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It hath been prophesied to me many years,
ACT V ..... SCENE I.
Glostershire. A Hall in Shallow's House. Enter SHALLOW, FalstaFF, BARDOLPH, and Page.
Shal. By cock and pye, sir, you shall not away tonight. - What, Davy, I say!
given to the father of heaven, for now I know that I shall die here in this chamber, according to the prophesie of me declared, that I should depart this life in Jerusalem.” Holinshed, p. 541.
The same equivocal prediction occurs also in the Orygynale Cronykil of Androw of Wyntown, B. VI, ch. xii, v. 47. Pope Sylvester, having sold himself to the devil for the sake of worldly advancement, was desirous of knowing how long he should live and enjoy it:
"The dewil answeryd hym agayne,
Ferusalem quhill he suld se.” Qur Pope soon afterwards was conducted, by the duties of his office, into a church he had never visited before:
“ Then speryd he, quhat thai oysyd to call
“Jerusalem in Vy Laterane.” &c. &c. And then the prophecy was completed by his death. Steevens.
5 By cock and pye,] This adjuration, which seems to have been very popular, is used in Soliman and Perseda, 1599: “By cock and pie and mousefoot.”
Again, in Wily Beguiled, 1606: “Now by cock and pie, you never spake a truer word in your life.” Again, in The Two Angry Women of Abington, 1599:
“Merry go sorry, cock and pie, my hearts." Cock is only a corruption of the Sacred Name, as appears from many passages in the old interludes, Gammer Gurton's Needle, &c. viz. Cocks-bones, cocks-wounds, by cock’s-mother, and some others.
Cock’s body, cock's passion, &c. occur in the old morality of Hycke Scorner, and in The Merry Wives of Windsor. Ophelia Fal. You must excuse me, master Robert Shallow.
Shal. I will not excuse you ;6 you shall not be excused; excuses shall not be admitted; there is no excuse shall serve; you shall not be excused. Why, Davy!
Enter Davy. Davy. Here, sir.
Shal. Davy, Davy, Davy,,let me see, Davy; let me see:-yea, marry, William cook, bid him come hither.? -Sir John, you shall not be excused.
By cock they are to blame.” The pie is a table or rule in the old Roman offices, showing, in a technical way, how to find out the service which is to be read upon each day.
Among some “ Ordinances, however, made at Eltham, in the reign of King Henry VIII,” we have—“ Item that the Pye of coals be abridged to the one halfe that theretofore had been served.”
A printing letter of a particular size, called the pica, was probably denominated from the pie, as the brevier from the breviary, and the primer from the primer. Steevens.
What was called The Pie by the clergy before the Reformation, was called by the Greeks Ilavce, or the index. Though the word Ilveg signifies a plank in its original, yet in its metaphorical sense it signifies oavis i wypalonuévn, a painted table or picture: and because indexes or tables of books were formed into square figures, resembling pictures or painters’ tables, hung up in a frame, these likewise were called Tívaxes, or, being marked only with the first letter of the word, Ili's or Pies. All other derivations of the word are manifestly erroneous.
In the second preface Concerning the Service of the Church, prefixed to the Common Prayer, this table is mentioned as follows: “ Moreover the number and hardness of the rules called the Pie, and the manifold changes,” &c. Ridley.
6 I will not excuse you ; &c.] The sterility of Justice Shallow's wit is admirably described, in thus making him, by one of the finest strokes of nature, so often vary his phrase, to express one and the same thing, and that the commonest. Warburton.
William cook, bid him come hither.] It appears from this instance, as well as many others, that anciently the lower orders of people had no surnames, or, if they had, were only called by the titles of their several professions. The cook of William Canynge, the royal merchant of Bristol, lies buried there under a flat stone, near the monument of his master, in the beautiful church of St. Mary Redcliffe. On this stone are represented the ensigns of his trade, a skimmer and a knife. His epitaph is as follows: “ Hic jacet WILLM' COKE quondam serviens WILLMI CANYNGES mercatoris ville Bristoll; cujus animæ propitietur Deus.” Lazarillo, in The Woman Hater of Beaumont and Fletcher, expresses a wish to have his tomb ornamented in a like manner:
Davy. Marry, sir, thus;—those precepts cannot be served:8 and, again, sir, Shall we sow the headland with wheat? Shal. With red wheat, Davy. But for William cook;
Are there no young pigeons? Davy. Yes, sir.- Here is now the smith's note, for shoeing, and plough-irons.
Shal. Let it be cast, and paid:-sir John, you shall not be excused.
Davy. Now, sir, a new link to the bucket must needs be had :-And, sir, do you mean to stop any of William's wages, about the sack he lost the other day at Hinckley fair? 1
Shal. He shall answer it: Some pigeons, Davy; a couple of short-legged hens; a joint of mutton; and any pretty little tiny kickshaws, tell William cook.
Davy. Doth the man of war stay all night, sir?
Shal. Yes, Davy. I will use him well; A friend i' the court is better than a penny in purse. Use his men well, Davy; for they are arrant knaves, and will backbite.
Davy. No worse than they are back-bitten, sir; for they have marvellous foul linen.
Shal. Well conceited, Davy. About thy business, Davy.
Davy. I beseech you, sir, to countenance William Vi. sor of Woncot against Clement Perkes of the hill.
for others' glorious shields, “ Give me a voider; and above my hearse, “For a trutch sword, my naked knife stuck up.". Steevens.
those precepts cannot be served :) Precept is a justice's war
To the offices which Falstaff gives Davy in the following scene, may be added that of justice's clerk. Davy has almost as many employments as Scrub in The Stratagem. Johnson. 9 Let it be cast,] That is, cast up, computed. M. Mason. Hinckley fair ?] Hinckley is a town in Leicestershire.
Steevens. A friend i' the court &c.] So, in Chaucer's Romaunt of the Rose, v. 5540:
Friendship is more than cattell “For frende in courte aie better is,
Than peny is in purse, certis.” Steevens. “ A friend in court is worth a penny in purse,” is one of Camden's proverbial sentences. See his Remaines, 4to. 1605.
Malone. VOL. IX.
Shal. There are many complaints, Davy, against that Visor; that Visor is an arrant knave, on my knowledge.
Davy. I grant your worship, that he is a knave, sir: but yet, God forbid, sir, but a knave should have some countenance at his friend's request. An honest man, sir, is able to speak for himself, when a knave is not. I have served your worship truly, sir, this eight years; and if I cannot once or twice in a quarter bear out a knave against an honest man, I have but a very little credit with your worship. The knave is mine honest friend, sir; therefore, I beseech your worship, let him be countenanced.
Shal. Go to; I say, he shall have no wrong. Look about, Davy. [exit Davy] Where are you, sir John? Come, off with your boots.-Give me your hand, master Bardolph.
Bard. I am glad to see your worship.
Shal. I thank thee with all my heart, kind master Bardolph:--and welcome, my tall fellow.3 [to the Page) Come, sir John.
[Exit Shal. Fal. I 'll follow you, good master Robert Shallow. Bardolph, look to our horses. [exeunt BARD. and Page] If I were sawed into quantities, I should make four dozen of such bearded hermit’s-staves as master Shallow.5 It is a wonderful thing, to see the semblable coherence of his men's spirits and his: They, by observing him, do bear themselves like foolish justices; he, by conversing with them, is turned into a justice-like serving-man: their spirits are so married in conjunction with the participation of society, that they flock together in consent,
-my tall fellow.) Whether the epithet tall, in the present instance, is used with reference to the diminutive size of the page, or has the ancient signification-gallant, let the reader de. termine. Thus, in Chapman's version of the eleventh Iliad:
as little suffer I
- bearded hermit's-stades -] He had before called him the starved justice. His want of flesh is a standing jest. Johnson.
- master Shallow.] Shallow's folly seems to have been al. most proverbial. So, in Decker's Satiromastix, 1602: “ - We must have false fires to amaze these spangle babies, these true heirs of master Justice Shallow.” Steevens.
like so many wild geese. If I had a suit to master Shallow, I would humour his men, with the imputation of being near their master:? if to his men, I would curry with master Shallow, that no man could better command his servants. It is certain, that either wise bearing, or ignorant carriage, is caught, as men take diseases, one of another: therefore, let men take heed of their company. I will devise matter enough out of this Shallow, to keep prince Harry in continual laughter, the wearingout of six fashions, (which is four terms, or two actions,) and he shall laugh without intervallums. O, it is much, that a lie, with a slight oath, and a jest with a sad brow, will do with a fellow that never had the achei in his shoulders! O, you shall see him laugh, till his face be like a wet cloak ill laid up.
Shal. [within] Sir John!
they flock together in consent,] i. e. in conccntu, or in one mind, one party. So, Macbeth:
“ If you shall cleave to my consent." See Vol. VII, p. 80, n. 7, and note on King Henry VI, Part I, Act I, sc. i, line 5, Vol. X. The word, however, may be derived from consentio, consensus, Lat. Steevens.
in concent,] i. e. in union, in accord. In our author's time the word in this sense was written consent, (as it here is in the old copy) and that spelling continued to Cowley's time. See Davideis, Book III:
Learning consent and concord from his lyre.” Malone.
near their master:] i. e. admitted to their master's confidence. Steevens.
8 — two actions,] There is something humorous in making a spendthrift compute time by the operation of an action for debt.
Johnson. a sad brow,] i.e. a serious face. So, in The Winter's Tale: “My father and the gentlemen are in sad talk.” Steevens.
- fellow that never had the ache -] That is, a young fellow, one whose disposition to merriment, time and pain have not yet impaired. Johnson.