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2. Mar. And turns the sun to shade ;-alas! alas ! Witness my son, now in the shade of death ; 6 Whose bright out-shining beams thy cloudy wrath Hath in eternal darkness folded up. Your aiery buildeth in our aiery's nest:7O God, that see'st it, do not suffer it; As it was won with blood, lost be it so!
Buck. Peace, peace, for shame, if not for charity.
Q. Mar. Urge neither charity nor shame to me;
Buck. Have done, have done.
Q. Mar. O princely Buckingham, I kiss thy hand, In sign of league and amity with thee: Now fair befal thee, and thy noble house! Thy garments are not spotted with our blood, Nor thou within the
compass my curse.
Q. Mar. I'll not believe but they ascend the sky,
6 Witness my son, &c.] Her distress cannot prevent her quib. bling. It may be here remarked, that the introduction of Mar. garet in this place, is against all historical evidence. She was ransomed and sent to France soon after Tewksbury fight, and there passed the remainder of her wretched life. Ritson.
Witness my son.) Thus the quarto of 1598, and the folio. The modern editors, after the quarto of 1612, read- -sun. Malone.
7 Your aiery buildeth in our aiery's nest :] An aiery is a hawk's or an eagle's nest. So, in Greene's Card of Fancy, 1608 :
“ It is a subtle bird that breeds among the aiery of hawks." Again, in Heywood's Rape of Lucrece, 1630:
“His high-built aiery shall be drown'd in blood.” 8 Sin, death, and hell,] Possibly Milton took from hence the hint of his famous allegory. Blackstone.
Milton might as probably catch the hint from the following passage in Latimer's Sermons, 1584, fol. 79: “Here came in death And all their ministers attend on him.
Glo. What doth she say, my lord of Buckingham?
Hast. My hair doth stand on end to hear her curses.
Glo. I cannot blame her, by God's holy mother;
Q. Eliz. I never did her any, to my knowledge.
Glo. Yet you have all the vantage of her wrong.
and hell, sinne was their mother. Therefore they must have such an image as their mother sinne would geue them.” H. White. 9 Live each of you the subjects to his hate,
And he to yours, and all of you to God's! It is evident from the conduct of Shakspeare, that the house of Tudor retained all their Lancastrian prejudices, even in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. In his play of Richard the Third, he seems to deduce the woes of the house of York from the curses which Queen Margaret had vented against them; and he could not give that weight to her curses, without supposing a right in her to utter them. Walpole.
I muse, why she's at liberty.] Thus the folio. The quarto reads:
I wonder she's at liberty.” Steevens. 2 He is frank'd up to fatting for his pains;] A frank is an old English word for a hog-sty. "Tis possible he uses this metaphor to Clarence, in allusion to the crest of the family of York, which was a boar. Whereto relate those famous old verses on Richard III:
“ The cat, the rat, and Lovel the dog,
" Rule all England under a hog." He uses the same metaphor in the last scene of Act IV. Pope.
A frank was not a common hog st;e, but the pen in which those hogs were confined of whom brawn was to be made. Steevens.
God pardon them that are the cause thereof:
Riv. A virtuous and a christian-like conclusion, To pray for them that have done scath to us.3
Glo. So do I ever, being well advis'd ;-
Q. Eliz. Catesby, I come:-Lords, will you go with me
[Exeunt all but Glo. Glo. I do the wrong, and first begin to brawl. The secret mischiefs that I set abroach, I lay unto the grievous charge of others. Clarence,—whom I, indeed, have laid in darkness, I do beweep to many simple gulls; Namely, to Stanley, Hastings, Buckingham; And tell them-'tis the queen and her allies, That stir the king against the duke my brother. Now they believe it; and withal whet me To be reveng'd on Rivers, Vaughan, Grey: But then I sigh, and, with a piece of scripture, Tell them that God bids us do good for evil; And thus I clothe my naked villainy With old odd ends, stol'n forth of holy writ; And seem a saint, when most I play the devil.
Enter two Murderers. But soft, here come my executioners.
From the manner in which the word is used in King Henry IV, a frank should seem to mean a pen in which any hog is fatted. “Does the old boar feed in the old frank.?” So also, as Mr. Bowle observes to me, in Holinshed's Description of Britaine, B. III, p. 1096: “The husbandmen and farmers never fraunke them above three or four months, in which time he is dyeted with otes and peason, and lodged on the bare planches of an uneasie coate.”
“ He feeds like a boar in a frank," as the same gentleman ob. serves, is one of Ray's proverbial sentences. Malone
Mr. Bowle's chief instance will sufficiently countenance my assertion : for what bogs, except those designed for brawn, are ever purposely lodged “ on the bare planches of an uneasy cote?”
Steevens. done scath to us.] Scath is barm, mischief. So, in Soliman and Perseda :
“Whom now that paltry island keeps from scath.” Steevens.
How now, my hardy, stout, resolved mates? Are you now going to despatch this thing ? 1 Murd. We are, my lord, and come to have the war
rant, That we may be admitted where he is. Glo. Well thought upon, I have it here about me:
[Gives the Warrant. When you have done, repair to Crosby-place. But, sirs, be sudden in the execution, Withal obdurate, do not hear him plead; For Clarence is well-spoken, and, perhaps, May move your hearts to pity, if you mark him.
i Murd. Tut, tut, my lord, we will not stand to prate, Talkers are no good doers; be assurd, We go to use our hands, and not our tongues. Glo. Your eyes drop mill-stones, when fools' eyes drop
tears:5 I like you, lads ;-about your business straight; Go, go, despatch. 1 Murd.
We will, my noble lord. [Exeunt.
Enter CLARENCE and BRAKENBURY.
Clar. O, I have pass’d a miserable night, So full of fearful dreams, of ugly sights,6 That, as I am a christian faithful man,7
- to despatch this thing ?) Seagars, in his Legend of Richard the Third, speaking of the murder of Gloster's nephews, makes
is What though he refused, yet be sure you may,
“ That other were as ready to take in hand that thing." The coincidence was, I believe, merely accidental. Malone.
5 Your eyes drop mill-stones, when fools' eyes drop tears:) This, I believe, is a proverbial expression. It is used again in the tragedy of Cæsar and Pompey, 1607: “Men's eyes must mill-stones drop, when fools shed tears."
Steevens. 6 So full of fearful dreams, of ugly sights,] Thus the folio. The quarto, 1598:
“So full of ugly sights, of ghastly dreams.” Malone. faithful man,] Not an infidel. Johnson.
I would not spend another such a night,
to Burgundy ;] Clarence was desirous to assist his sister Margaret against the French King, who invaded her jointurelands after the death of her husband, Charles Duke of Burgundy, who was killed at the siege of Nancy, in January, 1476-7. Isabel the wife of Clarence being then dead, (taken off by poison, administered by the Duke of Gloster, as it has been conjectured,) he wished to have married Mary the daughter and heir of the Duke of Burgundy; but the match was opposed by Edward, who hoped to have obtained her for his brother-in-law, Lord Rivers ; and this circumstance has been suggested as the principal cause of the breach between Edward and Clarence. Mary of Burgundy however chose a husband for herself, having married in August, 1477, Maximilian, son of the Emperor Frederick. Malone.
What alreadful noise of water in mine ears.] See Mr. Warton's note on Milton's Lycidas, v. 157. Milton's Poems, second edit. 1791. Steevens.
1 What sights of ugly death - ] Thus the folio. The quarto has -What ugly sights of death. Malone.
2 Inestimable stones, unvalued jezels,] Unvalued is here used for invaluable. So, in Lovelace's Posthumous Poems, 1659 :