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though I understand the house is excellent for the Prince's family, there would be little accommodation for that of the King in addition to it; and where a small village, as it is stated to me, would afford but feeble aid for anything like the comfortable disposal of those who may be obliged to give attendance at the birth, christening, &c, of the child. Nevertheless, the Princess's determination is fixed, though it is far from being yet determined how his Majesty and the Queen are to be present on this occasion, or even whether they are to be present at all.

The Spanish Chargé d'Affaires here has presented an official note, which is probably circular to all the Ministers of that Government at foreign Courts, notifying that all foreigners taken in arms against their authority in their provinces in South America will be treated as native rebels.

M. de Nagell has written to M. the Baron de Fagel to know whether a similar note has not been passed by the Spanish Ambassador in London addressed to you, and what the nature of the answer given by you has been, with a view of following the same course. This has been done by direction of the King, not from any doubt of the right of the King of Spain, or from any desire to controvert it, but with a view of following the example you may adopt in notifying this determination to the subjects of Great Britain in giving similar notice thereof to the subjects of this country. I should hope you will therefore acquaint Fagel with your mode of proceeding in this matter, in order that this Government may adopt the


Ever yours, my dear lord, &c, Clancarty.

Sir H. Wellesley to Lord Castlereagh.

Madrid, June 25, 1818. My dear Lord—I write a few lines to say that, since my private letter to your lordship of the 21st instant, I have learnt from M. Tatischeff that his endeavours to prevail upon M. de Pizarro to accede to Count Palmella's last proposals were not more successful than mine.

I understand, likewise, that the King has expressed his determination not to agree even to a temporary cession of territory.

I have the honour to be, &c, H. Wellesley.

Mr. C. Bagot to Lord Castlereagh.

Washington, June 29, 1818.

My dear Lord—A few days ago, I had a conversation with Mr. Adams, which arose quite accidentally, upon the subject of the affairs of South America. Mr. Adams had received intelligence of the victory gained by San Martin over the royal arms in Chili, and which he seemed to consider as fatal to the royal cause in that province. This event led him into a discussion of some length upon the whole question of the independence of the Spanish American provinces, and the measures likely to be taken by the European Powers in relation to that great contest.

In the course of his conversation, he said, rather in a tone of complaint, that he had been much disappointed at not having received from your lordship the communication which he had been encouraged to expect, of the course which the British Government proposed to take in this business; at the same time repeating to me that it was the earnest wish of the United States to proceed with them pari passu, and, if possible, in the closest concert. He seemed to say that the time was fast approaching when the American Government could no longer avoid taking some positive line, and that, in the meanwhile, they were forced to collect piecemeal, and, as they could, a knowledge of the policy of the European Powers, although it was by that that they wished to regulate their own.

I ventured to assure Mr. Adams that your lordship had by no means forgotten to make the communication to which he alluded, and that it had only been delayed by a desire to make it as perfect as possible. Mr. Adams then said that he had already obtained from different quarters some documents which had a very important relation to the question, and which were in themselves of considerable interest to him; and he mentioned a note to your lordship from Mr. Rivadavia, the Deputy in Loudon from the United Provinces of La Plata, and the answer sent from St. Petersburgh to a note addressed by your lordship upon the subject to the Court of Russia, of both which papers he was in possession of copies. not the less felt from the difficulty in which they find themselves of the course which it would be best for them to pursue on this occasion.

Mr. Adams appears to be of opinion that, in the state to which the matter is now brought, no interference of the European Powers will be attended with a favourable result which does not urge upon the Court of Spain the propriety of giving, in the first instance, unconditional independence to the colonies of the southern continent of America; and I believe that he has written in this sense both to M. Gallatin and to Mr. Rush: but your lordship is no doubt perfectly acquainted with all his sentiments upon this subject; and the only object of this letter is to mention that I think I observe some soreness on his part in not having yet received the communication which he professes to expect with so much anxiety.

The Commissioners from this Government to South America are expected to return here in the course of a week or ten days. The Congress frigate was to leave Buenos Ayres early in May.

I have the honour to be, &c, Charles Bagot.

Lord Clancarty to Lord Castlereagh.

The Hague, July 7, 1818. My dear Lord—There has been some sensation created among the Government here, in consequence of the receipt of intelligence from Surinam and Cura^oa of the capture of certain of their ships by those of the insurgents in South America, under what is styled the independent flag; and this is

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The captures thus made by the insurgents are looked upon, and naturally, as a speculation with a double aspect: on the one hand, if no notice shall be taken of spoliations of this sort, the captors derive advantage to the amount of the value seized, subject to little inconvenience or expense to themselves; on the other, if remonstrance shall be made, such remonstrance is, in effect, a kind of acknowledgment of their power.

Note, the Government here are not inclined either to submit to this plunder of their subjects, or being thus compelled to the acknowledgment of a Power unacknowledged by the other States of Europe, and which would place this kingdom in a state of opposition with that of Spain; while they are, at the same time, considerably disinclined to pursue the insurgents as pirates at sea, and thus expose themselves to all the horrors and inconvenience of such a state of warfare.

I have been spoken to by Nagell upon this subject, with the professed view of learning and subsequently adapting their course to that which we may pursue on this matter; and, as I was unable to afford him the information he required, I think it probable that a private instruction will go by this post to their Ambassador in London, suggesting the likelihood of similar captures having been made of British ships by the South American insurgents, and with directions to learn from you the line which the Government of Great Britain may conceive it for her interest to adopt to avert the repetition of this sort of plunder, in order that this Government may follow the same course.

The King is to be here on the 10th instant: his stay will probably not be for many days, as it seems to be finally decided that the Princess is to lie-in at Zoosdyke. It is believed, therefore, that he will return to the Loo till the christening, about the middle of August. His stay at the Hague is not even then likely to be prolonged many days beyond his birthday, on the 25th of that month; after which, as was the case last year, the corps diplomatique will, in all probability, be acquainted with his Majesty's wishes that they should act according to their own good pleasure till the second Monday in October, when the session of the States-General will be opened at Bruxelles. Farewell.

Yours, my dear lord, &c, Clancarty.

Lord Clancarty to Lord Castlereagh.

The Hague, July 10, 1818.

My dear Lord—The King, Queen, &c, arrived here the day before yesterday. The Queen goes to Zoosdyke on Saturday, there to remain till after the Princess's delivery. She then returns here, where, as now settled, his Majesty means to remain till the christening; and then the royal family will return to the Loo, where it is supposed she will continue some time, notwithstanding the occurrence of the King's birthday on the 25th of August.

You will recollect the Paper delivered to me by the King, on his view of the measures to be taken in the event of the evacuation of France by the Allied troops, a copy of which I sent you in my private letter of the 28th of April last. You are aware that no further proceeding has or could have been taken by me in consequence of this communication of the King's opinions on this subject. If those of our Government are similar to those of his Majesty, things will properly rest as they are; but, if the line of policy which the Prince Regent's Council are likely to adopt should differ from that preferred by this Court, I should take the liberty of suggesting the propriety of affording to me the means by which I may be enabled to endeavour, at least, to draw this King's mind to our view of this subject, at an early period. You know the soil, that it is not always easy, sometimes requiring much con

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