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13.

Ps. cxviii.
20. ch. xiii.

Eph. ii. 14.

30 saying, Go ye into the village over against you ; in the which at your entering ye shall find a colt tied, whereon yet never man sat: loose him, and bring him hither. 31 And if any man ask you, why do ye loose him ? thus shall ye say [h unto him), i Because the Lord hath need of him. 32 And they that were sent went their way, and found even as he had said unto them. 33 And as they were loosing the colt, the owners thereof said unto them, Why loose ye the colt? 34 And they said, i The Lord hath need of him. 35 And they brought him to Jesus : n and they cast their garments upon the colt, and they set n 2 Kings ix. Jesus thereon. 36 And as he went, they spread their clothes in the way. 37 And when he was come nigh, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen; 38 saying, o Blessed k be the King that cometh in opacaville the name of the Lord : P peace in heaven, and glory in the net. 11. 14. highest. 39 And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples. 40 And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these 1 should hold their peace, 9 the stones m would imme- Hab. ii. 11. diately cry out. 41 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it, 42 saying, if thou hadst r John xi. 36.

h omitted by many ancient authorities. i or, that: see on ver. 34. j literally, that the Lord: see on ver. 31. k or, is : not expressed in the original. 1 render, shall.

m read, will. JERUSALEM. Matt. xxi. 1-9. Mark merely in their view a teacher (so is the xi. 1-10. John xii. 12-19, where see word rendered “master”), offended them. notes. 37. the whole multitude

40.] A proverbial expression-but of the disciples] In the widest sense; probably not without reference to Habakit is equivalent to the multitudes,Mat- kuk ii. 11. thew. The “mighty work,” which dwelt 41–44.] OUR LORD WEEPS OVER mostly on their minds, was the raising of JERUSALEM. Peculiar (in this form) to Lazarus, John xii. 17, 18:--but as this Luke. 41.] Our Lord stood on the perhaps was not known to St. Luke, we lower part of the Mount of Olives, whence must understand him to mean, all that the view of the city even now is very they had seen during their journey with striking. What a history of divine Love Him. 38.] in heaven is equivalent and human ingratitude lay before him! to in the highest, and was probably added

When He grieved, it was for the by them to fill out the parallelism.

hardness of men's hearts : when He wept, 39, 40.] THE PHARISEES MURMUR : in Bethany and here, it was over the fruits OUR LORD'S REPLY. Peculiar to Luke. of sin. 42.7 « Those who lament,”

39.] These Pharisees could hardly says Euthymius in reference to the unin any sense be disciples of Jesus. Their finished form of this sentence, “are in the spirit was just that of modern Socinianism: habit of breaking off their sayings, by the prophetic expressions used, and the reason of the vehemence of their affection.” lofty epithets applied to Him, who was Perhaps in the actual words spoken by the Vol. I.

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4. Jer. vi. 3,

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8. Micah iii. 12.

that he .. children withinlay, thee even

Mark xiii. 2.

ch. xxi. 6. v Dan. ix. 24.

ch. i. 68, 78.

1 Pet. ii. 12. w John ii. 14,

15.

z Mark xi. 18

John vii. 19: viii. 87.

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a Acts iv.7:

vii. 27.

known, even thou, [n at least] in this [o thy] day, the things which belong unto [n thy] peace ... but now they are hid

from thine eyes. 43 For the days shall come upon thee, s Isa, 1xix.3, that thine enemies shall s cast a trench about thee, and

b. sxi. 26. compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side, + 1 Kings ix:7, 44 and shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy u Matt. Ixiv. 2. children within thee; and u they shall not leave in thee

ch.111.6.* one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the The... time of thy visitation. 45 w And he went into the temple,

and began to cast out them that sold [° therein] [P and 3 Isa. Ivi.7. them that bought] ; 46 saying unto them, * It is written, y Jer. vii. 11. 9 My house is the house of prayer : but y ye have made it a

den of thieves. 47 And he taught daily in the temple. z Mark vi. 18. But z the chief priests and the scribes and the chief of the

people sought to destroy him, 48 and could not find what they might do: for all the people r were very attentive to hear him.

XX. 1 And it came to pass, that on one of 8 those days, as he taught the people in the temple, and preached the

gospel, the chief priests and the scribes came upon him 7.7: with the elders, 2 and spake unto him, saying, Tell us a by 1 omitted by several of the oldest MSS. o omitted by many ancient authorities. P omit, with many ancient authorities, and the express testimony of Origen. I read, And my house shall be. I literally, hung on him in hearing him. See Acts xvi. 14.

8 render, the. Lord there may have been an allusion to recognized, the time of thy visiting by Me. the name Jerusalem, which itself imports visitation is a word of ambiguous the seeing of peace. even thou] or thou meaning, either for good or for evil. It also, as well as these My disciples. 43.] brings at once here before us the coming For contains the awful reason which there seeking fruit, ch. xiii. 7—and the returnwas for the fervent wish just expressed : it ing of the Lord of the vineyard, ch, xx. was the Lord's desire, because ....

16. It is however the first or favour. a trench] Literally, a mound with palisades. able meaning of visitation, that is here Josephus gives an account of its being prominent. built. When the Jews destroyed this, 45, 46.] CLEANSING OF THE TEMPLE. Titus built a wall round them, -see Isa. See on Matt. xxi. 12, 13: Mark xi. 15– xxix. 2, 3, 4,—to which our Lord here 17. tacitly refers. 44.] The verb ren- 47, 48.] A general description of His dered shall lay thee even with the ground employment during these last days, the is used in two meanings :-shali level particulars of which follow. It is rightly thy buildings to the foundation, and however placed at the end of a chapter, dash thy children against the ground. for it forins a close to the long section

thy children] Not infants merely; wherein the last journey to Jerusalem bas the meaning is general. shall not been described. leave in thee one stone upon another] CHAP. XX. 1-8.] His AUTHORITY See Matt. xxiv. 2 and note there.

QUESTIONED. HIS REPLY. Matt. xxi. because thou knewest not .....) Not, 23—27. Mark xi. 27—33, where see notes.

because of thy sins and rebellions;' – those (The history of the fig-tree is not in our might be all blotted out, hadst thou known, text.) 1.] the days, viz. of this His

ch. vii. 29.

nc Matt. xxi, 33.

Mark xii. 1.

what authority doest thou these things ? or who is he that gave thee this authority ? 3 And he answered and said unto them, I will also ask you one thing; and answer me : 4 The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or of men ? 5 And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why [t then] believed ye him not ? 6 But [and] if we say, Of men; all the people will stone us: b for they be persuaded that John was a b Matt. xiv. 5. prophet. 7 And they answered, that they could not tell whence it was. 8 And Jesus said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things. Then began he to speak to the people this parable ; CA [t certain] man c Matt: sui. 33. planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and v went into a far country for a long time. 10 And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent him away empty. 11 And again he sent another servant: and they beat him also, and entreated him shamefully, and sent him away empty. 12 And again he sent a third : and they wounded him also, and cast him out. 13 Then said the lord of the vineyard, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will reverence him [w when they see him]. 14 But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, This is the heir : ( come,] let us kill him, that the inheritance may be our's. 15 So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them? 16 He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard to others. And when they heard it, they said, y God forbid. 17 And he beheld them, and said, What is t omit.

a not in the original. the original has only, left the country. W omitted by many ancient authorities, but perhaps as not being expressed in Matthew and Mark. X omit.

y literally, Let it not be. being in Jerusalem. 2.) or—that is, chief priests and scribes. Bengel suggests “ to speak more definitely."

that He addressed it to the people, to 9-19.] PARABLE OF THE VINEYARD guard against interruption on the part of LET OUT TO HUSBANDMEN. Matt. xxi. the chief priests. . 14. when the hus. 33–46. Mark xii. 1–12. See notes on bandmen saw him] This is taken up from Matthew for the sense; and for compari. when they see him of the verse before, and son of the reports, on Mark. 9.] The is emphatic-On the contrary, when they parable was spoken to the people—but saw him .... 17.] The then infers (ver. 19) at, with reference to, against the the negation of Let it not be—How then,

d Ps. cxviii. 22. this then that is written, a The stone which the builders

rejected, the same is become the head of the corner ?

18 Whosoever % shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; e Dan.ii. 34, 35. but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to

powder. 19 And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them. ..

20 And they watched him, and sent forth a spies, which should feign themselves just men, that they might take hold b of his words, that so they might deliver him unto e the power and authority of the governor. 21 And they asked him, saying, Master, we know that thou sayest and teachest rightly, neither acceptest thou the person of any, but teachest the way of God truly : 22 Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Cæsar, or no? 23 But he perceived their craftiness, and said unto them, [cc Why tempt ye me?] 24 Shew me a d penny. Whose image and superscription hath it? They answered and said, Cæsar's. 25 And he said unto them, Render therefore unto Cæsar the things which be Cæsar's, and unto God the things which be God's. 26 And they could not take hold e of his words before the people : and they marvelled at his answer, and

held their peace. Facts sxiii.6, 27 Then came to him certain of the Sadducees, which

deny that there is any resurrection; and they asked him, 8 Deut. xxv. 5. 28 saying, Master, 8 Moses wrote unto us, If any man's

brother die, having a wife, and he f die without children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed

unto his brother. 29 There were therefore seven brethren : z render, hath fallen. & see note. b render, of him by a word. C render, the ruling power, and unto the authority. cc omit.

d render, denarius. e read, of the saying. I read, be. supposing your wish to be fulfilled, could chief priests. The A.V., in rendering this which is written come to pass ?

his words, has mistaken the construction 19. and they feared the people] The of the clause. It is, that they might lay copula, and, introduces the state of mind hold of him by some saying; catch him in which this their attempt was made : by a word," as St. Mark. unto the ruling and they did so in fear of the people. (Roman) power (genus), unto the authority

20—26.7 REPLY CONCERNING THE of the governor (species). The form of LAWFULNESS OF TRIBUTE TO CÆSAR. the sentence in the original renders the Matt. xxii. 15-22. Mark xii. 13–17, separation of the two necessary. where see notes as before. 20.] Spies : 27-40.1 REPLY TO THE SADDUCEES literally, men suborned, instructed and RESPECTING THE RESURRECTION. Matt. arranged for that purpose, that they xxii. 23-33; Mark xii. 18-27, and notes. might ....) they, not the spies, but the

29.] therefore : i. e. well then

49, 52. 1 John

and the first took a wife, and died without children. 30 And the second [8 took her to wife, and he died childless.] 31 and the third took her; and in like manner the seven also [h: and they] left no children, and died. 32 Last of all the woman died also. 33 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them i is she ? for j seven had her to wife. 34 And Jesus [h answering] said unto them,

The k children of this world marry, and are given in marriage: 35 but they which I shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage: 36 m neither can they die any more: for h they are equal unto the hiCor. 1.1%, angels; and are n the children of God,' being a the children Bor of the resurrection. 37 Now that the dead are raised, keven Moses shewed o at the bush, P when he called the k Exod. ii. 6. Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. 38 g For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living : 1 for all live unto him. 39 Then certain of the 1 Rom. vi. 10, scribes answering said, Master, thou hast well said. 40 g9 And after that they durst not ask him any question at all. & omitted by many ancient authorities.

h omit. i read and render, doth the woman become ? j render, the seven.

k literally, sons. I render, have been.

m render, for neither. a render, sons. O render, in the history concerning the bush. P render, how.

I render, But. 99 read, For.. 'as an example of this law,....'

essentially partakers of the divine nature, 34, 35.] Peculiar to Luke, and im- and so cannot die. When Meyer says portant. For this present state of men, that the Lord only speaks of the risen, and marriage is an ordained and natural thing; has not here in His view the 'quick’ at the but in "that world,which is by the con- time of His coming, it must be remem. text the state of the first resurrection bered that the change' which shall pass (nothing being said of the rest of the dead, on them (1 Cor. xv.51-54) shall put them though the bare fact might be predicated into precisely the same immortality as the of them also), they who are found worthy risen (compare ibid. ver. 42). 37.] even to obtain that state of life and the resur. Moses, i. e. that very Moses, whom you rection from the dead, are no longer under allege as showing by inference the conthe ordinance of marriage: for neither can trary. 38.] On all live unto him see they any more die ; i. e. they will have no on Matt. vv. 31–33: but we have in this need of a succession and renewal, which is argument even a further generalization the main purpose of marriage. 36.] than in Matthew and Mark. There, it is The fact, that they are equal unto the a covenant relation on which the matter angels, is alleged, not as shewing them to rests : here, a life of all, living and dead, be without passions or lusts, but as setting in the sight of God,so that none are forth their immortality. sons of God annihilated,-but in the regard of Him is here used, not in its ethical sense, as who inhabiteth Eternity, the being of all applied to believers in this world,—but its is a living one, in all its changes. metaphysical sense, as denoting the essen. 39, 40.] Peculiar to Luke;-implied howtial state of the blessed after the resurrec- ever in Matthew ver. 34, and Mark ver. tion :-'they are, by their resurrection, 28.

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