you their final with his own hands, but was made prisoner for settling our differences with Spuin, noThe emperor cla med him immediately, bu: thing which had taken place, at the date of the Russian General had already fent him off to
the last dispatches, enables us to pronounce. St. Peterburyh.
On the western lide of the Mitlilippi, the ad
vanced in considerable force, and took post Captain Edmoods, late of his Majesty's at the settlement of Bayon Pierre, on the thip Dianede, arrived at :he Admiralty Office, Red river. This village was originally fetJanuary 24, with viljatehes from Commodore tled by France, was held by her as long as the Sir Home Pophari, dated in the Rio de la held Louisiana, and was delivered to Spain Piata, the if of November, from which it only as a part of Louifuna. Being small, inappears, that Buenos Ayres was attacked on
sulated, and diftant, it was not observed at the the och of August, by a detachment of troops moment of re-delivery to France and the from Alonte Video, atlitted by the town's- United States, that tie continued a guard of people, and militia of the country, and obliged half a dozen of men, which had been Itationed to surrender on the 19th, under a capitulation, there. A proposition however, having been the terms of which were not alterwards ob- lately made by our commander in Chiet, to Terved. Gencral kerestoid, the officers, atlume the Sabine riser as a temporary line of troops, marines of the squadron, and a few separation between the troups of the two naseamen, remained p isoners of war.
tions, until the issue of our negotiations thall Upon the arrival of the re-inforcements be known, this has been referred by the Spafrom the Cape of Cood Hope, an attack was nich commandant to his superius, and in the made apon Monte Video, but without success.
mean time he has withdrawn his force to the Posledion was then taken of Maldonado, at
western fide of the Sabine river. The corre. the mouth of the river, upon the 29th of fpondence on this subject, now communicated, October, where the troops here nationed will exhibit more particularly the present when Captain Edmunds failed. His Majesty's ftate of things in that quarter. Mips were at anchur in the road of that plase, The nature of that country requires indirand their crews in perfect health.
pentably that an unusual proportion o: the The following is a tiatejuent of the force employed there should be cavalry, or killed and wounded :-
mounted infantry. In order, therefore, that Orgie2iS-Killed
the commanding officer inight be enabled to Wounded
act with effect, I had authorised him to call
on the governors of Osleans and Muslimlippi, Total
for a corps of five bundied volunteer cavalry.
The temporary arrangement he has proposed. PaivaTLS-Killed
may perhaps tender this unnecefiary. But i hounded
intorm you with great pleasure, of the prompMilung
titude with which he inhabitants of those
territories have tendered their services in de Total fence of their couniry. It was done Lonar to
themselves, entided them to the confidence fary for repairing fortifications already estabof their fellow-citizens in every part of the lished, and the erection of such other works Unioo, and muft itrengthen the general de- as may have real eft:ct in obtructing the aptermination to protect them efficaciously un. proach of an enemy to our sea-port towns, or der all circumstances which may occur. their remaining before them
Having received information that in ano. In a country whole conititution is derived ther part of the United States, a great num. from the will of the people directly exprefied ber of prirate individuals were combining to. by their free fuffrases, where the principal gether, aning and organizing themselves, executive function ries, and those of the lecontrary to law to curry on a military expedi- gillarure are renewed by them at short periods, tion against the territories of Spain, I thought where, under the charter of jurors, they ex. i necessary, by proclamation, as well as by' ercise in person the greatest portion of the jufpecial orders, to take measures for prevent. diciary powers, where the laws are confeing and suppresting this enterprize, for seiz. quently to furmed and administred as to bear ing the velleis, arms, and oiher means pro- with equal weight ani favor on all, restrainWted for it, and for arvesting and bringing to ing no man in the pursuit of honest industry, jakice its authors and ajettors. It was due to and lecuring to every one the property which that good faith, which ought ever to be the thut acquires, it would not be supposed that sale of action in public as well as in private any safeguard could be needed against insurtranlations; it was due to good order, and re&tion or enterprize, on the public peace or fegular goverament, that, while the public authority. The laws, however, awire that force was acting #trictly on the d-fenlive, and these should not be trued to mural restraints merely to protect our citizens from aggreflion, only, have wisely provided punishments for the crimusal attempts of private individuals these crimes when committed But would it to decide, for their country, the question of not be falutory to give also the means of prepeace or war, by commencing active, and un- venting thei: com vifion? Where an enteran horized ho tilities, thould be promptly prize is meditated by private individuals and efficacioully suppreffed.
again't a foreign wacion, uninimity with the Whether it will be necessary to enlarge our United States, powers of prevention, to a cer. regular force, will depend on the result of our tuin extent, are given by the lau's. Would negotiations with Spain. But as it is uncer- they not be as re sonable as useful, where tain when that result will be known, the the enterprize preparing is againit the United provisional meafures requisite for that, and to States ?-While adverting to this branch of Beet any preljuse intervening in that quarter, law, it is proper to obferve that in enterprizes will be a luhject for your early confideration meditated against foreign. nations, the ordinary The potseilion of both banks of the Mil process of binding to the observance of the Klüppi, reducing to a fingle point the de- peace and good behaviour, could it be extendfence of that river, its waters and the coun- ed to acts to be done out of the jurisdiction of tay adjacent, it beenmes highly necessary to the United States, would be effectually in pravide, for that point, à more adequate lecu- cases where the offender is able to kcep out of rity.Some position above its mouth, com. fight every indication of his purpose, which Banding the pastage of that river, thould be could now draw on bim the exercise or the ten dered sufñcicntly strong tu cover the armed powers now given by law. reflela, which may be ftationed there for de. The itates on the coait of Barbary leem gee fence; and, in conjunction with them, to pre. nerally difpused at pretent to respect our peace fest an insuperable obitacle to any force; at- and friendihip. With Tunis alune fomuntempting to pals. The approaches to the certainty remains. Perfuaded that it is our cky of New Orleans, from the eattern quar- interest to maintain our peace with them on ter alio, will require to be examined, and equal terms or not at all, I propose to tend in mare effeâually guarded. For the internal due time, a reinforcement into the Mediter. support of the country, the encouragement of rapean; uniels, previous information thall
fbrong settlement on the western side of the new it to be unneceflary. Mitilippi, within reach of New Orleans, We cont que tu perceive proofs of the will be worthy the confideration of the Lee growing attachment of our indian neighbours, pilafure
and of their difpofition to place all their inThe gun-boats, authorised by an ad of the terests under the patronage of the United la fellion, are to advanced, that they will be States. These difpofitions se infpired by teddy for service in the ensuing (pring. Cir their confidence in our justice, and in the litt. Camutances permitted us to allow the time cere concern we feel for tbeir welfare. And Baglary lor their more folid construétion. As 'as long as we dilcharge these high and honor
much larger number will still be wanting, to able functions with the integrity and good place wur les port towns and waters in that Faith which alone can entitle us to their con tate of delence, of whicle we are competent, tinuance, we may expect to reap the jolt reaplibey endiled, fimilar appropriation ward in their peace and friendship. for further provision of them, is recom- The expedition of Mellrs. Lewis and Clark made for the entuing your
for exploring the river Missouri and the appropriation will also be necel communication toim! the Pac
Ocean, has had all the success which could close of the present year, have extinguished have been expected. They have traced the upwards of 23 millions of principal. Miflouri nearly to its source, descended the The duties comporing the Mediterranean Columbia to the Pacific Ocean, ascertained fund will cease by law, at the end of the prewith accuracy the gçoraphy of that intereft. fent feflion. Conridering however as they ing communication across our ontinent, are levied chicfy on luxuries, and that we learnt the character of the country, of its have an impact on salt, a necesary of life, the commerce and inhabitants, and is is but jul- free use which otherwise is so important; ! tice to say that Meilrs. Lewis and Clarke, recommend to your confideration the fupand their brave companions, have, by this ar- prefiion of the duties on falt, and the coneinu. duous service, de served weil of their country. ation of the Mediterranean fund, instead
Theat'empt to explore thered River, under thereof, for a short time atter which that allo the direction of Mr. Freinin, though con- will become unneceffary for any purpose ducted with a zeal and prudence meriting en. with n contemplation. tire approbation, has not bien equally fuc- When both of these branches of revenue cefstul. A ter proceeding up it about fix hun hall in this way, be relinguished, there will dred miles, nearly as far as the French fetile- fill, ere long, te an accumulation or monies merts had extended,' whil the country was in the treater beyond the intalments of pubin their porteifios, ou googrupiers Wire lic deut, which we are permitted by contract obliged to return without completing their topay,—They cannot pay them,w thout a moWok.
dification, asented to by the public creditors, Very useful additions have also been made be applied to the extinguishment of this debr; to our knowledge of th: Wildliopi, by Lieu-' and toe comporte liberation of our revenues, tenant like, who has alcen ed to its fource, the most desirable of all objects. Nor, if our and whole journal, and trap viving the de. peace continues, will they be wanting für any tails of his journey, will shortly be ready for other existing purpose. The question, therecommunic tion tu both Hou.es of Congress. fore, now comes forward to what other obThole of Melir, Lewis, Clarke, and Free. jecis shall these surplufies be appropriated, and man, will require urther time to be digested the whole surplus os impost after tne entire and pr pared hele impartint furveys, in dili harge of the public debt, and during those addi un to chofe b, ore plia iurish ma. intervals when the purposes of war fall not terials or commencin: an accur ce map oi the call for them? Shall we suppreis the import, Millilippi and its weiter vaters. Suinc and give that advantage to foreign over doprincipai rivers reminiet to be explored, to- mestic manu:actuies ? On a jew articles of wards w in the authoriz tion of Congress, more general and unnecesary use, the fupby meraie appr. sations, will be requisite. preil 0.1, in due secon, will dou tless be right;
I congratul to you, fellow citizens, on the but the great mais of the articles on which aPPro cn 8 tr period which you may inter- import is paid, are foreign luxuries purchased pole Ijr aut urity conti'ui,
oliy, io withi- ly hole only who are rich enough to afford draw
citizens of the l'niied Stats from all themselves the use of them. Their patriotism further pruipation in those violitions of hu would «ertainly prefer its continuance, and mun mets, which have been so long con- application to the great purposes of the public tinued on the un fending inhabit.11t5 of education, roads, rivers, canals, and such as Africi, ani which th morality, the reputa- other objects of public improvenient, as it tion, and te btt int reits o: our country, may te thought proper to add to the confti. have long een ent-tu pieleride Ait ouzh (utional enumeration or federal pouers. By no law you': di pars can tké prohibitory effect thofe operations, new channels of communi. till the first day of the year one thousand ction will be opened between the States, the eight hundeed an eight, yet the intervening lines of separat on will disappear, their incoperiod is not too long to prevent, by timely refts will be identitied, and trei, un un ce. not.ce, expeditions which cannot be coin- mented by new and indiffoluble ties. Edupleted before that day,
cation is' bere placed among the articles of The receipts at the treasury during the public care, not that it would be proposed to year ending in the 30th day of September take its ordinary branches out of the hands of lait, have amounted to neat fiiteen hundred private enterprise, which ma t'es fo much millions of dollars, which have enabled us, better all the cor cerrs to which it is equal, attornecting the current demands, to pay two but a public intiturion can alwe supply thore millions lev n hundrejth ufaculdadirs oi the sciences, which thangh rarely elled for are American claim, io part of the price of Leui. yet necellary to complete the circle, all the fana; to pay, of the funded debt, upwaris of parts of which contribute to the improvement three millions of principal, and neaily of in. of the country, and some of them to its pretereft, and, in addition, tu reimburse in the servation. The folject is now proposed to the course of the present month, near two mil- confideration of Congress, becaule, ii approved lions of hve and a halt per cent, ftock. Thefe by the time the State Legifia: ure tuli lave pa, ments und reimbursements of the fundrd deliberated on this extention of the tederal uebi, with those which had been made in the truts, and the laws thall be pallet, and other Four years and a half preceding, will at the arrangements made for their execution the
Acceliary funds will be on hand, and without pened, instead of being reserved for what is employment. I suppose an amendment to 'really to take place. A teady, perhaps a che conititution by consent of the States ne- quickened pace, in preparation for the sea tellary; because the obje&t's now recommended fence of our sea-port towns and waters, an are not anong thoie enumerated in the con- early settlement of the most exposed and vulAitutico, and to which it permits the public nerable parts of our country, a militia ro orgamanies to be applied.
nised that its effective portions can be called 7 be present confideration of a national efta- to any point in the union, or solunteers inAlishment for education particularly, is ren- stead of them, to serve a sufficient time, are Bernd prouer by this circumstance also, that, means which may always be ready, yet never if Congress, approving the propofition, shull preying on oor resources ancil actually called yet think it mort eligible to found it on a do into use They will maintain the public in. nacion of lands, they have it now in their terefty, while a more permanent force fall be power to endow it with those which will be in a course of preparation. But much will among the earliest to produce the necessary depend on the promptitude with whcih these Income. This foundation would have the means can be brought into activity. If war avantage of being independent on war, be forced upon us, in spite of our long and which may tulpend other improvements, by vain appeals to the justice of nations, rapid requing for its own purpose the resourses and vigorous movements in its outset, will 30 deained for ebea.
far towards securing us in its course and flue, This, fellow citizens, is the state of the and towards throwing its burthens on thore public interests, at the present moment, and who render necessary the resort from reulos according to the information now poffefied. to force. But fuch is the fituation of the pations of Eu- The result of our negotiations, or such in. rope, and foch coo is the predicament in which cidents in their courfe as may enable us to isto tax fard wier fome of them, that we cannut fer their probable issue; such further move. tely with certainty on the prefent aspect of ments alio, on our western frontier as may out afars, that may change from moment to thew" whether war is to be presied there, monicat, during the course of your lesion, while negotiation is protracted elsewhere,
Faltat you shall have leparated Our duty shall be communicated to you from time to is therefore to act upon these things as they time, as they brcome known to me; wich dt", and to make a reasonab e provision for whatever other information I may possess or bitever they may be
Were armies to be may receive, which may aid your deliberations Tailed whenever a speck of war appeared in on the great nationd) intereits committed to var horizon, we never should have been with- your charge. out them. Our refoorces would have been
THOMAS JEFFERSON. rxhausted on dangers which have never hap
NCIDENTS, VARRIAGES AND DEATUS IN AND NEAR LONDON,
Wilke Biographical demoirs of diflinguished Cluructers recently duceujede AGRAND suite of apartments, upon a mag: very select company, and such artits as are
nificent icale, has been recently erected defirous of exposing to critical examination in Argyle-treet, for the laudable purpose of superior works of skill, on application to the tradering the amuse nents of the rich and Committee, will have their withis gratified, great cond-ove to the interest of the Fine as genius and talent, of every description Arts, and the Professors of Science and Taite. will here find encouragement and fupport, At in fe rooms, an allembly of persons of rack This etiablithment will differ effentially from ant dié nction is to be fo med, for a certain any other in London, and embraces a greater Danber of nights in the season, with perfor.n- variety of objects of public utnity and amule
clculates to gratify a tasteful wedience. ment. Great judgment has been displayed iq A fet 0. apartments, lined up for the hare the arrangement of the building; the ceilings monic dinners of tbeir Royal Highnefies the and walls of which are emblematically puinte Prince of Wales and the Duke of Cambridge, cand decorated, in a very fuperior manner, it to be opere, daily, for the use of a Lelles A handsome orchestra, which occupies one km Society, which is 45out to be esta- ed of the large room, is so contrived, as to kliined at this place, compused of gentlemen be convertible, in two hours, into an elegane wiw potrao.ze the Fine Arts. In other lets liuile stage, sufficiently capacious for all the & Tours, all the Daily Papers, Magazines, purposes of private theatricals. At the other and intereifing publications, will be found, end, boxes are constructed for the use of his for the ate of the ladies and gentlemen, fub- Royal Highnels the Prince of Wales, their kriners to the inditution. This plan, though Royal Highnelles the Dukes of York, Suflex, ayted at all the principal places on the Con and Cambridge, who are l'ubic-bers and pa. liiga, 15 entirely new to this metropolis, crons to the fubscription parties "This niti. ani is lvmewiat limilar to the lubicription- tution, which promises to unite refinement finis at the watering-places ; except, indeed, w.thulement, and utility with cate, is al. Nhar la the present establishment, the mot ready supported by a numerous lic of the first krupulou are will be adopted to preserve a rank and character in the kingdom.
S No. 1
PRIZE CATTLE. 'The Oxen, &c. to the owners of which Prizes were lately adjudged by the Smithfield Cluh,
as mentioned at page 596 of our iait Number, when Naughtered and weighed, produced as follows, viz.
11 1835 Mr. Jolin Westcar's (not Weston)
229 150 56 37 Ditto....
120 153 40 27 Mr John Edmund's.
1936 139 Mr. Samuel Chandler's,
11 958 139
37 23 Sd 1109 168
24 Mr. John Westcar's Mr. Samuel Chandler's..
2a 1032 131
1386 200 105 47 39 Mr. Joseph Lucas's Cuw
&c. Wigtr. lb.
Ib. lb. Ib. ib. 181
14 22 17 1 Nr. Anthony Lechmera's, one-year old
2 1.5 11
91 173 3 127 12 21
No. 170 22 21 29 242 Mr. John Edmond's, two-year old.
188 16 23 29 956 3 166 17 19 23 125 No. 1 95
12 25 146 Ms. Henry King's, jun. two-year old
2 101 14 15 24
Entrails, Live 1% Heal Far.
&c. Weigbr. Ib. ib. lb. Ib. lb, 420 13
473 Mr. George Dodd's, 23 months old..
34 His Royal Highness the Duke of York's, 10 months
276 The General Bill of all the Christenings It is recommended, with a view to coma and Burials, in London, from Dec. 17, 1805, plete the new improvements at Westminster to Dec, 16, 1806, is as follows :
on a grand scale, to pull.down St. Margaret's Christened in the 97 parishes within the Church, and re-build it on the west line of walls, 1121 Buried, 1152.
the new opening. That church, in its preChristened in the 17 parishes without the sent situation, excludes the view of the magwalls, 4763 – Burials, 3673.
nificent chapel of Henry the Seventh, and Christened in the out-parisies in Middlesex part of the east end of Westminder Abbey, and Surry, 9751.-Buried, 7842.
for which it offers no substitute, noc being Christened in the 10 parishes in the City itself, externally, a grand ur beautiful edifice. and Liberties of Westminster, 4762.- Buried, It dces not seem, however, very likely that, 5271.
at the present time, this advice will be taken, Christened, Males, 10,452-Females, 9928. fince it is only within these three or four years In all, 20,580.
that no less than 12,0001 have been expended Buried, Males, 9215—Females, 8723.- in refitting the interior of this church, which In all, 17,938.- Whereor have died, is the place of worship attended on public Varer two years ol age.
5105 occafions by the House of Commons. Be ween two and sive
20479 A new Exchequer Oslice is to be built Fi e and ten
824 hortly. It is intended to restore Henry the Ten and twenty
035 Soverch's Chipel with the new cement, a Twenty and thirty
1:209 fpexiwen of which may be seca on the top of Th‘rty and forty
1784 the east end of the Chapel, facing the Huule Forty aod fifty.
1793 of Lords Fifty and fixty.
1503 Atout two years fince it was announced to
1103 Sxty and seventy
the public, that a large quantity of very 10Seventy and eignty
359 cient cuins had been found by the workmen Eighty and ninety.
414 belonging tu Henry Steevens, eiq. whilit imNinety and a hundred.
99 proving and enlarging his pleature grounds at A hundred
Milt End. A short time since anuller Roman A hundred and four.
1 uin was found, aliout three feet from the Increase in the Burials this year, 303. lussscc of the ground, belonging to the fame