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1818.

AFFAIRS OF THE NETHERLANDS, OF SPAIN AND PORTUGAL —NEGOCIATIONS WITH THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA—CONGRESS OF AIX-LA-CHAPELLE.

Lord Clancarty to Lord Castlereagh.

The Hague, January 16, 1818.

My dear Lord—I have heard nothing further of the manner in which General Phull [Pfuhl] may have executed his instructions vis-ti-vis the Prince of Orange, or of the contents of those instructions, beyond the sketch given in my despatch No. 2, of the 13th instant. You are probably by this time better informed upon this subject than I am, inasmuch as M. Verstolk, in his despatch to Nagell, states that copies of the instructions to General Phull were sent by the same conveyance to Count Lieven, to be, under his Excellency's discretion, communicated to you—a discretion which I should conceive his Excellency is not likely to execute by withholding them.

This Court seem perfectly satisfied with the communications from Russia on this subject. Indeed, they have already been attended with a considerable alteration of conduct in the Princess, who, since her residence here till their arrival, has seen nobody; but now, though with child and sick, she begins to force herself to see people. On Monday next, her birthday, the whole Court dine with the Prince and Princess.

The projected trip to Amsterdam is postponed till after the passing of the Budget; not that, as I learn, there will be any serious opposition to its enactment, but that such information as is constantly called for by the sections of the Chambers may, previously to its being given, be submitted to the King.

The sections of the second Chamber have not yet reported upon the petition of the banished French refugee journalists; I however learn that some of them (and it is added that this will be the result of their united opinion) have come to the resolution that there appears no foundation whatever for the complaint of the petitioners.

My boys return by this conveyance to Eton, after having passed the vacation with me here.

Adieu, my dear lord, yours ever affectionately,

Clancarty.

Sir Henry Wellesley to Lord Castlereagh.

Madrid, January 23, 1818.

My dear Lord—Your lordship will see, by my despatch No. 12, the unpleasant turn which the Portuguese question has taken here. The language of M. de Pizarro, whom I happened to meet last night, is extremely hostile. The Duke of Fernan-Nunez has written to say that Count Palmella has declared to him privately that, unless the Spanish Government gives an answer to the Portuguese Minister on the subject of Olivenza, he will give none respecting the territory occupied by the Portuguese. M. de Pizarro has, in consequence, directed the Spanish Ambassador at Paris never to converse privately with Count Palmella upon the subjects under discussion.

The King is said to be much incensed at the answer given to Count Casa Flores at Rio Janeiro. The only hope which remains of an amicable arrangement is through the interference of the mediating Powers. Should they fail in effecting this desirable object, I trust, at least, that they will not suffer the tranquillity of Europe to be disturbed.

It is confidently reported here that a decree will soon appear, granting an amnesty to those Spaniards who retired with Joseph Bonaparte, and have since resided in France, with the exception of those who held the offices of Minister and Prefet, and the higher appointments in the Church and the army. Those who choose to return under the amnesty are not to reside within twenty leagues of the capital. I understand that several persons have already returned to Spain, under assurances that they should not be molested, and that the decree would soon appear. I do not hear of any measure favourable to the Liberales being in contemplation.

M. de Pizarro told me last night that the Duke of San Carlos expected to be summoned to the Conferences held in London, on the subject of the piracies of the Barbary Powers, and of the African Slave Trade; and that, having written for instructions, he had been directed to attend the Conferences— that, with respect to the Slave Trade, his Catholic Majesty, after the treaty he had concluded with the Prince Regent, was determined to join cordially in all the measures of the British Government for its suppression, and had instructed the Duke of San Carlos to give these assurances to your lordship.

I have the honour to be, &c, H. Wellesley.

Baron Humboldt to Lord Castlereagh.

26 Janvier, 1818. Mylord—Comme Votre Excellence m'a demande dernièrement si ma Cour avoit fait connoître a l'Espagne ses sentimens sur l'affaire des Colonies, j'ai l'honneur de lui communiquer une Note du Prince de Hardenberg a ce sujet. Elle est la reponse au ministre Espagnol, que Votre Excellence m'a dit de connoître et qui estpresqu' inintelligible dans la forme dans laquelle nous l'avons reju. II resulta de la Note ci-jointe que le Comte de Goltz aura fait, sur le meme sujet, des ouvertures plus detaillées au Comte de Fernan-Nunez. Mais je ne negligerai pas, malgre* cela, de marquer au Prince de Hardenberg TinteVet que vous attachez, Mylord, a ce que la Cour de Madrid connoisse pleinement et exactement les intentions du Roi, et les vues de ses Ministres à ce sujet.

Les journaux parlent d'une augmentation de 25 p. c pour les droits sur le bois de charpente venant de la Baltique. Je crois que cette nouvelle est dénuée de fondement puisqu'une telle augmentation anéantiroit tout commerce avec cet article, et par là tout revenu que le Gouvernement en retire à présent. J'ose néanmoins rappeller à Votre Excellence sa promesse de s'informer plus particulièrement de la situation présente de cette affaire, et de m'en donner connoissance autant que les circonstances permettent.

Veuillez agréer, Mylord, l'assurance réitérée de ma haute considération et de mon attachement sincère.

Humboldt.

Lord Clancarty to Lord Castlereagh.

The Hague, January 27, 1818.

My dear Lord—I have nothing of interest to send you from hence, and so much the better, desirous as I am to spare you as much as possible during the species of Cossack warfare you are about to encounter during the present session of Parliament.

The lecture from Moscow (though I have not learnt how delivered) to the sister and brother-in-law have some effect. Both their Royal Highnesses now go out everywhere, and appear gracious, even to the Dutch. The whole Royal family are apparently well united. The Ministry are well satisfied that the power rests with the Crown of sending away obnoxious foreigners, and prepared to advise its exercise whenever necessary, notwithstanding the defeat of Kemper's motion: and the hopes amount almost to a certainty of passing the Budget laws, which come on for debate to-morrow. After this question shall have been disposed of, the promised projet of law, for checking the license of the press with respect to foreign friendly States, is to be brought forward.

Lord Clancarty to Lord Castlereagh.

The Hague, January 27, evening, 1818.

My dear Lord—Since writing to you this morning, Nagell has communicated to me in confidence the substance of a curious correspondence which has passed between him and his Royal Highness the Prince of Orange. The day before yesterday his Royal Highness wrote to him, stating that he was sorry that he (M. de Nagell) should have taken part against him; that it was hard that complaints [de» plaintes) should have been sent against him and the Princess to Moscow without having afforded to them, by a communication of their nature, the means of answering these complaints. (N.B. Pretty good proof this that their Royal Highnesses have received some smart and salutary advice from their Imperial brother.) His Royal Highness desires, therefore, to have the despatches upon this subject forwarded by this Government to Moscow communicated to him, and adds that he has no objection to have this request made known to the King.

Nagell's answer to this was, that "he had received his Royal Highness's letter, which he had immediately sent to the King for his Majesty's commands." The King sent forthwith for Nagell, and desired to have the despatches to M. Verstolk and the answer of this Minister from Moscow laid before him, in order that he might have the means of refreshing his memory upon them, and judging whether the Prince's request should be complied with. Having read them over, the King observed that he saw nothing to prevent the communication sought, and directed Nagell to acquaint the Prince that whenever (except when engaged with his Ministers) the Prince would call upon the King, his Majesty would read these despatches to him. This Nagell did accordingly, without saying a word more or less than he was directed, and yesterday received from the Prince a reply, stating " the receipt of Nagell's note, which, from the extreme delicacy of reverting to

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