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The French Chargé d'Affaires here has announced that the King of France's protection is withdrawn from ten individuals contained in a list, a copy of which was furnished me by Sir C. Stuart, and reached me last night with yours. The subject has, therefore, been before the King, without the interference of any person whatever, and I do not believe the slightest difficulty will exist in expelling all these persons from these territories, with the exception of Chambrin, to whom you already know that the King incautiously gave letters of naturalization during the first days of his reign. I have recommended M. de Nagell to communicate privately, through R. Fagel, with the Duc de Richelieu, on the subject of this person, representing the difficulty in which the King is placed on this point, and seeking to be released from the same by having Chambrin excepted, who will, I hope, however, be placed under surveillance.
After various disguises, feigned names, &c., M. Mehée de la Touche was at length seized here yesterday, and is now in durance vile, and will be sent off under the Protocol of August, 1815. Nagell will probably settle with the King on Monday respecting Lobau, and, I have no doubt, in the manner you wish. Whenever this takes place, I will send you word of it immediately by one of my messengers. I wish you had mentioned the probable length of your stay at Mont St. Martin prior to your journey to Paris.
I have spoken to M. de Nagell about deserters, and he will speak to the King on the subject to-morrow, and orders will probably be sent to the Mayor at Ostend, in conformity with your desires. If your Grace gets into correspondence with Mr. Rochfort, it may not be so easy to get out of it. I have long since been obliged to insist upon this gentleman's finding his way to me, except in pressing cases, only through the Consul-General.
Yours, &c., CLANCARTY. Did you ever hint to M. de Salles, the Sardinian Chargé d'Affaires here, and who attended your Grace in the battle of Waterloo, that he might possibly be entitled to a medal! He suggested as much to me a few days since, with a view, I doubt not, though not stated, of having his wish conveyed to you. From me he received no answer whatever.
Lord Clancarty to the Duke of Wellington.
Bruxelles, July 24, 1817. My dear Duke-Your Grace's letter to M. de Nagell, respecting the exception of banishment from this kingdom of M. de Lobau, would long since have been answered, if it could either have been answered decidedly or satisfactorily. M. de Nagell has constantly communicated to me every step he has taken to obtain this exception pure et simple, and with the grace which should accompany it from the King; and, from the commencement, neither he nor I have doubted that it would-neither do we now doubt that it ultimately will be accorded by his Majesty. With this view, immediately upon the receipt of your letter, M. de Nagell prepared a suitable answer, notifying his having received orders to convey to your Grace his Majesty's gracious accession to your request. This was accordingly laid before the King, and for several days detained by him; not, as it appears, that the King has any objection to M. de Lobau's remaining here—he neither has nor pretends to have anything to allege against his person—but it seems there is a job at the bottom of this business, and that his Majesty is desirous (setting his dignity and real interests aside) to work this out through the medium of your Grace, as the price of his acquiescence in your request.
M. de Nagell, finding this matter hung up, and fearful that you might conceive him lukewarm in urging compliance with a most reasonable request, in accordance with the opinions of all the Allies, moved the King some time back upon the subject, when his Majesty stated the hardship of being called upon to make exceptions, without being allowed the power of interposing in favour of those proscribed French, who, he might think, should equally with M. de Lobau be excepted from the operation of the Protocols and his own orders thereon. He therefore proposed that four persons, named in the King of France's list, should be excepted from the decree of banishment, and that your Grace should be acquainted by M. de Nagell that the allowance of exceptions in favour of these persons would be the price of M. de Lobau's permission to remain in this kingdom. The persons named by the King were-Du Fermont and La Marque, Merlin de Douai, and Hullin.
Of Du Fermont and La Marque I know nothing, but Hullin was, I believe, the very person who murdered the Duc d'Enghien; and though Merlin has, as I understand, conducted himself peaceably at Haarlem, yet he is a person too much marked in the blackest annals of the French revolution to be perhaps selected as one of the few exceptions to a general measure.
M. de Nagell strongly remonstrated against the King's proposal, as undignified in itself, as contrary to his interest, as of certain unsuccess, and as depriving his Majesty of an opportunity of answering with grace a request made by you, to whom he could never sufficiently show his gratitude. The King was proof, however, against this reasoning, and conducted himself with his usual steadiness. After various debates, the matter was to have been decided on Monday last, when, upon M. de Nagell waiting upon him, to take his royal pleasure, the King presented him with a letter to you to sign containing the very proposition against which M. de Nagell had so strongly combated. M. de Nagell positively refused to sign; high words aruse, in the course of which the King stated that he had the right to order his Minister for Foreign Affairs to sign whatever paper he thought requisite for his service, and therefore ordered M. de Nagell to sign the letter immediately. M. de Nagell allowed the right, as stated by his Majesty, over his Minister for Foreign Affairs, but claimed
an equal right to cease to be Minister, when pressed to do such things as he, in his conscience, believed hostile to the King's interests; and therefore, if his Majesty persevered in pressing him to sign the letter, he desired that, from that moment, he should be considered as no longer in office ; and therefore he left him, leaving the draft of the letter unsigned, as he had found it.
He has subsequently had three interviews with the King, in which he has been treated with great conciliation and deference by his Majesty; but the King has not again touched upon the subject of Lobau or his exceptions. M. de Nagell, therefore, thinks it possible that his Majesty may himself address you upon this subject; and I think it advisable that you should be acquainted with the whole of this wretched affair, as far as it is capable of being conveyed by letter, in order that you may be prepared with such answer as you may think it advisable to give. Neither M. de Nagell nor I think that any doubt need be entertained of compliance with the joint wishes of the Allies in favour of Lobau, whatever your answer may be.
Sir Charles Stuart to Lord Castlereagh.
Paris, July 28, 1817. My dear Lord—I have been honoured with your lordship’s private letter, dated the blank], directing me to avoid taking any part in any measure which may be suggested in the Conferences at Paris, respecting the questions of Spanish Mediation and European Police. My despatches, I presume, will have shown that I was aware of the inconvenience which would arise from the turn our discussions are taking in the Conference, and that I expected this instruction. I must regret, however, that it has come too late to prevent the signature of the papers transmitted to England last mail.
Your lordship will observe that I have taken care to separate the Portuguese mediation from the other questions Count Fernan Nuñez has brought before us in the answer, stating that his several notes have been forwarded to our Courts.
Believe me, &c., CHARLES STUART.
Sir Charles Stuart to Lord Castlereagh.
Paris, August 4, 1817. My dear Lord—During the conversation which took place on Saturday last, respecting the continued endeavours of the Court of Spain to bring the affairs of South America under the consideration of the Conference, I mentioned that my hesitation to sign the note, of which a draft was sent home in my despatch, No. —, had met with the approbation of his Majesty's Government, because it contained a reference to questions which do not come within the limit chalked out for our deliberations; and that, under this conviction, I thought it very probable I should receive shortly an instruction from your lordship, recalling to mind the letter of the four Cabinet Ministers, which originally defined the duties of the Conference.
Though this declaration was evidently unpalatable to the Russian Plenipotentiary, he did not answer me; but, after the conclusion of the Conference, in his passage through the outer room, he said to his colleagues, in a tone of voice sufficiently elevated to be heard by me, “ Vous allez voir que Milord Castlereagh veut diriger la Conférence.” I did not think it my duty to notice this observation, although I cannot omit to repeat it to your lordship.
Believe me, &c., CHARLES Stuart.
Lord Castlereagh to Lord Clancarty.
Foreign Office, August 7, 1817. My dear Clancarty—I am going on very well, as far as health and ultimate prospects of sound fingers and perfect re-establishment are concerned, (six out of eight wounds being healed, and the others in progress) but, for the present, I have the use of neither hand, and therefore must write to you by deputy.