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267. Further Doctrinal Development and Internal Controversies..
268. The Doctrine of Atonement.......
269. Differences of Opinion within the Lutheran and Reformed Churches..
8 289. Religion.....
290. Truth and Divine Origin of Christianity. Perfectibility. Reason and Rove.
291. The Word of God. Scripture and Tradition. Scripture and Spirit..
292. Inspiration and Interpretation of Scripture. Miracles and Prophecy. 467
303. The Means of Grace. The Sacraments...
THE Greek church adhered to the opinions of the earlier fathers, which were collected and more fully developed by John Damascenus. He, as well as most of the Western theologians, adopted the current twofold division into body and soul. While John Scotus Erigena regarded the bodily constitution of man, and even his condition as a creature, as a result of sin,' John of Damascus and the disciples of the school of St. Victor, recognized in the union of the soul with the body a higher purpose of God, and•a moral lesson for man.' The theory designated as Creatianism, which had contested the victory with Traducianism during the preceding period, was now more precisely defined. The psychological views of the mystics stood in a close relation with their entire system, founded upon subjective experience; and at all events, it had a greater tendency to lead into the depths of religious contemplation, than the subtleties of the scholastics, which had rather to do with what is external."
On the one hand, cosmology was introduced into the doctrine of creation; on the other, both psychology and physiology were introduced into anthropology. With respect to the last two, theologians founded their notions especially upon the physics of Aristotle. Thus John Damascenus, De Fide Orthod. ii. 12-28, treated of the four temperaments (humoribus, xvuois) of man, as corresponding to the four elements of the world; of the various faculties of the soul, etc. He everywhere retained the principal definitions