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of locomotion after the lightning speed of the As the sun was now sinking behind the tree. railway.

tops, Joe hinted that they had better follow the At length they arrived at the large farm house. wise example of the little birds, and go home, A very pretty old place it was ; a low, irregular which they did at rather a slower pace than they building, nearly covered by the clustering ivy, had started. which had also twined round one of two This was, only the first of many delightful tall chimneys, standing aloft like sentinels. walks Lena took with her cousins. Then there Within, a warm welcome awaited them, and was a wonderful little pony, which Uncle John they were soon doing ample justice to Aunt taught her to ride, and many a pleasant canter Hannah's bountiful dinner. Lena was seated down the green lanes did she have when the between her two cousins, Martha and Lizzie, heat of the day was over. Then as for climbing, the youngest of whom, a sunburnt gypsy of which she dreaded so much at first, Joe declared nine, seemed to take an especial fancy to the that now she could go up the tall trees in the shy little stranger, particularly when she found | lane, “as well as any squirrel.” that they were of the same age.

Thus pleasantly passed the time, till one bright When Lena was somewhat rested Martha morning, near the end of August, Joe proproposed a walk, to which she joyfully assented, posed a blackberrying party; he knew a field and away they ran to the hall. For a few some way off where there were “ fine ones." minutes there was a great fussing among the A blackberry party was something new to gingham sun-bonnets, to find one which would | Lena, and she eagerly commenced to make suit Lena; this being over, Lizzie shut the door ready. When the sun began to dry up the dew, with a bang, to announce their departure, and you might have seen the little party start across off they dashed through the lane, like young colts. the fields, each with a tin can, except Joe, who

“Now, where shall we go?" said Lizzie, wben carried a large basket, declaring his intention of she recovered her breath.

getting more than all the rest, though as Martha “Oh! to the brook,” said Martha, “that is observed, considering the quantity he always the prettiest.”

ate, that was somewhat doubtful. No objection being made, the little party “A race! a race !” called Lena, as they went on right merrily down the sloping green entered a large field, pointing to the opposite hill, where the sun lay so bright on the short fence. Away they all went; but Lena, light and velvet turf; through the apple-orchard, whose agile as a bird, soon gained on her more clumsy hard green knobs gave promise of something pursuers, and reaching the fence, threw the little better in the time to come; then over a fence, tin can over on the grass, then mounting the which Lena, unused to climbing, managed by top rail, stood nodding a laughing defiance to squeezing through the bars, to the infinite them. amusement of her cousins; and there they “Aint she as pretty as a picture?” said Joe, were at the brook at last.

stopping to gaze in admiration at the little figure A pleasant little thing was that same brook, on the fence. Very pretty indeed she looked at now singing merrily as it rippled over the pebbles, that moment. The brown wavy curls, escaping now lying still and tranquil in some quiet nuok, from the sun-bonnet which had fallen back in while in other places it leaped and sparkled as it the race, fell in rich profusion to her shoulders; fell over the rocks, forming tiny cascades. her cheeks were glowing with exercise, and a Oh! oh !" called Lena, “look at the dear |

saucy smile danced round the half-parted lips, tiny little fishes, ever so many of them ; just see

| as she beckoned them on. Before they could

reach the fence she was over, and snatching up how they jump around !"

her tin can, bounded off to the blackberry "Pooh !” said Joe, boylike, “that's nothing to bushes. the creek, where we fellows go fishing; you A merry time they had, and the tin cans ought to see the lots there."

were all filled, notwithstanding the number of “Now,” said Lizzie, “let's go to Willow | berries otherwise disposed of. As for scratches, Glen.'"

nobody minded them—"no rose without a This was a lovely spot, nained by a travelling thorn,” so there is no blackberrying without artist, who had sketched it some years before. I getting scratched; and then Joe bent all the On each side of the brook stood two weeping tall branches down, to let the girls pick the willows, whose graceful hanging branches nearly berries, though somehow Lena always got the touched the water, on which they were mirrored; | finest. while the sunlight, which found its way between About noon they returned, very tired, very them, danced and flickered on the water in a hot, but exceedingly proud of the large quantity thousand fantastic forms.

gathered ; and then there were blackberry “Oh! Lizzie,” said Lena, “do look at those

puddings, and blackberry pies, and no end of funny black flies, jumping about on the water;

making! jam for two or three days after.

wards. dear mel won't they get drowned ?"

Summer, with all its joy, was at length over, “Why nol” said Joe! " don't you see they and when the golden autumn came, Lena and have India-rubber boots on;" with which, her mother took an affectionate farewell of their of course, Lena was completely satisfied. kind friends, and started for home, loaded with good things; among these were a number of apples from Uncle John's favourite tree, but which, he declared, were not half so red as the rosy cheeks little Lena would take home to her father.

“Lord, hear the prayer of a little child,
Who by nature's sinful, rude and wild,
Make me gentle, pure and mild.

I saw a little child kneel down to pray,
And these were the words I heard it say:

“Guard my footsteps all the day;
Teach me to tread the heavenly way;

And when at night I seek my bed,
May angels sweet their vigils keep

Around my head !"


THE SAYINGS OF LABIENUS: On The Life consul-himself; a single censor-himself also; or CESAR BY NAPOLEON III. By M. Ro- a single prætor-himself; he was everywhere geard. Of all the literary criticisms which have (1). Proscribed eloquence died away under the budded under the sun of the French empire, shadows of the schools; literature expired under none has attained the height of the Sayings of the protection of Mæcenus (2). Titus Livius Labienus (Les Propos de Labienus). Mr. Ro- ceased to write ; Labeon ceased to speak; geard has transported into the French language Cicero's readings were forbidden; society was the elegance of Cicero and the conciseness of saved (3). As for glory, that was abundant, as Tacitus; be has, nevertheless, been very wrong it should be in an empire which respects itself ; in adding one more demonstration to that truth there had been fighting about in all directions ; so often proved, that the height of intellect and the people of the north and south, on the right talent are not measurable by the height of the and on the left, had received an all-sufficient several positions of an author. He has hu- whipping; there were plenty of names to post miliated his imperial antagonist, and should up at the corners of streets, and on the triumhave expected what has happened to him. phal arches; there were vanquished nations to Why " discuss with him who has thirty legions ? | be chained in basso relievo; there were the DalIn a country which is not free, one should matians, the Cantabrians, and the Aquitanians, avoid meddling with contemporaneous history; and the Pannonians; the Illyrians, the Rhætians, and criticism as to such matters is impos. | the Vindelisians, the Salassians, and the Dacians, sible.” Poor Mr. Rogeard has experienced the Ubians, the Sicambrians, and the Parthians, the extreme justice of his previsions; whom Cæsar dreamed of conquering; without having been condemned to prison and to several counting the Romans of the civil wars, over bundreds of francs fine, for possessing more whomAugustus had had the audacity to triumph, mind and talent than his sovereign. I hope but on horseback only, through modesty. The that the free public will absolve him emperor had even led the command in one of and read his work, as the finest specimen these wars, and been wounded (4), which is the of literary criticism which France has produced height of glory for a great nation. for years.-TRANS.]

Nevertheless, sesterces rained down upon the What follows took place in the year VII.,

plebeians; the prince multiplied his distribuafter J. C., the thirty-first year of the reign of

tions. The

You would have said it cost him Augustus, seven years before his death.

nothing. He distributed all the time, and everyprincipality had full sway, the people had a

where. He was so kind that he even gave to master. Slowly escaping from that vapour of blood which had reddened its rising, the star of Julius at length cast a soft light upon the silent forum. It was a fine moment! The wards were quiet, and laws were mute; no more ward (1). A clear allusion to Napoleon III., who concomitia, or assemblies of hundreds, took place, centrates all passions in himself, and might call himno mo

more rogations. no more provocations. nó | self the only Frenchman. more secessions, no more plesbiscitum, no more! (2). An allusion to Michelet and Quinet, and other elections, no more disorder; there was no re

professors whose public courses were suppressed. publican army any longer, nulla publica arma. (3). An allusion to the expeditions to the Crimea, Roman peace was everywhere, gained by the

Italy, China, Cochin China and Mexico, as well as to Romans: a single tribune reigned-Augustus;

the revolt of the three days and the massacre of the a single army stood—the army of Augustus; al

second December. single will prevailed-his; there was a single' (4). An allusion to Magenta.

little children under eleven (5), which is con- 1(10). Legions seemed to spring from the trary to law. It is a fine time to violate the law, earth at the call of Pompey. These republicans, when you are better than it is.

then, had been conscientiously killed; but how (6) The only difficulty was where to choose. / many of them? Three hundred thousand, perThere were theatrical games, gladiators' games, haps, at most; that was pretty fair, but not games in the forum, games in the amphitheatre, quite enough; there were still some of them games in the circus, games in the comitia, nau- | about. Hence some little drawbacks in the tical games, and Trojan games, without count- / great man's life. In the senate, he was obliged ing the races, huntings, and athletic wrestling. I to wear a cuirass and a sword under his robe, all of which did not prevent there being exhi- which are disagreeable, especially in a warm bitions of rhinoceroses, tigers, and serpents fifty climate (11); and was obliged to surround himyards long. Never had the Roman nation had self by ten robust fellows, whom he called his eo fine a time. Let us add that the prince fre- friends, but who were nevertheless unpleasant quently reviewed the horsemen himself, and that companions (12). he loved often to renew the spectacle of de- There were also three cohorts, who dragged filing (7), a majestic, if not a varied one, which their clanking swords after him, in that same it would be unjust to fail to enumerate ainong city, where sixty years before not so much as a the pleasures he afforded to the masters of the little life could be brought; this might make one world. As for himself, his pleasures were sim doubt the popularity of the father of the country

and, unless it should be that he gave a la little. There was Agrippa, too (13), who was li ttle too often the legitimate place of Scribonia demolishing rather too much ; but a fine marble or Livia, either to Drusula, or Tertulla, or tomb must, of course, be made for the great Terentulla, or Rufulla, or to Salvia Titiscenia, nation that desired to die (14). There was beor to others; and that he had the bad taste, sides, the prefect of Lyons, Licinius, who drained when famine was everywhere, to banquet too his province somewhat too much; he did not joyously, disguised as a god, with eleven of his know how to fleece the sheep without making it jolly companions, likewise deified (8); and bleat; he was an ignorant rough administrator, that he was too ardently devoted to fine furni- who satisfied himself with taking money where ture and beautiful Corinth vases, so as even it was to be found, that is, in people's pockets, sometimes to kill the owner to get the vase; and proceeding without ceremony, and wanting that he was fond of gambling and sbaking or genius in execution; it was he who took it into dice; and that he was still a little given to his his head to add two months to the almanac, in uncle's vices

order to have the monthly tax paid twice in his except these and some other little things, which good city. As for the rest, it must be admitted are hardly worth mentioning, Suetonius assures that he shared honestly with his master the us that the rest of his time was passed in a very product of his administration. regular and irreproachable manner. Thus this! The good people of Lyons not knowing how Julian era was a very happy period, and the age to shake this leech off their skin, (had the of Augustus was a great age, and it is not with simplicity to appeal to Cæsar to recal their out reason that Virgil, who was rather held off | prefect-who kept bis place. at first, and indemnified for it afterwards, ex There was, besides, a certain expedition to a claims that the reign of Saturn had come again. distance, which was not exactly the thing to There were some shadows in the picture, to

take airs about. The unfortunate Varus (15) be sure. There had been about ten conspiracies

o had been whipped like a simpleton, with three or so (9), and as many seditions; that spoils al

legions, down there, beyond ihe Rhine, in the reign; and there were the republicans coming

Hyrcinian forest. This looked badly. War is up again. The most that could be, had been

og like all good things, there is such a thing as

: killed, at Pharsalia, at Thapsus, at Munda, at|

having too much of it. It has the merit of being Philippi, at Actium, at Alexandria, and in

an absorbing spectacle; the most powerful of

all diversions, I grant you; but it is a resource Sicily; for Roman liberty is tough, and no less than seven butcheries of the mass, and seven

which must be economized. We should not slaughters, had been necessary to disable it

play this terrible and insolent game too easily, it may turn against him who plays it; and when

the Emperor, to that at the Champs Elysees, at the (5). An allusion to the orphan asylum of the Im | Comic Opera, at Marseilles, and many others. perial Prince, and other benevolent societies, under

| (10). An 'allusion to the Italian, Hungarian, and the exclusive patronage of the Empress and the Im

Polish up-risings. perial Prince.

(11). An allusion to the coat-of-mail, given by the (6). An allusion to the great number of new theatres opened, under the reign of Napoleon III.

Empress and worn by the Emperor, as well as to his (7). Napoleon, at the beginning of his reign, con

body-guard. stantly reviewed the cavalry troops, accompanied by

(12). An allusion to the Imperial Guard. his wife.

(13). An allusion to Prefect Haussman. (8). An allusion to the scandalous orgies at Com-1 (14). Probably an allusion to the government of piegnes, Saint Cloud, and Fontainebleau, as well as Algiers, under Randon and Pelissier. to certain private parties at the Tuileries.

1 (15). An allusion to the defeat of General I (9). An allusion to Orsini's attempt to assassinate 'cet in Mexico.

a man is a “saviour"(16), it is hardly becoming everything was for the best in the best of to send the people he has saved to be butchered. empires. This may be made an objection; but who At this period lived Labienus. Do you know thought of such a thing? about twenty thousand Labienus? He was a strange man, with an odd inothers, and what is that in a great empire? It disposition. Just imagine, that he persisted in is well known that glory does not give her fa- remaining a citizen in a city where there were vours, and Rome was rich enough in blood and no longer anything but subjects. Can one fancy money to pay for them. Augustus merely run such a thing ? Civis romanus sum, said he; his head against a post and made a prosopopeia, and you could not get him away from that idea. which for the matter has become classic (17). | He wished, like Cicero, to die free in his free

There was Lollius, too, who had lost an eagle; country; could anything be more utterly it could be done without; and, as for finances, preposterous ? A citizen and a free man : a new era was about opening; great administra- what a fool! undoubtedly he said that-as tion was invented; the world was to be admin- Polynectes at a later day: I am a Christian! istered. The monster empire, with a hundred without so much as knowing what be did say. million hands and one stomach, unity, was | The truth is, that his poor mind was wandering; founded! I will work with your hands, and he had a dangerous affection of the brain ; at you shall digest with my stomach; that is a least, that was the opinion of the physician of clear matter, and Menenius was right; the Augustus, the celebrated Antonius, who called opinion of the peasant of the Danube is no this species of madness an arguing monomania, business of mine (18).

and who had ordered the patient to be treated If this system led to some abuses; if from time by imprisonment. Labienus did not take the to time there was a famine or so, that was but a remedy; so he was not cured, as you will see, cloud in the light of universal joy, a discordant when I shall have made you better acquainted note lost in the concert of public gratitude; and with him. all these little misfortunes that peradventure (21). Titus Labienus bore a name honoured ruffle the surface of the empire, were, sooth to I already doubly by good citizens. The first say, but merry contrasts and frequent diversions Labienus, Cæsar'slieutenant, had left him at the kept for a happy nation by its good fortune, in time when the Rubicon was passed. in order order that it might rest from its happiness and not to be an accomplice of his outrage; the have time to breathe. It was like the seasoning second had served the Parthians better than the of the feast : just enough to break the mono- triumvers : our hero was the third. A line of tony of success, temper jubilation, and prevent Seneca, the rhetor, already suffices to give us a satiety. They were choking with prosperity ; glimpse of this majestic personage: for we find there are benefits which overwhelm and joys there the haughty words of Labienus: I know that kill.

\that what I write can only be read after my death." Who, then, in this golden age, who could | An orator and a historian of the highest order, complain? Tacitus said, seven years later, having attained glory through a thousand when Augustus died, that there remained but obstacles, it was said of him that he had wrested few citizens who had seen the republic ; still admiration away, rather than obtained it. He fewer remained of those who had served

then wrote a history, some pages of which he it; they had been carried off in the civil occasionally read within closed doors. to tried wars, or by outlawry, or by summary ex. friends. It was on account of this history that ecutions, or by assassination, or by prison, or the condemnation of books to the flames was by exile, or by poverty, or by despair. Time put into force for the first time, on motion of a had done the rest. There remained some senator, who becaine himself a sufferer, a little vexed spirits, some morose old men; and as

while after, by the penalty he had invented : for those who had been born since Actium, they and Labienus was thús the first in Rome who had come into the world with a picture of the had the honour of an incendiary senatus-conemperor in their eyeball (19), and they did not sultum. This is what Mr. Egger judiciously see any the better for tbat; there was reason to calls “the new difficulties which the imperial hope that they would be at least disposed to régime caused to arise in history." The noor find the new appearance of things satisfactory, I scorche

factory, scorched historian, not being able to survive and even the most satisfactory of all, as they lhis we

by his work, went to shut himself up in the tomb had never seen any other. Thus the bulk of

of his ancestors, to emerge no more. He thought the people of Remus (20) was content, and bis work had verished, but it was not so.

Cassius knew it by heart, and Cassius, protected by exile, was, as he said himself, a living edition

of his friend's book, an edition which was not (16). An allusion to the role of saviour, assumed by

to be burned. Without doubt the book of Napoleon, after the coup d'étát, when he declared himself the “saviour of society about to perish."

Labienus was as insane as his life. A burned (17). “Empire is peace.” (Napoleon III).

book : what a trilling matter! is that anything (18). It is impossible to better impersonate the present political system in France, and its so-vannted centralization.

(21). Everything seems to indicate that this is an (19). An allusion to be present French generation allusion to Victor Hugo, whose father was a repub(20). Probably an allusion to Romieu.

lican general under Bonaparte.

to kill oneself about? The Senate did not wish , sublime inscription : The Salvation of the death of the guilty man, but merely to give humanity.Even this displeased him; he him a warning; it was needful to profit by it; asserted that he had been saved in spite of himbut this man took everything in the wrong way, I self, and he quoted the line of Horace: and always heard a thing backwards, when he “When thus to be preserved is not my wish or will, heard it at all. He was well worthy of figuring the saviour an assassin is, who thus preserves me in the long file of stoic suicides which had still." begun to form, and among all those heroic | The old Labienus was one of those who had simpletons, those absolute and systematic seen the republic; he had the folly to remember opposers, insane and absurd, who made their , it; there lay the evil. He now saw a great very death an act of opposition, and imagined reign, and he was not satisfied. There are people that, by opening their veins, they played the who never are so. He always thought himself emperor a trick. Some even killed themselves on the day after Pharsalia'; forty years of glory put solely to spite the prince, who laughed under his eyes out wlth their lustre, but without his moustache, and was all the more convinced opening them ; he looked like a man in a bad of the excellence of his policy, when he saw his dream, and reality was only an infernal vision work doing itself. Labienus was a man of this to him. He was a simpleton in his astonishkind ; you see he was an idiot; such was the ment; he would not believe what had hap. man whose Sayings we wish to tell you, and pened. Epimenides (who slept a hundred you will see in those sayings, as in his life and years*), when he awoke, was less astonished. death, that he was always the same, that is to Sad in the inidst of universal joy, sombre at the say, incorrigible. He was a man of the old party, Roman orgie, like the two philosophers in Cousince the republic had gone by ; a reactionary, ture's picture, he was there and seemed to live since the republic was a thing of the past; one elsewhere: he was a death's-head at the feast. of the old régime, since the government of laws You might have thought him a corpse escaped was the former régime ; in a word, he was an from the tombs at Philippi, an inquisitive specold fogy (22). He was one of those quarrel. tre who had come to look on. Sometimes a some men who must tremble under a strong friend pitied him; he pitied his friend. Most government, in order that peaceable men should often, all alone, he growled in his own corner: be secure, and that society, shaken to its found he looked at the empire passing. It was not ation, should be able to rest again upon its | possible to make such a man listen to reason. basis. This is not all : Labienus was ungrateful. | He belonged to another age, and was an exile in In the very midst of Cæsarism, in the full tide the new one; he had the home-sickness of the of glory, amid that over-abundance of felicity past; he had learned nothing and forgotten and that vast festival of humankind he ignored nothing; he comprehended nothing in the prethe banefactions scattered with open hand by sent epoch; he had all the prejudices of Brutus; the second founder of Rome, the peace-maker he was infested with Greek opinions which had of the worid. He cherished, at the same time, not been fashionable in Rome for some time the inimical passions and blind folly which past. He looked as old as the Twelve Tables ; inake dangerous men and bad citizens. But he still thought as people thought in the time of you do not know him. His passion wanted air | Fabricius and the long-haired Camillus. And and space in the suffocation of the principality. what fantastic ideas and incredible manias; esBeing able no longer to speak, write, act or peciaily one very singular, inexplicable taste : move, he passed whole hours upon the Sublicius he loved liberty! It is clear that T. Labienus bridge, looking at the flow of the Tiber, i had not common sense. To love liberty! Do motionless and mute, but with flashing eyes and you understand that? It was a retrograde threatening gesture, his bosom swelling with opinion, since liberty was a thing of old. The the spirit of former days; like a statue of Mars new men loved the new régime. He did not the avenger, like a petrified tribune. “It is understand nicety of shades, nor had he the sweet to sleep," said Michael Angelo, “or to be idea of time, or the comprehension of transition. of stone, so long as shame and misery endure." Time had gone on, ideas also; he remained Labienus did not sleep, but he was of stone, as firmly planted as a goal: he still believed in harder than the rock of the capitol (immobile justice, in the law, in science and in conscience; saxum). Tyranny had no hold upon bim, the he was clearly in his dotage. He talked of the empire could not clutch at him; he was a party of honest men, like Cicero; he talked of Roman of the old rock, which nothing could the senate, of tribunes, of the comitia, and did break. Alone, standing, like Cocles, between not see that all these had melted away, like an army and a precipice, he defied both; he snow, into an immense sink, and that he was defied Augustus and smiled upon death. In all almost alone upon the outside. He still counted this there was something good, if you will; but, years by the consuls; for Augustus had left the at the same time, what a detestable disposition ! name, in order that the thing might be beliered what a surly turn of mind! Octavius in vain | in, and he hoped to resuscitate the thing by struck off a superb medal, with the three preserving the name. He prepared discourses interlaced hands of the triumvirate and this to the people, as if there was a people; be in

* The classic Epimenides scarcely slept so long; his (:2). Napoleon's words after the coup d'étât trance endured fifty-seven years.-ED.

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