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MISFORTUNE stands with her bow ever bent
Over the world; and he who wounds another,
Directs the goddess by that part he wounds,
Where to strike deep her arrows in himself.

YOUNG

LONDON: PRINTED AND SOLD BY J. WALTER,

PRINTING-HOUSE-S QUARE, BLACKFRY A KS

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INTRODUCTION.

IT is rather fingular, that some

of the philosophical and mathematical truths established at this day, and most generally acknowledged, were, when first discovered, treated as chimerical and abfurd: Virgil the first Bishop of Saltzburgh in Germany, was perfecuted for having been guilty of the impiety and absurdity of advancing and maintaining the doctrine of Antipodes; which the ig.

norant

norant were foolish enough to say gave the lie to the Scripture, where it was said that Joshua made the fun stand still: the great Galileo was imprisoned on account of discoveries and improvements, which have greatly facilitated the progress of philosophy: Friar Bacon, from the automaton he was enabled to make by his great knowledge in mechanics, was thought to be a privy counfellor of Belzebub; and Faustus the inventor of printing, was actually profecuted as an imp of the devil : but the spherical form of the earth is now demonstrated; the doctrine of optics is well understood; the power of mechanism

is

is carried infinitely farther than it was by Bacon; and printing is universally practised, while the idea of a præternatural agency in any of these cases, is scouted by all the world. Why the most demonstrable truths should have been disputed when first maintained, is truly unaccountable ; but nothing is more certain than that by a ftrange fatality, the most ingenious arts, and the most useful inventions, as well as the noblest inftitutions, have in their infancy been opposed and ridiculed by igmorant, envious, and selfish individuals.

WHEN

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