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vernment that a division of royal troops, consisting in all of 15,000 men, with about 5,000 cavalry, and a park of artillery, consisting of forty cannon, shall join his Britannic Majesty's Hanoverian army standing in the field, and that the said division, on its march to France, not being able to avoid the territory of Bremen, requested that the Senate would take measures that the troops, in their passage, should meet with accommodation and quarters, on the same footing and on the same terms as are granted to other friendly armies, promising, in the name of the Royal Danish Government, that the receipts delivered by the chief of the said royal army, his Highness the Prince of Hesse, should be settled by payment after the mode practised with respect to other friendly troops upon a march.”
On receiving this letter, the Senate of Bremen despatched a letter by express to Prince Frederick of Hesse, Commander of the Danish forces, dated the 29th of July, stating that, since the receipt of the letter of the 22nd from the Danish [Government), Captain Ramling had notified to the quartering Committee of the City certain measures indicating an intention of assembling the whole of the Danish forces at Bremen, and to halt in the town till the arrival of orders expected from the Duke of Wellington.
The Senate protested against this measure, and stated to his Highness “the impossibility of giving shelter even for the shortest time to 15,000 infantry, and 5,000 cavalry, at the same time peremptorily refusing to accede to the proposition, and appealing to the Prince of Hesse for relief, inasmuch as the request of the Danish Captain Ramling could not be considered official, inasmuch as it was not in unison with the letter from the Danish Minister of State, which extended only to a passage through the city. The Senate reminded the Prince of the long stay in Bremen of the troops in 1814, and of the extreme burden of maintaining them, for which the promised remuneration had not been made by the Danish Government."
The Senate, greatly alarmed in consequence of the new and unexpected burdens to which the Danish Government proposed a second time to subject them—a burden which, in consequence of the great losses their citizens had sustained by the enemy, they were totally unable to bear—addressed a letter, dated also on the 29th of July, to his Majesty the King of Denmark, repeating, in the strongest terms, the impossibility of supporting the troops, if they should halt in the city, and protesting a second time against the measure of billetting the soldiers for an indefinite time, and furnishing rations, as proposed by Captain Ramling, craving in the most emphatic terms the interposition of his Majesty that so severe a burden may be averted. · On the 11th of August, the Senate presented a memorial to the Prince of Hesse, in which, after alluding to a verbal promise made by his Highness, that the expense of the troops then quartered in the town and neighbourhood should be refunded at the same rate which was allowed in the Hanoverian territories; after showing that the two cases did not apply, and that, in consequence of the halting of the troops for so long a time, the actual expenses incurred should be repaid, it was proposed, in order to show every disposition on the part of the Senate to act liberally, that his Highness the Prince of Hesse should declare in writing, that he will grant twelve schillings for the ration, and eight schillings, Hanoverian money, for the portion, and offer fair terms of payment; stating, at the same time, “that upon the answer received would depend the further supply of rations to the troops."
A note dated the 19th of August, to the Prince of Hesse, contained the reiterated protest of the Senate against the stay of the Danish troops, and a claim of reimbursement for the expenses to the full amount. The Senate received from the Danish Minister Rosenkrantz an answer to the letter which had been addressed to the King, in which he states “ that it is his Majesty's constant will that everything to be furnished to
his troops shall be paid in cash, and that, after the determination of the amount, the whole will be settled; desiring, in the mean time, that the troops may be furnished with everything his Highness the Prince of Hesse may deem necessary, and that, besides full indemnification, his Royal Majesty will acknowledge the obligation.” It further states—“I am also authorized to state that the expenses incurred last year, by the stay of his Majesty's troops at Bremen, shall be refunded as soon as the amount of the same shall be fixed.” On the 21st of August, the Senate of Bremen addressed a letter to the Danish Minister, Count Rosenkrantz, accompanied by a statement of the expenses incurred by the troops, adding that the standard proposed is below the actual earpenses, offering various reasons why, after all, the city will be losers. But, in order to remove every difficulty, sacrifices have been made, in order to facilitate the payment, in consequence of the urgent necessity of having the money which has been expended restored as soon as possible—beseeching his Excellency to accelerate as much as possible the payment of the money, and the total removal of the troops. The statement transmitted evinces the very generous proposals of the Senate. It was only on the 22nd of September that the last division of the troops left the town and territory of Bremen, and even on the 21st of October, a part of the hospital remained; and, in spite of the most urgent solicitations on the part of the Senate, the Danish Government has made no provision, either for the payment of the expenses incurred in respect to the troops in 1814, or the present year; and there is no prospect of any speedy reimbursement, unless such payment shall be retained from the subsidies granted by Great Britain to Denmark. It appears from the public documents transmitted to the Undersigned by the Republic of Bremen, that the Senate was not only required to pay for the rations furnished to the troops, the sick in the hospitals, the provender for the prize-money. It should be given, in the name of the Prince Regent, the King of the Netherlands, the Duke of Brunswick, and Grand-duke of Nassau, to the officers and troops present in the battles of the 15th, 16th, 17th, and 18th of June, or present with their regiments, or at their posts with the army at any period from that time till the 7th of July, when the army entered Paris. According to this scheme, the officers and troops of the armies of the King of the Netherlands, King of Hanover, (with the exception of those corps in garrison in the Netherlands) Grand-duke of Nassau, and Duke of Brunswick, would be included with the British troops, with the exception of those of the latter in garrisons in the Netherlands; and the consent of the King of the Netherlands, King of Hanover, Grandduke of Nassau, and Duke of Brunswick, must be obtained. If this plan should not be adopted, the sum of twenty-five millions would be to be divided between the several Powers whose troops formed the army under the command of the Duke of Wellington, according to the numbers which each Power was bound to furnish for the common cause. Thus, then, Great Britain would receive for 150,000 men, the Netherlands for 50,000, Hanover for 10,000, Brunswick and Nassau each for 3,000 men. But the regiments composing the Brunswick and Hanoverian subsidiary corps, the former consisting of 4,100 men, the latter of 16,400 men, would share with the British troops, supposing, as I imagine, that the British Government would allot its share to be divided as prizemoney to the army. It is obvious that, supposing all the Powers should agree, and should give what should come to them on this account to their troops who were present in the battle and on the occasions mentioned, there would be a great difference in the amount received by the officers and soldiers of each rank in the several services, and therefore it would probably be the best mode to allow the whole sum to be divided according to the plan first proposed, as one mass, amongst the officers and soldiers of the whole army.
Lord Bathurst to Lord Castlereagh. Downing Street, November 7, 1815. Dear Lord Castlereagh—Mr. Fagel has been twice with me on the subject of the fortifications to be erected in the Netherlands. It appears that the King's plan does not exactly accord with what I understood ours to be: he seems to consider that they are to be executed by his engineers—that, in addition to what is to be allotted out of the French contribution, we are to advance the two millions, and his Majesty is to be relieved from all charge. My impression is that the system of fortification must be agreed upon between him and us; that we must have our share in the execution of the works; and that, if the expenses exceed what is to be allotted out of the French contribution for that service, it must be borne equally out of the two millions which each country stipulated should be respectively applied to that purpose, but that we might be induced to advance money on the credit of what France is to pay, if those payments should not be made to an amount sufficient to cover the running expense. This I suggested to Mr. Fagel to be my opinion; but I added that the treaties had gone through you, and that I could not, therefore, give him any answer, except referring him to you, whose return was expected, and to whom I would communicate what had passed. Mr. Fagel, in his second visit yesterday, expressed a great desire to have the business explained as soon as possible, because, he said, that the King of the Netherlands was strongly impressed with the idea that we were to make up, out of the two millions, whatever was deficient in the French contribution, and that Holland was to be completely relieved from WOL. XI. F