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voked laws as if there were laws. The princi-l “Come! come! I know that you have been pality to him was but a parenthesis in history, in a rage for thirty years, and that you have not a shameful page in the annals of Rome. He laughed once since the triumvirate ceased to would have made haste to turn the leaf over or be; but here is my news: the Memoirs of tear it out: he always said that it would end, Augustus have just appeared.” and he thought so. People thought him mad, “Since when have murderers taken to writand he was so, as you see. As for everything ing books?" else, he was a good sort of man, incapable of “Since honest men have taken to making hurting a fly, or wishing the least harm to any emperors." one, unless it was Augustus, and hardly that. " Alas!” He was so mild, that he was merely for sending “You will not read these memoirs, then, him to the galleys, to work the treadmill, con. dear Titus ?” trary to the more prevalent opinion of those “I shall read them : I shall read them. Galwho would have had him crucified. He thought lionus, with tears of shame.” besides, with the stoics, that punishment is good! “ And you will reply to them, criticise them, for the guilty; it is therefore true to say that he write an anti-Cæsar, as Cæsar has written an wished Augustus the only happiness that could | anti-Cato." be his-expiation. One day he was walking “No, Gallionus, I shall publish nothing on under Agrippa's portico, and met Gallionus this subject. I do not discuss with bim who (23). Junius Gallionus was a young sage, even has thirty legions. In a country which is not as Labienus was an old madman. He was a free, one should not allow oneself to touch upon mild, serious young man, learned and elegant, contemporary history; and criticism, in such a polite, circumspect, and prudent, a moderate case, is impossible.' stoic; Spanish and Roman at once, a citizen “You do not wish to enlighten the public, and a subject, a man of two epochs and two then?” countries, with mixed blood and piebald opi- "I do not wish to aid in deceiving them; nions, a little this and a little that; sometimes, for, in these times, on such subjects, nothing like Horace, turning his saddened glances that appears can be good, nothing that is good towards the tomb of liberty, and letting them can appear. I shall continue my secret history, fall again, no less sad, upon the cradle of the the manuscript of which I shall send to Seempire; giving a tear to Cato, a smile to Cæsar : verius, in a safe place: I will save truth by ex. with a benevolent disposition, liking everybody iling it.' a little, even Labienus. He was Seneca's “But it is promised that criticism is to be brother, who had not dared to live, and uncle free ; tyranny is to give literature a week's freeto Lucanus, who knew not how to die. There dom.” were no longer any but half-way heroes, and “They can give but a false liberty, a liberty of stumps of grandeur; a nation in ruins before December (24), that is to say, a carnival-like its temples were built; here and there were still liberty, libertas decembris, as Horace says: I will some half Romans. Gallionus made verses for not profit by it. I will not, by writing against the the favourite Mæcenus ; the critics called him the book, place myself between the vengeance of ingenious Gallionus. In fine, he must have had Octavius and the clemency of Augustus (25), talent, for he was a proconsul. It was after him without even having free choice. I will not, that those who were indifferent in religious mat- | like Cinna, give the fellow a chance to play the ters were called Gallionists: he might have been magnanimous with me, and be dispatched, as it somewhat of a patron in the same way, in po- were, by a pardon. As for praising the book, I litical matters. This is what Labienus accused could only do so if it is good, in which case I him of. I think the sombre promenader was should fear to be confounded with those who about passing him by, without caring to recog. will praise it from other motives. It is then as nize him, for Labienus wss not amiable; he impossible for me to praise as to blame. Ben was not any more affable than those famous sides, the book is not good and could not be senators who, proudly seated in the forum one When a man is so guilty as to have made himday, received the Gauls so haughtily; indeed, self king, and so imbecile as to make himself a Gallionus would not have ventured to stroke his god, I think that he cannot have all the qualibeard : but the young man was so happy, so ties requisite for writing history. pleased, and had such urgent need to tell some “ You know already that he has neither good one the great news he had just learned: he was sense, nor good faith : what then remains to so curious to see what effect it would have on him? He can neither know the truth, nor tell Labienus, that he accosted hiin.
it, if he knew it; what does this sceptre-bearer "Good day, Titus! quid agis, dulcissime meddle with, then? Why does he take it into rerum, bow do you do?".
"I am ill, if the empire is well.”
“Well! everyone knows that you are always (24). An allusion to the coup d'étât of the 2nd in a bad humour; but I have news for you.” December, and to the promises of liberty as held out
“There is nothing that can be news to me if by Napoleon III. as the crowning of the edifice. Augustus still reigns.”
(25) An allusion to the words of Octavius, so fool
ishly glorified by history: “Augustus no longer re(23). Probably Edmond About, or Provost Paradol. members the injuries done to Octavins."
his head to write history? A historian-king and orders three luxuriously-boundcopies, for the should begin by abdicating. He has not done three public libraries which he has just organized; 80; it is a bad sign! I bave read passages of Fenestella will add a volume to his literary hisit. He justifies outlawry and apologizes for tory; Metullus, who writes the prince's speeches usurpation. It must be so. And you, Galli- so beautifully, will enumerate the oratorical onus, wish me to criticize this work of false- | beauties of his book; and Verruis, the grammahood and ignorance, clad in the approbation of rian, will name over its grainmatical beauties; two thousand centurions, and recommended to Marathus, the historiographer, will give an the reader, by veterans. Criticism! It is siege analysis in the court-journal, and Athenadorus, you would have. You do not see, my good the protégé of Octavius, will draw up a paraGallionus, that this is one of the best tricks i phrase for the use of ladies, and little explanathat the son of the banker (26) has played the tory notes suited to princesses. I have mensons of the she-wolf, who, alas ! unlike their tioned ten men, but I know a thousand; all ancestress, do not know how to bite. Ah! these people will defile before the Emperor, Gallionus, we are degenerate, we are Romans of shouting aloud, like knights at parade: he, the decline, fallen from Cæsar to Augustus, | however, will assume an attitude full of modesty thrown from Charybdis against Scylla; from and majesty; his gesture will say : Enough! strength to trickery, from the uncle to the his smile will say : Once more ! and the crowd nephew! Pah! No, I will not fall in this will split its throat anew. As he had the populiterary trap, nor be caught in the hole; nor lace of the Seven Hills to applaud bis acts, will I 'cause others to fall into it; no, I will so he will have to praise his book, the populace not write on the Memoirs of Augustus. The of authors; applause is certain, but it can only silence of the people is the lesson of kings. come from one side; it is even rather a funny Labienus will teach it to Augustus.
consequence of his unique literary situation. “Be at ease, too; if you want criticism on The unfortunate man did not perhaps forsee it, this little morsel of imperial literature, if you but what do I care? he will succeed by order; want cunning appreciation, you will have it; if that is hard, but I cannot help it. All-powerfulyou want learned dissertation, it will rain down; ness is inconvenient to an author; the wreath of if you want ingenious and frequent observations, the crowned writer is not all roses. The situa. reviews full of novelty, elegant and courteous tion is hard to bear, and Virgil would have lost discussion sustained in an exquisite strain by his Latin in such a quandary. But a man must men belonging to the best society, you will have bear the laws he makes, and when shame is it; if you want controversy on its knees and poured out, it must be quaffed down, Pay atrhetoric flat on its stomach, and epigrams tention, my dear Gallionus; the holiday is about thrown off, the point of which tickles instead of to commence, it will be noisy and crowded ; the wounding, and bites which are caresses, and musicians are already in iheir places, tuning bitter reproaches which are pleasing, and adora- | their instruments and playing the prelude to the bly-graceful little lines slipped in under the concert; listen and look, if it suits your taste; guise of severe judgment, and pretty little words I confess that the spectacle will be very enterof the most charming description, delicately en- taining to those who are still able to laugh. veloped in the garb of a ferocious and warlike (28). “I know that the work will comprise sentence, and bouquets of flowers of rhetoric, the last civil war, and even the last year of the and waves of mellifluous eloquence, and argu- reign of Julius Cæsar. In good faith, my dear ments offered up on cushions, and objections Gallionus, can you look at such a thing as presented on a silver waiter, like a letter brought serious ? Augustus publishing (29) a book by a servant; nothing of all this will be want. upon the revolution he caused! What ought to ing, my gay Gallionus. We shall see the muses be said, think you, of a criminal who would of the state go through a dance, and Mæcenus publish an apology for his crime? To my mind, will lead the ballet. The chaste sisters have he commits a second outrage, more difficult, it quitted Pindus for Mount Palatine, and Apollo | is true, than the first (for it is easier to commit a belongs to the police. So Augustus is certain crime than to justify it); but this second crime, of his public, readers, judges, critics, imitators if more difficult to accomplish, is as guilty and and commentators; he will find people for this more hurtsul, for the victims are more numerous, work. Those who have made Virgil great, can and the consequences more enduring. The first make Aristarchus so; he needs them, he will attacks the life of men, the other their conscience; have them!
the one kills the body, the other the mind; the (27) “All literature is merry-making ready. | one oppresses the present, the other the future. Varius is weeping with joy, Flavius is happy, | It is the coup d'état of morality, the creation of Rabirius is preparing his tablets ; Haterius will disorder, systematized injustice, the organization lecture, and Tarpar will declaim. Pompeius Macer declares that it is a glad day for morality, (28). An allusion to the later days of the Empire,
and the revolution of forty-eight.
(29). It is known that the aim of Napoleon, in (26). This may be an allusion to the real father of writing the life of Cæsar, was to personify his unele Napoleon III.
in Cæsar, and himself in Augustus, and to prove (27). An allusion to men of letters only known in that both have been the personification of the interests Paris.
I of their epoch.
of evil, the promulgation of no rights, the out- 1 sayings, old coins and old armour, but not the lawry of truth, the definitive defeat of public | olden morals. Would you discuss with him on reason, the general rout of ideas, an intellectual points of grammar, archæology or numisbattle of Actium. It is the true capping of an matics ? Fool! would you do him that honour? edifice of rascality and infamy, and the only You see that would be falling into his trap, and one possible. The book of Augustus is his life playing his game. People like him feel themraised up as an example, his ambition made inno selves to be, do what they may, under the ban cent, his will made into formula as law; it is the of society; they have left it violently through a code of malefactors, the bible of reprobates; and crime, they wish to regain it stealthily by it is this book that you would attempt to criticise trickery (32). They have but one ambition, to publicly, under the régime of his good pleasure ! insinuate themselves among decent people. To youwould make literary opposition to Augustus ? do this, they assume every disguise; they go What folly! Criticism of Octavius ? What a about everywhere, seeking for their poor lost sorry joke! He inade no criticism of Cato; he honour; they are seen crowned beggars, asking killed him! What! the miserable wretch who for esteem from door to door; it is the only alms assassinates you, preaches & sermon to you that cannot be given them. Augustus is at upon assassination! and, before despatching you, this pass; this quaffer of blood has but one asks your opinion as to his little composition, thirst, that for praise ; this thief of the empire your sincere opinion, as to its matter and form; of the world can steal but one thing more : his your political and literary opinion; for he is an rehabilitation. But he attempts what is imartist and a good fellow, and he wishes your possible. The powerless and desperate effort opinion of his works; and you give it him, and, which he makes to save the payments of with a knife across your throat, you will con his wrecked reputation, the supreme effort to fabulate with the executioner! Gallionus, my hang his honour to a last bough about to break friend, you cannot mean it!
- these last struggles of Cæsar against opinions “ What could you say of Verras (30) writing which crush him-have I know not what about a book upon property? Would you discuss them, that is lugubrious yet comical, like the with him? Are the Memoirs of Octavius any. smile of the gladiator who would die gracefully. thing better? Are they not the theory of usur- The book of Cæsar is like the toilet of the conpation, written by ani usurper? They are a demned, like the bow which the man about to school for conspiracy, opened by an unpunished be hanged makes to the crowd, as he goes to conspirator.
punishment. It is the coquettish display of his (31) “The author can, after all, only tell last day. Cæsar was so filthy, that the execuwhat he knows! he knows how to pillage a tioner would not have touched him; he has washed city, how to cut the throats of the senate, how himself off a little, to embrace death. And he to break open a treasure in a temple and rob asks for readers! Readers of Cæsar! to what Jupiter; he knows how to make false keys, end? He dares, in a preface, to put questions to false oaths, and false wills; he knows how to his reader; it is the lictor who will relie in the Forum and at the Curia, how to corrupt ply (33).” the electors, or do without them; how to kill his "While awaiting that reply, I will read the wounded colleagues, as at Modena; how to out Memoirs of Augustus.” law a mass of men at once, and how to play “And I,” replied Labienus, "will read over other princely games; he knows how, accord again the Libels of Cassius.” ing to the method of the first Cæsar, to borrow from some to lend to others, and make himself THE LIFE-BOAT; or, JOURNAL OF THE friends on both eides; he knows how, with a NATIONAL LIFE-BOAT INSTITUTION.-The vigorous bound, to cross all barriers and all | July number of the journal contains the comRubicons; then, with a last leap, raising himself | mencement of a very interesting article on above divine and human laws, make the supreme “ Lights and Lighthouses," from the Pharos of effort, and, cutting a caper, come down a king. the ancient Greeks, erected by Ptolemy PhiladelHe knows how to do all this, but he does not phus, on an island of that name near the know a word of history, nor of politics, nor entrance to Alexandria, and which existed three morals, unless it is great morality, that is to say, hundred years before Christ, to the latest inventhe morals of the great, such as were taught in ted floating light, marking the shoals and sands his family. There is nothing then in his book upon our coast. A new life-boat has been that one needs to know, and a profusion of what placed by the Institution at North Deal; and at it is dangerous to learn. He is fond of old Tramore, and Ardmore in Ireland, and at Sun
derland, and Holy Island in Northumberland, new
(30). A celebrated Roman extortioner.
(32). An allusion to the Emperor's desire to fill a soldiers, on the 2nd December, in Paris, and to the arrest and expatriation of the deputies, as well as to
chair in the Academy of France, as his uncle did, in the stealing the funds in the bank of France, of those
order to appear to be something in himself. of the Caisse d'Epargne, and of the Hospices, to (33). The author could not have prophesied better ; electoral corruption, to the assassination of General | for he was himself condemned to five years' imprisonCornemuse in the Emperor's Cabinet, &c.
I ment, and five hundred fraucs fine.
boats of larger size, and of improved construc-, stormy weather, will make these boats the tion have replaced the boats hitherto in use at harbingers of life to many a despairing fellow these stations. The expenses of these latter creature, who, but for them, must (seeing that alteratious have in each instance, save that of heaven helps us through ourselves) have cried the Tramore boat (collected amongst the in vain_“Lord, help; or we perish !" members of the Cambridge University Boat Club, (all honour to them for their humane Donations and subscriptions thankfully generosity! and of the Sunderland life-boat received by all Bankers in the United Kingdom, from a fund collected for the purpose) been and by the Secretary, Richard Lewis, Esq., at borne by benevolent individuals. Besides an the Office of the Institution, 14, John Street, article on the necessity of life-belts for mercbant. Adelphi. seamen, and a short but comprehensive memoir
C. A. W. of the late Admiral Fitzroy, F.R.S.; the usual special notices of the services of life-boats, and a summary of the meeting of the Committee appear. The first is replete as ever with tragic interest, and heroic deeds. It is all very well in the glorious open of a summer's night, or by the ale-house fire at midwinter, when the winds blow high, for roystering landsmen to sing “Rule Britannia, Britannia rules the waves," but
CREATION, A TRADITION OF THE INDIANS IN national egotism never inspired a falser notion.
norion British COLUMBIA.—Captain C. E. Barrett Lennard, in Far from ruling the waves, more British heads his “ Travels in British Columbia,” gives the following have succumbed to their power, more bones of account of the opinion of the Indians in Columbia on British seamen strew the bottom of the “briny 'creation : “The belief among the Northern Indians is deep,” than those of any other nation; and first, that Yale (crow) made everything; that men neither improved charts, better ships, a more possess a never
ps, a more possess a never-dying soul. The brave, who fall in extensive acquaintance of navigation on the
battle, and those who are murdered, enjoy everlasting part of their commanders, nor our growing knowledge of the law of storms, appear to have
happiness in heaven ; while those that die a natural death reduced the numbers of shipwrecks in British are condemned to dwell for ages among the branches of waters, nor the dreadful loss of life entailed by tall trees. The world was originally dark, shapeless, them, Year after year the awful catalogue of chaotic; the only living thing being Yale. For a long disasters at sea rather increase than fall off, and time he flew round and round the watery waste, until at the cry for more help, to aid in saving the perish- length, growing weary of the intolerable solitude, he ing crews of storm-struck vessels driven on det
determined to people the universe. He bade the waters the dangerous rocks, and treacherous sands of the channel and seaboard, grows more importu
recede, and the sun shine forth and dry the earth. The nate from the experienced benefit of such effect of this was to cause a dense mist to arise aid. Let us thank God that the benevolent this mist he created salmon, and put them into the lakes and the wealthy are yearly becoming and rivers. Birds and beasts were afterwards created on better acquainted with the great merits of this land. After Yale had finished his work of creation, he grand National Institution, and eager in assist- made a survey of it, and found all creatures were satisfied ing its means of help. Every report of the with the universe in which they had been placed, with committee proves the growing interest taken by all classes of the community in the work the
the exception of the lizard, who, having a stock of proInstitution is charged with. Quite a long list Visions laid up for winter use, and being moreover a of Life-boats, the individual gifts of living men great sleeper, preferred a request to be allowed five and women, to whom heaven bas returned their months' winter. 'Not so,' replied Yale, 'for the sake of cbarity a thousand fold, in the knowledge that the other animals there shall be but four snowy months.' their gifts have been the human means of saving The lizard insisted on five, stretching forth at the same many lives, and of preventing the sufferings of time his five digits; for in those days he had a hand like many households. Many others have remembered
' a man. The crow seized his hand, and, cutting off one in their Wills the constant outgoings of the a society's funds, and have left large sums of finger, gave him to understand that the remaining number money, or special bequests of boats to be built should indicate the months of the seasons, four rainy. for the Institution ; but the hold, this grandly four snowy, and four summer. The crow finding, as conducted and noble scheme of relief has taken winter came on, that he had no house to shelter him, or on the people's hearts, is best seen from the to store the salmon he had prepared for winter use, made fact that the Societies of Odd Fellows and two men build houses. He then taught them how to Foresters have each subscribed amongst them
make ropes out of the bark of trees, and to dry salmon. selves, the cost of a Life-boat-and that the men employed at more than one factory have
After a time, feeling the want of a helpmate, the crow collected large sums for the same purpose. The began to look out for a wife. His first choice fell upon a time is at hand when dark winter nights, and salmon.”
THE LADIES' P A G E.
· TREFOIL D’OYLEY IN CROCHET.
MATERIALS.—Boar’s Head crochet cotton of Messrs. Walter Evans and Co., Derby, No. 18.
Trefoil Pattern.-7 c join in a round, x 2 d) and to the centre of one of the trefoils join the in the round; 7 c, 1 s in the 5th from the hook ; 3rd point to the centre of the 2nd trefoil; and turn (5c, 1d, 6c, 1 d, 5c 1 d) all in theloop; turn to the centre of one of a 2nd set of trefoils, join (4 d, 2 c, 4 d.) in each of the 3 loops ; 3 8 down the 4th point to the centre of the 2nd trefoil of the stem; 1 d in the round; repeat from the x | the 2nd set. 3 times more, joining the 2 c of the 1st division Join the third diamond in the same manner, of the leaf you are making, to the 2 c of the 3rd using a 3rd set of trefoils. division of the last leaf, and the 2 c of the 3rd Join the 3rd point of the fourth diamond to division of the 4th leaf to the 2 c of the 1st din 4th point of the 3rd, and the 4th point to the vision of the 1st leaf, and joining the first and centre of the 3rd trefoil of the 3rd set. Join the last d in the round; fasten off.
2nd point of the first diamnond of the 2nd row Diamond Pattern.- First diamond. 9 c join to the 4th point of the 4th diamond of the 1st in a round. First round. 16 d, join the first row. Join the 3rd point to the centre of the and last d.
4th trefoil of the 3rd set, and to the centre of a Second round. X 4d on 4 d of the last round; trefoil of the 4th set. Join the 1st point of the 10 c, i d on the same d as the 4th d; repeat 3 next diamond to the 3rd of last; and the 2nd times more from the X; join the first and last d. point to the centre of the 1st trefoil of the 3rd
Third round. x 2 d on the 3rd and 4th of the set; and the 3rd point to the centre of the 4th 5 d's of last round; miss 1 (7 d, 2 c, 7d,) in the trefoil of the 2nd set; and to the centre of the Joop of 10c; miss 1; 1 d on the 2nd of the next 1st of the 5th set; and the 4th point to the 5 d's of last round; repeat three times more centre of the 4th trefoil of the 4th set. Join from the X; join the first and last d.
the 3rd diamond in the same manuer, using a Fourth round. xls on the 2nd of 3 d's of 6th set of trefoils. Join the 2nd point of the last round, 2 c; miss 2; 1 s on the 3rd ; 3 c; 4th diamond to the 2nd trefoil of the 6th set; miss 1;ls on the 2nd; 30; miss 1; 1 s on the the 3rd point to the centre of the 1st trefoil of 2nd; 3 c; miss 1; 1 8 in the 2 c at the point, the same set. Join the 3rd row of diamonds in 4c;ls in the same 2 c; X X, 3 c, miss 1; 1 the same manner as the 2nd row, and make the s on the 2nd; repeat twice more froin the X X, | 4th row correspond with the first. Begin join2 c; miss 2; repeat 3 times more from the x; ing the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th rows at the top of the fasten off with ls on the Is at the beginning D'Oyley. of the round.
Ir preferred, the patterns may be worked seWork the second diamond like the first, join- parately, and joined afterwards with a needle ing the 2nd point to the 4th point of the first, and thread.
As there are still many ladies who value the gather up a little portion of the centre of this comfort and convenience of the hair-net, and square, tie it round and attach it to the string who are desirous of retaining it as long as fa- of the netting stirrup, and then continue to net sbion permits, we are very happy to comply all round the edge of the square until the dewith the wish of a subscriber, and give instruc- sired size has been reached. This size must be tions for making the newest that has appeared, regulated according to the convenience of the which is the one that bears the name of the “ In- proposed wearer, and this must depend upon visible Hair-Net.” As its title implies, this net the quantity of hair which it is intended to conis scarcely distinguishable when worn upon the fine. When completed, an elastic must be hair, as it matches it in colour, and is also re- passed through the last row of loops; the net markably fine and clear, the meshes being open. must be moistened with a little weak gum. The silk used is much finer than the finest net water, stretched over a dinner-plate, and left to ting silk, and is strong, being a sort of raw dry. These invisible hair-nets are the best that silk. Commence by making twenty loops on a have been introduced, and are, in fact, the only mesh one-third of an inch wide, and net as kind now worn. many rows, thus forming a perfect square, then