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Pharaoh, King of France.

At his approach they rais'd a rueful cry, Rabsbeka, Sir Thomas Player. And beat their breasts, and held their ha Sagan of Jerusalem, Dr. Compton, Bp. of Lon. Creeping and crying, till they seiz'd at l Sanbedrim, Parliament.

His courfer's bridle, and his feet embrac Saul, Oliver Cromwell.

Tell me, faid Theseus, what and wher Shimei, Sheriff Bethel.

are, Sheva,

Sir Roger Lestrange. And why this fun'ral pageant you prepa Solymean Rout, London Rebels.

Is this the welcome of my worthy deeds Tyre, Holland.

To meet ny triumph in ill-omen'd weer Uzza, Jack Hall.

Or envy you my praise, and would destre Sancroft, Archbishop of With griet my pleasures, and pollute my Zador, Canterbury.

Or are you injur'd, and depand relief SA Member of the Houfe Name your request, and I will ease your Zaken, of Commons.

The most in years of all the mourning Zimri,

Villiers, D. of Buckingham. Began (but (wooned first away for pain) Ziloah, Sir John Moor.

Then scarce recover'd spoke : Nor envy

Thy great renown, nor grudge thy victor $ 28. Palamon and Arcile : or the Knight's And fame has fill the world with thy fu

'Tis thine, 0 king, th' afflicted to redress Tale. DRYDEN.

We wretched women sue for that alone, BOOK 1.

Which of thy goodness is refus'd to none In days of old, there liv'd of mighty fame, Let fall some drops of pity on our griet, A valiant prince, and Theseus was his name : If what we beg be jutt, and we deserve re A chief who more in feats of arms excell’d For none of us, who now thy grace imple The rising nor the setting sun beheld. But held the rank of sov’reign queen bete Of Athens he was lord; much land he won, Till, thanks to giddy chance, which never And added foreign countries to bis crown. That mortal bliss thould last for length of In Scythia with the warrior queen he strove, She cast us headiong from our high eftate Whom fist by force he conquer'd, then by love; And here in hope of thy return we wait: He brought in triumph back the beauteousdame, And long have waited in the temple nigh, With whom her filter, fair Emilia, came. Built to the gracious goddess Clemency. It With honour to his home let Theseus ride, But rev'rence thou the pow'r whose nar With love to friend, and fortune for his guide, Relieve th' oppreft, and wipe the widow's i And his victorious army at his side.

!, wretched I, have other fortune seen, I pass their warlike pomp, their proud array, The wife of Capancus, and once a queen Their Mouts, their longs, their welcome on the At Thebes he fell; curst be the fatal day! way:

And all the rest thou seest in this array, But, were it not too long, I would recite To make their moan, their lords in battle The fear of Amazons, the fatal fight

Before that townbeliey'd byour confederatel Betwixt the hardy queen and hero knight; But Creon, old and impious, who comman The town befièg'd, and how much blood it cost The Theban city, and ulurps the lands, The female army and th’Athenian hult; Denies the rites of fun'ral fires to those The spousals of Hippolita the queen; Whose breathless bodies yet he calls his foc What tilts and tourneys at the feast were seen; Unburn'd, unburied, on a heap they lie ; The storm at their return, the ladies' fear: Such is their fate, and such his tyranny; But these and other things, I must forbcar. No friend has leave to bear awy the dead, The field is spacious I delign to low,

But with their lifeless limbs his hounds are With oxen får unfit to draw the plough; At this Mhe shriek'd aloud; the mournful tra The remnant of my tale is of a length Echoed her grief, and grov’ling on the plain To tire your patience, and to waste my strength; With groans, and hands upheld, to move And trivial accidents thail be forborne, Befought his pity to their helplets kind ! (mi That others may have time to take their turn; The princewastouch'd, his tears began to ru As was at first enjoin'd us by mine hoft, And, as his tender beart would break in twt That he whole tale is best, and pleases most, He figh’d: and could not but their fate deply Should win his supper at our common coit. So wretched now, so fortunate before,

And therefore where I left I will pursue Then lightly from his lofty steed he flew, This ancient story, whether false or true, And railing one by one the suppliant crew, In hope it may be mended with a new. To comfort each, full folemnly he swore, The prince I menti »vd, full of high renown, That by the faith which knights to knighthoc In this arry drew near the Athenian town;

bore. When in his pump and utmost of his pride, And whate'er else to chivalry belongs, Marching he chanc'd to cast his eye alide, He would not cease, till he reveng'd their wrong! And law

a choir of mourning danes, who lay That Greece should see perform d what he de By two and two across the common w.zy: And cruel Creon find his juit reward. (clarid

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Elinore, but, fhunning all delay, But in the tow'r, and never to be loos’d,
Bree or enter'd Athens on his way: The woeful captive kinsmen are inclos'd.

Baktis fiber and his queen behind, Thus year by year they pass, and day by day, B Add bis royal banner in the wind : Till once, 'twas on the morn of cheerful May,

Fax in an argent field the god of war The young Emilia, fairer to be seen
a drawn triumphant on his iron car:

Than the fair lily on the flow'ry green,
ed was his fæord, and shield, and whole attire; More fresh than May herself in blossoins new,
And all the godhead feemd to glow with fire : For with the rosy colour strove her hue,
Een the groadglitter'dwhere the standard flew, Wak’d, as her cuftom was, before the day
And the green grass was dy'd to fanguine hue. To do th’ obfervance due to sprightly May:
High on bis pointed lance his pennon bore For sprightly May commands our youth to keep
Hins Cretan ight, the conquer

d Minotaur ;

The vigils of her night, and breaks their fluggard The foldien hout around with gen'rous rage,

fleep; And in that vi&ory their own presage.

Each gentle breast with kindlywarmth the moves; He paied their andour, inly pleas'd to see

Inspires new flames, revives extinguish'd lovesa His haft the foot of Grecian chivalr. In this remembrance Emily ere day All day be march'd, and all th'enfuing night; Arofe, and dress’d herself in rich array;

w tie city with returning light. Freth as the month, and as the morning fair, da The process of the war I need not tell,

Adown her shoulders fell her length of hair : Ha Thekeus conquerd, and how Creon fell; A ribband did the braided treffes bind,

ter, bow by form the walls were won, The rest was loose, and wanton'd in the wind : how the vi&or fack dand burn'd tfie town; Aurora had but newly chas'd the night, Fra to the ladies he restored again

And purpled o'er the sky with blushing light, The bodies of their lords in battle flaiņ;

When to the garden walk the took her way, And with what ancient rites they were interr’d: To sport and trip along in cool of day, All these sitter times shall be deferr'd.

And offer maiden vows in honour of the May. store the widows' tears, their woeful cries, At ev'ry turn the made a little stand, and bowling at their husbands' obsequies ;

And thrust among the thorns her lily hand Teleus at these fun'rals did assist, To draw the rose; and ev'ry rose she drew, wichshatgiftsthemourningdamesdismiss’d. She shook the ftalk, and brush'd away the dew.

Thus, when the victor chiet had Creon lain, Then party-colour'd fow'rs of white and red danquer'dThebes, he pitch'd upon

the plain She wove, to make a garland for her head : mighty camp, and, when the day return d, This done, the sung and carol'd out fo clear, el kft the pillagers to rapine bred, country waited, and the hamlets burn’d; That men and angels might rejoice to hear :

dead. And learn d from her to welcome in the spring. There, in a heap of flain, among the rest, The tow'r, of which before was mention made, poyouthful knights they found, beneath a load Within whose keep the captiye knights were Oppreft

laid, Laughter'd foes, whom first to death they sent, Built of a large extent and strong withal,

trophies of the strength, a bloodymonument, Was one partition of the palace wall: Tomkinsmen to the crown the heralds deem'd: Where young Emilia took the morning

air?

It happend Palamon, the pris'ner knight, her words, their Thields, their furcouts, were Rettlers

for woe, arofe before the light, each other laid, they press'dihe grouud, An air more wliolesome than the damps beneath. Tamanly boroms pierc'd with many a grizzly This granted, to the tow'r he took his way,

Cheer'd with the promise of a glorious day: will alive, nor wholly dead, they were,

Then caft a languishing regard around, But fome faint figns of feeble life appear:

And law with hateful eyes the temples crown'd We was the pulse, and hardly heav'd the heart, He sigh'd, and turn'd his eyes, because he knew The wand'ring breath was on the wing to part, With golden spires, and all the hostile ground. S Mach fam'd in fields, with valiant Palamon. These two were fifter's fons; and Arcite one, /'Twas but a larger gaol he had in view :

Then look d below, and from the castle's height And softly both convey'd to Theseus' tent:

; Beheld a nearer and more pleasing light :

The garden, which before he had not seen, Whom known of Creon's line,andcur'dwith care, In spring's new liv'ry clad of white and green, He to his city sent as pris'ners of the war, Freih flow'rz in wide parterres, and thady Hopeless of ransom, and condemn'd to lie

walks between.
In durance, doom'd a ling'ring death to die.
This done, he march'd awaywithwarlike sound, He stood, reflecting on his country's loss;
And to his Athens turn'd with laurels crown'd, (| Himself an object of the public fcorn,

This view'd, but not enjoy'd, with arms acrols Where happy long he liv'd, much lov'd and And often wilh'd he never had been born. more renown'd.

At

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At last, for fo his destiny requir'd,

llave we not plighted cach our holy watli, With walking giddy, and with thinking tird, That one thould be the common good of b He through a little window cast his fight, One soul thould both inspire, and neitherp Though thick of bars, that gave a fcanty light : His fellow's hindrance in suriuit of love? But ev'n that glimm'ring serv'u him to detcry To this before the gods we gave our hand Th'inevitable charms of Emily: (linart, And nothing butour death can break the ti

Scarce had he feen, but seiz'd with ludden This binds thee, then, to filrther my delig Srung to the quick, he felt it at his heart; As I am bound by vow to further thine: Struck blind with overpow'ring light he itood, Nor canit, nor dar'li thou, traitor, on the Then started back amaz'd, and cried aloud. Approach iny honour, or thine own maint.

Young Arcite heard ; and up he ranwith buste, Since thou art of my council, and the frier To help hi friend, aud in his arms embrac'd; Whole faith I trust, and on whose care dent And alk'd t'ın why he look'd lo deadly wan, Ind would'it thou court iny lady's love,wbi And whence and how his change of cheerberan? Much rather than relele would choose to di Or who had done th' offence? But if, taid iic, But thou, false Arcite, never fhalt obtain Your grief aline is hird captivity,

Thy bad pretence I told thee first my pair For love of heaven, ivith patience undergo For firit my love began ere i hine was born A cureleis ill, fince rate will have it to: Thou, as my countel and my brother fivort So stood our horcicope in chains to lie, Art bound i atlist my eldership of right, And Saturn in the dungeon of ihe sky, Or jultly to be deem'd a perjur'd knight. Or other baleful aspect, ruld our birth,

Thus Palamon; but Arcite with disdain, When the friendly stars were under earth; In haughty language, thus replied again : Wliate'er betides, by destiny 'tis done; Forsworn thyselt; the trutor's odious name And better bear, like man, than vainly feck to I first return, and then dilprove thy claim.

Nor of my bonds, taid Pálarnon again, [thun. If love be pasion, and that pallion nurs'd Nor of unhappy planets, I complain : With strong detires, I lov'd 'the lady tirit, But when my mortal inguish caus'd my cry, Cand thou pretend delire, uhom zeal infia: That moment I was hurt through either eye; To worthip, and a pow'r celestial nam'd? Pierc'd wieh a random thatt, 1 tsint aw.zy, Thine was devotics to the blelt above; And perith with intentible drcay:

1 taw the worn, and delir'd ber love; A glance of some new goddeis give the wound, Firit own'ai my pallion, and to thee commer Whom, like Alteon, unaware I found. Th'important licret, as my chosen triend. Look how the walks along yon thady space, Suppole (whiclı yet I grant not) thy delire Not Juno moves with more majestic grace; A moment elder than my rival fire: And all the Cyprian queen is in her face. SCan chance of seeing firit thy title prove ! If thou art Venus (for thy charms confess And know it thou not, no law is made for lo That face was formd in hieaven, or art thou lets; Law is to things which to free choice relate ; Disguis'd in habit, undisguis'd in Shape) Love is not in our choice, but in our fate; O help us captives from our chains to Koupe"; Laws are but potitive ; love's pow'r we fee But it our doom he pals'd in bonds to lie Is nature's fanction, and her firit decree. For life, and in a lothiome dungeon dic. Each day we break th: bond of human laves

Theo be thy wrath appeas'd with our ditgrace, For love, and vindicate the common cause. And thew compassion to the Theban race, Laws for detence of civil rights are plac'd; Oppress'd by tyrant pow's! While yet he spoke, Love throws the fences down, and make. Arcite on Emily had fix'd bis look;

ger'ral waste : The fatal dart a ready passage found, Maids,widows,wives, withoutdistinctionfill,'. And deen within his beart intix'd the wound: The Tweepisi deluge, Love,comes on,and cove So that if Palamon were wounded fore, If then the laws of friendthip I trants, eso, Arcite was hurt as much as he, or more : I keep the greater, while I break the lets ; Then from his inmost soul he liglid, and said, And both are madulike,fince neither can pofsefs. The beauty I beheld has ftruck me dead: Both hopeless to be ranfom'd, never more Unknowingly thc strikes, and kills by chance; To see the fun, but as he palles n'er. Poison is in her eyes, and death in ev'ry glance. Like Ælp's hounds contending for the bonu O, I must uk ; nor ask alone, but move Each pleaded right, and would be lord alone; Her mind to mercy, or must die for love. The fruitless fight continued all the day;

Thus Arcite : and thus Palamon replies A cur came by, and snatch'd the prize away (Fager his tone, and ardent were his eyes): As courtiers therefore juftle for a grant, (wa Speak 'st thou in earnest, or in jefting vain? And when theybreak their friendthip plead the Jefting, faid Arcite, suits but ill with pain. So thou, if fortune will thy suit advance, It suits far worse (said Palamon again, Love on, nor envy me my equal chance : Andbenthisivrows),with men who honourweigh, For I must love, and am refolv'd to try Their faith to break, their friendthip

to betray: My fate, or, failing in th' adventure, die. But wortt with thee of noble lineage born, Greatwas theirstrife, which hourlywasrenewe My kipman, and in arms my brother worn. Till each with mortal hate his rival vicu'd:

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Nistants so more, nor walking hand in hand, Then farewell youth, and all the joys that dwell rreth net ibey made a surly Itund; With youth and life, and life itself farewell. Årsske angry lions as they pais'd, But why, alas ! do mortal mien in vain 1 anstat ev'ry look might be their last. Of fortune, fate, or providence complain ? lea.cat length, Pirithous came t'attend God gives us what he knows our wants require,

1.9 Theleus, his familiar friend; And better things than those which we delire. :: early infancy began,

Some pray for riches, riches they obtain; 14.128 cuidhood ripen'd into man. But,watch'd byrobbers, for theirwealth are fain:

so he war; and lov'd so well, Some pray from prison to be freed; and come, Fast died, as ancient stories tell, When guilty of their vows, to fall at home; 1 adeem him went to hell. Murder'd by those they trusted with their life,

15*my tale; to welcome home Å favour'd servant, or a bosom wife. biri ather is Pirithous come : Such dear-bought bleflings happen ev'ry day,

ries was known in arms long since, Because we know not for what things to pray. Pin by this young Thellalian prince. Like drunken tots about the itreet we roin : sh gurify his friend and guest, Well knows the tot he has a certain home; at dur Arcite's freedom his request, Yet knows not how to find th’uncertain placey niberty the captive knight, And blunders on, and taggers ev'ry pace. my hard conditions I recite : Thus all leek happinels, but few can find : brister Arcite thoald be found For far the greater part of men are blind. stre corpus vt Athenian ground, This is my cate, who thought our utmost good

aghe, or on whate'er preserce, Was in one worri of freedom understood : buldor; te forfeit of th' oitence. The fatal blefling came : from prison free, Farebous toi bis friend anreesi,

I itarve abroad, and lose the right of Emily. sa proraile was the pris'ner freed. Thus Arcite : but if Arcite thus deplore sada penuve bience he takes his way, His suff ’rings, Palamon yet suffers more. joy recì; for his life must pay. For when he knew his rival freed and gone,

#bat Arute moorns his bitter fate, He sweilswithwrath, he niakes outrageous moan: 3* deur purchase, and repents too late? He frets,he fumes,he ttares, he stamps the ground; Eve gain d, be taid, in prison pent, The hollow tow'r with clanours rings around: ** can go my bonds for banishment ? With briny tears he bath'd his fetter'd feet, sig irom her light, I futter more And dropp'd all o'er with agony of sweat.

than I felt in bonds before ; Alas! he cried, I wretch in prison pine, bei pater presence, and condemn d to love; Too happy rival

, while the fruit is thine : iz freedom, and unthank 'd reprieve ! Thou liv'it at large, thou draw'st thy native air, Han got but where Emily abides ; Pleas`d with thy freedom, proud of my despair a

the 's abient all is hell betides. Thou may'ft, since thou hast youth and courage day of birth was that accursid, A sweet behaviour, and a solid mind, (join'd,

; Aliemhle ours and all the Theban race, Roer known that Prioce, I ftill had been to vindicate on Athens thy disgrace;

Boys, and bad ftill Emilia seen : And after, by fome treaty made, poßiess 21 I never can her grace de serve, Fair Emily, the pledge of laliing peace. agence enongh to ite and serve. so thine thall be the beauteous prize, while I

a, my kin(man and my friend, Mult languish in detpair, in prison die. **. more happy fates thy love attend ! Thus all th' advantage of the ivife is thine ; kat' adven:ure, thine the victory; Thyportiondor ble joys and doubleforrowsmine.

* t ; fortune turn'd the dice for thee : The rage of Jealouty then tir'd his soul, "U angel's face mayit feed thine eyes, And his face kindled like a burniig coal: 9–10—but blissful paradite! Now cold Despair, fucceeding in her stead,

y deelt that sun of beauty thine, To livid palenels turns the glowing red. stat least in love's extremeft line. His blood, scarce liquid, creers within his veins, 7 absence, love's eternal night, Like water wbich the freezing wind conitrains. sociatell but, tince thou hut her sight,

Then thus he said: Eternal Deities, Tacomely, young, and valiant knight, I who rule the world with ab:olute decrees,

{a various powi) may cease to frown, And write whatever time mall bring to pass, Time ways unknown thy withes crown? With pens of adamant, on plates of brais; the most forlorn of human kind,

What, is the race of human kind your care ? can hope, nor remedy can find; Beyond wbat all his fellow-creatures ave? 07'd to drag my loathsome lite in care, He with the rest is liable to pain; dy reward, mult end it in despair. And like the sheep, his brother-beast, is nain. water, air, and earth, and force of fates Cold, hunger, prilons, ills without a cure, Lovetus all, and Heaven that all creates, All these he mult, and guiitlels oft, endure; 12. 31. nature's hand, can eale my grief ; Or does your justice, pow'r, or prescience fuil dig but death, the wretch's last relief : When the good lüfter, and the bad prevail?

What

What worse to wretched virtue could befal, It happen'd once, that, slumb'ring as he If fate, or giddy fortune, govern'd all ? He dream'd (his dream began at break Nay, worse than other beaits is our citate: That Hermes o'er his head in air aprea Them to pursue their pleasures you create ; And with soft words his drooping spirits We, bound by harder laws, must curb our will, His hat, adorn’d with wings, disclés dt And your commands, not our desires fulfil; And in his hand he bore the sleep-compe!

Then when the creature is unjustly flain, Such as he teem'd, when, at his fire's co Yet after death at least he feels no pain : On Argus' head he laid the snaky wind But man, in life surcharg'd with woe before, Arife, he said, to conqu’ring Athens go Not freed when dead, is doom'd to suffer more. There fate appoints an end to all thy w A serpent shoots his sting at unaware ; The fright awakend Arcite with a Itara An ambush'd thief forelays a traveller : Against his bosom bounc'd his heaving The man lies murder'd; while the thiefand snake, But foon he said, with scarce-recover'd One gains the thickets, and one thrids the brake. And thither will I go to meet my death

This let divines decide ; but well I know, Sure to be Nain ; but death is my delire, Just or unjust, I have my share of woe ; Since in Emilia's fight I shall expire. Through Saturn seated in a luckless place, By chance he spied a mirror while he spi And Juno's wrath, that persecutes my race ; And gazing ther-, beheld his alter'd los Or Mars and Venus, in a quartil, move Wond'ring he saw his fatures and his hi My pangs of jealousy for Arcite's love.

Somuchwerechang'd, that scarcehimself to Let Palamon opprefs d in bondage mourn, A sudden thought then itarting in his a While to his exil'd rival we return.

Since I in Arcite cannot Arci'e find, By this, the sun, declining from his height, The world may search in vain with all the The day had shorten'd, to prolong the night: But never penetrate through this disgui The lengthep'd night gave length of misery Thanks to the change which grief and i Both to the captive lover and the free; In low estate I may fecurely live, For Palamon in endless prison mourns, And see, unknown, my mistress day by And Arcite forfeits life if he returns: He said, and cloath'd himself in coa se The banith'd never hopes his love to see, A lab'ring hind in thew; then forth he Nor hopes the captive lord his liberty. And to th' Athenian tow'rs his journey 'Tis hard to say who suffers greater pains : One 'squire attended in the lame disgui! One sees his love, but cannot break his chains; Made conscious of his master's enterpris One free, and all his motions uncontrould, Arriv'd at Athens, foon he came to con Beholds whate'er he would, but what he would Unknown, unquestion d, in that thick behoid.

Proff'ring for hire his service at the gate Judge as you please, for I will haste to tell To drudge, draw water, and to run or w. What fortune to the banil'd knight befel. So far befel him, that for little gain When Arcite was to Thebes return'd again, He serv'd at first Emilia's chamberlain ; The loss of her he lov'd renew'd his pain ; And, watchful all advantages to spy, What could be worse, than never more to see was still at hand, and in his matter's eye His life, his foul, his charming Emily? And as his bones were big, and finews fh He ravd with all the madness of delpair, Refus'd no toil that could to llaves belon He roar'd, he beat his breast, he tore his hair. But from deep wells with engines water Dry sorrow in his itupid eyes appears; And usd his noble hands the wood to be For, wanting nourishment, he wanted tears : He pass'd a year at least attending thus His eye-balls in their hollow suckets link; On Emily, and callid Philoftratus. Bereft of neep, he loaths his meat and drink. But never was there man of his degree He withers at his heart, and looks as wan So much esteem'd, so well belov'd as he. As the pale spectre of a murder'd man: So gentle of condition was be known, That pale turns yellow, and his face receives That thro' the court his courtesy was blo The faded hue of fapless boxen leaves : All think him worthy of a greater place, In solitary groves he makes his moan, And recommend him to the royal grace ; Walks early out, and ever is alone :

That, exercis'd within a higher Iphere, Nor, mix'd in mirth, in youthful pleasures shares, His virtues more conspicuous might appe But fighs when fongs and instruments he hears. Thus by the gen’ral voice was Arcite pral His spirits are so low, his voice is drown'd, And by great Theseus to high favour rais He hears as from afar, or in a swoon, Among his menial servants first enrollo Like the deaf murinurs of a distant found: S And largely entertain d with sums of gol Uncomb'd his locks, and squalid his attire, Besides what secretly from Thebes was lent Unlike the trim of love and gay desire : Of his own income, and his annual rent: But full of museful mopings, which prelage Thiswellemployd, hepurchasd friends and The loss of reafon, and conclude in rage. But cautiously conceal'd from whence it This when he had endur'd a year and more, Thus for three years he liv'd with large incr Now wholly thang'd from what he was before, In arms of honour, and esteem in peace i

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