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taking this opinion. The first is the appearance of sincere joy which he wore from the first annunciation of the marriage up to the arrival of the Ambassador—an appearance which, had it been assumed, he would hardly have laid aside at the moment when it became most his interest to continue it. The second is the information I have received from M. de Schulz, [T] the Austrian Charge- d'Affaires, through whom the first suggestion of the marriage was conveyed to the Emperor, who has continued to be the active agent in the affair, who has seen all the correspondence, and who has uniformly told me that M. de Montgelas had done everything in his power to forward it.

The motives of his discontent are, I believe, to be found in much smaller causes. Several of the nominations which he had proposed to the King for the occasion were refused by his Majesty, and other persons substituted in their place: besides this, he is supposed to have applied for a sum of money, for the purpose of giving a fete, and to have been refused: thirdly, he expected that the Ambassador would have paid him the first visit, in which he was disappointed; the Prince Schwarzenberg claiming, on the contrary, to receive it. This must have been a great source of discontent to M. de Montgelas, whose constant object it is to raise his situation, and who is accustomed to have everybody at his feet.

The King interfered to adjust this difficulty, and engaged his Minister to go to the Ambassador's first dinner, in order to avoid any appearance of dissension; but to a man of M. de Montgelas' extreme vanity, the wound must have been deep. In the middle of these causes of ill-humour, he found that his house was abandoned even by those persons who used habitually to meet there, and who naturally fell off to the balls of M. de Wrede, where the Austrian Ambassador and the whole town were assembled. Montgelas was forced either to go there himself, or to have the air of forming a sort of pettish party against the Marshal, and was thus reduced to be the second person, where it had depended only on himself to be the first.

Under these circumstances, the extremely susceptible vanity of Montgelas sufficiently explains to me the ill-humour which he has shown: the only thing unexplained is, his not having, in the first instance, determined upon opening his house; and this I attribute partly to an unwillingness to expend mouey; greatly to his extreme indolence, and aversion to break through his habits of ease and inaction; and greatly, also, to his fear of taking such a step without the consent of Madame de Montgelas, who was daily expected from Switzerland, where she had been pretending to be ill, in order to avoid coming to Munich for the occasion of the marriage. The extent of his subjection to her, in all his private concerns, renders this last supposition as probable as it must appear extraordinary.

The result of the conduct of M. de Montgelas has been to create great dissatisfaction in the Austrian embassy, and it can hardly fail to do him harm at Vienna, where he is regarded, with justice, as a revolutionary Minister. He appears to feel this, as his intended journey thither is already spoken of as doubtful. If he abandons it, and leaves the Kins there alone, with the Prince Wrede, he certainly furnishes a great advantage against himself, and which might be fatal to his authority, if Wrede had either the talents or the party in the country which could enable him to profit by his position. The friends of Montgelas wish to persuade him to go to Vienna, but if he considers his reception as at all uncertain, it is probable his extreme idleness, which may now be considered as the leading feature in his character, will very probably induce him to decline the journey.

I have no doubt that he regrets the destruction of the power of France, and is the firm friend of the adherents of Napoleon. I know several who have found protection in Bavaria, and am told that the number is greater than I am aware of. He dislikes the present Government of France, and uniformly wishes that she could afford him the protection which he would rather receive from her than from any other Power; but he has felt strongly, since the last negociation with respect to the Bishopric of Salzburg, that a protector was necessary to Bavaria; and, although he fears the power of Austria, he yet appreciates the moderation of the principles which direct her Government. Prussia and Russia, on the contrary, are the objects of his unmixed suspicion and apprehension, and from these motives arose his wish for the marriage and his joy upon its conclusion. The same causes may be expected to determine his influence in favour of the alliance with Austria, as long as the present situation of Europe continues, nor can I perceive any reason to change this opinion, although the circumstances which I have detailed have led very generally to an opposite belief. I do not regard this as a matter of indifference, as I consider him to have so many advantages over his adversaries, that, in spite of the attacks to which he will always be exposed, it is highly probable that his power will last as long as the life of the King. The Prince Royal is among the most bitter of his enemies. The feeling of the country is very adverse to Austria, and, as far as I can judge, is not at all altered by the marriage.

I ought to apologize for so long a letter on such trifling details; but they sometimes lead to important results, and unexpected ones—at all events, I would rather be blamed for tediousness than negligence.

Believe me, &c, F. Lamb.

The Hon. C. Bagot to Lord Castlereagh.

Washington, November 10, 1816. My dear Lord—I am again disappointed in not being able to acquaint you by this packet that the Convention respecting the fisheries has been concluded.

Immediately on my return to Washington, on the 14th of last month, I called upon Mr. Monroe, who had arrived a few

days previously, to inquire whether he had yet received the information which he had been so long expecting, in regard to the portions of coast which I had offered for the purposes of the American fishery; and whether he was then prepared to proceed with the Convention. He told me that he had received a great mass of information, and, he believed, nearly all that was requisite on the subject, but that he had had so little time to examine it, that it would not be possible for him to go then into the question; but he assured me that, before the meeting of Congress, the 2nd December, he would acquaint me positively whether it was the intention of the President that the business should be proceeded in, or whether the offer which I had made would be rejected.

I have as yet only offered the choice of one of the two proposed coasts; but I begin to suspect that Mr. Monroe is alarmed at the idea of accepting any proposal by which the pretension of right which has been made must be for ever renounced. I shall certainly know the determination of the Government in the course of this month.

In the despatches which I have sent home by this packet, your lordship will see the course which has been taken by this Government in regard to that abominable proceeding of Captain Warrington's. In the note which I have returned to that of Mr. Monroe, enclosing the Report of the Court of Inquiry, I have endeavoured to show how little satisfactory such a Report is, but have tried to lay the ground for abandoning or reserving the business, as your lordship may direct.

I have the honour to be, &c, Charles Bagot.

Sir Charles Stuart to Lord Casilereagh.

Paris, November 11, 1816.

My dear Lord—In compliance with the directions conveyed

in your lordship's letter, respecting the papers of the late

Mrs. Jordan, the French Government yesterday directed the

seals to be taken off the press in which they are said to be deposited. As they have merely found three small chests, of which the keys are in the possession of a lady, who is expected to arrive very shortly from England, they wait till her arrival again to take off the official seals which have been replaced on the press, and to deliver the letters in the three little chests to the person I shall authorize to receive them. Ever, my dear lord, &c,

Charles Stuart.

Count Fernan-Nunez to Lord Castlereagh.

Foreign Office, ce 19 Novembre, 1816.

Vous me permettrez, mon cher Castlereagh, que je vous addresse ces deux mots, pour me rappeler à votre souvenir, et vous témoigner combien votre absence m'est pénible sous tous les rapports.

Vous savez le changement qui a eu lieu chez nous dans le ministère et Monsieur de Pizarro ayant obtenu la place du Bureau des Affaires Etrangères, il m'a confié une lettre Particulière pour vous, que je serais bien aise de vous présenter au plus tôt. Vous y trouverez certainement des sentimens qui, j'ose me flatter, devront vous convenir; et moi, j'aurois la satisfaction d'être commandé à travailler avec vous pour l'intérêt réel et réciproque de deux nations qui sont faites pour s'estimer mutuellement. Vous avez connu Pizarro pendant la campagne, et lui, il n'a pu oublier les attentions qu'il vous a dû—voilà donc des assurances pour moi, qui ne peuvent que vous confirmer dans mes annonces.

L'affaire du Brésil à arranger, et plusieurs autres de considération ainsi que la détermination dernière du Roy mon maître, de s'en rapporter au jugement et médiation de la Grande Bretagne, ainsi que des alliés du Portugal et de l'Espagne, sur une affaire où sa dignité royale est outragée, vous prouvera combien il aime la paix, et la confiance qu'il a dans le Cabinet que vous dirigez.

Cette nouvelle, que, je crois, vous sera agréable, me fait

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