Muslim Endowments and Society in British India
Dr Kozlowski's important study pioneers a fresh approach to the study of a critical Muslim institution: the endowments or awqaf which almost everywhere in the Islamic world provide support for mosques, schools and shrines. The wealthier Muslims who establish endowments inevitably have an eye on social, political and economic conditions and have traditionally used awqaf as part of an effort to preserve their wealth and influence, especially in periods of change and uncertainty. The book focuses on the use of endowments by Muslims suffering the dislocations caused by the imposition of British rule in India and examines in detail the social and political implications of the controversy over endowments that took place in the imperial courts and councils. The author's observations and insights can be applied to many periods and places in the Muslim world and his novel approach will attract all those interested in the study of Islam.
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administration Ahsan-ullah al-Fatah Ali's Aligarh Allahabad Amir Anglo-Indian Anglo-Indian courts Arabic argued argument awqaf became Bengal Bibi Bikani Mian's Bombay British courts British India British judges British law Calcutta century claimed created custodians Dacca decisions deeds of endowment Deoband disputes district established example faith family endowments fatihahs favour fiqh founders gave Hanafi heirs High Court Hindu Hobhouse Husain Ibid Imam Imambarah income individuals influence inheritance institutions involved Islam Jinnah Jinnah's bill judicial Justice Khan Khojah land landlords lawyers leaders madrasah managed ment mosque Mughal Muhammad Muhammad Ali Muhammadan law Muharram Muslim endowments Muslim law mutawalli Nawab officials opinions Persian political politicians practice Privy Council Qamr qazis Quran religious scholars revenue rulers seemed Shaikh shariah Shiah Shibli Shibli Numani shrines Sir Sayyid social sufis texts took traditions ud-din ulama Urdu Wakf waqf waqifs wealth Woodroffe zamindars