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man of courage and skill. Blinded by fury, the troop he commands, with a red handkerchief bull generally rushes at once on his adversary, tied over his head, as if to brave their anger; a who awaits the shock at the extremity of the white flowing blouse, and his legs closely arena. No one dare breathe; but the gardian so encased in gaiters; keeping a firm seat in his exactly calculates the moment when the animal saddle, and carrying a trident in his hand. will reach him, that without changing his place with his eye he commands the furious bulls, he takes hold with his left hand of the horn and, quick as lightning, slightly touching one which is lowered to toss him, and resting strongly of the calves with his trident, separates it from upon it, seizes one of the legs in his right, and the troop ; whilst the other gardians, standing throws the animal all his length on the ground. in the middle of the circle, throw it ou the sand, The enthusiasm of the spectators know no by seizing the budding horns, and fix on the bounds : clapping of hands and frantic hurrahs muzzle. As soon as this is done the animal interrupt the sport for a quarter of an hour. shakes its head thus strangely imprisoned, and That bull is led off conquered, and another takes flies to the pige forest, where its lowing mother his place.
awaits it with haggard eyes. Some even follow The scene varies with each course. The next their young into the circle, lick them tenderly, that enters is adorned all over with rosettes of and threaten with their horns the gardians who ribbon. The two combatants are face to face in are waiting. the lists, immovable, and as if nailed to the More dangerous, but equally popular, are the ground. The bull fixes his burning eyes on bis ferrades; when the calves have to be branded adversary, who with his supple body and light with their owners' marks. The circle, as foot, ready to follow the slightest movement, this usual, is formed by the carriages, whilst a time takes the offensive, and uttering a wild cry burning brazier and branding irons are the darts towards the animal before he is prepared, central objects. The gardians, themselves, look and tears the cockade from his forehead. anxious ; no music is heard ; instead of the “Bravo,” cry the crowd, and every eye in the joyous spectacle of the course, it is a serious circle bends forwards curiously, to see which fair piece of work for which they must summon all girl will be the recipient of the trophy; more their presence of mind. Armed with their than one heart flatters itself that it deserves the tridents, a few old men watch around the herd honour : the ribbon is thrown, and carefully to keep order : the others dash in and endeavour pinned on the breast and then one by one all to separate the young animals; but when driven must be torn from the bull. Advancing, into the arena they recover their courage, and retiring, jumping, the gardian seems to trifle with furious and foaming rush against their gardians, danger, as if on a spring-board: he bounds from who are trying to throw them down. It is a the soil of the arena, and every time the specta- | real mélée : the heavy bodies of the bulls and the tors cry, “He is killed !" but he replies by lighter ones of their keepers are rolled in the throwing fresh cockades to his lover : at length dust; the dull roars of the former mingle with the moment comes wher, despoiled of all his the sharp cries of the latter, whilst the call for ribbons, the bull finds himself black and un- "les fers, les fers,” every minute, announces adorned as in his native marsh: he has been the overthrow of a fresh animal. After two or conquered, and is led away, whilst everyone three hours passed in this desperate struggle, descends into the arena to applaud and admire the master announces that the ferrade is the conqueror
ended; the wounded animals have led towards Another favourite meeting takes place at the the pine forest, bearing for ever, graven in their end of spring, and is denominated the muselade; smoking flesh, their master's initials. A few an operation which consists in placing a muzzle are still left, which are considered too strong to on the nose of the calves to prever $ their suck- be marked without danger, but the most skilful ing, and yet leaves them the power of feeding of the gardians sets himself to the task : the in the marshes; it is, in fact, a new kind of trident in one hand, the branding iron in the weaning. The place chosen for the muselade other, he separates one from the herd, and forms an immense circle of sand between the pursues it à l'outrance. The horse, perfectly pine forest of Sauvage and the sea. Sprinkled understanding its part, manæuvres without by the waves which, blown by the mistral, direction from reins, voice, or spur; his wild spread over the land, a large herd of cattle nature loves this animated chase ; he sees an stand watched by their gardians on horseback; enemy his master would conquer, and together in the middle crowd the calves, the heroes of they make but one being. At length the the day, seeming to comprehend the danger gardian strikes the trident against the animal's which menaces them, and, pressing anxiously shoulder, throws him down, holds him there against their mothers' sides ; some of them, with one hand and applies the irons with the already strong and well grown, gaze with a other-a bold proceeding, which calls forth loud savage eye on the multitude, scattered on the approbation from the spectators. edges of the forest. From the previous evening Then come the preparations for returning : whole families have encamped here : tents the mules and asses are harnessed to the carts, arranged in circles, and waggons in a line, the women tie up their petticoats, the men grasp form a barrier, behind which they can their walking-sticks, the young girls are crowded shelter themselves in case of accident. The into the taps, the children into the asses' bold gardian gallops towards the black, sayage panniers, and all set off home. These caravans
offer a singular spectacle, guiding their steps on | It nervos my soul fresh conflicts to begin
can't finde certain land. To leave the drogs and strive the crown to win. marks amidst the reeds and heather. Attached as the people of the Camargue are
Then, shouldst Thou keenly smite or gently spare, to their animals, it will not be so surprising that
Teach me to yield Thee all, most dear, most fair;
Teach me the very cross Thou giv'st to bear, they make them share in their marriage festivities.
Nor weakly murmur,“ Lay Thy hand not there ! When the merry bells are ringing for the ap- | Another trial or another care, proach of the wedding, groups of peasants line some other danger, would I bravely dare." the edge of the marsh speculating on the point whether the husband will for once rise above I'll count my sorrows nought while Thou art nigh, his rank and wear a black hat; but here he To treasure up each tear, to soothe each sigh : comes, mounted on his horse, which, more
While unforsaken on Thy breast I lie, spirited than ever, neighs joyously, with a red
Grief but for time, joy to eternity.
Thou has endured, that I might never cry, bandkerchief, as usual, tied over his broad brim,
“Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani!" EYBLINA, and scarlet scarf rolled round his waist. Then comes the car of the bride's father, covered with new cloth : in it are two chairs, on each of which the old man and woman are seated
THE OVER-WROUGHT MIND. grave and upright; the bride standing beside her father. This custom of not sitting as she
BY MRS. ABDY. goes to church is to show that she is not elevated by her prosperity and knows how to endure Barde, sages, and moralists daily are found fatigue. The whole herd of the bridegroom, The various evils of sloth to expound; calves, cowe, heifers, and bulls, escort the car
They speak of the mind languid, listless, and void,
of talepts unused, and of time unemployed. with their regular tread : on the other side the
I blame not their zeal- I have frequently shown tame animals belonging to the bride form a
How much my opinion concurs with their own : trembling column ; the timid pet lamb, the Mvor
My theme is just now of a different kind, home-loving stork, the cat, and the old blind I speak of the ills of an Over-wrought Mind. horse. This custom of bringing all the animals which have shared the life of the fiancés is one I speak of the highly-toned mind, that is fraught of patriarchal simplicity. In the towns they | with all the rich treasures of study and thought, boast of the train of carriages, the bride's Whose owner, alas! is too frequently prone dress, and number of guests. In the Camargue To centre his powers on one subject alone. they know but of the escort of cattle. No firing The earth's secret treasures he brings to our eyes, of pistols, grand provisions, dances, or fetes, on
Or tracks the bright stars in their courso througla these humble steppes; but friends accompany
the skies; them, perhaps more faithful and devoted than
In rost or in pastime no joy can he find,
Still adding fresh stores to his Over-wrought Mind. men, Having reached Saintes-Maries the bride
But Nature, though slow in asserting her cause, groom jumps from his horse, and, drawing a
Avenges the careless contempt of her laws; long line on the ground, assembles his herd on She waits for a season, but strikes down at length the one side, and his bride's on the other : he The strong man who gloried too much in his approaches his bride, saying, "Doumaïselette," strength : pointing to her part; "the moment of farewell The knowledge he laboured so hard to attain has come.” The bride, jumping lightly out of Can it still the wild pulse ? can it cool the hot the car, and drawing a large piece of bread from
brain ? her pocket, crumbles it among her favourites; I NO: only.
No: only to Death is the mission assigned then, unable to control her tears, she enters the
Of lifting the weight from an Over-wrought Mind. church, leaning on her father's arm. After the
Yo bondmen of science, how steep is your road! service is over, the bridegroom mounts his
Why shun ye the bounties that Hearen has behorse, takes his bride "en croupe," and rallying
How wondrous and vast are the triumphs of Art!
In travel's sweet changes, in music, in books, GOOD FRIDAY - THE CHRISTIAN IN What potent, yet innocent spells you might find, VIEW OF THE CROSS.
To lighten the weight of an Over-wrought Mind. Dear Lord! thy sad, thy broken-hearted cry, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani,".
Why burdon the mind with superfluous wealth, Pierces my inmost soul; I feel that I
At the perilous cost of its peace and its health ? Have sinned those hateful sins which made thee die
Arouse ye! the fetters that hold you so fast Have wrung from Thee that lonely anguished sigh,
By earnest resolve may be severed at last : "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani !”
Come forth !take the blessings that Providence sends;
Seek cheerful communion with kindred and friends: I hear Thy voice above the clamorous din
In simple enjoyments and servicos kind Or worldly pomp and wealth, of strife and sin: "The cure is best found for an Over-wrought Mind.
WILLIAM HICKLING PRESCOTT.
History is, or should be, the faithful record of , and are published uniformly with his other the past; it holds up to the gaze of the living works. the actions of those who bave preceded us ; ! Undoubtedly, the reign of Ferdinand and hence, it has always held a high rank in the Isabella was the most glorious period of Spanish republic of letters. Tacitus, Sallust, Hesiod, history. The Moors had been driven out of the Xenophon, Machiavelli, Clarendon, and Burnett Peninsula, the New World opened to Europe ; will always be read with great attention by the the best editions of the Holy Scriptures had scholar, statesman, and political economist. been printed ; commerce, arts, and manufactures
The vast libraries of Europe offer great flourished. It is an era which the Spaniard inducements to prosecute this branch of study. I considers with pride, and the scholar with Rare manuscripts, moth-eaten tomes, quaint admiration. As yet no one had penetrated the drawings, and old pamphlets are treasures dense mass of materials which were scattered on whence the diligent student extracts the gold all sides, for, though (“Don Quixote" alone and rejects the dross. But in the United States excepted) the Spanish authors have rarely been such collections do not exist, or are hampered presented to the public in an English dress, with such restrictions that they are not within they would amply repay a patient perusal. Some the reach of ail. A stray memoir is occasionally of the rough soldiers, who had fought hand to seen, written by one of the actors of the revolu- hand with the Indians, in their hours of leisure tion; but these are scarce, and mostly collected took up the pen, and left graphic narratives of by private gentlemen; hence, the historian is what they had done, seen, and suffered, But sometimes at a loss for his materials. Two these required careful sifting before they could names, however, are now of world-wide repute be used. The laborious missionary, who, with George Bancroft and W. H. Prescott. A crucifix and breviary, crossed the deserts and
W. H, Prescott was the son of W. Prescott, a vast rivers of Mexico and Peru, jotted do.vn distinguished lawyer, and was born at Salem, the various incidents of bis eventful journey. May fourth, 1796. At the age of twelve his Sometimes these were printed, but as frequently father removed to Boston, and young William they existed only in manuscript; nor were they was placed at the academy of Mr. Gardiner, who all together. A few leaves were in one convent had been a pupil of Dr. Parr; whence he was in Estremadura, the remainder in Andalusia. transferred to Harvard College, where he Some were concealed in family archives, and graduated in 1811. While at the University one private and national jealousy combined in not of his fellow-students, in sport, threw a crust of permitting them to be examined, and least of all bread at him, which lodged in the eye, thus by an American. Such were but a few of the depriving him almost entirely of the use of that obstacles to be surmounted, but Mr. Prescott organ, and excessive study brought on a rheu. was eventually successful. Ten years were passed matic inflammation in the other, which made it in the most laborious investigations. In 1837 a nearly useless. For years this was the situation few copies of " Ferdinand and Isabella” were of the great author. After a considerable time privately printed, and shown to discerning he was enabled to use the eye partially. He friends, who expressed their approbation, and crossed the Atlantic, and visited the most encouraged the author, and the work finally celebrated oculists, but could obtain no relief. appeared in London and Boston towards the He commenced the study of the law, but was close of 1837. The anticipations of the judicious obliged to relinquish it in consequence of his critics were fully realized. The savans on both defective sight, and he resolved," in 1819, to sides of the Atlantic hailed it as a literary devote himself to literature. This was then a treasure, and were loud in their applause. The great undertaking ; the communication with English reviews, in a spirit of rare liberality Europe was comparatively small; Leipsic and published the most complimentary notices, and Brussels had not yet furnished their cheap The most eminent scholar in Spain pronounced reprints; books were extremely dear, and such it“ one of the most successful historical prowas the case for several years. But Mr. ductions of our time." Nor were these comPrescott was not to be turned aside from his mendations limited to barren praise. The work purpose. He instantly began the study of was translated into the chief European languages, French and Italian literature, and projected a and the author elected a member of the Historilife of Molière and a history of Italian literature, cal Society of Madrid. both of which he was corapelled to abandon, as Stimulated by this success, the indefatigable tbey demanded extensive research. The first, student proceeded to make further researches, however, of some of his labours appeared in and projected the “Conquest of Mexico." This essays “ On the Italian Narrative Poetry,” | differed widely from “Ferdinand and Isabella." “ Poetry and Romance of the Italians,” and The subject was much more alluring and of “ Moilière,” in the “North American Review.” | greater general interest. Every school-boy had These were subsequently collected in a volume, heard of Cortez; the country itself was exceed, ingly attractive, and the romantic career of was crossed by as many brass wires as there Iturbide had given a fresh interest to the soil were lines on the page, and a sheet of carbonated over which he held a temporary sceptre. The paper was pasted on the reverse side ; the materials for this were copious, but undigested, characters were then traced with an agate or and many Spanish scholars were not aware that ' ivory stylus on the sheet ; these were again such documents existed as were brought to light copied on paper with a very wide margin, and by the unwearied toil of Mr. Prescott. After read over; corrections were made, and the whole the colonies had thrown off the yoke of the copied a second time. Mr. Prescott was mother-country, all the official papers were exceedingly solicitous about facts and dates, but considered of no value, and allowed to be used | did not care so much for style, though the most as wrapping-paper. As many of these as discriminating critic could scarcely find a dozen possible were collected and classified, the dates faults in as many pages. He is always imparaccurately determined, and the proper authorities tial and often philosophical. Himself a Puritan consulted before the work was cominenced. I and descended from ancestors who had sought a This gave a great value to many works, of which home in the wilds of America for conscience' only a few copies were extant, and the Spanish sake, he is yet extremely free from any tinge of and French booksellers republished volumes bigotry or religious bitterness, and eulogizes the concerning the early conquest, which at once disinterested zeal and unworldly piety of some met a prompt sale. The “Conquest of Mexico" of the Dominicans and Franciscans, who sought was published in 1843, and the “ Conquest of to evangelise the recently discovered countries. Peru” in 1847. Six years were devoted to the One sentence deserves to be written in letters of former, and four to the latter.
gold, and should be inscribed on every history: Such unintermitting toil demanded some " It is impossible to estimate the actions of the relaxation, and in 1850 the learned writer visited fifteenth century by the lights and philosophy Belgium, and there collected the materials for a of the eighteenth." There is also a new plan "Life of Philip the Second;" three volumes of adopted in all these histories which, apart from this only were published, for he did not live to their high literary merits, would make them of finish it.
great value. Every author that could throw any Having thus summarily disposed of the light on the subject matter has been carefully histories, as they came out, we will glance, for consulted, and is quoted in the original at the a moment, at their composition. But here Mr. foot of the page. At the close of every book Prescott shall tell his own story. The author there is a brief memoir of any annalist whose himself could scarcely read at all, nor was he in labours are worthy of such mention. The same the commencement of his labours so fortunate plan can be remarked in Thiers's “ French as to obtain an assistant who was acquainted Revolution,” but not to such an extent. It is a with the Castilian idiom. Here it must be singular fact, that a copy of any of Prescott's remembered that many of the ancient chroniclers works can rarely be purchased except from a scarcely observed the rules of grammar and regular bookseller. orthography. The writer some time since Mr. Prescott was exceedingly methodical and translated one of Cervantes' stories, and was regular in the distribution of his time. He rose sometimes at a loss to extract the full meaning early, and walked five miles daily, preferring of a sentence. Words and phrases which then to be alone, as he commonly reflected on passed current in the sixteenth century the dictations made and authors heard the day are scarcely intelligible now. “I taught him, before ; five hours were devoted to literary (my reader)," says Prescott, “to pronounce the pursuits, and two to listening to the works of Spanish in a manner suited, I suspect, much some great novelist. Scott, Dumas, Dickens, more to my ear than that of a Spaniard. And or Sue were generally preferred. From the we began our wearisome journey through middle of November to the middle of June the Mariana's noble history. I cannot, even now, great author resided at No. 55 Beacon street, call to mind without a smile the tedious hours Boston, where he had accumulated a large and in which, seated under some old trees at iny | valuable library, particularly on American country residence, we pursued our slow and history and in foreign languages. In summer melancholy way over pages which afforded no he occasionally lived at Nahant, but during the glimmering of light to him, and from which the last years of his life the hotter months were light came dimly struggling to me through a spent at Swampscott. His books, however, half intelligible vocabulary; but in a few weeks accompanied him wherever he went, and his the light became stronger, and I was cheered by avocations were never changed. a consciousness of my own improvement. And His private character was unspotted and no when we had toiled our way through seven one could escape the influence of his genial fasquartos I found I could understand the book cination. His voice was particularly musical when read about two thirds as fast as ordinary | and his conversation instructive and witty, but English."
never pedantic. His general disposition was This was but the beginning; the next difficully playful, but marked by a vein of seriousness. was to transfer the matter to paper. The books He was exceedingly liberal, and one tenth of his and manuscripts were read till their contents income was set aside for charitable purposes. were impressed on the memory; and a frame He was tall and slender, with a florid complexion, about the size of a quarto sheet of letter paper and an exceedingly agreeable countenance. He died of paralysis, on the twentieth of January, kindness of disposition not only into his public 1859.
but also his private writings. In the hunOne of his secretaries thus communicates his ! dreds of letters, many of them of the most conrecollections of the personal character of his dis- ! fidential character, treating freely of other tinguished chief:
authors, and of a great variety of persons, which *Mr. Prescott's cheerfulness and amiability I wrote at his dictation, not a single unkind, were truly admirable. He had a finely-wrought | harsh, or sneering expression occurs. Ile was sensitive organisation. He was high-spirited, totally free from the jealousy and envy so comresolute, courageous, independent; was free mon among authors, and was always eager in from cant, or affectation of any sort; yet no an- conversation, as in print, to point out the merits noyance, great or small, the most painful ilness, of the great contemporary historians, whom or the most intolerable bore, could disturb his many men, in his position, would have looked equanimity, or render him in the least degree upon as rivals to be dreaded and detested" sullen, fretful, or discourteous. He was always Mr. Prescott's career was marked by great gay, good-humoured, and manly, most gentle prosperity. Unassisted, he had fought his own and affectionate to his family, most kind and way to the pinnacle of fame, and won a high gracions to all around him. He carried his place in the temple of letters,
THE TWO HUNTING EXCURSION $.*
THE DOCTOR'S HALLUCINATIONS. so much in their intensity as in their persistence.
Hippocrates, and Galen after him, both in their In accordance with the Doctor's suggestion, day laid great stress upon this class, as surnishwe repaired to a small private room in a second. | ing an excellent diagnosis in cases of disease; class but excellently well-kept restaurant. Phy- hence their name, symptomatic. Dreams of this sicians are good judges in such matters, and on class, take notice, act by the law of contraries. these points, at least, their experience is as safe If, my dear sir, during sleep you participate a guide as their observation.
frequently in sumptuous dinners; if for three The dinner, at which iced champagne pre- consecutive nights you dream of feasts, suppers, vailed to the exclusion of the other wines (that good cheer, and revelry, take warning; your was another of the Doctor's prescriptions), was habitual diet is insufficient or improper, or some drawing to a close. We were beginning to talk of the digestive organs ful6l but poorly their with our elbows upon the table, when the Doctor functions. God be praised! I think that neither himself referred to our previous conversation on you nor I will dream tbis night of Pantagruelic dreams and visions. Knowing that I kept a feasts. To your health and to my own!" journal of my dreams, he asked me if I had | And he held out his glass to me. classified them; which I had taken good care "Your symptomatic dreams, Doctor, resemble not to do, grand Dieu !
a mirage in a barren, sandy desert, which preHe spoke first of lucid dreams (clara somnia), sents visions of cooling waters and shady groves in which the spirit retains complete control and to the poor wanderer dying from thirst and exercise of all its powers of deduction and even heat." of invention.
“Do not confound things, my dear friend; " It is well known,” said he,“ that poets the mirage manifests itself only to waking eyes; have composed verses and mathematicians solved that is an hallucination, not a dream, and before problems while under the influence of the class touching upon hallucinations, allow me to of dreams styled psychical, the soul being resume my theory of dreams. Following close perfectly free while the senses are locked in upon the symptomatic come the sympligadiques; sleep. Directly opposed to these are the hyper- disordered dreams, in which the senses and the æsthetic dreams, in which the senses alone roam imagination clash, and various dramas commingle free and unrestrained, as if taking advantage of into one ; complicated, hideous dreams, without the temporary absence of the lawful authority, | head or tail, in which nightmare claims a legiti.
In the extensive class of hyperæsthetic dreams mate place. But you are right. Away with all are distinguished, first,” said he, “the symp- these high sounding terms, of which the Greeks, tomatic, the peculiar character of which lies not to whom we owe them, themselves understood
not a jot! The result of my own practical * From " La Seconde Vie." A Book of Dreams observations," continued he,"is, that in dreams and Visions, Trances and Nightmares. By X. B. man divides himself in two; that is, the material Saintine,
and the immaterial of man become disengaged ;