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last published letter to the Secretary of the globe, when our own beloved country War: “ The apparent determination of is spoken of, and designed to be named with the Department to place me in an atti- distinguished honor, it is called THE tude antagonistical to the Government, COUNTRY OF WASHINGTON. Without its has an apt illustration in the well-known great names no country is great, or even fable of Æsop. But I ask no favor, and respectable. shrink from no responsibility. While in- Greece, and Rome, and Italy, are im. trusted with the command in this quarter, mortal on account of the immortal names I shall continue to devote all my energies that lived in those countries and illustrated to the public good, looking for my reward | their history. Among the names of real to the consciousness of pure motives, and and undying renown-comparatively few the final verdict of impartial history.” in number as yet_belonging to this country What a pregnant sketch is this—what a to be mentioned with respect and admiragraphic limning of the character of the tion wherever we are known, and wherAdministration, in two lines! Here is an ever we shall be known in coming times, old soldier of the Republic, covered all is undoubtedly that of WINFIELD SCOTT. over with the glory of his achievements We do not think it too much to say that and victories, who is forced to declare, in no living American citizen, now that the substance, that at the end of his arduous campaign of 1847 in Mexico is closed, has and eminent services, the Administration done as much to give lustre and worldhas turned upon him with a deliberate wide renown to the name of his country as purpose of fastening on him a groundless General Scott. Taylor, we know, has quarrel.

done much, and other eminent citizens But it is our purpose to devote this have had their share in different ways, in article to some exposition such as our illustrating its history. Among the most limits will allow—of the treatment which eminent of these is HENRY CLAY. And General Scott has received at the hands of there is one citizen in particular, whose the Administration. Nothing more un- name, in a sphere less dazzling and brilliant justifiable, and, to say truly what we think than that of Scott, but of quite as much and feel, nothing more atrocious, in the solid worth and advantage, more than same line, ever marked the conduct of any those of all our other living statesmen togovernment. General Scott was a marked gether, (as Burke said of Chatham, in refercharacter in this country before the Mexi-ence to England,)“ keeps the name of this can war. He had rendered great and dis- country respectable in every other on the tinguished services to the country. He globe." We refer, of course, to DANIEL had shown the truest devotion to its great WEBSTER. By the side of Webster, we interests, its honor, and its renown, and place Scott, though mainly distinguished he had served the country with very strik- in another field of glory, as one who, from ing ability, both in civil and military em this time forward, is to keep the name of ployment. And now in this Mexican war, his country respectable, and give it lustre in a single campaign, he has placed his and renown, wherever its name is or shall name on the same roll of immortal fame be known in the world. His fame is the with the highest military geniuses of the property and birthright of his countryworld; inferior to none in those grand men, and is and will be dear to every Amequalities which constitute a great Com- rican who loves his country, and his mander so far as he has had opportunity country's honor. It is this man whose to display these qualities, and superior to characterthe men of the present Adminmost, if not to all, in the grander virtues istration have shown themselves incapable of a considerate, humane and Christian of appreciating, and whose fame-the rich Warrior. The truly great men of a country property of the country--has only atare the best property it possesses, or can tracted their attention to make him the possess. Their renown constitutes its re- object of their jealousy and their malevonown ; their fame is its fame. In the lence. This is the Eagle hawked at by the names of its great men the country lives, mousing owls. After a long course of sinand becomes known and honored in the ister and unmanly dealings with him, their world. At this day, in every quarter of rage has finally broken over all bounds of prudence, and vented itself in an open and pose chiefly to undertake in this article, is undisguised effort to crush him at a blow. ) to bring to the notice of our readers the Personally absent from the country, a state conduct of the Administration-false, inprisoner at large in the proud capital of sincere, jesuitical, hollow and heartless as Mexico, conquered and captured under his it has been—towards General Scott, from lead, the Secretary of War takes this oc- the commencement of the Mexican War. casion to draw the well-earned reputation When the real character—the unmitigated of the brave and gallant soldier within his baseness—of that conduct is once known rough embrace, to see if he cannot, after to the country, the Secretary's Letter will the manner in which the relentless Bruin then be read with no fear of danger to anytreats his victim, at one rude bug, squeeze body's reputation beyond the circle of the the vital breath out of it. Under the Administration. plausible pretence and pretext of defend- When this war broke out, General Scott ing himself and the President against the was Major-general commanding in chief complaints of General Scott, on account of the army of the United States, having their neglects and unmerited rebukes, and his head-quarters at Washington. After their failure to give him their sympathy the war had been carried on for six months, and support, he enters on an elaborate according to the President's ideas of prosessay, running through nine columns of ecuting a war with vigor, and no peace or closely printed matter in a newspaper, to prospect of peace was secured, General show that Scott not only wants the qual- Scott was called to the field. He carried ities of an able and even a safe Com- the war to the capital of the enemy's mander, but lacks also those of a just and country, by a series of achievements amidst honest man. This is the real object and difficulties and discouragements, never surscope of his communication. To say that passed in any campaign in the whole histhis essay is ingenious and able, is only to tory of human wars; and a treaty of peace give Governor Marcy credit for the talent was made-wanting, however, as yet, the he is known to possess. To say that it is ratification of the Mexican Government. wholly destitute of generosity, candor, When all this was done, General Scott was fair dealing, manliness, and regard for the dismissed from the service of the country truth of history and for justice, is only to as commander of the army still in the field, characterize it as it deserves. That it may in very exact accordance with his own temporarily mar the brightness of General prediction recorded in a letter to the GovScott's fame, as it was designed to do, ernment, written on the 25th of July last. until the public can be put in possession of Detained still in Mexico by the order of all the facts, is not at all unlikely; but we the Government, he employed an early mohave no fears for his eventual renown. ment of leisure “to recall some of the Mr. Polk may have his day of power, and neglects, disappointments, injuries and reGovernor Marcy-the only man of real bukes” which he had suffered from the Adability in his cabinet-may be his chief ministration. This was his letter of the executioner ; but they will find there are 24th of February, and which has been some things which their official tyranny is made the occasion of the Secretary's asnot potent enough to reach. They may sault upon his character and fame in his soil and smirch the reputation of General elaborate paper of the 21st of April-a Scott, but they cannot permanently injure paper more replete with ill-disguised bitor obscure it. They may make Socrates terness, with unfounded accusations, and drink poison, but he will be immortal in his slanderous imputations, than ever before fame in spite of them.

emanated from an Executive Department It is impossible for us, in a single article, of this government. General Scott's letter to review in detail the long and labored brought no new complaints, or none of any Letter of the Secretary of War of the 21st importance, against the Administration. of April, to which we have referred ;– The same complaints had been made bethough we hope to be able, before we are fore, in successive communications to the through, to examine some portions of its Department of War, as the events had occontents, from which the character of the curred, and to which answers, and explawhole may be inferred. What we pur- | nations, and argumentations had been offered in reply-or such explanations and have dared to venture on so bold a tone of argumentations (apologies and excuses in defence as this, in the face of notorious reality) had accompanied the offensive facts, familiar to him certainly, and not less acts. The General's present letter was a so to all intelligent and observing persons summary of these complaints, in which in the country, and which, wherever they they were brought together, and placed on are known, do not fail to convict the Exrecord, for more easy reference. And we ecutive Government, not only of having make bold to say, in the face of all the in sent General Scott to the field without genious plausibilities of the Secretary's re- / giving him its confidence, its candid supply, that there is not one of these com- port, or its sympathy, but of having acted plaints that has not a substantial founda- towards him in bad faith, and entertaining tion in truth, and so it will be made to towards him feelings of opposition and enappear when the facts shall be brought to mity, and a false disposition and design to light. The Secretary's Letter in reply had betray him, and cast him off at the earliest not so much for its object to defend the moment at which it might be practicaAdministration over again against these ble or safe to do so. complaints, as to attempt a justification. The treacherous, insincere and jesuitical before the country, in the absence of the conduct of the Executive Government General, for its contemptuous dismissal of towards General Scott cannot be fully exhim from the command of the army in the hibited and understood, without going back field, by this assault on his character and to the beginning of this war. When hosconduct. We shall undertake to show tilities began, there had been no preparahow much credit for candor and honesty tory augmentation of our forces in the field. is due to the Administration in this at- | An Army of Observation, soon to become tempt.

an Army of Occupation, was on the frontier The substance of the complaints of towards Mexico, under the command of General Scott, leaving all specifications out Taylor, then a Colonel in the line, but of the case, as these complaints are clearly holding a brevet commission of Brigadier. gathered from his recent and previous com- It does not admit of a doubt that the Presmunications, was this : That the confi- | ident at that period was deluding himself dence, and the active, candid and steady with the notion, that a show of force on support of the Executive Government, had the Rio Grande, with perhaps an unimnot been extended to him, as had been portant brush or two with any small solemnly promised when he took the field, amount of Mexican forces gathered there, but on the contrary, he had been subjected would scare the Mexican Government into to neglects, mortifications, disappointments, almost any terms of accommodation with injuries and rebukes from the Government; the powerful Republic of the North which and that the War Department, from which he might see fit to dictate. For such a he had expected better things, so far from little war, Brevet Brigadier-general Tay. coming to his rescue or relief in the trying lor, who was known already to be a judiccircumstances in which he had been placed, ious and brave officer, was regarded as had wholly failed to give him its support, being. quite competent and sufficient. or even its sympathy. This we say is the When, however, it became suddenly known substance of the complaints preferred by at Washington that Mexico had assumed General Scott, and we are prepared to an attitude of determined resistance, and maintain and show that it is true to the had already, by overwhelming numbers, letter, and that much more than this is placed Taylor and bis little army in a contrue ; though it has suited the purpose of dition of imminent hazard, a corresponding the Secretary of War, in his defence, to alarm was felt, and an immediate call was talk as if he was really surprised that such made upon Congress to adopt the war, notions should have found a lodgment in and meet the exigency by authorizing the the General's mind, and to speak of the organization of a large force for the field. whole thing as “a delusion,” “a fondly- | The act for this purpose was passed and cherished chimera,” and the offspring of approved on the 13th of May, 1846 ; and a mind of diseased sensibility.” We on the same day, General Scott, comwonder a little that the Secretary should manding the army in chief, by his com


mission, whether that army should be great | On the first point, the letter held this very or small, was satisfied that he would be precise language :-called on to take the field in person, and to hold himself in readiness accordingly. "I fear that we shall not be able to put on

Scott was not a man to loiter over a | the Rio Grande, with our utmost efforts, more work like this, though he knew his busi

than ten or fifteen thousand volunteers by the ness too well to rush on such an enterprise

first of September—the best period, we learn

here, for the comraencement of operations beas that of a war of invasion, to be carried

yond, with a view to the conquest of a peace." into a far-distant country, without some intelligent plan of operations, and some On the other point the letter held lancorresponding preparations. It suited the

guage not less explicit and precise, to this objects of the Executive Government,

effect :which had at heart the permanent conquest and acquisition of the northern and west “I do not now expect to reach the Rio ern provinces of Mexico, to lay its plans of Grande much ahead of the heavy reinforcea campaign for the invasion of these ments alluded to above, or to assume the improvinces by a grand army of 30,000 mediate command in that quarter before my men, divided into three columns, and thus striking at three distinct and distant points

On the 18th of May, then, it was perat the same time. Scott was to command the whole, taking the immediate head of

fectly understood by the President and the most formidable column, that which

Secretary, that the new army for the Rio should enter the enemy's country by way

Grande could not probably be placed there, of the lower Rio Grande. In repeated in

organized and ready for operations, before terviews between him and the President

the 1st of September, and that it was not and Secretary of War, this plan of opera

worth the while for General Scott to be tions was discussed and adopted. Let it

there to assume the command much in adbe carefully observed that it was to the

vance of the new army. In the mean time, command of a new army in the field of

they knew very well that he was not idle

or unemployed, and that his proper posi30,000 men, to be employed in a definite | campaign, according to a definite plan of

tion, the place where he could be most operations, that General Scott was to be

efficient, as Commander-in-chief, in setting assigned. The President and Secretary

on foot and urging forward the necessary both knew that he would hold it to be un

preparations and operations for the coming generous and unjust to Taylor to supersede

campaign, was his head-quarters at Washhim in his command of the small force

ington. This is referred to, and briefly

| sketched, in one of his letters :-with which he had entered the field. When a new army was raised, and a regular cam

"From that moment (when he was told to paign was to be entered upon, Scott was

| hold himself in readiness for this service] I ready to take the field.

have occupied myself incessantly with the vast All this was very particularly explained preliminary arrangements, which can only be to General Taylor, in a letter from General made advantageously at this place, through the Scott, dated the 18th of May, which passed respective chiefs of the general staff--the Adjutwice under the eye of the Secretary, and

tant General, Quartermaster General, Comhad his special approval before it was dis

missary General of Subsistence, Chief of Ord

nance, and Surgeon General. I have been patched. And two things are to be par

much occupied also in the distribution of the ticularly noted in this letter, as showing

quotas of volunteers needed among the several how exactly the main points in the arrange- States ; in apportioning the horse to the foot ; ment between the General and the Exec- in the study of the routes of march and water utive Government were understood and conveyances for the several bodies of troops to agreed upon. One of these points was

the best points on the frontiers of Mexico; in the time when the new army, or the prin

the study of the northern, interior, and the

southern routes of that Republic; in looking cipal column,.could be placed on the Rio

at the means of transportation on the Rio Grande: the other was the time when | Grande, and to and beyond that river; in deterGeneral Scott should appear there to su- mining ihe dépôts of supplies of all sorts on this persede Taylor by assuming the command. side, &c. &c. As these matters are respective

ly settled, orders and instructions have been, made of the facts, perfectly well underand will be, given to the Chiefs of the general stood, and acquiesced in by all concerned, staff at this place, and the routes of march and I that the army was not expected to be water conveyances, together with the dépôts of

placed on the Rio Grande in force before supplies of every description, are finally to be communicated to the unknown commanders of

about the 1st of September, and that the volunteers whose services are to be accepted."

| General was not to be there much in ad

vance of the troops. Personal interviews This sketch is sufficient to show, though had been held in the mean time, and it was very imperfectly and faintly, how General perfectly well known how effectively and Scott was occupied at Washington, and indispensably General Scott was employed how necessary it was that he should con- at Washington. What, then, was the meantinue on the spot until all these preliminary ing of this sudden notification of the disarrangements were completed, and the pleasure of the President and Secretary, necessary orders under them given; and because he had not already taken his de

both the fact of his incessant occupation, parture for the Mexican frontier ? It was · and the necessity of his continued presence significant certainly, and indicated a great

at Washington, was as well known to the deal more than was expressed. The cirPresident and Secretary, as to the General cumstances and the manner in which the himself. Their interviews and discussions notification was conveyed to the General, had been frequent, frank, and so far as he made it a rebuke, and it was intended that was concerned, without reserve. Every- he should receive and feel it as such. It thing in fact, at Washington, in reference was saying to General Scott, We, your suto the projected movement and campaign, periors, have come to the conclusion, that was going on under his immediate counsel | you are committing a fault by delaying to and direction. Neither Mr. Polk, though take the field. They knew very well in the constitutional head of the army, nor their souls, at the same time, that he was the Secretary of War, knew the first let- committing no fault, but was actually renters of the alphabet of military science. dering the Government, with their own Neither of them had the slightest acquaint express approval, the best service, in the ance with the first necessary practical best place, and in the best way; and they steps, in detail, to be taken to bring the knew that he could not fail to feel this new army into the field, with the necessary charge as an indignity and an insult. They

ations. They depended upon Generalit-for we have not a doubt that the next Scott, the real Commander-in-chief, and resolution of the President, already taken who was on the spot for suggestions and when this rebuke was prepared for General advice in every material step that was to Scott, was to withdraw upon some pretext be taken. The labors in which he was or other, if he could safely do so, his offer actually engaged, with their knowledge and promise to send him to the field : they and approbation, show conclusively that expected, either that he would promptly he was the soul and the centre of all the and peremptorily decline this service after preliminary arrangements, and practically, such a proof of the treatment he might of everything that was projected and done expect to receive from them when in the to set this campaign in motion.

field, or that, with the frankness of a solIn this state of things, it may well be dier, apt to be “sudden and quick in quarsupposed that it created not a little sur rel,” giving utterance to bis honest indigprise on the part of General Scott, when nation at a gross insult and injury, he would he was told on the evening of the 20th of commit himself to some expressions, of May, by the Secretary of War, that much which, by the aid of the cool, calculating impatience was felt at his occupations and ingenuity of the Secretary, the President delay at Washington. He understood, and might avail himself, as an apology for his it has never been denied, that this impa- change of purpose in regard to the comtience was felt, or pretended to be felt, mand of the army. The plot succeededboth by the President and the Secretary. being exactly such a one as suited the low, We have seen what occurred on the 18th, characteristic cunning of the President. only two days before, when a record was | Early the next morning, the 21st, the

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