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Lord Clancarty to Lord Castlereagh.
The Hague, August 4, 1818.
My dear Lord—By the accounts received here from Baden, it is stated that the Grand Duke, though not, perhaps, about immediately to die, is nevertheless in such a state of decay as to render his recovery most improbable. How the death of this Prince would operate upon the pending negociations for cessions to Bavaria, you are a far better judge than I can be. As he has no son, the succession will, under present circumstances, go to an unmarried uncle, the Margrave Louis, fiftyfive years old, who may therefore marry and have children. Should he die without male issue, the duchy falls upon the Hochberg branch; and the event upon which the Austrian pretension to the reversion depends would occur; and to this branch, as I noticed to you from Frankfort, it was universally believed that the Emperor of Russia had sent assurances of his protection: though, whether these extended to more than the general succession, or referred both to this and to the reversions, I am unable to say.
Sincerely trusting that your reunion at Aix may have the effect of eliciting such instructions from all parts to Frankfort as may at length accomplish the final arrangement of tho negociation so long pending there, I have thought it might be acceptable to you to have such circumstances stated and recalled to your recollection, as may occur to me on this subject.
I understand from Brussels that Lord Kinnaird has left that place for Vienna. I should doubt his being suffered to remain there, and still more his being allowed to proceed to and pass the winter in Italy, as he projected.
The Minister of Justice acquaints me that all the original papers and proceedings in the possession of this Government, upon the affair of Marinet and Cantillon, have been written for from Paris; that, previous to their being sent, he has gone through the whole of them, and is of opinion that there is ample evidence to convict, if the disposition to prosecute is
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sincere. Upon this M. de la Tour du Pin acquaints me that he has heen informed by the Due de Richelieu that they only waited for the papers hence expected to commence proceedings.
One of the Duke of Wellington's late letters to me having thrown some doubt on the intention of the French Government to proceed, in consequence of their want of sufficient evidence, I have thought it expedient to mention the above circumstances; and, as the Duke is now in England, to spare him the trouble of reading, and myself perhaps that of writing, an additional letter for the purpose, I shall beg of you to acquaint him with them.
The Princess's delivery having now taken place, it is said the christening will be fixed for the 24th, the King's birthday; if so, I shall probably be able to meet and receive you at Bruxelles, but we shall know how this fact stands with greater certainty.
Yours, my dear lord, &c, Clancarty.
Lord Clancarty to Lard Castlereagh.
The Hague, August 11, 1818.
My dear Lord—The King was at Haarlem from Thursday morning to Saturday evening last; and this has somewhat retarded the progress of the instruction to General Fagel on the Bouillon affair.
My despatches will have acquainted you in what state this business now stands, and that it will probably be referred directly by this to the several Courts, which, I should hope, will agree in having it placed in a fair train of final and equitable arrangement.
It seems his Majesty is not well pleased with the Prince of Orange for not having made any disposition to visit him here, since the birth of the young Prince; nevertheless, when he set out for Haarlem, on Thursday, he had some intention of proceeding himself to Zoosdyke, to see his Royal Highness and the Princess, and his grandchild. He, however, thought
otherwise of it, and returned without doing so. The fact is, there have been of late some bickerings between his Majesty and his Royal Highness, in a correspondence lately carried on between them. You are already aware that the Prince's name had transpired, and not very pleasantly, in the investigation of the affair of the conspiracy against the Duke of Wellington; this has weighed much upon his Royal Highness's mind, and one of the principal objects which induced him, late in May last, to offer to go to see the Duke at Cambray, was the effect which his thus appearing on intimate terms with the Duke would have in weakening at least, if not in effacing, any unpleasant impression, which might have been created in the public mind, in consequence of the appearance of his Royal Highness's name, however remotely, in connexion with such a procedure.
The Duke at that time promised to wait upon the Prince at Zoosdyke before the end of June, which would havehadthe same effect; but this visit is, and I think unfortunately, still to be paid. The Prince, brooding over all this in retirement at Zoosdyke, and probably not surrounded by the wisest counsellors, has lately addressed a letter to the King, in which he treats the whole conspiracy against the Duke as an absolute French fabrication, the principal object, perhaps, of which was to throw odium upon his name; and that this had been particularly evinced by the delays which have taken place in bringing such of the alleged conspirators as are in custody to trial, whereby the reports hostile to him have been suffered to extend and gather strength. He therefore calls upon the King to insist with the French Government, that if, as they allege, the conspiracy is a real one, they should immediately proceed to trial: if not, that they should issue a declaration calculated to vindicate his Royal Highness from the calumnies which they had suffered to be thrown out against him.
To this the King has answered that it would be quite impossible to take the step desired by his Royal Highness; that the obvious answer to any such application to the French Government would be, that the affair of the conspirators was proceeding in their courts of law, according to their forms, with which no foreign State could assume any right of interference; and that to such an answer it would be impossible to reply—but that, if his Royal Highness, early in May last, when they were together at Brussels, had taken his Majesty's advice, and gone directly thence to Canibray to the Duke, and laid open his whole mind to his Grace on the subject, his feelings would long since have been relieved; that still communication with the Duke of Wellington must be the only way of affording him relief; and he must therefore wait with patience till he should be enabled to have a personal interview with his Grace.
This correspondence was not, as I understand, conducted in the most gentle terms on either side, and this accounts for the fact of neither party having taken measures for seeing the other since the late delivery of the Princess.
I shall write, by this conveyance, a few words to the Duke of Wellington, whom I suppose still to be in England, urging him, on the above grounds, to endeavour to make this his way to Cambray and Paris. If the present state of the parties towards each other will admit of an accord between father and son upon the subject, the christening of the young Prince will probably take place on the 24th, the anniversary of the King's birth, and thus two matters become discharged at once. If so, whenever else the baptism shall take place, his Majesty purposes to proceed on the next day to the Loo, and dismiss us from attendance till his repair to Bruxelles. I shall, therefore, set out for that place as soon after the baptism as possible, in the hope of meeting you, and taking such directions as you may have to give on your passage to Aix. It would be a great convenience to me to know as nearly as can be the date assigned for your probable arrival there.
Yours, my dear lord, &c, Clancarty.
Lord Clancarty to Lord Castlereagh.
The Hague, August 25, 1818.
My dear Lord—The young Prince, son of the Prince of Orange, was yesterday baptized by the names of William Alexander Frederick Constantine Nicholas Michael! The ceremony was very grand. There was also a levee and dinner at Court, and grand gala, play, and illumination, in the evening. The whole went off well, and the Court were well received.
The Prince of Orange, who rode here from Zoosdyke yesterday morning, in three hours and twenty minules, has returned thither this morning, probably at the same rate. The King, Queen, &c, go to the Loo on Thursday, and the corps diplomatique will probably receive to-morrow the annual circular note to dispense with their attendance till the Court shall take up its residence at Bruxelles in October. I therefore purpose proceeding, with my whole family, at the close of this week, to Bruxelles, there to reside during the remainder of this year, and while the Court shall further continue there. This arrangement will give me the pleasure of seeing you on your passage through that place, and entertaining you during your stay there.
An instruction has been prepared, and I believe finally determined on, to enable General Robert Fagel to answer the joint letter of their Excellencies at Paris upon the Bouillon subject. It was read to me, and is not quite what I could wish. Its general purport is, however, as I expected it would be. It civilly tells their Excellencies that they are not known here either as arbitrators or mediators, this Court having had no communication through the ordinary channels of diplomacy, or received intimation from its Allies of their being placed in either of these situations, and, indeed, they themselves have not expressed in which of the two capacities they seek to place themselves. Equally desirous, however, with them that the 69th Article of the Act of Congress should be executed, this