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senger to England, although we have but very little progress hence to report.
The arrangements with Bavaria will, I fear, be spun out still for a considerable length of time. Though it seems to be the opinion of all that this negociation will finally terminate in a satisfactory manner, yet the state of parties at the Court of Munich-the wish to give a measure not very popular in itself the appearance of having been operated by a sort of compulsion, and that a reluctant assent was at length obtained, as the least evil, after every effort had been unsuccessfully tried to render the measure more palatable to his Government, will naturally induce Montgelas considerably to protract the term of conclusion, in order to make such a case for himself as may uphold him against his opponents.
This seems to be the game at present playing; and, if so, it is impossible to foresee to what period we may be detained here. I have, indeed, but very feeble hopes that the matter can now be accomplished, as you were desirous it should, by the meeting of Parliament. But this is not all. Some days since, M. d'Anstett came to me, and expressed strong apprehensions that Bavaria would endeavour, as the price of her acquiescence, to obtain the present immediate cession of the Palatinate, instead of its contingent reversion - stating that Austria, anxiously desirous of the accomplishment of her objects, would, he feared, very little regard the interests of Baden, and consequently might, through General Wacquant, be led to entertain a prospect of this sort. Anstett's view evidently was to sound me upon this subject, and I did not hesitate to acquaint him that it was one upon which I had no instruction, and consequently one on which, if it should arise, I should not feel myself authorized to act without directions from my Court.
What seems to strengthen Anstett's suspicion is that, by the accounts subsequently received from Munich, it appears that that Court actually despatched a courier to St. Petersburg on the 24th December. Wessenberg, in announcing the fact
to me in a private note received yesterday, adds, “Mais je ne vois pas quel résultat elle pourrait attendre d'une pareille démarche, le Cabinet Russe ayant été d'accord avec nous sur l'arrangement en question.” Hence we may conclude that Wessenberg, at least, is ignorant of any intention existing in his Court of extending the indemnities to be made to Bavaria beyond those agreed upon at Paris. You will, however, observe that he evidently connects the despatch of this courier with the pending negociations, and Humboldt does the same. If therefore, we are to wait the return of this messenger from Petersburg, it is obvious that this preliminary branch of the subject cannot be concluded till long after the meeting of Parliament. Another branch of the same subject, or in a great degree dependent thereon, is also likely to encounter difficulty—I mean the arrangements with Darmstadt. Humboldt has lately made an excursion to that Court, and acquaints me that considerable reluctance is expressed to acquiesce in the proposals presented by the Tableau approved of at Paris. I do not wonder at it. By the Tableau No. 3, annexed to the Protocol of the 3rd November, she is required to cede countries containing a population of 185,045 inhabitants, and in addition to this, Witgenstein and Berleburg, containing 13,664, making in the whole a cession of 198,709. Without, at present, controverting the accuracy of the statistics adopted, furnishing these results, which, however, Darmstadt will not only place much higher, but also state that the countries required to be ceded contain large and valuable domains—the same Tableau proposes to indemnify her by countries therein set forth, affording a population, as asserted, of 201,646. These I have gone over, with such statistic information as is in my possession here, and the most I can make of them places the population only at 179,703, so that a considerable loss arises to Darmstadt by the exchanges, even on the score of population. It is not, however, my business to embarrass, but, on the contrary, to further the negociation; I shall, therefore, to those here keep my statistic information to myself, and only mention it now, to show that there may arise causes of delay which were not foreseen at Paris. Happily, Darmstadt is not one of the Powers who, in her stipulations to lend herself to the territorial arrangements, has reserved to herself the right of treating degré à grâ. Upon the arrangements with the Netherlands I have somewhat more to state than will be found in my despatches. When acquainted by M. de Gagern, on the 19th, with his want of instructions to convey the nomination of the Commandant of Luxemburg to the King of Prussia, I immediately wrote to M. de Nagell, and send enclosed herewith a copy of my letter, which was forwarded on the 20th by M. de Gagern's messenger. My manner towards M. de Gagern having subsequently led him to conceive that I suspected him of fallacy in his statement of possessing no power to cede the nomination of the Commandant, he placed his full powers and instructions in my hands; of these I have caused copies to be made, which are enclosed herewith. On these you will observe that, in all the authenticated documents, the assurances given me at the Hague have in strictness been complied with, because, where no mention is made to the contrary, the right of nominating the military Governor of a place carries with it the right of nominating the Commandant, the latter being an executive officer of the former; while in an unsigned, undated paper, M. de Gagern is desired, in direct opposition to the assurances given me, to endeavour to reserve the right of naming this officer to his Batavian Majesty. What this Court could have promised itself by such an attempt it is difficult to determine; but it has taught me this piece of wisdom—not again to trust to parole assurance, which, in the present case, I was induced to do, partly from the consideration of really possessing no official character while at the Hague, and partly from having the most thorough confidence in the assurances then given. I have, however, no doubt that the return of M. de Gagern's messenger from the Hague will sut all this matter to rights.
In addition to the documents enclosed upon this subject, I send you the copy of a despatch to M. de Gagern from M. de Nagell, referring to a letter written by me to the latter on the 13th December, pressing the arrival of the instructions, which had not at the time been received by M. de Gagern, and setting forth the different points which I conceived ought to form the treaty, and which tally with those comprised in the projet of Articles transmitted with my despatch No. 3, of this date.
M. de Reinhard is arrived here as Minister of the King of France to the Diet; he has also received from his Court and presented here letters of credit to the Town: so that he is already, though no Diet has yet assembled, or has any prospect of assembling for some time, an acknowledged Minister resident at Frankfort. Anstett's créance is only to the Diet, and not to the Town, consequently, he is hitherto only here as I am. I can, however, entertain no doubt that the Diet, when it shall assemble, will receive Ministers from other Powers than those connected with the Confederacy. Most of those with whom I have conversed are of this opinion. In fact, the German association is, with reference to other nations, a substantive Power, possessing the right of making war and peace, and entering into other treaties: it seems then to follow of course, that the relations of other countries with it will be admitted to be maintained in the same manner as those of other sovereign Powers with each other; while, if any difficulty should exist on their part, the same object may be accomplished by accrediting Agents, as France has done, to the Town where the Diet assembles, which will render it impossible for the Diet to interfere with their residence.
The note from M. de Marshall, enclosed in my despatch No. 2, of this date, has been sent in circulation to Humboldt, Wessenberg, and Anstett. To the first I have communicated the substance of my answer to it, and his will be made in conformity with it. Wessenberg I have not seen since I learnt that a note had been addressed to him; and Anstett acquainted me that he had not yet read that forwarded to him.
A Mr. Horn, formerly in the employment of the Foreign Office, and now here, who seems jealous of any other person being employed but himself, has been the occasion of those inconveniences which the Commissary-General's agent has suffered, and which have now been put an end to, in consequence of your despatch No. 5, of the last year.
I am aware that we cannot expect compliance with my request for a correspondence twice a week by messenger, and must content ourselves with receiving our letters from England by an irregular and ill-administered post, except when you may have instructions to convey, or think it necessary to keep up our supply of messengers. Of those within our present power for the purposes of this mission, one is with Lamb, at Munich, one goes with the despatches of this date to London, and one remains with us. You are aware that my full powers have not yet been received. Yours, my dear lord, most affectionately,
Lord Clancarty to Lord Castlereagh.
Frankfort sur Maine, January 6, 1816. My dear Lord-Lamb's despatch No. 3, and the private letter to your address herewith transmitted, came both under flying seal ; but the cover of the former was so injured in the opening, that I have been obliged to renew it. I also send you herewith the copy of my private letter to him in answer to a short note, in which he seeks my opinion on the suggestion contained in his to you: I hope you will not disapprove of what I have written. It appeared to me advisable to impress him with the idea to the full extent in which it is felt by me, that all the wrong is not on the side of A