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I think myself bound to submit my opinion to your lordship; but you may be assured of my using every means to induce the Bavarian Government to accede to the terms which Austria has proposed, though almost without hopes of success.
I have the honour to be, &c., F. LAMB.
Lord Clancarty to the Hon. Frederick Lamb.
Frankfort sur Maine, January 4, 1816. My dear Lamb-From all the accounts received from Munich, and principally from yours of the 28th and 31st, received nearly at the same time, it appears to me that General Wacquant has not adhered much more to system, or exerted much more address, than his Chief has heretofore employed in his negociations with Bavaria. The base and very foundation of the preliminary negociation entrusted to his direction is to be found in M. de Rechberg's circular note of the 11th of November, and in the proceedings thereupon of the Allied Ministers of the 17th of that month.
In consequence of M. de Rechberg having, in this note, taken upon himself to forego the principle of contiguity, M. de Metternich declared his intention of opening a preliminary negociation at Munich, and the other Allies consented to instruct their Ministers at that Court to support its object; hence the origin of General Wacquant's mission, the very existence of which depended upon the previous renunciation of the principle of contiguity. It was certainly open to the Court of Bavaria to disavow the act of their Minister at Paris ; but then this ought to have been done immediately, and, even so done, it would have been, according to my view, the duty of the General to have thrown odium upon the Bavarian Government, who, by reasserting the principle of contiguity, which rendered all further negociation impossible, had thus demonstrated a desire to counteract the wishes of the other Powers of Europe, and to avail herself of an undue advantage, arising from the former exchanges prematurely made by Austria, principally out of regard to the interests of the Court of Munich.
Before the receipt of your despatches, we, at Frankfort, did not conceive that a doubt could have existed of the confirmation by his Government of M. de Rechberg's note, upon which all possibility of negociation solely depends. Surely M. de Wacquant has not acted with much dexterity in presenting his Tableaux, and discussing details, till assured that the principle of the negociation was acknowledged. But when, after entering into the discussion of these details, from the period of General Wacquant's arrival, on the 13th, to the date of their interview on the 31st of December, after not only receiving the Tableaux of the Austrian negociation, but presenting counter-Tableaux of his own, M. de Montgelas had in effect tacitly admitted the principle, he at the interview positively reasserts the claim of contiguity in opposition to the note of his Minister at Paris, and to his own subsequent conduct; it became abundantly necessary, in my mind, that General Wacquant should make use of the means he fully possessed of placing the Bavarian Government in the wrong, by declaring the conduct it had observed, its marked indisposition, nay, absolute refusal, to entertain a negociation, which the great Powers of Europe had so much at heart; and that, therefore, considering all further negociation at an end, he should return forthwith to his Court. This appears to me to have been the conduct best adapted to bring the Court of Munich to an alteration of the course it had pursued, and to have induced them to have renewed the discussions on the only principle upon which they are at all practicable, viz., that of foregoing the claim to complete arrondissement.
As it is, General Wacquant has chosen to remain quietly, and to wait the instructions of his Court. Under these circumstances, it does not seem to me that we mediators have aught to do except to wait also.
With respect to your suggestions respecting the Inn-viertel,
on which you ask my opinion, it seems to me that, if Austria could be brought to renounce her demand for this part of her claims, and that this would induce Bavaria, in opposition to her present assertion of maintaining the principles of contiguity, to join heartily on the other points, it must be the same thing to us, whose principal object appears to be that the arrangement between the two Powers should be peaceably and quietly settled, and as much to the satisfaction of both as circumstances will admit. But then, even the avidity of Bavaria can scarcely expect that, for diminished cession on her part, she would acquire all the indemnities now offered, adequate as they are to compensate the whole of the demands made upon her; and, when coupled with the former exchanges of Wurtzburg and Aschaffenburg against a portion of the Tyrol, exorbitant. However, on this the previous question arises, whether Austria will at all be inclined to forego her demand of the Inn-viertel. On this I have spoken privately to Wessenberg, who does not afford much encouragement: possibly, he dare not, from want of information. Some of our accounts from Munich state that Rechberg complains much of being disavowed by his Court. Lest you should not have them with you, I send you my instructions upon the negociation with Bavaria prior to the time at which a preliminary discussion at Munich was resolved upon. They may be useful to you, and certainly furnish all the strong arguments which we, as mediators, are called upon to urge. The soi-disant address from the inhabitants of the Inn-viertel and Salzburg I have caused to be translated, and shall send to England with your despatches. It is manifestly written by some attaché to the Court, and is as much an address from the inhabitants of those countries as it is from me; nay, we know that at Salzburg a very different spirit exists; that some movements have manifested themselves there of impatience to leave the Bavarian for the Austrian Government; and that the magistracy have interfered to prevent reunions and discussion of all subjects connected with the projected exchanges.
Gordon has sent Kraus the messenger to me from Vienna. I shall detain him here till we shall receive packets for Vienna from England, and shall then despatch him with such things as we may then have for him cia Munich ; so that, in a few days, I shall again have an opportunity of addressing
I remain, &c.,
The Chevalier de Sack to the Baron de Nagell.
Aix-la-Chapelle, le 19 Decembre, 1815. M. le Baron-La lettre que votre Excellence m'a fait l'honneur de m'écrire, en date du 11 de ce mois, m'a été remise hier par M. le Colonel de Man, et je ne perds pas un instant pour y répondre que rien ne sera plus utile aux sujets des deux royaumes, et par conséquent plus conforme aux intentions du Roi mon maître, que de voir cesser toute incertitude sur quelques points des frontières réciproques, source inévitable des inconvéniens et de mésentendus. Il est vrai que j'aurais prétéré ne traiter qu'avec un Commissaire sur toute la ligne des frontières sans exception ; il est pareillement vrai que la saison actuelle est peu favorable aux opérations de la delimitation sur les lieux; enfin j'aurais désiré attendre l'arrivée de M. le Conseiller intime Eytelwein, chargé de m'éclairer au sujet des constructions hydrauliques, afin de commencer toute l'opération à la fois; mais mon désir de terminer n'est surpassé que par celui de prouver à votre Excellence combien je suis porté à faire tout ce qui peut lui être agréable, et conduire au seul but désirable, la convenance et l'utilité réciproque.
Je vais par conséquent déléguer M. de Bernieth, président désigné de la Régence Provinciale d'Aix-la-Chapelle, pour commencer de suite les négociations. Ce fonctionnaire doué de qualités aussi éclairées que conciliatoires, sera assisté par M. Bernard, Directeur des Contributions indirectes, et Neugebauer, Directeur de Cercle, en se servant d'un géometre là où il sera nécessaire.
Je suis charmé de ce que M.M. les Commissaires de sa Majesté le Roi des Pays Bas acceptent la ville d'Aix-la-Chapelle pour centre des négociations, puisque les affaires d'administration de quatre Gouvernemens généraux m'y attachent essentiellement.
Quant aux opérations sur le Rhin, et sur la rive droite de ce fleuve, elles pourront se faire en même tems, dès que M. le Conseiller intime d'Eytelwein, que j'attends d'un instant à l'autre, sera arrivé. Je déléguerai alors un second fonctionnaire, pour éviter toute perte de tems.
Que votre Excellence me permette encore une seule observation. Elle contient tout mon système de négociation. L'utilité réciproque ne pourra être obtenue que par une condescendance mutuelle. Si ce principe ne se perd jamais de vue, nous aurons bientôt terminé à la satisfaction générale. La frontière provisoire du côté d'Aix-la-Chapelle est dénaturelle et inadmissible pour la Prusse : ce sera donc dès le commencement de la négociation que M.M. les Commissaires des Pays Bas devront faire l'avance de procédés conciliatoires. Mais plus tard et sur le Rhin, la Prusse sera dans le cas de compenser amplement, et par des objets d'un intérêt bien supérieur pour la Hollande, tout ce que celle-ci aura cédé aux dits environs. Si les lumières de votre Excellence ne lui laisseront pas échapper l'évidence de cette vérité, la loyauté de mon Gouvernement lui en garantira en même tems l'exécution.
J'ai l'honneur, &c., Sack.
The Baron de Nagell to the Chevalier de Sack.
La Haye, 26 Decembre, 1815. Monsieur le Chevalier-Si j'ai lu avec un véritable plaisir les assurances contenues dans la lettre de Votre Excellence, du 19 du courant, reçue ce matin, de son désir de concourir aux