« PreviousContinue »
to £60,000, was dinner, one shilling; supper, of Tristram Shandy.” *** The man's sixpence; the best claret one shilling a boltle, head, indeed, was a little turned before, now and rooms gratis.
topsy-turvy with his success and fame. Dodsley Mr. Sterne passed the ensuing eighteen years has given him £650 for the second edition, and partly at his "retired thatched house" in two more volumes (which I suppose will reach Sutton, and partly in York, in the discharge backwards to his great great grandfather); Lord of his clerical duties, varied by the amuse- Faulconbridge a donative of £160 a year; and ments of "books, painting, fiddling, and shoot- | Bishop Warburton gave him a purse of gold ing.” For art he had considerable taste, and and this compliment (which happened to be a a real passion for music, as numerous passages contradiction), that it was quite an original comin his works prove. At Skelton Castle, forty position, and in the true Cervantic vein. The miles or more away, lived Sterne's college-mate, only copy that ever was an original, except in Stevenson Hall, the licentious author of "Crazy painting, where they all pretend to be so. Tales," and the Eugenius of "Tristram Shandy," Warburton, however, not content with this, Congenial company and a rare library of quaint recommended the book to the bench of bishops, old books, which have lent a flavour to the and told them Mr. Sterne, the author, was the Sbaudean writings, often tempted the parson to English Rabelais. They had never heard of seek relaxation with his friend. A little society such a writer. Sterne went up to London in the was formed by the wild spirits who frequented | latter part of March, 1760, to enjoy his triumph. “ Crazy Castle," called the “Demoniacs," and Welcomed and introduced by Garrick, he was Sterne made one. To such visits and to such at once plunged a fortnight deep in engageinmates are doubtless due in no small measure ments-dining among others with Lord Chesterthe unbecoming jests which the author has field, Lord Littleton, and the Marquis of Rockfreely introduced into his works. A reputation ingham, afterwarıls prime minister. He accom. for eccentricity and wit grew up around him, panied the latter nobleman to Windsor to witness and for some unexplained reason the name of his investiture with the Garter." Yorick was fastened upon him. He gave his of the mood of the town a century since, neighbours a taste of his quality in the “Good Mr. Fitzgerald says: “Do we want a lookingWarm Watch Coat," a satire called out by the glass for the follies, whims and capricious turns bickerings of Cathedral politics. A daughter of the London public of that day, we have only was born on the 1st of December, 1747, who to turn, as Mr. Forster has shown, to the was named Lydia, from a sister of Mrs. Sterne. delightful Chinese letters, Goldsmith's Spectator, A previous child of the same name had lived but where is shown with an exquisite humour and a day.
more graphical detail than is found in Addison's In 1759, that glorious year when victory “Sketch Book," a perfect picture of the humours smiled on British arms in every quarter of the of the London Vanity Fair, when Mr. Sterne globe, with Clive and with Wolfe, at Quiberon stepped in. A perfect whirligig-every one flyand at Minden, “Tristram Shandy" was written, ing from booth to booth. What was purely and appeared at York in December, ten years fantastic and extravagant became all the rage, after “Clarissa Harlow” and “Tom Jones," and and the fashionable world was busy patronizing eleven years after“ Roderick Random.” It was the wonderful dog of knowledge,' and the man bought eagerly, for the curiosity of the neigh- with the box,' and the fellow who was making a bourhood had been aroused for some time by fortune by tossing a straw from his toe to his the rumour of a strange comic novel which the nose. The pretensions of rival actresses at rival old parson of Sutton was preparing for publica- houses were more important than the concerns tion. The success of the two neat pocket- of the nation, and a singing woman' might volumes, published by Dodsley in the style of well go about collecting subscriptions in her Goldsmith's “Enquiry," price five shillings, was coach and six." (Fitzgerald's Life of Sterne, as inmediate and complete in London as among vol. ii, p. 4). Such a society was of all others the friends and acquaintances of the author, the one to delight in the fun of a Shandy, and and the book divided the attention of the public the indications of his popularity are characteristic, with the poems of the King of Prussia,“ our A game of cards was invented and named magnanimous ally,” then in the heat of his seven Tristram Shandy, “in which the knave of hearts, years' struggle,-the scholarly Lord Littleton's if hearts are trumps, is supreme, and nothing “ Dialogues of the Dead," and the pamphlet can resist his power.” A Shandy salad graced accounts of the court-martial of Lord George the hills of fare, and race-horses bore the name Sackville for disobedience of orders at Minden, of the same hero. A host of imitations apd the trial of the Methodist Lady Huntingdon's appeared: “ Yorick's Meditations ;" “ Life and nephew, Lord Ferrers, for the murder of bis | Adventures of Tristram Shandy;" the “Life steward, Horace Walpole, writing on the 4th of and Amours of Hafen Shawkenbergins ;" the April to “ that man of worth, scholar and wit, “Life and Amours of Sukey Shandy; “A Sir David Dalrymple,” gives us the testimony Shandean Essay on the Human Passions ;" and of an unfriendly witness to the popularity of, even a continuation of the book itself, by a Dr. Shandy :-"At present nothing is talked of, Carr, which at first deceived a few readers. nothing admired, but what I cannot help calling The “Critical Review” was favourable, the a very insipid and tedious performance; it is a “Monthly" silent, and the press generally imkind of novel, called “The Life and Opinions partial; but Goldsmith made his voice heard in
condemnation. The citizen of the world ex- but not to the exclusion of interest in the new claims : "Sir,- A well-placed dash makes half volumes which appeared Jan 27, 1761. Sterne the wit of our writers of modern humour." writing in March of this year to a Yorkshire Aod referring to pertness and obscenity as two friend, says :-“ One-half of the town abuse my well-known figures of rhetoric, he adds: “ By book as bitterly as the other half cry it up to the speaking to some peculiar sensations, we are skies. The best is that they abuse and buy it, always sure of exciting laughter, for the jest and at such a rate that we are going on with a does not lie in the writer but in the subject." second edition as fast as possible." Dodsley The reverend author's free life-evenings divided paid £380 for these, the third and fourth vobetween Ranelagh and the green room (Garrick lumes. Coxwould, sixteen miles from York, had made him free of Drury-lane)-gave rise to was now Sterne's home - "a long, low harsh comment in the newspapers. One of the house with two beavy gables, and which rambest of the rhyming attacks upon the gay bled away round the corner into a great tall clergyman runs thus :
brick shoulder, and a high pyramidal chimney, « Tho' in fashion he's grown,
that started from the ground like a buttress,
whose function it indeed served, and then 'Tis very well known
finished off behind with a low sloping roof His merit is small as it can be ; The woman of pleasure
within a few feet of the ground." Here he And Rochester's treasure
gives us a little domestic picture in a letter of Are brother and sister to Shandy.
September 21st, 1761: “So much am I de
lighted with my Uncle Toby's imaginary charac“ 'Sure a virgin may read
ter that I am become an enthusiast. My Lydia As well as her creed,
helps to copy for me, and my wife knits and What a Preb'adary writes and may stand by,' listens as I read her chapters.” This passage Was an answer so pert,
has raised an outcry against Sterne's moral ob• Prom a girl grown alert,
tuseness in giving to a girl of fourteen his By reading his Tristram Shandy.
double-entendres to copy; but his biographer " 'Tis a new kind of wit
observes, with justice, that the volumes which That some fancies may hit,
engaged his attention at this time (the fifth and And melts in the mouth like a candy;
sixth) are of all the series most free from imIt perplexes and pleases,
proprieties, and that the statement is that his With expecting it teases,
daughter helped to copy, and not that she coAnd they're left in the lurch by a Shandy.” pied them entirely. A chaise for his wife, and
a pony for Lydia, increased the pleasures of a In May a second edition of Shandy appeared,
country life. with a frontispiece by Hogarth and a dedication The fifth and sixth volumes were published to Pitt, then at the height of his ascend- a few days before Christmas, with a dedication to ency; the House of Commons literally silenced Viscount Spencer, the author's intimate friend. at his frown. Two volumes of sermons, with Early in the new year Mr. Sterne set off for an engraving of the author from a portrait just | Paris, although peace was not signed until Febprinted by Sir Joshua Reynolds, were also pub- 1 ruary, 1763. He had suffered from pulmonary lished at this time to take advantage of the tide disease since he was at college, and a severe at. of popularity. Four hundred and eighty pounds | tack of bleeding at the lungs, of recent occurwere given for the new edition and the sermons rence. had compelled him to ask a two years' - not six hundred and fifty pounds, as Walpole
leave of absence from his archbishop, Dr. Hay wrote. The donative which he mentions, from
Drummond. His ecclesiastical superior, always Lord Faulconbridge, was the living of Cox well disposed to him, granted his request withwould, worth seventy guineas a-year after pay out difficulty. His purpose in going abroad ing a curate for his other parishes. Sterne says
was to spend the winter in the south of France, that this preferment was the reward of some but the fascinations of Paris detained him there service which he had rendered to the nobleman. I until mid-summer. Everything English was Mr. Fitzgerald finds some confirmation of the the rage, and Sterne immediately became the current scandal, denied by Sterne, that the lion of the hour. January 31st he writes to Warburton purse of gold was given to prevent | his friend Garrick :-"Tristram was almost as the gibbeting of that violent prelate in a future much known here as in London, at least among volume of Shandy. The suggestion was made
your men of condition and learning, and has to introduce the Bishop with others into the sot me introduced into so many circles, I have work, and a hint of this may have stimulated
niat of this may have stimulated just now a fortnight's dinners and suppers bis generosity.
upon my hands.” His portrait was painted for The summer and autumn were passed in the the Duke of Orleans, but no trace of it can now preparation of a second instalment of the novel, be discovered. He was a frequent guest at and in December we find the author for the se- | Baron d'Holbach's famous suppers, meeting cond time in the full enjoyment of the London | there the foremost philosophers and wits of the season, not dining at home once in five weeks.
age. George the Third had succeeded to the throne Lydia inherited from her parents a delicate in October, and the town was occupied with the constitution, and an attack of asthma which she
or place which attended his accession, l experienced, determined her father to invite his wife and daughter to share with him in the other. My landlord is, moreover, to keep the benefits of a more genial climate. Several let- gardens in order--and what do you think I am ters remain which he has filled with minute in- to pay for all tbis? neither more or less than structions to guide the stay-at-home ladies in thirty pounds a year, and all things are cheap in their journey to join him. He tells his wife to proportion, so we shall live for very little." bring with her a pound of Scotch snuff, and to Works, vol. 7, p. 64). The establishment conbe sure at the Custom-house to have half in her sisted of a good cook, a "decent femme de own pocket and half in Lydia's. She is to ex- chambre,” and “a good-looking laquais," and pend sixty guineas in silks, blonds, gauzes, &c., Mrs. Sterne kept "an excellent good house" at and he adds :-“You must have them-for in the very moderate cost of two hundred and this country nothing must be spared from the fifty pounds a year. back-if you dine on an onion, and lie in a gar- | The cheapness of the place had attracted ret seven storeys high, you must not betray it hither a number of English, who formed a in your clothes, according to which you are well | “ happy society, living together like brothers or ill-looked upon. “They have bad pins and and sisters.” Mr. Sterne entered with zest into vile needles here; bring for yourself and some their amusements, and we find him taking part for presents," is another piece of advice. And in private theatricals during the Christmas holiagain :-"I had like to have forgot a most ne- days. Ennui, however, soon preyed upon the cessary thing: there are no copper tea-kettles invalid. He regretted the excitement of Paris to be bad in France, and we shall find such a and London, and he was even debarred from thing the most comfortable utensil in the house. hearing from home, except after a long interval, Buy a good strong one which will hold two for letters were eighteen days upon the road. quarts: a dish of tea will be of comfort to us in ) He inveighed querulously against the “ eternal our journey south. I have a bronze tea-pot, platitude of the French character," which had which we will carry also. As china cannot be a little variety, no originality." Amidst all this brought from England, we must make up a vil- weariness of spirit he was prostrated by a sever. lanous party-coloured tea-equipage to regale' The summer of 1763 was passed at Bagnères, ourselves and our English friends while we are but we hear nothing of a trip into Spain, which at Toulouse." (Works, vol. 7, p. 56.)
had been projected some time before. MontWife and daughter profited by the careful pelier was chosen for the winter's sojourn, directions which they had received, and the pre- but its climate proved as much too keen as parations which had been made,-a chaise had that of Toulouse had been too damp. Poor been sent to Calais for them,--and arrived "safe Yorick fell dangerously ill, and at length and sound, in high raptures with the speed and the physicians of the place told him he would pleasantness of their journey." They found die if he remained longer. “Why didn't Mr. Sterne only just able to go out after a severe you tell me before ?" said he, sharply. The attack of bleeding at the lungs, which had hap- l character of the faculty in whose hands pened in the night. He “bled the bed full” he was compelled to place his health may and lay speechless for three days. After Mrs. be judged from the postscript to one of his Sterne and Lydia had been gratified with some letters: -“My physicians have almost poisoned weeks of delightful sight-seeing in Paris, the me with what they call boillons refraichissants family set their faces toward Tolouse, in weather —'tis a cock flayed alive and boiled with poppy. as hot as “ Nebuchadnezzar's oven.” A day or seeds, then pounded in a mortar, afterwards two after their arrival at their destination, Sterne passed through a sieve. There is to be a cray. wrote to his friendly banker at Paris :-“Well, fish in it, and I was gravely told it must be a here we are after all, my dear friend, and most male one-a female one would do me inore burt deliciously placed at the extremity of the town, than good.” (Works, vol. 7, p. 85). Mr. in an excellent house well furnished, and elegant Sterne permitted his wife and daughter to rebeyond anything I looked for. 'Tis built in the main in France for a two or three years' resi. form of a hotel, with a pretty court towards the dence, while he returned to England. The dis. town, and behind the best garden in Toulouse, sipations of Paris detained him on his way laid out in serpentine walks, &c., so large that home, and brought on another fit of bleeding. the company in our quarter usually come to walk While there he preached before the British amthere in the evenings, for which they have my bassador and a distinguished company-Hume, consent, the more the merrier.' The house Diderot, and D'Holbach, with his sixteen consists of a good sallea-manger above stairs, i atheists, among the number. He reached Lonjoining to the very great sallea-compagnie as large don in May, 1764, and in August he was once as the Baron d'Holbach's; three handsome bed- more in Yorkshire, attending to parochial duchambers with dressing-rooms to them,- below ties--let us hope-certainly finishing the seventh stairs two very good rooms for myself, one to and eighth volumes of Shandy, which had been study in, the other to see company. I have, partially written in France. moreover, cellars around the court, and all other The business of publishing carried our ag. offices. Of the same landlord I have bargained thor to London in the winter, and the new in. to have the use of a country-house which he stalment of Tristram was given to the public on has two miles out of town, so that myself and 'the 26th of January, a month or more after all my family have nothing more to do than 'Goldsmith's poem, “The Traveller." A ceasetake our hats and remove from the one to the less round of gaieties, as usual, drew him into
that “ effort perpetuel pour se divertir", of which the new-born loves of Captain Shandy: “This the Countess de Boufflers complained, as cha- volume contains the amours of my uncle Toby.” racteristic of English society." The town talk (Life of Sterne, vol. 2, p. 326). was of the debates on the Regency Bill, the riots In the printed correspondence of Sterne, around the Duke of Bedford's mansion, and there are two or three letters written about this Lord Byron's-grand uncle of the poet--fatal | time to Ignatius Sancho, the Duke of Montaduel with Mr. Chaworth. The summer passed gue's black butler, a man well-known in London, at Coxwould, but early in October (1765) ill who expressed his gratitude for that brief, health drove the invalid abroad upon his famous graceful plea in behalf of the negro, which is Sentimental Journey.
contained in the last volume of Shandy, and After a short stay in Paris, where he found which furnishes an example in its touching Foote, Wilkes, and Tooke amusing themselves simplicity to this age of loud-mouthed sympathy and others, Sterne set out for Italy, passing for the slave. “'A negro has a soul! an' please through Lyons and over the mountains of Sa- your honour,' said the corporal (doubtingly), voy. During a fortnight's visit at Turin "I am not much versed, corporal,' quoth occurred the encounter with a lady on a stair- | my uncle Toby, 'in things of that kind; but I case, which he relates so ludicrously. “Upon suppose God would not leave him without one, my word, madam,' said I, when I had handed any more than thee or me.' her in (to her carriage), 'I made six different « It would be putting one sadly over the head efforts to let you get out.' 'And I made six of another,' quoth the corporal. efforts' replied she, to let you enter. 'I wish | “It would so,' said my uncle Toby. to heaven you would make a seventh,' said I. "Why, then, an' please your honour, is a
With all my heart,' said she, making room. black wench to be used worse than a white Life is too short to be long about the forms of one?" it, so I instantly stepped in, and she carried me ""I can give no reason,' said my uncle Toby. home with her." (Works vol. 4, p. 71.) This « Only, cried the corporal, shaking his head, lady was the Marquesina Fagniani, the mother because she has no one to stand up for her.' of George Selwyn's pet Mie Mie. Parma and "'Tis that very thing, Trim,' quoth my Florence received a few days' attention each, and uncle Toby, which recommends her to proRome was reached the latter part of December, tection, and her brethren with her; 'tis the the weather all the time like an English April. fortune of war which has put the whip into our A sojourn of some weeks in the delicious cli- | hands now. Where it may be hereafter, mate of beautiful Naples was of so much benefit Heaven knows; but be it where it will, the to the “tall, thin, hectic-looking Yorkshire par- brave, Trim, will not use it unkindly. son,” that he even grew fat. His companion on “God forbid,' said the corporal. this tour was James Macdonald, “a very extra "'Amen,' responded my uncle Toby, laying ordinary young man for variety of learning," his hand upon his heart.” (Works, vol. iii, who died at the early age of twenty-five at Rome, p. 157). shortly after Mr. Sterne's departure, and he was · Illness and depression sent Mr. Sterne to the buried there with great honours. Mrs. Sterne, peace and plenty of Coxwould, in May, but a then residing near Dijon, received a visit from letter of the 7th of June shows that his spirits her husband on his way home. He writes : had recovered their usual flow : “I am as happy "Never man has been such a wildgoose chase as a prince, at Coxwould, and I wish you could after a wife as I have been. After having sought see in how princely a manner I live-'tis a land her in five or six different towns, I found her at of plenty. "I sit down alone to venison, fish, last in Franche Compté. Poor woman! she was and wild fowl, or a couple of fowls and ducks, very cordial, &c., and begs to stay another year with curds, and strawberries and cream, and all
the simple plenty which a rich valley (under Midsummer found Yorick at home, and Hamilton Hills) can produce, with a clean cloth on the fourteenth of August he preached in on my table, and a bottle of wine at my right the cathedral before the King of Denmark, hand to drink your health. I have a hundred the Duke of York, and a great train of hens and chickens about my yard - and not a noblemen and gentlemen, who had been parishioner catches a hair or a rabbit, or a trout, drawn to York by the races. “An excel- but he brings it as an offering to me. * * * * lent discourse," say the London papers, and I take the air every day in my post-charse, with it is memorable now as the last he ever two long tailed horses-they turn out good preached. Two volumes of sermons were pub- ones." (Works, vol. vii, p. 160). lished by subscription, on the 18th of January The LADY INA, AND OTHER Poems. By of the next year, 1767. “They go into the R. F. H., Author of “Blythe House.” (London: world with a prancing list de toute la noblesse, Virtue and Co.)-Those who remember the sim. which will bring me in £300, inclusive of the ple purity and grace which characterize the sale of the copy," writes their author, exultingly. story of “Blythe House,” will recognize the Voltaire, Diderot, D’Holbach, Crebillon, and spirit of the writer in this volume of poems. Hame figure upon this “prancing" list. An easy flow of thought and expression, a Eleven days later the last volume of “Tristram musical ear, and refined feeling are evident Shandy" was given to the world. A note ap- throughout the whole; but here and there pended shows how keenly relished bad been 'touches of higher qualities assert themselves,
and an earuestness and tenderness that iinme ODD FELLOWS' QUARTERLY. (Manchester.) diately brings the reader's emotions into rapport -A pleasant number, agreeably diversified in with those of the author, specially permeate a its contents.“ Rue: a Tale of the Tally Sys. few of the minor poems, · Those entitled “In tem,” will, we hope, prove as usefully illustrative Memoriam” and “Aspiration” occur to us, as of this nefarious trade as the author, Mrs. C.A. apposite examples. . The narrative. poems of White (who on other occasions has written s'l'he Lady Ina," "The Battle of White-horse earnestly on the subject), can desire. Mr. Down," "A Legend of the Seine,” and “Sir Heaviside contributes a pretty sketchy paper, John Franklin," will find admirers for the sake entitled " Coming Home;" Eliza Cook a poem, of their stories and the easy flow of the smooth "On the Death of Richard Cobden"-written verse. There is nothing absolutely, soaring or with much feeling and spirit and the Rev. E. glowing in the strains of our author, but the Hewlet one on “The Life-Boat.” “ The Penny numbers run on, like a calm brook, smooth and and its "Power"-a 'paper the title of which bright, pure throughout, and sparkling with seems familiar to us - is pleasantly written, and the sunshine of this purity. It is a book to so is "A Rainy Holiday.” As a whole, we reput fearlessly into the hands of the young, full gard the present number as a very fair one. of lowly, unobtrusive piety, fair subjects, and [JOURNAL OF THE LIFE-BOAT INSTITUTION in our gentle thoughts.
THE TO I L E T.
(Specially from Paris.)
TOILETS FOR THE SEA-SIDE. . bottom of the skirt between entre deux of black
velvet about as wide as a No. 5 ribbon were First FIGURE.-- Dress composed of Indian
bouillonnés of foulard themselves finished toile de soie, the skirt trimmed at the bottom
on both sides by velvet ribbon of a less width. with four rows of velvet ribbon sprinkled with
The whole of the velvet trimming was sprinkled straw beads. Muslin under-body.. Bernese with little white buttons of inother-of-pearl. corslet. Jacket of the same material as the
The corsage, formed of a corslet incircled with dress, and likewise trimmed all round with velvet similarly trimmed, is worn over an understraw-beaded velvet, and on the top of the body of white muslin, made with five plaits be. sleeves with bois of the same, and ends of hind and before. The plaits, wide as a No. 4 plain velvet. Behind, cascades of velvet ribbon, I ribbon. are ornamented en suite with little not beaded
buttons of jet in imitation of pearls. The SECOND FIGURE. - Toilet composed of a sleeves, cut on the biais, are nearly tight, and foulard dress, covered with light blue spots, are trimined with black pearls, forming an orna. bordered at bottom by a silk cord of the same ment at the side near the top, wbich falls over colour, forming a design at the ends of the on a jockey of foulard, adjusted to the corslet, seam of each width, Milanaise corslet, and skirt and is finished at the bottom with a little striped blue and white, likewise corded at bottom pointed cuff figured with plaited muslin sprinand looped up in front with a similar cord and kled with black pearls. tassels. The sleeves are almost tight. Collar A basquin of the same material as the dress and cuffs of fine linen. Straw cap ornamented accompanies it, and is bordered and ornamented with long white östrich feather, fastened by a in the same way with black velvet, sprinkled rosette of blue velvet ribbon, with a pearl clasp with little buttons of mother-of-pear). Under it in the middle. Behind, long ends of velvet. is worn a waistband of black silk ornamented Burnouse of black Yack lace. Foularis, either en suite. The chapeau assorted for this toilette black or white grounds, sprinkled with Aowers is round, of the cap form, and is ornamented of the opposite tint, are much in favour. Il with a swallow, which retaias a very long blue have seen a very pretty toilet destined for the veil at the side. sea-side composed of white foulard, strewed The greater part of the robes de voyage are of over as it were with little black flowers, at the light materials, very soft and generally transp&