Inside the Radical Right: The Development of Anti-Immigrant Parties in Western Europe
What explains the cross-national variation in the radical right's electoral success over the last several decades? Challenging existing structural and institutional accounts, this book analyzes the dynamics of party building and explores the attitudes, skills and experiences of radical right activists in eleven different countries. Based on extensive field research and an original data set of radical right candidates for office, David Art links the quality of radical right activists to broader patterns of success and failure. He demonstrates how a combination of historical legacies and incentive structures produced activists who helped party building in some cases and doomed it in others. In an age of rising electoral volatility and the fading of traditional political cleavages, Inside the Radical Right makes a strong case for the importance of party leaders and activists as masters of their own fate.
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anti-immigrant antifascist attracted Austrian Freedom Party Belgian Bossi British National Party campaign candidates Center Democrats coalition cordon sanitaire Danish People’s Party decades democracy Denmark elec electoral success European faction failure fascist Féret Flanders Flemish nationalist former founded FPÖ FPÖ’s Francophone French National Front German Haider ideological Ignazi immigration internal Interview Italian Italy Janmaat joined Kitschelt Lega List Pim Fortuyn mainstream parties membership moderates movement MSI’s Mudde municipal National Party nationalist subculture Nazi neo-Nazi Netherlands opportunists organizational ÖVP parliament parliamentary elections party building party leader party members party organization party’s political parties politicians postwar radical right activists radical right parties recruitment repressive seats social sanctions Socialist strategy successful radical right Sweden Democrats Swedish Swiss People’s Party Switzerland tion Vlaams Belang Vlaams Blok vote voters Wallonia Western Europe winning Zürich