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and that notorious popular potentate whom | bins, having grown wiser as they grew our saucy friends over the water have fa- more frantic; that he was then a suspectcetiously denominated “the Yankee Jus- | ed if not a denounced man, and would himtinian,” had the supreme jurisdiction in self have shared the fate of André, had the Paris. The Journal de Paris was put rule of Robespierre lasted a fortnight down vi et armis, and its conductors and longer. The two pleas are not perfectly contributors precipitately scattered. Ché- consistent, and we think that generally the nier was in imminent danger; many thought | editors and biographers of the brothers that he must have fallen a victim to the have erred in trying to prove too much, popular fury, and Wieland, the German and in giving to the accusation a greater poet, wrote to inquire if he were yel alive. importance than it deserved.* For our But he was not dead yet, nor-even silent; own part, we do not believe one syllable of only his writings were now anonymous or it. The Chéniers had that strong family pseudonymous. Owing to this fact, nearly attachment which all families ought to all that he published in the autumn have, and it is absurd to suppose that if and winter of 1792-3 has been lost. It is Joseph regarded the wishes of his relacertain, however, that he was the author of tives, when the question was only about the letter in which Louis after his condem- breaking off a paper war with his brother, nation vainly appealed to the French peo- he would have disregarded them when ple. After the king's death his friends that brother's life was at stake. The adpersuaded him to quit Paris for Versailles, vice he gave his father, who wished him to where he remained a whole year. By that agitate openly for his brothers, “ Rather time most of his personal enemies had dis- try to let them be forgotten," was the very appeared, some torn to pieces by wolves, best that could have been given, as the and some by their fellow Jacobins. But event too truly showed. Had nothing been Collot d'Herbois still lived, and his power said about André, he might have remained nearly equalled Robespierre's.
| unnoticed for two days longer, which On the 6th of January, 1794, Chénier | would have been enough to save his life, and was arrested. The immediate and ostensi actually did save the life of Sauveur ; but ble cause of his arrest was a visit to a sus- the memorial which his father addressed pected lady at Passy. The proceeding to that body called with a mournful irony was utterly illegal, even according to such the Commiliee of Public Safety, was his scanty remains of law as the Terrorists death-warrant. * had preserved for themselves, for Chenier And now comes a characteristic speciwas not under the local jurisdiction of the men of radical inaccuracy. Another of man who seized him, and had a safe con- the Cheniers, Sauveur, formerly an officer duct and certificate of good citizenship in the army of the north, had been arrestfrom the authorities of his quartier. In- ed and imprisoned at Beauvais. In such deed the gaoler of the Luxemburg prison haste was the indictment against Andre refused to receive him, but the functionary drawn up, that it confounded him with at St. Lazare was less scrupalous.
Sauveur; attributed to one brother the As Joseph Chénier had been an influ- acts and writings of both, and designated ential Jacobin and a member of the Convention, there were not wanting persons * Especially do we think M. Arnault to blame, afterwards to assert that he had neglected for seriously confuting, in a narration of two pages,
a scandalous story of Madame de Genlis, about to save his brother's life when it was in his
Mademoiselle Dumesnil's reception of Joseph Chepower to do so; nay, some even charged nier; as if a French actress would trouble' herself him with having contributed to his con
about truth, when there was a chance of saying a
mot, or making a scene. demnation. This imputation his friends † And yet, after all, must we not say that, in a have indignantly repelled. They main
higher sense, Joseph Chenier wa" mor y guilty of
his brother's death ? He had € rourited the Ja. tain that, on the contrary, it was cobins in their earlier allempts; he had defended chiefly through his influence that An or apologized for their excesses; he had given them
his pen, his voice, and his influence. In so far, dré had remained unmolested for the six
then, as he had contributed to their triumph, must teen months preceding. They affirm, he be deemed answerable for the consequences of
that triumph. Alas! it is not too well remembered moreover, that Joseph had been for some
even at the present day, that they who help to open time virtually disconnected with the Jaco- the flood-gates, are responsible for the inundation.
the poet-editor as ex-adjutant-general and fulfils himself in many ways,” and faith chief of brigade, under Dumouriez! One will illumine for him what, to the eye of of Andre's eulogists suggests that he made reason alone, is thick darkness. no allusion to this palpable flaw, in hopes that this confusion of personal identity θάρσει μοι θάρσει τέκνον, might be the means of saving his brother. μέγας έτι εν ουρανω Ζεύς If so, his silence was successful.
ός σαδο έφορα και κρατύνει. There were, indeed, many reasons why Andre Chenier should have made no fur- But we very much fear Chenier had not ther opposition to the proceedings against this consolation. His views, lofty and him, than was necessary to expose their noble as they were, were still bounded by injustice and illegality in the eyes of future this world and the limits of human ability. generations. To one whose patriotic hopes And at that time it seemed as if no human had been so cruelly disappointed, life was ability could do anything for the French. of little value. When a man of refined The people, from whom the gallows was education, liberal principles, hopes of libe- a more acceptable gift than the right hand ral institutions, and freedom from party of friendship, * had triumphed, and he had fanaticism, sees all constitutional land- long before made up his mind which altermarks swept away, and the ochlocracy native to choose. triumphant, his despondency is utter and Chenier was guillotined July 25th, 1794. hopeless. He has “lost the dream of His works were not collected till 1819, doing and the other dream of done,” and and complete editions of them did not apknows not how to help himself or others. I pear till 1840. In one case only can he be sustained. If his mind has been deeply imbued with the true philosophy—the philosophy of Chris
*“ S'ils triumphent, ce sont gens par qui il vaut
| mieux etre pendre que regarde comme ami."- Avis tianity-he may remember that “God l aux Francais sur leurs veritables Ennemis.
FREDERICK WILLIAM IV, KING OF PRUSSIA.
[The accompanying portrait of the present King of Prussia, was taken from an excellent German print, furnished for the purpose, by the politeness of J. W. Schindt, Esq., Prussian Consul for this city. It is a pen drawing, printed by Donlevy's Chemitypic press.--Ed.]
FREDERICK WILLIAM the Fourth was, burying in ruin the ancient house of tho born in the royal palace, at Berlin, on the Capets, and all the time-honored institu15th of October, in the year 1795. His tions of the Church and of the State. All father was then Crown Prince of Prussia, the old orders of society, all the former for his grandfather, Frederick William II., usages and opinions, all the cherished was still on the throne.
modes of administering the government, It must be confessed, that this monarch and even the very boasted military tactics came into existence in one of the most of the age of Louis the Great, (as Louis stormy periods that mark the history of XIV. had long been called,) had gone our world. The great French Revolution | down together in the overwhelming vortex was well advanced in its wonderful career. of that astounding movement; and a new Like a tornado, it had swept over France, social and political world was beginning to
VOL. I. NO. 1. NEW SERIES.
rise out of the chaos. The Directory had the Allons! and the Marchons! of the succeeded the overthrow of Robespierre Marseillaise Hymn sent young France in and his Jacobin friends; and it was pre- overwhelming force into Flanders, to the paring the way for its own dissolution, and Rhine, to the Jura, to the Alps. No hosthe accession of the Consulate, with the tile foot was allowed to tread the soil of Corsican at its head.
France many days. The panic-stricken Nor had the moral volcano, which had foe was pursued even into the marshes of levelled every ancient institution of France Holland, nor found, in its dykes and in the dust-just as the tremendous hur its canals, the safety which it sought. ricane in the natural world, prostrates for Not only did the blue-eyed Germans reests, overturns houses, and spreads desola- | treat with precipitation back to the eastern tion everywhere—been confined, in its bank of the Rhine, but were glad to surravages, to the limits of that beautiful, but render the western, and with it, four millthen unhappy country. Its effects were ions of inhabitants, to the Republic of felt in all the civilized world, especially in France. The Austrians were chased out the European portion of it. Thrones which of Switzerland, and were compelled to rehad endured a thousand years, trembled tire altogether from their ill-gotten poson their bases, and fear fell upon all the sessions in Italy ! Such were the achievevenerable adjuncts by which they had been ments of a mighty nation, when freedom so long propped up.
had infused a new life throughout all the In no country was there morc alarm classes of its population. among sensible and far-seeing men, than in And what if liberty was perverted to Germany: in none was there greater occa- licentiousness, and new despots mounted to sion for it. From immemorial time—at the deserted seats whence the old had so least from the downfall of the Roman em- recently been hurled ? Still the people pire—that country had been the prey of possessed the emblems and some of the all sorts of despotism, from that of the substantial fruits of freedom. Old mopoorest baron and the humblest priest, up nopolies were gone. The enormous landed through the double lines of State and possessions of the church, of the nobiliChurch, to the throne of the Emperor and ty, and of the crown, had been, for the the chair of the Fisherman.
most part, confiscated, and a new order of Yet, strange as it may seem to men of things, so far as the agricultural population our day, the trembling despotisms of that was concerned, had commenced. And if country—wholly insensible of their own despotism had again taken the place of weakness, and ignorant of the nation with | liberty, even while wearing its garb, it which they had to do--combined their was some consolation to the masses, that forces, for the purpose of reducing France the despots were from among themselves, to her pristine condition. Large armies and not of an ancient, privileged, and longwere marched to the Rhine, there to meet detested caste. And then, if it was a desinglorious defeat, and thence to be driven potism, it was a glorious one, which to back, overwhelmed with shame, to the Frenchmen is a great deal. What if it lands whence they came.
gave them chains at home? it gave them Nor is it wonderful that they suffered consideration and glory abroad. Still such disasters. The enemy with whom more, if it was a despotism, it was one of they went to contend, was a young giant, their own making; and we all know that awaking up in all his energy, and intoxica- men will submit with much more contentted with the enthusiasm of newly-got- ment and better grace, to burthens of ten freedom. The sudden acquisition on which they themselves are the authors, the part of the masses of liberty, or what than to those which others impose on them. was deemed to be such, had infused a new But let us return from this digression—a life throughout the entire nation. Old digression, however, needed to illustrate things had passed away, and all things had the subject—to the state of Germany at become new-alas ! not always in the best the epoch of the birth of Frederick Willsense. And when the old dynasties under- | iam IV. Two great military governments took to put down this most astonishing ruled the Germanic and Germano-Slamovement which the world has ever seen, 1 vonic races—the Austrian and Prussian