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golam, who was pleased, without any pro 4th. As he walks the said roads, he shall
vocation, to be my mortal enemy. But it take the utmost care not to trample upon
was carried against him by the whole board, the bodies of any of our loving subjects,
and confirmed by the emperor. That mic their horses or carriages, nor take any of
nister was galbet, or admiral of the realın, our subjects into his hands without their
very much in his master's confidence, and own consent.
a person well versed in affairs, but of a mo sth. If an express requires extraordinary
sole and four complexion. However, he dispatch, the Man-mountain shall be oo.
was at length perfuaded to comply; but liged to carry in his pocket the meflenger
prevailed that the articles and conditions and horle a fix-days journey once in eve.
upon which I should be set free, and to ry moon, and return the laid mesenger
which I must swear, should be drawn up by back (if required) fate to our imperial
himself. These articles were brought to me presence.
by Skyrelh Bolgolam in person, attended 6th. He shall be our ally against our
by two under secretaries, and several per- enemies in the island of Biefuscu *, and do
fons of distinction. After they were read, his utmost to deitrov their fieet, which is
I was determined to swear to the perform- now preparing to invade vs.
ance of them; first in the manner of my 7th. That the said Man-mountain fhall,
own country, and afterwards in the method at his times of leisure, be aiding and afiling
prescribed by their laws, which was to hold to our workmen, in helping to raise certain
my right foot in my left hand, and to place great stores, towards covering the wall of
the middle finger of my right hand on the the principal park and other our royal
crown of my head, and my thumb on the buildings.
tip of my right ear. But because the 8th. That the said Man-mountain shall,
reader

may

be curious to have some idea of in two moons time, deliver in an exact surthe style and manner of expresion peculiar vey of the circumference of our dominions, to that people, as well as to know the arti; by a computation of his own paces round cles upon which I recovered my liberty, I the coal. have made a translation of the whole initru Laitly, That, upon his solemn oath to ment word for word, as near as I was able, observe all the above articles, the said M20which I here offer to the public,

mountain shall have a daily allowance of

meat and drink sufficient for the support of Golbafto Momaren Evlame Gurcilo 1724 of our subjects, with free accels to our Shetin Mully Ully Gue, most mighty em royal person, and other marks of our faperor of Lilliput, delight and terror of the Given at our palace at Belfaborac, universe, wholedominions extend five thou- the twelfth day of the ninety-firit moon of tand blufirugs, (about twelve miles in cir- our reign. cumference) to the extremities of the globe;

I swore and subscribed to these articles monarch of all monarchs, taller than the tons of men ; whose feet pres down to the cen

with great chearfulness and content, al. tre, and whose head strikes against the fun; though fome of them were not fo honourat whose nod the princes of the earth thake able as I could have wished; which protheir knees ; pleasant as the spring, com

ceeded wholly from the malice of Skyreh fortable as the summer, fruitful as autumn,

Bulgolam, the high-admiral: whereupon dreadful as winter. His most sublime ma

my chains were immediately unlocked, and jesty proposeth to the Man-mountain, lately I was at full liberty. The emperor himielf arrived at our celestial dominions, the fol- in person did me the honour to be by ae the lowing articles, which by a solemn oath he whole ceremony. I made my acknowlerig. Thall be obliged to perform,

ments by p:ottrating myself at his majetty's it. The Nian-mountain shall not depart feet, but he commanded me to rise; and from our dominions without our licence after many gracious expressions, which, co under our great feal.

avoid the censure of vanity, I shall not re2d. He ihall not presume to come into peat, be added, that hchoped I should prove our metropolis without our exprefs order; favours he had already conferred upon me,

a useful letvant, and well deserve all the at which time the inhabitants shall have two Bro!rrs warning to keep within doors.

or might do for the future. 3d. The fazMlan-momain ih ali con. * In his description of Lilliput he feems to have fué his walks to our principal triun roaris,

hat England more immediately in view. In his and not offer to walk or lie down in a nez

defcription of Picturcu, he fems so intend the

people and kiedom of France. ORRIFY. dow or field of corn.

The

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The reader may please to observe, that, cross and divide it into four quarters, are in the last article for the recovery of my five feet wide. The lanes and alleys, which liberty, the emperor ftipulates to allow me I could not enter, but only viewed them a quantity of meat and drink sufficient for as I passed, are from twelve to eighteen the support of 1724. Lilliputians. Some inches. The town is capable of holding time after, asking a friend at court how they five hundred thousand souls; the houses are came to fix on that determinate number; from three to five stories: the ihops and he told me that his majesty's mathemati- markets well provided. cians having taken the height of my body The emperor's palace is in the centre of by the help of a quadrant, and finding it to the city, where the two great streets meer. exceed theirs in the proportion of twelve to It is inclosed by a wall of two feet high, one, they concluded, from the similarity of and twenty feet distance from the buildings. their bodies, that mine must contain at least I had his majeity's permiflion to step over 1724 of theirs, and consequently would re. this wall; and the space being so wide bequire as much food as was necessary to sup- tween that and the palace, I could casily port that number of Lilliputians. By which view it on every side. The outward court the reader may conceive an idea of the in- is a square of forty feet, and includes two genuity of that people, as well as the pru- other courts; in the inmost are the royal dent and exact economy of so great a apartments, which I was very desirous to prince.

see, but found it extremely difficult : for

the great gates, from one square into anoCHA P. IV.

ther, were but eighteen inches high, and

feven inches wide. Now the buildings Mildendo, the metropolis of Lilliput, described, of the outer court were at least five feet

together with the emperor's palace. A cone high, and it was impossible for me to stride versation between the author and a princie over them without infinite damage to the pal secretary concerning the affairs of that pile, though the walls were strongly built of empire. The author's offers to serve the hewn ftone, and four inches thick. At the emperor in his wars.

faine time the emperor had a great desire

that I should see the magnificence of his paThe first request I'made, after I had ob- lace; but this I was not able to do till three gained my liberty, was, that I might have days after, which I spent in cutting down licence to fee Mildendo, the metropolis ; with my knife fome of the largest trecs in which the emperor easily granted me, but the royal park, about an hundred yards dirwith a special charge to do no hurt either tant from the city. Of these trees I made to the inhabitants or their houses. The two fools, each about three feet high, and people had notice by proclamation of my strong enough to bear my weight. The design to visit the town. The wall, which people having received notice a second time, encompassed it, is two feet and a half high, I went again through the city to the palace and at least eleven inches broad, so that a with my two stools in my hands. When I coach and horses may be driven very fafely came to the side of the outer court, I stood round it; and it is flanked with strong upon one tool, and took the other in my towers at ten feet distance. I stept over hand: this I lifted over the roof, and gently the great western gate, and passed very set it down on the space between the first and gently, and sideling, through the two prin- second court, which was eighty feet wide. I cipal streets, only in my short waistcoat, for then ftept over the building very convenifear of damaging the roofs and eves of the ently from one stool to the other, and drew houses with the kirts of my coat. I walked up the first after me with a hooked stick. with the utmost circumspection to avoid By this contrivance I got into the inmost treading on any ftraggler, who might re- court; and, lying down upon my side, I apmain in the streets ; although the orders plied my face to the windows of the middle were very stri&t, that all people should keep stories, which were left open on purpose, and in their houses at their own peril. The discovered the most splendid apartments that garret-windows and tops of houses were so can be imagined. There I saw the empress crowded with spectators, that I thought in and the young princes in their several lodgall my travels I had not seen a more popu- ings, with their chiefattendants about them. lous place. The city is an exact square, Her imperial majesty was pleased to smile each fide of the wall being five hundred feet very graciously upon me, and gave me out long, The two great streets, which sun of the window her hand to kiss.

But

But I shall not anticipate the reader with heels are lower at least by a drurr than any further descriptions of this kind, because I of his court (drurr is a measure about the seserve them for a greater work, which is fourteenth part of an inch.) The animofinow almost ready for the press, containing ties between these two parties run so high, a general description of this empire, from that they will neither eat nor drink, por talk its first erection, through a long series of with each other. We compute the Trameckprinces, with a particular account of their san, or high-heels, to exceed us in number; wars and politics, laws, learning, and reli- but the power is wholly on our side. We gion, their plants and animals, their pecu- apprehend his imperial highness, the heir liar manners and customs, with other mat to the crown, to have some tendency to. rers very curious and useful; my chief de- wards the high-heels; at least, we can fign at present being only to relate such plainly discover, that one of his heels is events and transactions, as happened to the higher than the other, which gives him a public or to myfélf, during a residence of hobble in his gait. Now, in the midst of about nine months in that empire. these intestine disquiets we are threatened

One morning, about a fortnight after I with an invasion from the island of Blefuscu, had obtained my liberty, Reldresal, princi- which is the other great empire of the unipal secretary of state (as they style him) for verse, almost as large and powerful as this private affairs, came to my house attended of his majesty. For as to what we have only by one servant. He ordered his coach heard you affirm, that there are other kingto wait at a distance, and desired I would doms and states in the world, inhabited by give him an hour's audience ; which I rea- human creatures as large as yourself, our dily consented to, on account of his quality philosophers are in much doubt, and would and personal merits, as well as of the many rather conjecture that you dropped from good offices he had done me during my son the moon, or one of the stars; because it is licitations at court. I offered to lie down, certain, that an hundred mortals of your that he might the more conveniently reach bulk would, in a short time, destroy all the my ear; but he chose rather to let me hold fruits and cattle of his majesty's dominions: him in my hand during our conversation. besides, cur histories of fix thousand moons He began with compliments on my liberty; make no mention of any other regions, thaa faid, he might pretend to some merit in it: the two great empires of Lilliput and Blebut however added, that, if it had not been fuscu. Which two mighty powers bave, as for the present situation of things at court, I was going to tell you, been engaged in a perhaps I might not have obtained it so most obftinate war for six-and-thirty moons foon.' For, said he, as flourishing a condi- paft. It began upon the following occation as we may appear to be in to foreign- fion: it is allowed on all hands, that the priers, we labour under two mighty evils; a mitive way of breaking eggs, before we eat violent faction at home, and the danger of them, was upon the largestend; but his prean invafion by a most potent enemy from sent majesty's grandfather, while he was a abroad. As to the first

, you are to under: boy, going to eat an egg, and breaking it ftand, that for above feventy moons paft according to the ancient practice, happened there have been two struggling parties in to cut one of his fingers. Whereupon the this empire, under the names of Trameck- emperor, his father, published an edia, jan and Slameckfan*, from the high and commanding all his subjects, upon great low heels of their shoes, by which they dis- penalties, to break the smaller end of their tinguish themselves. It is alledged indeed, eggs. The people fo highly resented this that the high heels are most agreeable to law, that our histories tell us, there have our ancient constitution; but, however this been fix rebellions raised on that account: be, his majelty is determined to make use wherein one emperor lost his life, and ano. only of low heels in the administration of ther his crown. These civil commotions the government, and all offices in the gift were constantly fomented by the monarchs of the crown, as you cannot but observe; of Blefuscu; and when they were quelled, the and particularly, that his majesty's imperial exiles always fed for refuge to that empire.

* High.church and Low.church, or Whig and It is computed that eleven thousand persons Tory. As every accidental difference between man have at several times suffered death, rather and man in person and circumstances is by this than submit to break their sgs at the work rendered extremely contemptible ; so spe.- smaller end. Many hundred large volumes culative differences are shown to be equally ridi.

have been published upon this controversy: culous, when the zeal with which they are oppofed and defended tou opuch exceeds their importe but the books of the Big-endians have been

long forbidden, and the whole party ten.

dered

ancc

dered incapable by law of holding employ- whence it is parted only by a channel of inents. During the course of these frou- eight hundred yards wide.' I had not yet bles, the emperors of Blefufcu did frequent- feen it, and upon this notice of an intended !y expoftulate by their ambasladors, accuf. invasion I avoided appearing on that side ing us of making a schisın in religion by of the coast, for fear of being discovered offending againft a fundamental doétrine of by some of the enemy's thips, who had reour great prophet Luitrog, in the fifty- ceived no intelligence of me, all intercourse fourth chapter of the Blundecral (which is between the two empires having been their Alcoran.) This however is thought frilly forbidden during the war upon pain to be a mere strain upon the text; for the of death, and an embargo laid by our emwords are these; “ That all true believers peror upon all vessels whatsoever. I con

break their eggs at the convenient end.” municated to his majelty a project I formAnd which is the convenient end, should ed of seizing the enemy's whole fleet: in my humble opinion be left to every man's which, our scouts assured us, lay at anchor confcience, or at least in the power of the in the harbour ready to fail with the first chief magistrate to determine. Now, the fair wind. I consulted the most experiBig-endian exiles have found so much cre enced seamen upon the depth of the chandit in the emperor of Blefuscu's court, and nel, which they had often plummed; who so much private aflistance and encourage- told me, that in the middle at high-water ment from their

party

here at home, that a it was seventy glumgluff's deep, which is bloody war hath been carried on between about six feet of European measure; and the two empires for fix-and-thirty moons, the rest of it fifty glumgluffs at mos. I with various success; during which time walked towards the north-east coast

, over we have lost forty capital ships, and a against Blefuscu; where, lying down be. much greater number of smaller vessels, to

hind a hillock, I took out my small pergether with thirty thousand of our best sea. spective-glass, and viewed the enemy's men and soldiers; and the damage re fleet at anchor, consisting of about fifty ceived by the enemy is reckoned to be men of war, and a great number of trané somewhai greater than ours. However, they ports: I then came back to my house, and have now equipped a numerous fleet, and gave orders (for which I had a warrant) are just preparing to make a descent upon for a great quantity of the strongest cable us; and his imperial majesty, placing a

and bars of iron. The cable was about as great confidence in your valour and thick as packthread, and the bars of the Atrength, hath commanded me to lay this length and size of a knitting-needle. I account of his affairs before you.

trebled the cable to make it stronger, and I desired the secretary to present my for the same reason I twisted three of the humble duty to the emperor, and to let iron bars together, bending the extremities him know, that I thought it would not be. into a hook. Having thus fixed fifty hooks come me, who was a foreigner, to interfere to as many cables, I went back to the with parties; but I was ready with the north-east coast

, and putting off my coat, hazard of my life to defend his person and foes, and stockings, walked into the sea ftate against all invaders *.

in my leathern jerkin, about half an hour

before high-water. I waded with what CH A P. V.

haste I could, and swam in the middle The author, by an extraordinary Atratagem, about tbirty yards, till I felt ground; I ar

prevents an invasion. A high title of ho- rived at the deet in less than half an hour. nour is conferred upon him. Ambasaders The enemy was so frighted, when they faw arrive from the emperor of Blefujou, and me, that they leaped out of their ships, fue for peace. The empress's apartment on

and swam to shore, where there could not fire by an accident ; the author inftrumental be fewer than thirty thousand souls: I then ir saving the rest of the palace.

took my tackling, and, fastening a hook to

the hole at the prow of each, I tied all the The empire of Blefuscu is an island, fitu- cords together at the end, while I was ated to the north-caft side of Lilliput, from thus employed, the enemy discharged fe

veral thousand arrows, many of which stuck * Gulliver, without examining the subject of in my hands and face; and, besides the exdispute, readily engaged to defend the emperor celsive smart, gave me much disturbance monarch had a right to invade the dominions of in my work. My greatest apprehenfion another, for the propagation of truth.

was for mine eyes, which I Thould have

infallibly

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infallibly loft, if I had not suddenly thought the fleet was fastened, I cried in a loud of an expedient. I kept among other lit- voice, “ Long live the most puissant emtle neceffaries, a pair of spectacles in a pri- peror of Lilliput!” This great prince revate pocket, which, as I observed before, ceived me at my landing with all poslable had escaped the emperor's searchers. These encomiums, and created me a nardac uponi I took out and fallened as strongly as ļ the spot, which is the highest title of hocould upon my nose, and thus armed went nour among them. on boldly with my work, in spite of the His majesty desired I would take some enemy's arrows, many of which ftruck other opportunity of bringing all the rest against the glasses of my spectacles, but of his enemy's thips into his ports. And without any other effect, farther than a so unmeasurable is the ambition of princes, little to discompose them. I had now fars that he seemed to think on nothing less tened all the hooks, and taking the knot than reducing the whole empire of Blefuscu in my hand began to pull; but not a ship into a province, and governing it by 2 would stir, for they were all too fast held viceroy: of destroying the Big-endian exby their anchors, so that the boldest part iles, and compelling that people to break of my enterprize remained. I therefore the imaller end of their eggs, by which he let

go the cord, and leaving the hooks fix. would remain the sole monarch of the ed to the ships, I resolutely cut with my whole world. But I endeavoured to diknife the cables that faltenéd the anchors, vert him from this design, by many argureceiving above two hundred shots in my ments drawn from the topics of policy as face and hands; then I took up the knot well as justice: and I plainly proteited, ted end of the cables, to which my hooks that I would never be an instrument of were tied, and with great ease drew fifty of bringing a free and brave people into ilathe enemy's largest men of war after me. very. And when the matter was debated

The Biefufcudians, who had not the least in council, the wisest part of the ministry imagination of what I intended, were at were of my opinion. first confounded with astonishment. They This open bold declaration of mine was had seen me cut the cables, and thought fo opposite to the schemes and politics of my design was only to let the thips run a his imperial majesty, that he could never drift, or fall foul on each other: but when forgive me; he mentioned it in a very artthey perceived the whole fleet moving in ful manner at council, where I was told order, and saw me pulling at the end, they that some of the wiseft appeared at least by let

up such a scream of grief and despair, their filence to be of my opinion; but as it is almost imposible to describe or con others, who were my secret enemies, could ceive. When I had got out of danger, I not forbear some expressions, which by a stopt awhile to pick out the arrows that fide-wind reflected on me.

And from this stuck in my hands and face; and rubbed time began an intrigue between his maon some of the same ointment that was jesty and a junto of ministers maliciqully given me at my first arrival, as I have for- bent against me, which broke out in less merly mentioned. I then took off my than two months, and had like to have spectacles, and waiting about an hour, till ended in my utter destruction. Of so little the tide was a little fallen, I waded through weight are the greatest services to princes, the middle with my cargo, and arıived safe when put into the balance with a refusal at the royal port of Lilliput.

to gratify their paflions, The emperor and his whole court stood About three weeks after this exploit, on the hore expecting the inue of this there arrived a solemn embasly from Blegreat adventure. They saw the ships move fuscu, with humble offers of a peace; which forward in a large half-moon, but could was soon concluded upon conditions very not discern me, who was up to my breast advantageous to our emperor, wherewith I in water. When I advanced to the mid- shall not trouble the reader. There were dle of the channel, they were yet in more fix ambasadors, with a train of about five pain, because I was under water to my hundred perforis; and their entry was very neck. The emperor concluded nie to be magnificent, suitable to the grandeur of drowned, and that the enemy's Heet was their master, and the importance of their approaching in an hollile manner : but he business. When their treaty was finished, was foon ealed of his fears, for the channel wherein I did them leveral good offices by gruwing shallower every Itep I made, I the credit I now had, or at least appeared Crinse in a fhort time within hearing; and to have at court, their excellencies, who low.ding ip the end of the cable, by which

were privately cold bow mach I had been

their

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