Page images


xi 22. This engraving represents the larynx, or! 24. Here is a front view of the Vocal Organg: vocal box, at 1, near the top of the wind-pipe, 2;e is the top of the wind-pipe, and within and a the bronchial

little above d is the larynx, or vocal box, where tubes, or

all voice sounds are branches of

made: theva the trachea, 3, 4, going to

horns at the tor repeach lung;

resent the upper exthe left lung is 2.

tremities of the thy. whole; the


roid cartilage: the substance of

tubes up and down, the right one

and transverse, ars 16 removed, to

blood vessels: leshow the ra

ware of having mifications of

anything tight the bronchial

around the neck, twigs, termi

also of ben:ling the nating in the

neck mach, impeding the free circulation of the air-cells, 2, 7,

blood, and determining it to the head. & like leaves on the trees.


POSITIONS OF FEET AND HANDS. al tubes are the three branches of the windpipe, and enter the lungs about one third of the distance from the upper end: hence, how foolish for persons having a sore throat, or larynx, to suppose they have the bronchitis; which consists in a diseased state of the bronchia; generally brought on by an improper mode of breathing, or speaking, &c., with exposure. The remedy may be found in the practice here recominended, with a free use of cold soft water over the whole body, and bandages wet with the same, placed about the chest and neck, to be removed every few bours, as they become dry.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

23. Here is a horizontal view of the Gloutis: N, F, are the arytenoid cartilages, connected with the chordae vocales, (vocal cords, or ligaments,) T, V, stretching across from the top of the arytenoid to the point of the thyroid cartilage: tiese cords can be elongated, and enlarged to produce lower sounds, and contracted and diminished for higher ones: and, at the same time, separated from each other, and allowing more condenBed air to pass for the foriner purposes; or brought neater together, to favor the latter: there are a great many muscles attached to the larynx, to give variety to the modifications of voice in speech and song

[ocr errors]
[graphic][ocr errors]

1. TWS SYSTEM unfolds the true Philoso-, in, where-on, where-vith, &c.; also, in the conphy of Mind and Voice, in accordance with traction of ever and never,--as where-e'er 1 go the nature af Mun, and the structure of Lan-where-e'er I am, I ne'er shall see thee inora giulge. The Elements are first presented; “Ilow blest is be, who ne'er consents, By ill adthen, the common combinations, followed by vice to walk." the more difficult ones; all of which are to be Anecdote. Plało-- defines man—“An practiced in concert, and indivi:lually, after animal, having two legs, and no feathers.** the Teucher. These exercises essentially aid This very imperfect description attracted the in cultivating the Voice and Eur, for all the ridicule of Di-og-e-nes; who, witlily, and in objects of Speech and Song: while the Prin- derision, introduced to his school-a fowl, ciples and Practice tend to develop and per- stripped of its feathers, and contemptuously sect both mind and body, agreeably to the asked,—“Is this Plato's man?

Notes. I. Don't caricature this sound of a and a bubora Laws, that should govern them. The Vowels

T, by giving it undue stress and quantity, in such words a3--air, must first be mastered, then the Consonants; (ag-ur,) pa-rent, (pat-rent,) dare, (day-ur,) chair

, there, where, &c, and the exercises interspersed with reading, wr give it a flat sound, as some do to e in bleat, prudouncing it and rigid criticism on the Articulation and laat. To give this sound properly, separate the teeth an incha

project the lips, and bring forward the corners of the mouth, like Pronunciation

a funnel. 2. It would be just as proper in prore, to say, where N. B. The words printed in italics an! CAPITALS, are more or cever I go, where-cever I arr, i neever shall see thee more; as to fus emphatic; though other words may be made $9, according to say in poetry, where-tar I am, I ncar shall see thee more. 3. Ein to desired effict: the desh (-) indicates a pause for inhalation: weight, why, (i, y, gh are silent,) and a in are, whale, &c., 2.70 onnecting words are sometimes excepte!.

just alike in sound; ant as this sound of e does not occur amor 2. A has four regular sounds : First, its natural, or regular sounds, as classed by our orthoepists, it is Name sound, or long: ALE;

called "irregular;" i. e. it borrow's this name sound of a; or is

sounded like it. 4. Some try to make a distinction between a ate, a-zure; rare (i-pri-cots;

fate, and a in far, calling it a medial sound: which error is ow. scarce pa-tri-ots; fair brace

ing to t being an elrugt element, and r, a prolongar! one : but a !sts for la-tent mus-ta-ches;

one can make a good grund of il, either in speech or song, when

thus situated, by giving it a stund unlike the name sound of a; le bai-ry ma-gi and sa-pi-ent lit

ware of unjust prejutices and prepossessions. I say na-shunan cr-1l-ti for pa-trons; na-tion-al

ra-shun-al, &c., for the same reason that I say notional and de su *Q-ter-er for ra-di-a-ted sta

(A İ: ALE.) tional; becatase of analogy and effect. mens, and sa-li-cnt pels-try with the ha-lo

Proverbs. 1. Accusing--is proving, whes gru-tis; the ra-tion-al plain-tiff tears the can

malice and porer sit as judges. 2. Adversity bric, and dares the stairs for the sa-vor of may make one wise, but not rich. 3. Idle feiko rai-sins; they drain the cane-brakes and take-take the most pains. 4. Every one is architect ihe bears by the nape of the neck; the mayor's birds. 6. Go into the country to hear the news

of his own fortune. 5. Fine feathers make fing prayer to Mayn-ton Sayre is—to be-ware of of the town. 7. He is a good orator-who conhe snares pre-par'd for the matron's shares: vinces himself. 8. If you cannot bite, never show s-men has both syllables accented; but it your teeth. 9. Lawyers' houses--are built on the hould never be pronounced ah-men (2d a) heads of fools. 10. Little, and often, fill the purse.

11. Much, would have more, and lost all. 12. 3. Position. Sit, or stand erect, with the Practice-makes perfect. shoulders thrown back, so as to expand the

The Bible-requires, in its proper dela chest, prevent the body from bending, and cry, the most extensive practical knowleilge facilitate full and deep breathing. Open the of the principles of elocution, and of all the mouth wide enough to admit tivo fingers, compositions in the world; a better impresa le-wise, between the teeth, and keep the sion may be made, from its correct realing, Hips free and limber, that the sounds may than froin the most luminous commentary. how with clearness and precision ; nor let

Varteties. 1. Love what you ought to do, there be too much, nor too little misture in and you can easily do it ;-oiled whecis runi the mouth. A piece of hard wood, or ivory, freely. 2. Cicero says, that Roscius, a Roan inch, or an inch and a half long, of the man orator, could express a sentence in 99 size of a pipe-stain, with a notch in each end, many different ways by his gestures, as t'u is placed between the teeth, perpendicularly, himself could by his words. 3. Why is the Nurile practicing, will be found very useful in letter A, like a honey-suckle? Because a B squiring the habit of opening wide the mouth. follows it. 4. Never speak unless you have 4. E xas this sound in certain words; among have done. 5. The most essential rule in de

something to say, and always stop when you which are the following: ere, ere-long ; feint livery is-Be natural and in earnest 6. Our beira ; the hei-nous Bey pur-veya a bo-quet ; education should be adapted to the full de (0o-ka ;) they rein iheir prey in its ey-ry, and pay their freight by weight; key-dey: obey the velopment of body and mind. 7. Truth can yre, and do o-bei-sance to the Dey; they sit

never contradict itself; but is eternal and im416-3-tate (la-lal-tate,) ai trey: also, there mutablethe same in all ages: the states or 2012 mere, in all their compounds,-there-at, men’s reception of it-are as various as the there-by, there-fore, tl.ere-in, there on, there principles and stuhjects of natural creation. rita;, where-dy, where-fure, where As good have no time, as make bad use of it. BARONSON.


aor alu-men.


5. Elocution-is an Art, that teaches me how within-out; not from wilhout-m. The to manifest my feelings and thoughts to beautiful rose-does not grow by accretio, others, in such a way as to give them a true like the rocks ; its life flows into it through idea, and expression of how, and what, I feel the nutriment, imbibed from the earth, the and think; and, in so doing, to make them uir, and the water, which are incorporated feel and think, as I do. Its object is, to enable with the very life-blood of the plant as a me me to communicate to the bearers, the whole dium: it is a manifestation of the Life that truth, just as it is; in other words, to give me fills all things, and flows into all things, acthe ability, to do perfect justice to the sulject, cording to their various forms. The analogy to them, and to myself: thus, involving the holds yood as it respects the human mind; philosophy of eni, cause, and effect,-the cor- tho'. vegetables are matter, and mind-is respondence of affection, thoughts and words. spirit; the former is of course much more

6. The second sound of A is grave, confined than the latter. The powers of the or Italian. Au; alms, far; pa

mind-must be developed by a power from pa calms ma-ma, and com- ww within, and above itself; and that is the best manils Charles to craunch the

education, which will accomplish this most al-monds in the haun-led paths;

rapully, and effectually, in accordance with his ma-ster de- man -ded a

the laws of God, which always have referhaunch of par-tridge of fa

ence to the greatest good and the most truth ther; aunt taun-ted the laun.

(A in FAR.)

Anecdote. A clergyman, whose turn it dress for salve from the ba

was to preach in a certain church, happening na-na tree; Jur-vis farms sar-sa-pa-ril-la in to get wet, was standing before the sessionA-mer-i-ca; ma-nil-la balm is a charın to room fire, to dry his clothes; and when his halve the qualms in Ra-ven-na; he a-biles in colleague came in, he asked him to preach for Chi-na, and vaunts to have saun-tered on him; as he was very wet. No Sir, I thank the a-re-na, to guard the vil-la hearths from you;" was the prompt reply: "preach your. harm-ful ef-flie-vi-a; they flaun-ted on the 80- self ; you will be dry enough in the pulpit.fa, ar-gu-ing for Quarles' psalms, and for-mu

Proverbs. 1. A burden that one chooses, ) la for jaun-dice in Mec-ca or Me-ili-na; a

not felt. 2. A guilty conscience needs no acowcalf got the chol-e-ra in Cu-ba, and a-rose to ser. 3. After-wit is erery body's wit. 4. Enouir de run the gaunl-let for the ayes and noes in A. -is as good as a feast. 5. All is but lip wisdom, cel-da-ma.

that wants esperience. 6. Better bend, than break 7. In making the vowel sounds, by expel- 7. Children and fools often speak the truth. & ling them, great care must be taken, to con- Out of debt, out of danger. 9. Wade not in 117vert all the breath that is emitted, into pure known waters. 10. Do what you ought, and let sorinil, so as not to chafe the internal surface come what will. 11. Empty vessels make the of the throat, and produce a tickling, or greatest sound. 12. Pause, before you follon ar hoarseness. The happier and freer froin re-example. struin', the letter: in laughing, the lower Natural and Spiritual. Since we are muscles are lised inroluntarily; hence the possessed of both body and soul, it is of the adage, lungh, and be fut.' In breathing, first importance that we make use of natural reailing, swaking, and singing, there should and spiritual means for obtaining good; i.c. be no risin; of the stunlilers, or heaving of natural and spiritual truths. Cur present the 59-0; both tend to error and ill health. and eternal destinies-should ever be kept in Beware of the lungs, as it is said; let mind; and that, which is of the greatest mothem act, as they are ucted upon by the lower ment, receive the principal attention: anda muscles.

since death-is only a continuation of lif?, opr Notes. 1. This, streetly speaking, is the only natural education should be continuous: both statne und in all languages, and is the easiest wade: it merely requires of being will be best attended to, when scena the under jaw to tedmppel, aol a vocal sound to be produced: and attended to in connection. all other unwels are derived from it; or, rather, are modifications of it. 2. When a is an article, i. e, when used by itsell, it always

Varieties. 1. Horses will often do more tras this enni, lut must not be accented; as, “a man saw a borse for a whistle, than a whip: as some meth are swa sherp in a bralox;" except as contrasted with the ; as, “' best governed by a rod of lue. 2. Why is a sund t'e utani, unt a mun." 3. When a foras aa unaccented syl bankrupt like a clock? Because he must table, it lastbis sund: 2, 2-take, a-bile, 2-like, a-ware, a-tone, i mil, a-way, tc. 4. It has a unilar vund at the end of words, either stop, or go on fick. 3. True reading either with or wi'bout an h: 2, Noah, Han-riah, Sa-rah, Afori is true expositiin. 4. Conceive the inten2 A-t-i-ca, i--ta, doz-mı, fc. Beware of saying, No-er, Sa15, &c. 5. Il generally has this sound, when followed by a single tions of the author, and enter into the charges * ju the same syllable: as, ar-590, artis', &c.; also in star-ry, (full ler. 5. The sciences and mechanical arts are of stars,) and tar-ry, (besmeared with tar.)

the ministers of wisilom, not the end. 6. Do Education. The derivation of this word we love our friends more when present, or - will assist us in understanding its mean. absent? 7. All natural truths, which respect ing; it being composed of the Latin word the works of God in creation, are not only reai Polu-co, to lead or draw out. All develop-natural truths, but the glasses and containing ments, both of matter and spirit, are from principles of spiritual ones.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

8. The means to be used, thus to make to describe them to others with as much an known my feelings and thoughts, are dones, curacy as we do any external objects, which words, looks, actions, expression, and silence : we have seen with our material eyes. whence it appears, that the body is the grand Anecdote. Wild Oats. After the first medium of communication between myself speech, made by the younger Pitt, in the House and others; for by and through the body, are of Commons, an old member sarcastically retones, words, looks, and gestures produced. marked, “I apprehend that the young gentleThus I perceive, that the mind, is the active man has not yet sown all his wild vate." To agent, and the body, the passive agent; that which Mr. Pitt politely replied, in the course this is the instrument, and that the perfor- of an elaborate and eloquent rejoinder, “Aye ner: here I see the elements of mental and -has its priviltge; and the gentleman hini. vocal philosophy.

self-affords an ample illustration, that I re.

tain food enough for GEESE to pick.9. The third sound of A is broad: ALL, wall, auc-tion, aus-pice;

Proverbs. 1. A calumny, lijo' known to be

such, generally leaves a stain on the reputation. his vaul-ring daugh-ter hauld the dau-phin in the sauce-pan;

2. A blow from a frying pan, iho' it does not the pal-iry sauce-box waltz'd

hurt, sullies, 3. Fair and softly, go sure and far. in the tea-sat-cer; al-he-it, the

4. Keep your business and conscience well, and muk-ish au-thor, dined on

they will be sure to keep you well. 6. A man wau-se-ous suu-sa-ges; the ar. (A in ALL)

knows no more, to any purpose, than he practices. buro pal-frey draws lau-rel plau-dits; his 6. Bells call others to church, but enter not themrunugh-iy dwart got the groa: through the selnes. 7. Revenge a wrong by forgiving it. 8. fau-cit; he thwar-ted the fal-chion and sal. Venture not all you have at once. 9. Examine ted the shawl in false wa-ter; the law-less your accounts and your conduct every night. 10. gaw-ky gor in-stallid in the au-tumn, and Call me cousin, but don't cozen me. 11. Eaglesde.frau-ded the green sward of its bal-dric fly alone, but sheep flock together. 12. It is good aun-ing.

in begin well, but better to end well. 10. CURRAX, a celebrated Irish orator, pre- Theology-includes all religions, both sents us with a signal instance, of what can heathen and christian; and comprehends be accomplished by assi luity and persever the study of the Divine Being, his laws ance: his enunciation was so precipitate and and revelations, and our duty towards him confiese 1. that he was called "stuttering Juck and our neighbor. It may be divided into Curran.” To overcome his numerous de- four grand divisions; viz. Paganism. Mahonfects, he devoted a portion of every day to edanism, Judaism, and Christianity. The reading and reciting aloud, slowly, and dis- study of Theology is the highest and noblest tinctiy, some of the most eloquent extracts in in which we can be engaged: but a mere our language: and his success was so com- theoretical knowledge, like the sunbeam on plete, that arnung his excellencies as a speak- the mountain glacier, may only dazzle-to) er, was the clearness of his articulatim, and blind; for, unless the heart is warmed with an appropriate intonation, that melodized love to God, and love to man, the coldness every sentence.

and barrenness of eternal death will reign in Notos. 1. To made this sunt, drop and project the jaw, the soul: hence, the all of Religion relates to wd shape the mouth as in the engraving: and when you wish. to life ; and the life of Religion is-o do goud produce a very grav svund, in spach or sons, in addition to the atove, swell the windpipe, (which will elongate and enlarge the

--for the sake of good. Focul cures, and form the vnice as loro as presible in the larynx; Varieties. He, who studies books alone, for the imger and larger these charis are, the grader will be the will know how things ought to be; and le mice: alss, practice making sun's, while exhaling and inhaling, who studies men, will know how things are. in de pon the topes. This sound is breader than the German a. L U velours bas this sunt: I thought he caught the cough, 2. If you would relish your food, labor for it; s heu te coragby te dwb: he wrought, frugter

, aist sought, tiut if you would enjoy your raiment, pay for it blked nauetit

. & Heart of uidine an o after wo, as lawr,jams, before you wear it; if you wonld sltep sound. fawr, kc. 4. The itatne a outbe ok wing, is bral, I were 2ppalled at the Ibral m of Wal-tes Ha-leigh, who was al-muvat ly, take a clear conscience to bed with you. ali-ed in the cal-dron of boiling wa-ter.

3. The more we follow nature, and obey hc! Ilabits of thought. Thinking is to the uns, the longer shall we live; and the farmind what digestion is to the body. We ther we derulle from them, the sooner we may heur, read, and talk, till we are gray; shall die. 4. Always carry a few proverbs but if we do not think, and analyze our sub- with you for constant use. 5. Let compul jects, and look at them in every aspect, and sion be used when necessary ; but deceptun see the ends, causes, and effects, they will be never. 6. In China, physicians are always of little use to us. In thinking, however, we under pay, except when their patrons are must think clearly and without confusion, as sick ; then, their salaries are stopped till health we would examine objects of sighi, in order is restored. 7. All things speak; nole well to get a perfect i lea of them. Thinkingis the language, and gather wisdom from it. spiritually seeing; and we should always Nature-is but a name for an effect, whink of things so particularly, as to be able Whose cause-is Gud.

« PreviousContinue »