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as that of a right of visit for the prevention of the traffic in slaves—at all events, when Brougham has declared that this concession was cheaply purchased from Spain by .£400,000, you are not likely to be much quarrelled with for a single .£1,000 for a snuff-box.
I send you a copy of Lord K 's Meraoire to the French
Chamber of Peers. A more thorough pattern of impudent falsehood and Jacobinical mystification has seldom been presented. Even his very Apology is a falsehood; for he no more wrote the French in which this work is composed than I did. A plain, simple statement of the real facts, conveyed in a letter from the Duke of Wellington to M. de Cazes, and by him communicated to the Committee of Petitions, has completely overturned this composition, so worthy of his lordship's signature, and elicited a very proper Report from the Committee to the Chamber. Of this Report, as well as of the Duke's letter, you are probably already possessed, through more direct sources than through me: I would otherwise endeavour to obtain and send them: they were read to me with much exultation by the Minister of Justice here, with whose sentiments they thoroughly coincide.
The Envoy from the United States to this Court is about to return in ill health through England to America, accompanied by his wife. His name is Eustis; he will be much regretted here: his lady, though not handsome, is a very worthy and amiable person. Any kindness you may be enabled to show them in their passage through London will oblige me. They are the only tolerable Yankees I ever knew.
Farewell, my dear lord.
Believe me, &c, Clancarty.
Sir Henry WeUesley to Lord Castlereagh.
Madrid, May 25, 1818. My dear Lord—I have little to add to my despatches of this day's date, excepting the expression of my concern at being obliged to trouble your lordship with my disputes with M. de Pizarro, arising entirely from his ungovernable temper, of which I have frequently had reason to complain. I have of late had no personal communication with him, but shall resume it in consequence of his last note, which I am willing to consider as a sort of apology for the intemperance of his former one.
I have been particular in stating what has passed upon Mr. Macderraott's case, because the royal order for setting Mr. Meale at liberty will probably make some noise in England, and your lordship may possibly not object to stating the sentiments of the Prince Regent's Government upon the whole subject to the Duke of San Carlos, in order that they may be conveyed to M. de Pizarro.
I have the honour to be, &c, H. Wellesley.
Lord Clancarty to Lord Castlereagh.
The Hague, May 26, 1818. My dear Lord—You will receive the ratifications by this conveyance. I wish I could have sent them in a more complete state, by transmitting the Declaration of this Government as to the place of residence of its mixed court of justice along with them. On meeting for the exchange, however, I found this could not be the case. Nothing formal is done here without the previous decree of the King: the King is at Loo, and, by some neglect somewhere, this decree authorizing the Declaration is not yet arrived. Upon the assurance, however, from M. de Nagell that it would be ready before the next mail day; that the Declaration should bear date the 25th instant, the day of the exchange: that the place would be Surinam; and that, if necessary, before its receipt, you might consider and act upon it as such, I thought it better to conclude the business, so as to expedite the despatch of the ratifications of this Court to England, in order that they might arrive sufficiently early to admit of the treaty being laid before Parliament and acted upon prior to the termination of the session. I was the more led to this course, because the formal Declarations of the places of. residence of the courts of justice do not appear to me of a nature necessary to be laid before the Houses.
Under the assurances I have received respecting the delivery to me of this document, I have ventured to state it as forming actually an enclosure to my despatch of this date, No. 50, for the purpose of rendering the whole complete. Of this I should hope you will approve; it can easily be added to that despatch a few days later, upon its receipt in London.
There is nothing of interest to acquaint you with from hence. The Court is at Loo, the Prince at Zoosdyke. The Duke of Wellington has written to express his wish for the renewal of our former weekly communications, which will afford me equal satisfaction, and, I flatter myself, sufficient advantage to the public to warrant the expense of a weekly journey of a messenger between this and Valenciennes.
Yours, my dear lord, &c, Clancarty.
Lord Clancarty to Lord Castlereagh.
The Hague, May 29, 1818.
My dear Lord—I send you herewith enclosed the original Declaration of the Netherlands' Plenipotentiaries, declaring Surinam to be the place where the mixed court of justice to be situated in their colonial possessions is to reside. This ought to have formed (and was noticed as having formed) an enclosure in my despatch No. 50, of the 26th instant, which accompanied the ratifications of the treaty lately concluded with this Court for the repression of the Slave Trade; and it bears date the 25th instant, the day of the exchange. I have to request, therefore, that you will have it placed among the records, as having formed an enclosure to the above mentioned despatch.
I have no intelligence to send you from hence, and we are without any recent arrival from England, the mails of Tuesday last not having yet reached us. The last from London brought us
Lord K 's letter to the Duke of Wellington, than which
there has seldom been edited a more flimsy composition. This is unpardonable in the noble lord, because, unfettered as he has shown himself by the real state of facts, he had the field open before him, and might consequently have manufactured a better case for himself. If it was worth while, which I am far from thinking is the case, how easily could the whole of this piece of mystification be overturned!
A judgment has been recently affirmed by the Court of Cassation at Bruxelles, which has afforded great satisfaction to this Court. It was against a lawyer of the name of Douey, who wrote and printed an infamous libel against the King, in the form of a petition of claim for certain demands of M. Crawford, of Rotterdam. He appealed from this to the Court of Cassation; his appeal has been disallowed, and he will pass three years in prison, and be fined three thousand francs, &c, in pursuance of the original judgment.
Yours, my dear lord, &c, Clancarty.
Mr. C. Bagot to Lord Castlereagh.
Washington, June 2, 1818.
My dear Lord—I have not been able to obtain any further information respecting the proceedings of the French officers in the Province of Texas, of which I gave your lordship some account in my despatch No. 38, by the last mail; but the enclosed copy of a letter which I have received from Mr. Robertson, the Consul at Philadelphia, contains some intelligence connected with this subject.
I am perfectly aware that there has been some exaggeration in many of the accounts which have been given of the designs and projects of the adherents of the Buonaparte family in this country, but your lordship may be assured that they are not without a large foundation of truth.
I have the honour to be, &c, Charles Bagot.
Philadelphia, May 28, 1818. My dear Sir—It will not have escaped your memory what I had written to you on the 16th of December last, in regard to a schooner that had sailed from this with French passengers for Mobile. A young man who was one of the navigators on board said schooner has returned, and has given me very particular details of the voyage. He states that, while at anchor at Reedy Island the night before they sailed, a boat came alongside, and delivered 60 kegs of gunpowder, and 196 United States'* muskets on board. Some misunderstanding . had taken place among the passengers, and an Italian, who threatened to divulge their secret, was run through the heart and killed. They took their departure next day, and the muskets, bayonets, canteens, &c, were distributed among the passengers. There was also a quantity of bar-lead put on board to be run into bullets. The voyage was continued until they got into the latitude of Havana, when the command was given to one of the passengers, an Irishman of the name of Stevens. The master and crew were informed that, if they did not acquiesce in this arrangement, and work the vessel as heretofore, they would all be thrown overboard.
The new commander shaped her course for Galveztown, where having arrived, they landed and erected their tents. They found at Galveztown the celebrated Lafitte the pirate, with several prizes taken from the Spaniards; he had with him upwards of 100 men, principally St. Domingo negroes. Rigaud was the commander of the French, and Joimetre his aide. During the stay of my informant, he states that he learnt that this party expected to be joined by various others, who had been collected in the United States for the object, and would, when collected, amount to 10,000 men; that their first object was to make a dash at La Vera Cruz, to plunder that city, by which they would obtain sufficient booty to execute