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Algerine measure, if successful, will facilitate, if the whole is not thwarted by an undue indulgence to other Powers; but it must always be kept in view at Frankfort, and pressed upon our Allies, that, if things stand still on the Baden point, the motive for pressing the other fails.


I agree with the Russian reasoning that, to mix this question with the settlement now pending is to throw the whole loose, and to expose it to interminable delay. It would be both unfair and unwise to take Spain and the Queen of Etruria too abruptly at their word upon this point, and apply these indemnities to other objects. Such a course would be peculiarly hazardous for Austria, unless she was sure of maritime support; and it becomes those Powers to whom she would look for support in such a case to use due precautions to obviate such an occurrence as naval reprisals on the part of Spain against that Power.

I had intended to write fully to Vienna on this point by the present conveyance, having received from the Chevalier Labrador, through Sir Charles Stuart, a proposal that the Queen of Etruria will accept of Lucca, &c, but upon conditions, to which I foresee very obvious objections on the part of Austria; but still it shows a disposition to treat, which, for the security of her possessions in Italy, it is not the interest of Austria to preclude. The possibility, however, that she may, in the negociations, plead her European title—but enough of this at present! the subject being extensive, and Sir C. Stuart's despatch by some accident mislaid.

Upon the course to be given to a final measure upon this subject, the Russian suggestion appears to me framed in a proper temper of forbearance and moderation; and, after the Spanish Government has been made properly to feel and understand the question, it may be very necessary to have recourse to some categorical demarche of this nature.


When this idea was first stated to me by Prince Esterhazy, my first impression was not unfavourable (if the other Powers were agreed) to the closing the business at Frankfort with this limited reserve; but the more I have reflected upon it, and especially after conversing with Lieven, the more inexpedient as well as impracticable the proposal has appeared to me—so much so, that I desired to see Prince Esterhazy a second time on the same day he first mentioned the subject to me, for the purpose of stating the objections that had occurred, adding my belief that Russia would not agree to it.

My present impression is, that to separate them would rather augment our difficulties, and that the parties would become more difficult to deal with, if they could pertinaciously resist, without producing that extent of inconvenience which now urges forward the general settlement.


The communications received are undoubtedly extremely interesting and sufficiently develop the impulses of various kinds which are operating upon the Emperor's policy; but they do not alter former probabilities, nor affect the course we are pursuing; they rather augment the motives for preventing external incidents from coming in aid of the tendencies of Russia to become an offensive and conquering State; and my opinion still is that, with proper management, the Emperor's particular character may be made in itself an instrument for neutralizing and counteracting the danger with which that State abounds; but, in this respect, whatever may be the issue—and prophecy in politics is a very idle occupation—sure I am that the policy of Europe towards the Emperor is clear; which is all that can rationally deserve attention at the present moment.

I have thrown hastily together these few remarks upon an imperfect recollection of the despatches to which they apply. If they are not sufficiently matured to direct your conduct, they may at least assist you with topics for deliberation. I shall not fail, however, to write by Adamberger what may, upon a more attentive perusal of your despatches, appear wanting.

I am, &c, Castlereagh.

Sir Charles Stuart to Lord Castlereagh.

Paris, August 8,1816. My dear Lord—It is necessary to state to your lordship that several Russian officers, who, I have reason to think, are not connected with the legation accredited to this Court, have lately arrived at Paris, and are employed in obtaining and copying all the maps placed in the D£p6t de la Guerre by the late Government, which relate to the countries between the Russian frontier and India.

I remain, &c, Charles Stuart.

Lord Castlereagh to Sir Charles Stuart.

August 9,1816.

Sir—It is with much regret that I feel myself called upon to transmit to your Excellency the enclosed official letter received from Lord Bathurst, covering one from his Royal Highness the Commander-in-Chief to his lordship, both marked secret.

Although the statement therein made can form no justification of Sir R. Wilson's conduct, it nevertheless appears to his Majesty's Ministers so materially to affect your Excellency's public character, in the highly responsible situation you now fill, as to render it incumbent upon them to call upon you for those explanations which they feel confident your Excellency will be enabled to afford with respect to the transactions to which it has reference: and, in order that you may furnish information upon those parts of Sir R. Wilson's representation which appear to his Majesty's Ministers most necessary to be satisfactorily cleared up, I beg leave to direct your attention to the following points—

1st.1 That it may be distinctly ascertained whether any part of the statement which was professedly withheld by Sir R. Wilson from the Duke of York, in consequence of his Royal Highness declining to bind himself to secrecy, related to your Excellency; and, if so, that Sir R. Wilson should be called upon to declare the purport of that statement.

2ndly. That it may be ascertained whether the passport that was procured by Sir Robert Wilson from your Excellency's office, for La Valette, under a false name, viz., that of Major Losack, was so furnished with your Excellency's privity, consent, and knowledge of the person for whom it was really intended, or with that of any person attached to your embassy or family, and, if so, of whom.

And 3rdly. That your Excellency, adverting to the statement made by Sir R. Wilson, should declare whether, previous to the escape of La Valette from prison, or after his escape, and before the period of his leaving Paris, you held language in the presence of Sir R. Wilson, or of any other person, which might be understood to give countenance to a British subject becoming the instrument of assisting a French subject to escape from the public justice of his country.

I have marked this despatch "secret," but your Excellency will not feel yourself thereby precluded from making such use of it, or of its enclosures, as you may deem expedient for the purpose of claiming from Sir R. Wilson, or from any other persons, the information necessary to the full elucidation of the subject.

1 In the original MS. by Lord Castlereagh, this 1st paragraph is struck through with the pen, evidently in consequence of an afterthought, as the numbers of the 2nd and 3rd are unaltered: and as it mentions a circumstance perhaps nowhere else recorded, it has been here retained.—Editor.

Count Capo oVIstrias to Lord C'astlereagh.

St. Petersbourg, ce 11 Août, 1816.

Mylord—J'ai reçu la lettre que votre Excellence m'a fait rhonneur de m'adresser, en date du 22 Juillet. Le témoignage qu'il a plu à son Altesse Royale de me donner de sa bienveillance et du suffrage qu'elle accorde à mon zèle à l'occasion de la signature du traité relatif aux Etats Unis Ioniens, m'inspire une vive reconnoissance. Veuillez, Mylord, mettre sous les yeux de son Altesse Royale, Monseigneur le Prince Régent, l'hommage de ma respectueuse reconnoissance.

Les expressions dont votre Excellence s'est servie dans sa lettre, et qui m'assurent de ses dispositions personnelles à mon égard, m'ont procuré une satisfaction d'autant plus grande que je me flatte d'avoir droit à réciprocité par les sentimens que je vous ai voués, Mylord, et qui vous sont connus.

Agréez en de nouvelles assurances, et recevez celles de

l'estime et de la haute considération avec laquelle j'ai l'honneur

d'être, Mylord, de votre Excellence le très humble et très

obéissant serviteur.

Le Comte Capo D'istrias.

The Hon. Charles Bagot to Lord Castlereagh.

Washington, August 11,1816.

My dear Lord—I am much disappointed in not being able to acquaint you by this packet, that I have already concluded the convention on the subject of the fisheries—but the fault is in the Government, or rather the no-Government of this country: for it can scarcely be said that a Government exists here during the summer months.

Immediately after I received your lordship's instructions, I requested an interview with Mr. Monroe, at which, after a long conversation upon the subject, I brought forward the first proposition contained in Lord Melville's letter to your lordship, which allots to the use of the United States such part of the

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