The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia: Visions of World Order in Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asian Thought

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Columbia University Press, Jun 29, 2007 - History - 320 pages
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In this rich intellectual history, Cemil Aydin challenges the notion that anti-Westernism in the Muslim world is a political and religious reaction to the liberal and democratic values of the West. Nor is anti-Westernism a natural response to Western imperialism. Instead, by focusing on the agency and achievements of non-Western intellectuals, Aydin demonstrates that modern anti-Western discourse grew out of the legitimacy crisis of a single, Eurocentric global polity in the age of high imperialism.

Aydin compares Ottoman Pan-Islamic and Japanese Pan-Asian visions of world order from the middle of the nineteenth century to the end of World War II. He looks at when the idea of a universal "West" first took root in the minds of Asian intellectuals and reformers and how it became essential in criticizing the West for violating its own "standards of civilization." Aydin also illustrates why these anti-Western visions contributed to the decolonization process and considers their influence on the international relations of both the Ottoman and Japanese Empires during WWI and WWII.

The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia offers a rare, global perspective on how religious tradition and the experience of European colonialism interacted with Muslim and non-Muslim discontent with globalization, the international order, and modernization. Aydin's approach reveals the epistemological limitations of Orientalist knowledge categories, especially the idea of Eastern and Western civilizations, and the way in which these limitations have shaped not only the contradictions and political complicities of anti-Western discourses but also contemporary interpretations of anti-Western trends. In moving beyond essentialist readings of this history, Aydin provides a fresh understanding of the history of contemporary anti-Americanism as well as the ongoing struggle to establish a legitimate and inclusive international society.

 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
Europe Beyond Its Christian and White Race Identity 18401882
15
Imperialism Versus Enlightenment 18821905
39
The Awakening of the EastEquality with the West 19051912
71
5 The Impact of WWI on PanIslamic and PanAsianist Visions of World Order
93
6 The Triumph of Nationalism? The Ebbing of PanIslamic and PanAsian Visions of World Order During the 1920s
127
7 The Revival of a PanAsianist Vision of World Order in Japan 19311945
161
8 Conclusion
191
Notes
205
Bibliography
259
Index
283
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About the author (2007)

Cemil Aydin is Professor of History at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. He is the author of The Idea of the Muslim World (2017) and The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia (2007). Aydin also serves as a series editor for the Columbia Studies in International and Global History series at Columbia University Press.

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