Fragile Hierarchies: The Urban Elites of Third Century Roman Egypt
"Fragile Hierarchies" deals with the world of the urban elites of third century Roman Egypt. It discusses economic, social and demographic aspects of the position of the elites of the small towns that dotted the Nile. The work combines analysis of Greek papyri with modelling techniques used in ancient history. The first part of the book analyses patterns of urbanisation, property relations and their consequences for elite formation. The second part discusses demographic aspects, patterns of inheritance and their consequences for continuity and discontinuity. The central argument of the book is that a strong social and economic hierarchy occurred side by side with a dynamic pattern of elite renewal.
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Part One Chapter One Population and Urbanisation
Part One Chapter Two The Urban System
Part One Chapter Three The Distribution
Part One Chapter Four Elite Formation
An Hierarchical World
Part Two Chapter Two Elite Demography
Part Two Chapter Three Property Transmission
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100 arouras 3rd cent Alexandrian Alston ancient Antinoite Antinoopolis argument Arsinoe Arsinoite nome attested Aurelios Bagnall and Frier Bowman brother-sister marriage census census population certainly chapter corn dole council councillor councillorship daughter demographic regime discussed distribution dowry drachmas economic differentiation Egyptian elite families estimates Eudaimon evidence existed extent fact father fertility figures formed fourth century freedmen further gymnasial class gymnasiarch Hermopolis holdings houses imply important inhabitants Koptos land landholdings landowners levels of mortality levels of urbanisation magistracies magistrate manumission married mentioned mobility names Naukratis nome capitals owners Oxyrhynchos papyri partible inheritance patterns persons PHWURSROHLV possible president problem prosopographical Ptolemais question Rathbone regional elite relatively remained Roman Egypt Roman Empire royal scribes Scheidel seems smaller social sons sources SROHLV status suggest surviving testate third-century elites tion towns urban elites urban population villages VWUDWHJRV wealth women