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Eph. ii. 14,
b Matt. xxviii.
ch. ii. 22. iv.
27. Heb. i. 9. e John iii. 2. h fch. ii. 32.
feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with
Z not expressed in the original : better, he.
b render, Ye know the matter. C render, Jesus of Nazareth, how that God anointed him. itself in such men comes from God's pre- unction with the Spirit, but only symbolic venting grace, is not in question here, nor of that which He had in His incarnation : touched upon. 36.] The construction which unction abode upon Him, John i. of this and the following verse is very 32, 33, and is alleged here as the continuing difficult. I have treated in my Greek anointing which was upon Him from God. Test., of the various ways in which it has -Stier well remarks, how entirely all perbeen taken, and endeavoured to establishi sonal address to the hearers and all docthat one which I believe to be right. Set trinal announcements are thrown into the plainly before the English reader it will background in this speech, and the Person stand thus :-Of a truth I perceive, &c. .. and Work and Office of Christ put for(and recognize this as) the word which word as the sole subject of apostolic preachGod sent to the children of Israel, ing. oppressed] literally, subdued, preaching peace (see reff.) through Jesus so that he is their master, - and his power Christ: (then, for the first time, truly is used for their oppression. Here, it alperceiving this also, on the mention of ludes to physical oppression by disease (see Jesus Christ, he adds the ascription to Luke xiii. 16) and possession : in 2 Tim. ii. Him of lordship over all men,) He is Lord 26, a very similiar description is given of of ALL MEN; with a strong emphasis on those who are spiritually bound by the all. by Jesus Christ belongs to devil. God was with him] So Nico. preaching, not to peace. 37. the demus had spoken, John iii. 2; and promatter] Not the thing, but the thing said, bably Peter here used the words as well the material of the proclamation, in this known and indicative of the presence of case equivalent to the history.'
divine power and co-operation (see Judg. began from Galilee] It was from Galilee vi. 16): beginning as he does with the first that the fame of Jesus went abroad, outer and lower circle of the things reas Luke himself relates, Luke iv. 14, 37, garding Christ, as they would be matter of 44; vii. 17; ix. 6. (xxiii. 5.) Galilee also observation and inference to his hearers, was the nearest to Cæsarea, and may have and gradually ascending to those higher been for this reason expressly mentioned. truths regarding His Person and Office,
after the baptism which John which were matter of apostolic testimony preached] So also St. Peter dates the and demonstration from Scripture,- His ministry of our Lord in ch. i. 22. (See resurrection (ver. 40), His being appointed note there.) 38. Jesus of Nazareth] Judge of living and dead (ver. 42), and The personal subject of the matter which the predestined Author of salvation to all was published : «Ye know the subject who believe on Him (ver. 43). 39. which was preached ..... viz. Jesus of And we ...] Answering to ye know, ver. Nazareth.
how that God anointed 37. 'You know the history as matter of him] Not as A. V., “how God anointed universal rumour: and we are witnesses of Jesus of Nazareth :” see the last note.- the facts. By this we, St. Peter at once The fact of the anointing with the Holy takes away the ground from the exagge. Spirit, in His baptism by John, was the rated reverence for himself individually, historical opening of the ministry of Jesus: shewn by Cornelius, ver. 25 : and puts himthis anointing however was not His first self and the rest of the Apostles in the
22. ch. xiii.
31. k Luke xxiv.
30, 13. John xxi. 13.
19, 20, ch.
i.8. m John v. 22,
31. n Rom. xiv. 9.
10. 2 Cor. v. 10. 9 Tim. iv. l. 1 Pet. iv. 5.
Dan. ix. 24. Mic. vii. 18.
ch. xxvi. 22. Pch, xv. 9:
f. ch. ii.
in the land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem ; & whom they i John xiv. 17. en cho xiii. slew and hanged on a tree. 40 Him h God raised up the k toy ke syuhin third day, and a shewed him openly; 41 i not to all the 1 Matt. xxviii. people, but unto witnesses chosen before of God, even to
us, 5 who did eat and drink with him after he rose from 27. ch. xvii. . . 20
L . vii. the dead. 42 And he commanded us to preach unto the 10. 2.Cor. people, and to testify m that it is he which e was ordained
of God [f to be the Judge of quick and dead. 43 . To o Isa. liii. 11. Jer. Wx1.54. him give all the prophets witness, that through his name lica si: 18. P whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of Zech. xiii, 1. Mal, iv, 2. Ch. xvi. 22. sins. 44 While Peter yet spake these words, 9 the Holy XXVI. 18. Rom. x. 11. Gal. iii. 22. ch. iv 31: viii. 15, 16, 17: xi. 15.
d literally, permitted him to become manifest.
e render, is. strictly subordinate place of witnesses for 31, preaching to Gentiles, brings forward Another.
whom they slew] St. the appointment of a Judge over all men Peter omits all mention of the actors in as the central point of his teaching. This the murder, speaking as he did to Gentiles: expression gives at once a universality to a striking contrast to ch. ii. 23; iii. 14; the office and mission of Christ, which preiv. 10; v. 30,—when he was working con. pares the way for the great truth declared viction in the minds of those actors them in the next verse. It is impossible that selves. banged on a tree] So also the living and dead here can mean (as the ch. v.30, where see note. 41.] Bengel Augsburg Catechism, and Olshausen) the would understand this eating and drinking righteous and sinners :-a canon of interwith Him of previous intercourse during pretation which should constantly be borne His ministry, and would put “not to "... in mind is, that a figuratire sense of words as far as “with him" in a parenthesis,- is never admissible, EXCEPT WHEN REfinding a difficulty in their having eaten QUIRED BY THE CONTEXT. Thus, in the and drunk with Him after His Resurrec. passage of John v. 25 (where see notes), tion. But this is most improbable from the sense of “the dead” is determined to the construction of the sentence, besides be figurative by the addition of “ and noto that the fact of their having eaten and is ” after the hour being mentioned, no drunk with Him after His Resurrection such addition occurring in ver. 28, where gives most important testimony to the the literally dead, “all that are in the reality and identity of His risen Body. graves,” are mentioned. 43.] All And there is no real difficulty in it : Luke the prophets, generically: not that erery xxiv. 41, 43 and John xxi. 12 give us in one positively asserted this, but that the stances; and, even if the drinking with whole bulk of prophetic testimony an. Him, is to be pressed, it is no contradiction nounced it. To press such expressions to to Luke xxii. 18, which only refers to one literal exactness is mere trifling. See ch. particular kind of drinking. 42. unto iii. 21, 24. shall receive remission of the people] Here, as elsewhere (ver. 2; sins] The legal sacrifices, as well as the John xi. 50 al. fr.), the Jewish people : declarations of the prophets, all pointed to that was all which in the apostolic mind, the remission of sins by faith in Him. up to this time, the command had abso. And the universality of this proclamation, lutely enjoined. The further unfoldings of applying to whosoever believeth in him, the Gospel had all been brought about over is set forth by the prophets in many places, and above this first injunction. Ch. i. 8 and was recognized even by the Jews them. is no obstacle to this interpretation; for selves in their expositions of Scripture, although literally fulfilled by the leadings though not in their practice. 44.] of Providence, as related in this book, Peter had spoken up to this point : and they did not so understand it when spoken. was probably proceeding (compare his own
which is ordained of God Had not account of his speech, “as I began to Peter in his mind the Lord's own solemn speak," ch. xi. 15) to include his present words, John xvii. 6? Judge of quick hearers and all nations in the number to and dead] See also St. Paul, ch. xvii. whom this blessing was laid open, —or per
sch. xi. 18.
Gal. iii. 14.
Ghost fell on all them which heard the word. 45 ? And " ver. 23. they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, s because that on the Gentiles schakli... also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost. 46 For they heard them speak with tongues, and magnify God. Then answered Peter, 47 Can any man forbid 8 water, that these should not be baptized, which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we? 48 u And he commanded tch:27: them to be baptized sin the name of the Lord. Then u l-cor. 1. 17. prayed they him to tarry certain days.
XI. 1 And the apostles and brethren that were in Judæa heard that the Gentiles had also received the word of God. 2 And when Peter was come up to Jerusalem, a they that chalil. 12. were of the circumcision contended with him, 3 saying,
IV. 8, 9.
Rom. x. 12. ul Cor. i. 17. x ch. ii. 38:
& render, the water.
haps beyond this point his own mind may baptism?' the water ... the Holy Ghost] as yet have been not sufficiently enlight. The two great PARTS of full and complete ened to set forth the full liberty of the baptism : the latter infinitely greater than, Gospel of Christ, --when the fire of the but not superseding the necessity of, the Lord fell, approving the sacrifice of the former. The article should here certainly Gentiles (see Rom. xv. 16): conferring on be expressed : Can any forbid THE WATER them the substance before the symbol, to these who have received THE SPIRIT ? the baptism with the Holy Ghost before - The expression forbid, used with the the baptism with water : and teaching us, water, is interesting, as shewing that the that as the Holy Spirit dispensed once and practice was to bring the water to the canfor all with the necessity of circumcision didates, not the candidates to the water. in the flesh, so can He also, when it pleases This, which would be implied by the word him, with the necessity of water-baptism : under any circumstances, is rendered cer. and warning the Christian church not to tain, when we remember that they were put baptism itself in the place which cir- assembled in the house. 48. he comcumcision once held. See further in note manded them to be baptized] As the Lord on Peter's important words, ch. xi. 16.- Himself when on earth did not baptize The outpouring of the Spirit on the Gen- (John iv. 2), so did not ordinarily the tiles was strictly analogous to that in the Apostles (see 1 Cor. i. 13–16, and note). day of Pentecost; Peter himself describes Perhaps the same reason may have operated it by adding (ch. xi. 15), as on us at the in both cases,– lest those baptized by our beginning. Whether there was any visible Lord, or by the chief Apostles, should arroappearance in this case, cannot be deter- gate to themselves pre-eminence on that mined : perhaps from ver. 46 it would ap account. Also, which is implied in 1 Cor. pear not. 45.] We do not read that i. 17, as compared with Acts vi. 2, the Peter himself was astonished. He had ministry of the Word was esteemed by been specially prepared by the vision : they them their higher and paramount duty had not.-The speaking with tongues here and office, whereas the subordinate minis. is identified with the speaking with other tration of the ordinances was committed tongues of ch. ii. 4, by the assertion of ch. to those who served tables. xi. 15, just cited ;-and this again with CHAP. XI. 1-18.] PETER JUSTIFIES, the speaking with tongues of ch. xix. 6: BEFORE THE CHURCH IN JERUSALEM, HIS so that the gift was one and the same HAVING CONSORTED WITH MEN UNCIRthroughout. On the whole subject, see CUMCISED.
1. in Judæa] perhaps note, ch. ii. 4. 47.] One great end of more strictly, throughout Judæa. the unexpected effusion of the Holy Spirit that the Gentiles ... also ...] They seem was, entirely to preclude the question to have heard the fact, without any cirwhich otherwise could not but have arisen, cumstantial detail (but see on the words • Must not these men be circumcised before “the angel” below, ver. 13); and, from VOL. I.
c Gal. ii. 12.
But the an hath at Nots
f John xvi. 13.
ch. x. 19: xv.
bch. 1. 28. Thou wentest in to men uncircumcised, cand didst eat
with them. : 4 But Peter h rehearsed the matter from the a Luke i. 3. beginning, and expounded it a by order unto them, saying, e ch. I. 9, &e. 5e I was in the city of Joppa praying: and in a trance I
saw a vision, A certain vessel descend, as it had been a great sheet, let down from heaven by four i corners; and it came even to me: 6 upon the which when I had fastened mine eyes, I considered, and k saw fourfooted beasts of the earth, 1 and wild beasts, and creeping things, land fowls of the air. 7 And I heard a voice saying unto me, Arise, Peter; slay and eat. 8 But I said, Not so, Lord : for nothing common or unclean hath at any time entered into my mouth. But the voice answered me again from heaven, m What God hath cleansed, n that call not thou common. 10 And this was done three times : and all were drawn up again into heaven. 11 And, behold, immediately there were three men already come unto the
house where I was, sent from Cæsarea unto me. 12 And 1 John.m.: 18,. the spirit bade me go with them [, o nothing doubting). & Th. 1. 28. Moreover 8 these six brethren accompanied me, and we h ch. x. 80. entered into the man's house : 13 h and he shewed us how
he had seen P an angel in his house, which stood and said unto him, Send men to Joppa, and call for Simon, whose surname is Peter ; 14 who shall tell thee words, whereby
thou and all thy house shall be saved. 15 And as I began 1 ch. ii. 4. to speak, the Holy Ghost fell on them, i as on us at the
· beginning. 16 Then remembered I the word of the Lord, h render, begun and rehearsed unto them in order. i render, ropes : see ch. x. 11.
k render, saw the. 1 render, and the.
m render, What things. n render, those. omitted by some of our ancient MSS.
P render, the. the charge in ver. 3, from some reporter place nor circumstance being named, the who gave the objectionable part of it, as is former sees the angel 'standing in his not uncommon in such cases, all promi. house.' – Notice also that Peter never nence. 5.] it came even to me is a names Cornelius in his speech-because he, fresh detail. 12. these six brethren] his character and person, was absorbed in They had accompanied him to Jerusalem, the category to' which he belonged,- that and were there to substantiate the facts, of " men uncircumcised." 14. whereas far as they had witnessed them. by thou and all thy house shall be saved] 13. the angel] The use of the definite This is implied in the angel's speech: es. article almost looks as if the history of pecially if the prayer of Cornelius had been Cornelius's vision were known to the for such a boon, of which there can be hearers. The difference between the vision little doubt. 15. as I began to speak of Cornelius and that of Peter is here again ....) See note on ch. x. 44, as also for the strikingly marked. While the latter is rest of the verse. 16.7 Ch. i. 5. This merely “praying in the city of Joppa,” no prophecy of the Lord was spoken to his
k Matt, iii. 11.
John i. 26, 33. ch. i. 5:
1 Isa. xliv. S.
how that he said, * John indeed baptized with water; but k Matt, ill...
I render, when believing: see note.
assembled followers, and promised to them distinction or exception, a contrast to what that baptism which was the completion and is stated in this verse. Phenicé] aim of the inferior baptism by water ad properly, the strip of coast, about 120 miles ministered to them by John. Now, God long, extending from the river Eleutherus had Himself, by pouring out on the Gen. (near Aradus), to a little south of Tyre, and tiles the Holy Spirit, included them in the belonging at this time to the province of number of these persons addressed as "ye" Syria : see ch. xv. 3; xxi. 2. Its principal in the prophecy, and pronounced them to cities were Tripolis, Byblos, Sidon, Tyre, be members of the church of believers in and Berytos. It is a fertile territory, Christ, and partakers of the Holy Ghost, beginning with the uplands at the foot of the end of baptism. This (in all its blessed Lebanon, and sloping to the sea, and consequences, = the gift of “repentance held a distinguished position for commerce unto life," see on ver. 18) was (ver. 17) the from the very earliest times. Cyprus] like (literally, equal) gift bestowed on Cyprus was intimately connected by comthem : and, this having been bestowed,- merce with Phænice, and contained many to refuse the symbolic and subordinate or Jews. See on its state at this time, note dinance,-or to regard them any longer as on ch. xii. 7. Antioch] A city in the strangers from the covenant of promise history of Christianity only second in imwould have been, so far as in him lay, to portance to Jerusalem. It was situated on withstand (hinder) God. 17.] when the river Orontes, in a large, fruitful, and believing belongs to both them and us; well-watered plain, 120 stadia from the sea setting forth the strict analogy between and its port Seleucia. It was founded by the cases, and the community of the faith Seleucus Nicator, who called it after his to both.
father Antiochus. It soon became a great 19-30.] THE GOSPEL PREACHED ALSO and populous city, and was the residence IN ANTIOCH TO GENTILES. BARNABAS, of the Seleucid kings of Syria (1 Macc. iii. BEING THEREU PON SENT BY THE APOSTLES FROM JERUSALEM, FETCHES SAUL FROM of the Roman proconsuls of Syria. Josephus TarsuS TO ANTIOCH. THEY CONTINUE (B. J. iii. 2. 4) says that, for greatness and THERE A YEAR, AND, ON OCCASION OF prosperity, it was the third city of the A FAMINE, CARRY UP ALMS TO THE Roman world. Seleucus the founder had BRETHREN AT JERUSALEM. Our present settled there many Jew's who had their section takes up the narrative at ch. viii. own governor, or Ethnarch. The intimate 2, 4. In vv. 19-21 it traverses rapidly connexion of Antioch with the history of the time occupied by ch. ix. 1–30, and the church will be seen as we proceed. A that (undefined) of Saul's stay at Tarsus, reference to the principal passages will here and brings it down to the famine under be enough : see vv. 22, 26, 27, ch. xiii. 1; Claudius. 19. So then] A resumption xv. 23, 35 ff.; xviii. 22. It became afterof what had been dropt before, see ch. viii. wards one of the five great centres of the 4, continued from ver. 2: not however Christian church, with Jerusalem, Rome, without reference to some narrative about Alexandria and Constantinople. Of its to follow which is brought out by a But present state (Antakia, a town not one. -- see ch. viii. 5, also ch. ix. 31, 32; xxviii. third of its ancient size) a view is given in 5, 6,-and implying, whether by way of Conybeare and Howson, where also, edn. 2.