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So season'd with your faithful love to me,
Buck. My lord, this argues conscience in your grace ;
that Edward is your brother's son; So say we too, but not by Edward's wife:
6 As the ripe revenue and due of birth ;] So the folio. The quarto 1598 thus:
“ As my right, revenue, and due by birth.” A preceding line seems rather to favour the original reading:
“ Your right of birth, your empery, your own." The first quarto,  I find, reads:
“ As my ripe revenew, and due by birth.” Malone. 7 And much I need to help you,] And I want much of the ability requisite to give you help, if help were needed. Fohnson.
are nice and trivial,} Nice is generally used by Shak. speare in the sense of minute, trifling, of petty import. So, in Romeo and Juliet :
“ The letter was not nice, but full of charge.” Malone.
For first he was contract to lady Lucy,
9 To Bona, sister to the king of France.] See King Henry VI; P. III, Act III, sc. iii. Bona was daughter to the Duke of Savoy, and sister to Charlotte, wife to Lewis XI, King of France.
Malone. ia poor petitioner,] See Vol. X, King Henry VI, P. III, Act III, p. 356 Malone.
- loath'd bigamy:] Bigamy, by a canon of the council of Lyons, A. D. 1274, (adopted in England by a statute in 4 Edw. 1.) was made unlawful and infamous. It differed from polygamy, or having two wives at once ; as it consisted in either marrying two virgins successively, or once marrying a widow. Blackstone.
loath'd bigamy:) So Sir T. More, copied by Hall and Holinshed: the only widowhead of Elizabeth Grey, though she were in all other things convenient for you, should yet suffice, as me seemeth, to restraine you from her marriage, sith it is an unfitting thing, and a verie blemish and high disparagement to the sacred majestie of a prince, (that ought as nigh to approach priesthood in cleanness, as he doth in dignity,) to be defouled with bigamie in his first marriage.” Malone. 3 More bitterly could I expostulate,
Save that, for reverence to some alive, ] The Duke bere hints at à topick which he had touched upon in his address to the citizens, the pretended bastardy of Edward and Clarence. alive,” is meant the Duchess of York, the mother of Edward and Richard. Malone.
From the corruption of abusing time,
May. Do, good my lord; your citizens entreat you.
Glo. Alas, why would you heap those cares on me?
Buck. If you refuse it was in love and zeal,
[Exeunt Buck. and Citizens. Cates. Call them again, sweet prince, accept their suit; If you deny them, all the land will rue it.
Glo. Will you enforce me to a world of cares?
But penetrable to your kind entreaties, [Exit Cates.
Re-enter BUCKINGHAM, and the Rest.
will buckle fortune on my back,
effeminate remorse,] i. e. pity. See our author, passim. Thus also, in The Miseries of enforced Marriage, 1600:
“ Be all his days, like winter, comfortless;
“ Restless his nights, his wants remorseless." i. e. unpitied. Steevens.
- I am not made of stone,? The quarto and folio have stones. Mr. Pope made the emendation. "Malone. blo. odo not swear, my cousin Buckingham .
Your mere enforcement shall acquittance me
May. God bless your grace! we see it, and will say it.
saying so, you shall but say the truth. Buck. Then I salute you with this royal title, Long live king Richard, England's worthy king!
Buck. To-morrow then we will attend your grace;
To the Bishops. Farewel, good cousin ;-farewel, gentle friends.6
ACT IV ..... SCENE I.
Before the Tower.
Enter, on one side, Queen ELIZABETH, Duchess of York,
and Marquis of DORSET; on the other, Anne, Duchess of Gloster," leading Lady MARGARET PLANTAGENET, Clarence's young Daughter.
Duch. Who meets us here?-my niece Plantagenet Led in the hand of her kind aunt of Gloster : 8
6 Farewel, good cousin ;-firewel, gentle friends.) To this Act should, perhaps, be added the next scene, so will ihe coronation pass between the Acts; and there will not only be a proper interval of action, but the conclusion will be more forcible. Johnson.
- Anne, Duchess of Gloster, ] We have not seen this lady since the second scene of the first Act, in which she promised to meet Richard at Crosby-place. She was married about the year 1472. Malone. 8 Who meets us here?-my niece Plantagenet
Led in the hand of her kind aunt of Gloster ?] Here is a mani. fest intimation, that the Duchess of Gloster leads in somebody in her hand; but there is no direction marked in any of the copies, from which we can learn who it is. I have ventured 10 guess it VOL. XI.
Now, for my life, she's wand'ring to the Tower,
God give your graces both
Q. Eliz. As much to you, good sister! Whither away?
Anne. No further than the Tower; and, as I guess,
Brak. Right well, dear madam: By your patience,
Q. Eliz. The king! who's that?
I mean, the lord protector.
Duch. I am their father's mother, I will see them.
Anne. Their aunt I am in law, in love their mother: Then bring me to their sights; I'll bear thy blame, And take thy office from thee, on my peril.
Brak. No, madam, no, I may not leave it so;9 I am bound by oath, and therefore pardon me.
[Exit Brak Enter STANLEY. Stan. Let me but meet you, ladies, one hour hence, And I 'll salute your grace of York as mother, And reverend looker-on of two fair queens.Come, madam, you must straight to Westminster.
[ To the Duchess of Gloster. There to be crowned Richard's royal queen.
must be Clarence's young daughter. The old Duchess of York calls her niece, i. e. grand-daughter; as grand-children are fre. quently called nephews. Theobald. See note on Othello, Act I,'sc. i. Stcevens.
I may not leave it so;] That is, I may not so resign my office, which you offer to take on you at your peril. Fohnson.