## Elementary Arithmetic: With Brief Notices of Its History, Volumes 1-12Relfe bros., 1876 - Arithmetic |

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### Common terms and phrases

abstract number alloy amount annum arithmetic Cambridge cent ciphers coinage College concrete consist contained copper crown cubic foot cubic inches cubit denary denote difference digits divided dividend division divisor earth employed England English equal equation equivalent Euclid Euclid's Elements expressed farthings feet figures find the sum foot fraction francs gallon Geometrical given number grains greater greatest common measure Greek guinea Hence hundred integer interest Julius Cæsar King kingdom least common multiple length less logarithms mantissa METCALFE AND SON miles moidore months moon multiplied Napier natural numbers notation ounce pence penny period pieces pound Troy pound weight pounds Avoirdupois prime numbers PROP proportion quotient reckoned reduced reign remainder repeating decimals respectively Roman Saxon SECTION Shew shillings silver square sterling subtracted Tower pound TRINITY TRINITY COLLEGE Troy weight units University of Cambridge weights and measures yards

### Popular passages

Page 15 - ... the ratio of the ovendry weight of a sample to the weight of a volume of water equal to the volume of the sample at some specific moisture content, as green, air-dry, or ovendry.

Page 4 - ... to give light upon the earth, and to rule over the day, and over the night, to be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and for years.

Page 4 - The proposition that the sun is the centre of the world and immovable from its place is absurd, philosophically false, and formally heretical, because it is expressly contrary to the Holy Scripture.

Page 4 - And king Solomon sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre. He was a widow's son of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in brass: and he was filled with wisdom, and understanding, and cunning to work all works in brass. And he came to king Solomon, and wrought all his work.

Page 18 - The Quotient is the number of times the divisor is contained in the dividend. The Remainder is the part of the dividend which is left undivided.

Page 24 - ... part of an inch transverse to the axis of the bar, and two lines at nearly the same interval parallel to the axis of the bar. The measure of length of the Imperial Standard yard is given by the interval between the middle transversal line at one end and the middle transversal line at the other end, the...

Page 22 - In using an imperial measure of capacity, the same shall not be heaped, but either shall be stricken with a round stick or roller, straight and of the same diameter from end to end...

Page 25 - JAMES, by the grace of God, king of England, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith; and of Scotland the seven and fortieth.

Page 8 - My lord, I have undertaken this long journey purposely to see your person, and to know by what engine of wit or ingenuity you came first to think of this most excellent help into astronomy, viz. the logarithms ; but, my lord, being by you found out, I wonder nobody else found it out before, when now known it is so easy.

Page 20 - Easter-Day is the first Sunday after the full moon which happens upon, or next after, the 21st day of March : and if the full moon happens upon a Sunday, Easter- Day is the Sunday after.