The Making of the Modern Admiralty: British Naval Policy-Making, 1805–1927
This is an important new history of decision-making and policy-making in the British Admiralty from Trafalgar to the aftermath of Jutland. C. I. Hamilton explores the role of technological change, the global balance of power and, in particular, of finance and the First World War in shaping decision-making and organisational development within the Admiralty. He shows that decision-making was found not so much in the hands of the Board but at first largely in the hands of individuals, then groups or committees, and finally certain permanent bureaucracies. The latter bodies, such as the Naval Staff, were crucial to the development of policy-making as was the civil service Secretariat under the Permanent Secretary. By the 1920s the Admiralty had become not just a proper policy-making organisation, but for the first time a thoroughly civil-military one.
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2 Admiralty reform 18061835
3 Decisionmaking at the Admiralty c18061830
4 Admiralty administration and decisionmaking c18301868 The Graham Admiralty
context and problems 18681885
6 Administrative and policymaking responses c 1882 onwards
7 Fisher and Churchill and their successors 19021917
Accountant-General Admiral Admiralty Board Admiralty Office appointed Barham Barrow Beatty became Board meetings Board of Admiralty branch British Cabinet Chatfield Childers Churchill Civil Lord civilian clerks Cockburn Commission Comptroller construction Controller’s Croker Papers Clements decision-making decisions defence Division dockyards duties estimates expenditure Fisher fleet functions Geddes Goschen Graham Hamilton important instance intelligence Jellicoe later least letters London look Lords Commissioners Marder matériel matters meant minister minute N. A. M. Rodger naval administration naval officers Naval Staff Navy Board navy’s needed operations order-in-council organisation Papers Clements Library Parliamentary perhaps Permanent Secretary planning policy-making political Portsmouth private office private secretary problems professional proposed questions reform responsibility Room 40 Royal Royal Navy Sea Lord Second Second Sea Lord Secretariat Senior Naval Lord ships Somerset Somerset House Surveyor Third Sea Lord Treasury Victualling warship Wemyss Whitehall yards