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heir to a throne. The leisure which he and propriety of deportment, to her female enjoyed, however, was but comparative ; subjects. It is said, by those who have for being the Crown Prince, as the heir- | means for forming a correct opinion, that apparent is called in Germany and other she is sincerely pious. Her influence over Teutonic countries, he had to take more or her royal spouse has, we have reason to less interest in the affairs of the govern- | believe, been eminently happy. ment, and bear more or less of its bur- That Frederick William IV. employed thens. This was more especially true of all well the long period which he lived as that concerned the military department. Crown Prince, we have been assured by Standing as near as he did to the throne, men who are well qualified to speak on the it was not proper for him to quit the subject. The celebrated Baron Alexander country for any considerable periods. He Humboldt, the veteran traveller, himself a visited, however, from time to time, the prince of the first rank in the scientific chief countries of Europe. With Germany world, has been one of the most intimate he became familiar by travel. He visited friends of the King from his (the King's) Italy, France, Holland, England, Denmark, youth. He was the intimate friend of the Russia, &c. To Holland and Russia he late King. From the lips of this distinoften went, having a sister married in each guished man-an authority which few will -in the former to Prince Frederick, brother be disposed to question*-we have ourof the present King of that country, and in selves heard the statement which we are the latter to the Emperor. Of the insti about to give, namely: That the King retutions of England, and even of English ceived a private education from teachliterature, he has a considerable acquaint-ers who were employed in the palace for ance.
that purpose-a fact which he has never At a proper age he married a Bavarian ceased to deplore. It was his wish to go princess, with whom he has lived many to the university, and receive such an eduand happy years.* To the great regret cation as other young men, his equals in of the nation, they have no children. Of age, received there. But his father thought course his next brother. William, is heir this inconsistent with the dignity of his to the throne. The Queen was a Roman birth and position in life. By great diliCatholic at the time of her marriage. In gence he has, however, made himself a the course of a year or two she became a well-informed man. Baron Humboldt Protestant. Her conversion to the Prot- / thinks that there is no monarch in Europe estant faith was an event which gave not superior to him in acquired knowledge, only her husband, but also her father-in- | and styles him a “self-made man.” In law, great joy. For whatever may be order to secure his own improvement, the said of both, a want of attachment to the King, whilst he was Crown Prince, (as he Protestant Religion can never with truth be has done since he ascended the throne,) charged upon either. It is the testimony surrounded himself with literary and wellof all, that her Majesty is a woman of the informed men, from whose conversation, loveliest and purest character. Often as and even direct instructions, he has reaped we have been in Prussia, we have never immense advantages. We know not how heard a word respecting her save what many other modern languages he speaks, was to her praise. She is a pattern in but we know that besides the German, his unaffected goodness, and feminine grace mother tongue, he speaks both French
and English well, and writes the former
(and probably the latter, although we can- We think it would be difficult to find a couple, not affirm this) with great beauty and fawhether in the ranks of princes or of untitled people, who enjoy greater domestic happiness than
cility. His intimate friends—his bosom Frederick Williain IV. and his Queen. Beautiful, Accomplished, and amiable, it is not wonderful that she secured from their earliest acquaintance his * Nevertheless we have heard this authority called warmest affection. No one can be with them alone in question, and by whom do you think, dear without being struck with the unaffected and sin. reader? By an ignorant German quack, who came cere esteem and love which they entertain for each among us, not from Prussia, but from an obscure other. We have ourselves winessed this, and duchy in Germany, and who probably never was in have repeatedly heard the King address the Queen | Prussia at all. The reader may decide for himself
ère Elise :" her baptismal name is Elio which to believe-Alexander Humboldt or an illezabeth
gitimate son of Æsculapius !
friends, if we may so speak—during the , called to ascend the throne of Prussia, (on period when he was Crown Prince, were the 7th of June, 1840,) in the 45th year (and they still are) Humboldt, Bunsen, of his age, and in the vigor of his strength. Von Gerlach, (the General,) Von Græben, | There were some things connected with the (the General and Count,) Von Arnim, and double event—the death of the father and others of similar character ; and if a man, the accession of the son—which were very be he prince or otherwise, is to be judged touching. The King was from his youth of by the company he keeps, as the old distinguished for filial piety, and ever enadage asserts, we think that Frederick tertained for his father the greatest reveWilliam IV. is fairly entitled to the favora- rence. He was constantly with him in his ble opinion of mankind. But let this pass last sickness, which was a painful and profor what it is worth. The statement we tracted one. Vast multitudes assembled have just made is true to the letter. I in front of the palace when they heard
In his younger years Frederick William | that the old King was dying; and when his IV. displayed some traits of character death was announced, they waited in siwhich gave no little uneasiness to his lence for the new King to show himself on friends, and which, in fact, made him not a the elevated steps. This he did with few enemies. There was a certain hau- great difficulty, being overcome with emoteur in his manners that was offensive. tion.* All he could do was to bow in His temper was quick, excitable, irritable grateful acknowledgment to the multitude even, and impatient. Withal, being a when they saluted him as their King, and man of great wit and humor, he indulged cried out. “God save the King." In a too often in its use, and even sometimes few days the oath of allegiance was adminin sarcasm-very dangerous weapons, istered in his presence, to all the great offiwhether in the hands of prince or common cers of state. When this was done, he man. Time, and the good advice of his came forward, of his own accord, and in friends, especially the influence of the best the presence of a vast multitude, he swore of all his friends, his beloved Queen,* with uplifted hand, that he would govern have done much to overcome these in- | the kingdom according to the principles of firmities and perversities of character. truth and righteousness, so far as he could Still, we apprehend that there is need of ascertain them.t further attention to this portion of the tield No sooner was Frederick William IV. of self-culture. Impatience, precipitation,
seated on the throne of his fathers, than he and consequently rashness, are evils to set about the discharge of the important which we are inclined to think his Majsty duties devolved upon him. Seven years is peculiarly exposed.
and more have now passed away, during At length, his father having gone down which he has been unremittingly occupied to the tonib, Frederick William IV. was with the cares of his office. They have * We have heard many anecdotes at Berlin, re
been seven eventful years, during which specting the Queen's happy influence over her
| seeds have been sown that will bring forth royal consort, some of them, doubtless, spocryphal a great harvest—whether of good or of enough. The following is, we have reason to believe, true; at any rate it is beautiful. The Queen
evil remains to be seen—both in the Church early remarking the defects in the King's character referred to, endeavored to correct them, telling him * We have been told on good authority that he not that he should try to control his temper better, &c.
only called on his pious friends who were inmedia But he used to say laughingly, “Oh, I'll do better ately around him, and especially his excellent wife, when I become King.” But she replied, "You
“to pray for him," saying "that he never needed ought to get the victory over your passions while
their prayers so much in his life," but that he also you are a prince." It so happened that soon after
wrote to an ambassador of his kingdom, in whose he had ascended the throne, the Queen overheard
religious character he had great confidence, a very him one day, talking boisterously with one of the little time after his father's death, to this effect: ministers of his father, with whom he was probably
“My dear - , my father has just deceased, and I displeased. Tremblingly alive to the honor of her
am going to ascend the throne! Pray for me, o husband, she ventured to go into the room where
pray for me, that God would give me the grace and he and the minister were, and without taking any
wisdom I need to enable me lo govern this people notice of them, she walked towards a window, ap
aright." parently looking for something. The King hastened
This ceremony may be considered as taking the to her, and said, “My dear, what are you looking
place of the formal coronation which prevails in for ?' She replied in a low tone, “I'am looking
other monarchies of Europe ; for the Kings of for the King!" He understood the hint, and ac
Prussia are never crowned. This is a remarkable companying her to the door, thanked her for her
exception to a custom which has long prevaied in kindness, and governed his temper better during I regal governments. the rest of the interview with the mipister,
and State of Prussia. Shortly after the the world.* Indeed, he has done almost accession of Frederick William IV., such too much in this way, for he has, as it of his friends as were friends of peace, were, impoverished some of the other parts were not a little concerned lest he might of Germany. He has liberally encouraged get entangled in the difficulty between the fine arts also, and drawn to his kingFrance and the other great powers, in dom some excellent artists. relation to the “Eastern Question,” as it But the subject of religion, or rather, was called. They were afraid lest his the state of the churches in Prussia, is military propensities might carry him too one which has greatly engrossed the King's far, in a moment of great excitement, when thoughts ever since he came to the throne. (in the month of October of that year, We will endeavor to make this question 1840) war appeared to be inevitable. clear to the reader. We begin with stating But the threatening storm passed away, that the King is a decided Protestant, and and Prussia and the rest of Europe repose holds with great earnestness what is in peace. And long may it continue ! called the evangelical system of doctrine ;
The limits which we must assign to this in other words, the doctrines held and notice of the life and character of Fred-taught by the Reformers. He has a great erick William IV., will not permit us to abhorrence of the rationalistic and panthespeak of all the subjects of interest to istic heresies, which have crept into the which his mind has been directed, nor of Protestant church so extensively, through all the measures of importance which have a want of the proper maintenance of disbeen adopted. The most we can do is to cipline on the part of those who should indicate such as are likely to have the have guarded the sacred portals of the greatest bearing upon the welfare of Prus- temple. He deems these errors to be funsia and Germany, if not upon the interests damental, and utterly subversive, not only of humanity entire.
of the Gospel, but also of the foundations And, first, it is a pleasant task to record of all sound morality. And he is right, that the present King of Prussia has in- But how are these heresies to be expelled herited the spirit which has prevailed so from the national Church of Prussia, where much in his illustrious house, in regard to they have nestled for years? This is a the proper, encouragement of institutions very grave question, and hard to answer. of learning. It was the chiefest glory of His Majesty's project for doing this is as the reign of his father that he fostered follows :—To give the church antocracy, seminaries of every class, for the diffusion or independence, and induce it to do the of science, and of knowledge in all its work of restoring purity of doctrine to all branches. The present monarch has availed its branches. himself of every opportunity to enrich the To do this, he convoked a synod of some six universities of his realm by attracting seventy-five or six members, a year ago to them men of talents as professors. To last summer, at Berlin. With the excepaccomplish this, no expense has been tion of some ten or twelve individuals, this spared. The veteran philosopher Schel- synod was composed of men of evangelical ling was induced to leave Munich, and doctrines, more or less distinctly held and establish himself at Berlin, five or six years enunciated. To draw together such a ago. To the same university the distin- synod would have been impossible, if the guished jurisconsult, Stahl, was drawn from Erlangen, to deliver lectures on law.
* It is really delightful to go into the Royal LiWhen the King of Hanover pursued such brary of Berlin, which is also the University Libraa course as drove several of the best pro
ry, and see the large collection of well-selected
books which is there. We were assured by the fessors from the University of Göttingen, | keepers, when we were there a little more than a the King of Prussia immediately offered 1 year ago, that it then contained 600,000 volumes,
and is rapidly increasing. About $40,000 are anthem posts in the universities of his king
| nually expended to maintain and enlarge this dom. He seems to delight in doing every
library. thing in his power to make Prussia, in
+ There are several very distinguished artists in
Germany at this time. Rauch and Danneker are learning and learned men, to Germany, excellent sculptors. So is Steinhauer, of Bremen. what the republic of Athens was to
There is an admirable group of his, Leander and
Hero, in the royal palace at Berlin. It is a beaq. Greece, or what Greece was to the rest of tiful and exquisite affair,
choice of members had been left to the religious liberty, or toleration rather, his churches; for, of nearly eight thousand Majesty may in time, by bringing all the Protestant ministers in Prussia, the over- | patronage of the government to bear on whelming majority have departed from the subject, restore external uniformity, the evangelical system, as the “ faith that and avowed purity of doctrine, to the saves" is called. The Synod was, there National Church. The plan is far-reaching fore, a packed one, in some sense, else so and well-contrived, but we doubt both its large a majority of evangelical delegates wisdom and its justice. Perhaps the King, would not have been there.
in his laudable zeal for the renovation of When this body came together, the King the National Church, could do nothing informed them that he had convoked | better. But it savors too much of a wisthem to ask their advice on several | dom that belongs to this world, rather than very important subjects, saying, however, | that which comes from above. When a good that he should not consider himself bound | king undertakes to promote religion, or any to follow their advice. At the same time, other good thing, he is in great danger of he exhorted them to be very careful as doing too much. to what advice they gave him, for that he For ourselves, we are inclined to think should be very likely to follow it. Among that the true way to bring about the regenthe subjects submitted to the consideration eration of the fallen Protestant Churches of the Synod was that of recommending a on the Continent, which are all connected Confession of Faith for the National with the State, and have been corrupted Church, whose hearty adoption should be by the unballowed alliance, would be to required of all who would be pastors in it. | dissolve that union, and throw them upon The Synod recommended, in the main, that the voluntary support of the people. In of Augsburg. Another subject was the that case, truth would have to depend on nature, or rather the terms and extent, of its own resources, under the blessing of the oath or subscription to be required of its great Author, and must in the issue preall candidates for the ministerial or pastoral vail ; whilst error, inadequate to meet the office. This was a perplexing question. demands of humanity, having no sufficiency It was found difficult to get clear of a in itself, and above all, no promise of quatenus* -that word which has opened heavenly succor to fall back upon, must the door to so much controversy, and what fail in the struggle and yield the victory. is worse, to so much heresy. At length | We are quite sure that, although for a the Synod decided on this point, and all time religion might apparently lose others that were submitted to them, and ground, and great confusion occur, yet a the members returned home after a session pure Christianity--the Christianity of the of some three months.
apostolic ages, and such as the reformers It remains to be seen what the King will strove to bring back to the world—must do. It is probable that, by this course, he arise like a new creation, from a temporawill find a Confession of Faith which he ry chaos. The King of Prussia holds a will proclaim by edict to be that of the different opinion on the subject, and hopes, National Church, the Church supported | in avoiding a “disruption,” to work out by the government. By requiring an ex the restoration of pure doctrine to a Church animo adoption of this symbol of doctrine, where it has so extensively been lost. on the part of those who are, or who Time, which resolves so many things now would be, pastors in that Church, and by doubtful, will decide whether he has giving at the same time a large measure of chosen the better course or not.
Another and very weighty subject has
engaged much of the attention of Frede* The word quatenus is in fact a double one, and
rick William IV., from his accession to the is composed of quâ tenus, and means “according to" or "as far as. It was introduced into the subo throne to the present time, and will probscription to creeds when the person who made
ably do so for years to come. It is that it engaged to receive the creed or confession in question, as far as it agreed (in his judgment) with
of giving a Constitution to his people. the Sacred Scriptures. It is a word which has The nation, although they bore with explayed no small part in the theological controversies
traordinary patience the non-fulfilment in the Christian world, especially in Protestant countries.
of the promise of the late King, were in
great hopes that the present monarch ble; and, as to the number, he may have would grant this boon, without delay, found it difficult to make a selection. upon his ascending the throne. It is un- | The day appointed for opening the derstood that such hopes were encouraged | Diet was the Sabbath, because the King by royal declarations. Several years, thought that the serious work to be done however, passed away before anything befitted the sacred day; nor were due rewas done, and that “deferred hope” | ligious observances wanting. On this which “ makes the heart sick,” began to occasion, his Majesty made a long speech, be deeply felt throughout Prussia. What (he is a fine speaker, and may be fairly the cause of this procrastination may have styled the orator-king of our times,) in been, the world has not been informed. which he endeavored to set forth his views Perhaps it was opposition from the King's of the subject. What those views were own family, or his cabinet, both of which, on all points, it is not very easy to gather it is believed, were at first, and for a long from the translations of the royal speech time, against the project. Perhaps it was which we find in the English and French opposition from abroad; for it is not likely papers. One thing, however, is not very that Austria, to say nothing of Russia, doubtful—it is, that the King had no idea could have heard, without alarm and remon- of giving what we should call & complete strance, even the rumor of the intended constitution, well defined and sufficiently royal gift. And it is well known that comprehensive-far from it. In fact, the Wurtemburg, and some other petty Ger | submitted project was very much such an man kingdoms and principalities, were affair as the extorted concession of King greatly concerned, and decidedly opposed John at Runnymede. With the exception to the proposition. But it is most likely of a considerable control over the national that the delay was occasioned by the dif- purse, it gave little or nothing to the Diet ficulty which the King experienced in his beyond the privilege of discussing, and attempts to devise a constitution which giving advice on, such subjects as the would satisfy his own views of what was government might submit to it! needed. Nor is this wonderful. Of all It is easy to conceive that no little dishandiwork to which a monarch might be appointment was felt in the Diet when the set, we are inclined to think that Constitu- royal scheme was laid before it, and in the tion-making would be precisely that at nation when they saw it set forth in the newswhich he would be found most awk papers-although it must be confessed that ward.
expectation had not been very high. : But whatever were the causes of the ad The Diet, however, lost no time in projournment of this matter, it was at last ceeding with the work of organization, and announced to the world - if not with a then commenced the discussion of the subheraldic flourish of trumpets, at least withjects which were submitted to it in the extensive out-givings by the press and in royal address, as well as those which were conversation that the long-expected con- | from time to time laid before it by the stitution would soon be forthcoming. minister whose duty it was to act as the Accordingly, on the 11th of April last, all organ of the government. A session of the eight provincial assemblies were con several weeks ensued, during which very voked in Berlin, to constitute a general many able and animated discussions took Diet of the kingdom, to which the Consti- place, embracing a very wide range, and tution was to be submitted. This body, including often subjects on which the when convened, was found to number government had no desire whatever to more than eight hundred members,-no- learn the opinions of the Diet-such as the bles, burgesses, and peasants for the competency of the body to decide on the three classes of the inhabitants are repre- | qualifications of its own members, &c. In sented in the provincial assemblies. We these discussions a great deal of talent was are inclined to think that his Majesty com elicited, as well as an unexpected display mitted a serious blunder in calling together of capacity to grapple with the most diffiso large a body, composed of men elected cult questions originated by the exigency. for a purpose altogether different. But Several men of commanding intellect and perhaps he could choose none more suita- eloquence were revealed, if we may so