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THE

WORKS

OF

DR. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN,

CONSISTING OP

ESSAYS,

HUMOUROUS, MORAL, AND LITERARY.

WITH

HIS LIFE,

WRITTEN BY HIMSELF.

New-¥ork:

JOHN LOMAX, PUBLISHER.

1831.

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

BEQUEST OF
SILAS W. HOWLAND
NOVEMBER 8, 1938

PREFACE

BY THE EDITOR.

A

S biography is a species of history which record

the lines and characters of reinarkable persons it consequently becoines an interesting subjeci, arid is of general utility. It would be but fair to assert, that alınvet every civilized nation on the globe has, at one period ur other, produced distinguished indse viduals in various stations of life.

Mr. Jefferson, the President of the United States of Anierica, in his “ Notes on Virginia," thus speaks in answer to the assertion of the Abbé Raynal, inat “An:erica has not yet produced one gond poet, one able mathematician, one man of genius, in a single art, or a single science."-"When we shall have exist. isted as a nation,” says M. J. “as long as the Greeks did before they produced a Homer, the Romans a Virgil, the French a kacine aodi Voltaire, the Englisa a Shakespeare and Milton, should this reproach be still true, we will inquire fom what unfriendly causes it has proceeded, that the other countries of Europe and quarters of the earth shall not have inscribed

any name in the roll of poets. In war we have produced a Washington, whose memory will be adorea whil liberty shall have votaries; whose name will triumph over tine, anal with in future ages assume its just station among the most celebrated worthies of the world, when that wretcher philosophy shall he for gutten which would arrange him among the regene racies of nature. In physics, we have producer a FRANKLIN, ihan whom no one of the present age has made moro important discoveries, nor has enricher philosophy with more, or more ingenious solutions of the phenomena of nature. We have supposed Mr. Ritzenhouse second to no astronomer living; that in genius heinust be the first, because he is selftaught," &c.

In philosophy, England can boast of a Bacon the most eminent professor in this science the world has ever produced. The Essays of this great writer 19 one of the best proofs we can adduce of his tran scendent abilities; and America claims the enlight ened FRAVKLIN, a man who has not left his equal to hind him, and whose Life and Writings are the sube ject of the following sheets.

To say more in this place of our Author, would be anticipating what is hereafter mentioned : it will therefore only be necessary in aud, that due atten tion has been paid in the selection of such of his pro ductious as may be adapted to general perusal.

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