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I am the most unhappy woman living:-
Alas! poor wenches, where are now your fortunes?

[To her Women,
Shipwreck'd upon a kingdom, where no pity,
No friends, no hope; no kindred weep for me,
Almost, no grave allow'd me:-Like the lily,
That once was mistress of the field, and flourish’d,
I'll hang my head, and perish.

If your grace Could but be brought to know, our ends are honest, You'd feel more comfort: why should we, good lady, Upon what cause, wrong you ? alas! our places, The way of our profession is against it; We are to cure such sorrows, not to sow them. For goodness' sake, consider what you do; How you may hurt yourself, ay, utterly Grow from the king's acquaintance, by this carriage. The hearts of princes kiss obedience, So much they love it; but, to stubborn spirits, They swell, and grow as terrible as storms.? I know, you have a gentle, noble temper, A soul as even as a calm; Pray, think us Those we profess, peace-makers, friends, and servants. Cam. Madam, you'll find it so. You wrong your vir

tues With these weak women's fears. A noble spirit, As yours was put into you, ever casts Such doubts, as false coin, from it. The king loves you; Beware, you lose it not: For us, if

you please To trust us in your business, we are ready


the lily,

That once was mistress of the field,] So, in Spenser's Fairy Queen, Book II, c. vi, st. 16:

"The lily, lady of the flow'ring field.” H. White. 1 The hearts of princes kiss obedience, So much they love it; but, to stubborn spirits,

They swell, and grow as terrible as storms.] It was one of the charges brought against Lord Essex, in the year before this play was probably written, by his ungrateful kirisman, Sir Francis Bacon, when that nobleman, to the disgrace of humanity, was obliged, by a junto of his enemies, to kneel at the end of the council-table fo!' several hours, that in a letter written during his retirement, in 1598, to the Lord Keeper, he had said, “ There is no tempest to the passionate indignation of a prince." Malore.

To use our utmost studies in


service. C. Kath. Do what ye will, my lords: And, pray, for

give me, If I have us’d myself unmannerly;? You know, I am a woman, lacking wit To make a seemly answer to such persons. Pray, do my service to his majesty: He has my heart yet; and shall have my prayers, While I shall have my life. Come, reverend fathers, Bestow your counsels on me: she now begs, That little thought, when she set footing here, She should have bought her dignities so dear. [Exeunt.


Ante-Chamber to the King's Apartment. Enter the Duke of NORFOLK, the Duke of SUFFOLK, the

Earl of SURREY, and the Lord Chamberlain. Nor. If you will now unite in your complaints, And force them with a constancy, the cardinal Cannot stand under them: If


omit The offer of this time, I cannot promise, But that


shall sustain more new disgraces,
With these you bear already.

I am joyful
To meet the least occasion, that may give me
Remembrance of my father-in-law, the duke,
To be reveng'd on him.

Which of the peers
Have uncontemn'd gone by him, or at least
Strangely neglected? 4 when did he regard

2 If I have us'd myself unmannerly;] That is, if I have behaved myself unmannerly. M. Mason.

3 And force them -) Force is enforce, urge. Fohnson.
So, in Measure for Measure:

Has he affections in him
“ That thus can make him bite the law by the nose,
“When he would force it?" Steevens.

or at least Strangely neglected?] Which of the peers has not gone by him uncontemned or neglected ? Fohnson.

Our author extends to the words, strangely neglected, the negative comprehended in the word uncontemn’d. M. Mason. VOL. XI.


and me,

The stamp of nobleness in any person,
Out of himself? 5

My lords, you speak your pleasures : What he deserves of


I know;
What we can do to him, (though now the time
Gives way to us) I much fear. If you cannot
Bar his access to the king, never attempt
Any thing on him; for he hath a witchcraft
Over the king in his tongue.

O, fear him not;
His spell in that is out: the king hath found
Matter against him, that for ever mars
The honey of his language. No, he's settled,
Not to come off, in his displeasure.

I should be glad to hear such news as this
Once every hour.

Believe it, this is true.
In the divorce, his contrary proceedings
Are all unfolded; wherein he appears,
As I could wish mine enemy.

How came
His practices to light?

Most strangely.

O, how, how? Suf. The cardinal's letter to the pope miscarried,


Uncontemn’d, as I have before observed in a note on As you Like it, must be understood, as if the author had written not contemn'd. See Vol. V, p. 29, n. 7. Malone.

when did he regard
The stamp of nobleness in any person,

Out of himself?] The expression is bad, and the thought false. For it supposes Wolsey to be noble, which was not so: we should read and point:

when did he regard
The stamp of nobleness in any person;

Out of’t himself? i. e. When did he regard nobleness of blood in another, having none of his own to value himself upon? Warburton.

I do not think this correction proper. The meaning of the present reading is easy. When did he, however careful to carry his own dignity to the utmost height, regard any dignity of another?

Johnson. contrary proceedings -] Private practices opposite to his publick procedure. Fohnson.


And came to the eye o'the king: wherein was read,
How that the cardinal did entreat his holiness
To stay the judgment o' the divorce; For if
It did take place, I do, quoth he, perceive,
My king is tangled in affection to
A creature of the queen's, lady Anne Bullen.

Sur. Has the king this?

Believe it.

Will this work?
Cham. The king in this perceives him, how he coasts,
And hedges, his own way. But in this point
All his tricks founder, and he brings his physick
After his patient's death; the king already
Hath married the fair lady.

'Would he had!
Suf. May you be happy in your wish, my lord;
For, I profess, you have it.

Now"all my joy may
Trace the conjunction !

My amen to 't!

All men's. Suf. There's order given for her coronation : Marry, this is yet but young, 9 and may be left To some ears unrecounted.-But, my lords, She is a gallant creature, and complete In mind and feature: I persuade me, from her Will fall some blessing to this land, which shall In it be memoriz'd.1


7 And hedges, his own way.) To hedge, is to creep along by the hedge: not to take the direct and open path, but to steal covertly through circumvolutions. Fohnson.

Hedging is by land, what coasting is by sea. M. Mason. 8 Trace the conjunction!] To trace, is to follow. Johnson. So, in Macbeth:

all unfortunate souls “ That trace him in his line." The form of Surrey's wish has been anticipated by Richmond in King Richard III, sc. ult:

« Smile heaven upon this fair conjunction!” Steevens.

but young,] The same phrase occurs again in Romeo and Juliet, Act I, sc. i: Good morrow, cousin.

Is the day so young ?See note on this passage. Steevens.

No, no;


But, will the king
Digest this letter of the cardinals?
The lord forbid!

Marry, amen!
There be more wasps that buz about his nose,
Will make this sting the sooner. Cardinal Campeius
Is stolen away to Rome; hath ta'en no leave;
Has left the cause o'the king unhandled; and
Is posted, as the agent of our cardinal,
To second all his plot. I do assure you
The king cry'd, ha!* at this.

Now, God incense him, And let him cry ha, louder! Nor.

But, my lord,
When returns Cranmer?

Suf. He is return'd, in his opinions; which
Have satisfy'd the king for his divorce,
Together with all famous colleges
Almost in Christendom :: shortly, I believe,
His second marriage shall be publish'd, and
Her coronation. Katharine no more

1 In it be memoriz'd.] To memorize is to make memorable. The word has been already used in Macbeth, Act I, sc. ii.

Steevens. * This exclamation is frequently used by the King when much incensed, and seems to be noticed here to prove that those of the court knew well, it indicated his mind highly inflamed with anger.

Am. Ed. 2 He is return'd, in his opinions, which Have satisfy'd the king for his divorce, Together with all famous colleges

Almost in Christendom:] Thus the old copy. The meaning is this: Cranmer, says Suffolk, is returned in his opinions, i.e. with the same sentiments, which he entertained before he went abroad, which (sentiments) have satisfied the king, together with all the famous colleges referred to on the occasion.--Or, perhaps the passage (as Mr. Tyrwhitt observes) may mean-He is return'd in ef. fect, having sent his opinions, i. e. the opinions of divines, &c. col. lected by him. Mr. Rowe altered these lines as follows, and all succeeding editors have silently adopted his unnecessary change:

He is return’d with his opinions, which
Have satisfyd the king for his divorce,
Gather'd from all the famous colleges
Almost in Christendom: Steevens:

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