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On the contrary, from most indisputable


tion that I mentioned at Whitehall, at the time when • he lived there, was too notorious to be called in ques• tion; and that not a little pains was taken to cultivate s and support it; and that he once heard a sermon o there, (from a person of note) the avow'd design of

which was to maintain and defend it. He said he was so fully convinced of the ill tendency of such a

principle, that after the hearing this sermon, he I thought himself bound in conscience, when it came s next to his turn to preach before Crymwell, to set " himself induftriouny to oppose it, and to beat down ' that spiritual pride and confidence, which such fanscied impulses and impressions were apt to produce rand cherith. He told me, he observed that while " he was in the pulpit, Cromwell heard him with great « attention, but would sometimes knit his brows, and « discover great uneasiness., When the sermon was ' over, he told me a person of distinction came to him,

and ask'd him if he knew what he had done ? and s fignifyed it to him as his apprehension, that Cromwell

would be so incens’d upon that discourse, that he 6 would find it very difficult ever to make his peace

with him, or secure his favour for the future. Mr. ? Howe replyed, that he had but discharged his consci

ence, and could leave the event with God. He told 6 me he afterwards observed, Cromwell was cooler in

his carriage to him than before; and sometimes he • thought he would have spoken to him of the matter, * but he never did, and rather chose to forbear (0)' O Calamy's

: life of Howe, 4. His discourse in his last fickness to his wife, plain-p. 21. Svo ly manifests the enthusiasm of his temper. Take it as Lond. 1724. related by his physician Bates. Sed nec animo solum s ægrotat; she had been just speaking of his domestic • vexations] febre fiquidem brevi post laticâ & lenta

corripitur, quæ tandem (puriam in tertianam degeneravit. Provecto por septimanam morbo, absque C3

o ullis

authorities, we are assured, that he was


cullis periculi indiciis, (utpote nunc istam mali fpe-
« ciem, nunc aliam præ se ferente ;) ut ne prohiberet
« secundo die ab ambulando foras. Poft prandium autem
• accedentibus ad eum quinque quos habebat medicis,

quidam ex tactu pulium intermilise pronunciat: quo
audito ille subito confternatus ore pallet sudatiunculas

patitur, & ferè deliquium, jubérque fe ad le&tulum • deportari; atque ibi cardiacis refocíllatus, fupremum • condidit teftamentum, fed de rebus privatis & domes' ticis. Manè summo, cùm unus è cæteris visitatum 6 veniret, percontatur, quare vultus ei adeo tristis. • Cúmque responderet, ità oportere, fi cui vitæ ac fa• lutis ejus pondus incumberet; Vos (inquit) medici ' me creditis intermoriturum: dein cæteris amotis (uxo

rem manu complec?ens) ita hunc affatur, Tibi pro"nuncio, non esse mihi hoc morbo moriendum; hujus

« enim certus sum. Et quia intentiori afpeétantem ... oculo ad ifta verba cerneret, Tu me (inquit) nè cre

o das infanire; verba veritatis eloquor, certioribus in.. nixus quam vobis Galenus aut Hippocrates vester

< suppeditat rationibus. Deus ipse hoc responfum pre<cibus dedit non meis unius, verùm & eorum quibus “ arctius cum illo commercium & major familiaritas. • Pergite alacres, excussâ penitùs à vultu triftitia, mé. que instar servuli tractate. Pollere vobis licet pru

dentia rerum ; plus tamen valet natura quàm medici (0) Elenchi,' fimul omnes; Deus autem naturam longiori fuperat pars 2da. " intervallo ().'- i. e. · But all his distemper was P. 215.

o not in his mind alone; for shortly after he was taken

with a slow fever, that at length degenerated into a

bastard tertian ague. For a weeks time the disease « so continued without any dangerous symptoms, (as

appearing sometimes one, and sometimes another • kind of distemper) that every other day he walked a<broad: but after dinner his five physicians coming to 5 wait upon him, one of them having felt his pulse,

i said

courteous and obliging, affable and conde


faid that it intermitted : at which suddenly startled, " he looked pale, fell into a cold sweat, almost fainted

away, and orders himself to be carried to bed, where • being refreshed with cordials, he made his will, but I only about his private and domestic affairs. Next

morning early, when one of his physicians came to ( visit him, he asked him, why he look'd so sad ? and 6 when he made answer, that so it becomes any one,

who had the weighty care of his life and health upon

him: Ye physicians, said he, think I shall die. Then " the company being removed, holding his wife by the "hand, to this purpose he spoke to him, I tell you I « shall not die of this disorder, -I am sure of it. And 6 because he observed him to look more attentively • upon him at these words, Don't think, said he, that

I am mad; I speak the words of truth, upon lurer grounds than your Galen or Hippocrates furnish you

with. God Almighty himself hath given that anI swer, not to my prayers alone, but also to the praycers of those who entertain a stricter commerce, and s greater intimacy with him. Go on chearfully, ba" nishing all sadness from your looks, and deal with ' me as you would with a serving-man. Ye may have • skill in the nature of things, yet nature can do more

than all physicians put together; and God is far more « above nature.'

Burnet confirms this account of the assurance of the divines concerning Cromwell's recovery (9). I(7) History will rest the evidence of the enthusiasm of Oliver here of his own

A times, vol. i. (though many more proofs can be brought of it) not p. 176. doubting but it will appear strong and convincing; and account, in some degree, for those actions and expressions which we shall meet with in the following sheets : account in some degree, I say; for whoever thinks him wholly under the power of this principle, will be greatly mistaken. Cromwell ranks in this reC4


scending, and even strongly, at times (G),


spect with Muhome', and Aurengzebe, who were great masters of themselves, though, by nature, strongly cinctured with enthusiasm.

(G) He was courteous and affable, and inclin'd to buffoonery] Here are the authorities. Sir Philip Warwick does honor to this part of his characier in the following paragraph. “In his conversation towards me • he was ever friendly; tho' at the latter end of the

5 day finding me ever incorrigible, and having some ( Me: inducements to suspect me a tamperer, he was suf

moirs, p. - 247.

oficiently rigid (r). IV litlock, even under a sense of (s) Memo.

m an injury done bim by Cromwell, owns he was goodHals, p. 627.' natured (s). His affability and condescension will

appear also from the same writer. " As they [Cromwell and Ireion) went home from my house, their « coach was stopped and they examined by the guards, " to whom they told their names ; but the captain of

the guards would not believe them, and threatned to

carry these two great officers to the court of guard.

« Ireton grew a little angry, but Cromwell was chearful (t) Id. p. 384.

s with the soldiers, gave them twenty fillings, and I commended them and their captain for doing their

duty (t).' In another place he writes as follows: • The Protector often advis'd about this [The petition ♡ and advice) and other great businesses with the Lord

Brozbill, Pierpoint, myself, Sir Charles Wolsely and

Thurloe, and would be shut up three or four hours (together in private discourse, and none were admit! ted to come in to him ; he would sometimes be very f chearful with us, and laying aside his greatnels he I would be exceeding fasiliar with us, and by way ç of diversion, would make verses with us, and every i one must try his fancy; he commonly callid for toç bacco, pipes, and a candle, and would now and

then take tobacco himself; then he would fall again I to his serious and great business, and advise with us

inclin’d to practise some little arts of buffoonery.



e note

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e in those affairs; and his he did often with us, and

our counsel was accepted and followed by him, in,

most of his greatest affairs (u). These passages, rials, p. 656. simply and artlesly told, strongly indicate the chearfulness and pleasantry of Cromwell, and shew how well qualified he was to conciliate the affection and regard of those whom he thought it worth his while to a court (x).

(PPP). Let us now proceed to the buffoonery which is mentioned in the text. • Mr. IV aller lived mostly at Bea

consfield, where his mother dwelt in her widowhood, < and often entertained Oliver Cromwell there, during « his usurpation, he being related to her. But not6 withstanding her relation to the usurper, and Colonel Hampden, she was a royalist in her principles; and 6 when Oliver visited her at Beaconsfield, she would « frankly tell him how his pretensions would end. • The usurper us’d merrily to throw a napkin at her in < return, and said he would not enter into further dir< putes with his aunt; for lo he us'd to call her, though o not quite so nearly related (3). Mr. Cowley speaks Waller? of · his flinging of cushions, and playing at snowballs .cz

with his servants (2).'---- And Mr. Ludlow relates (2) Dis" that Cromwell coniriv'd a conference to be held in cour!

"cerning the Kingfireei, between those callid the Grandees of the government 6 house and army, and the Commonwealths-men, in of Oliver I which the Grandees, of whom Lieutenant-general Cromwell,

1. p. 95. Cromwell was the head, kept themselves in the clouds, " and would not declare their judgments either for a • monarchical, aristocratical, or democratical government; maintaining that any of them might be good

in themselves, or for us, according as Providence « should direct us. The Commonwealths-men declarsed that monarchy was neither good in itself, nor for I us. Notwithstanding what was said, Cromwell


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